Clubbed Fingers Causes: Pictures, Nails, Stages, Treatment

Finger clubbing is also called digital clubbing or Hippocratic fingers. It is the phrase doctors use to describe specific changes in the shape of the fingers and fingernails. People with heart or lung problems sometimes have these changes. They usually develop in advanced disease. Finger clubbing happens in more than 3 out of 10 people with non-small cell lung cancer but only about 4 out of 100 people with small cell lung cancer. You may also get it with mesothelioma.
Clubbing is thought to be caused by fluid collecting in the soft tissues at the ends of the fingers. This is caused by more blood flowing to the area than usual, but it is not fully understood why this happens. It may be due to the tumor producing particular chemicals or hormones, which is called a paraneoplastic syndrome.
Clubbing of the fingers is attributed to the nails becoming round and wide, primarily due to thickening of the nail plate. Clubbing of fingers can develop within a few weeks and are often linked with several disease conditions.

Signs and symptoms of Clubbed Fingers

Your finder may club with numerous associated signs on them. The following may be some of these symptoms your may have to look at:

  • The nail becomes soft, which gives it a typically appearance as though the nail is detached from the nail bed and floating.
  • The angle between the cuticle and the nail increases, such that they are in aligned in a straight line.
  • The finger tips become enlarged.
  • The tips become warm and red.
  • The nails form a sharper angle with the cuticle.
  • The nail curves downward so it looks like the round part of an upside-down spoon.

Invariably the condition is associated with symptoms of an underlying disorder affecting the lung, heart or the endocrinal system.
Development of clubbed fingers

  • Clubbing develops first in the thumb and forefinger before it eventually spreads to the other fingers. Obliteration in the angles of the nail beds is the first clinical sign and constant feature of the disease. Common symptoms of clubbing include softening of the nail beds. Instead of being firmly attached, the nails may seem to float.
  • They then form a sharper angle with the cuticle and the fingertips may look like it is swollen and bulging.
  • In addition, curvature of the nails pointing downward similar to that of an upside-down spoon wherein the fingertips appear broader and round than usual often suggests blood work-up for hemochromatosis or anemia.
  • For lower extremities, clubbed fingers and toes are difficult to determine as they normally appear bulbous but is often recognizable in the great toe. In mild cases though, minimal changes of the toe and slight pain are sometimes expressed by patients.

Oftentimes, changes in the color of the nails suggests systemic conditions such as hepatic failure and diabetes for unusually white nails, renal failure for half and half nails, arsenic poisoning for prevalent Mee’s line, dark longitudinal streaks for melanoma and chemical staining while longitudinal striations suggests alopecia areata or hair loss and sometimes psoriasis or vitiligo. Furthermore, brown or black discoloration and striations of the nails may suggest presence of early stage HIV.

Clubbed Fingers Causes

Clubbing is changes in the areas under and around the fingernails that occur with some disorders. The nails also show changes. Clubbing can develop quickly, often within weeks. It also can go away quickly when its cause is treated.
The following are causes of clubbed fingers:
Chronic lung problems
More than three-quarters of clubbing conditions can be related to chronic lung issues. Cardiovascular disorders may be involved in up to 15% of clubbing end up to one-tenth of clubbing may be associated with constantly recurring liver and stomach disorders.
Lung cancer
Lung cancer is the most common cause of clubbing. Clubbing often occurs in heart and lung diseases that reduce the amount of oxygen in the blood. These may include:

  • Heart defects that are present at birth(congenital)
  • Chronic lung infections that occur in people with bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis or lung abscess.
  • Infection of the lining of the heart chambers and heart valves (infectious endocarditis). This can be caused by bacteria, fungi, or other infectious substances
  • Lung disorders in which the deep lung tissues become swollen and then scarred (interstitial lung disease)
  • Other types of cancer, including liver, gastrointestinal, Hodgkin lymphoma

The mechanism underlying clubbed fingers is not definitively known. An increased flow of blood through the capillaries due to a neurocirculatory reflex could cause tissue hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the tissues. It is not clear whether the same mechanism contributes to inherit clubbing.
A study of capillary blood flow in inherited clubbing showed no abnormally increased circulation. However, this could be due to the fact that in cases of inherited clubbing, the clubbing process is usually complete by the time studies are undertaken, whereas in acquired clubbing, the process is ongoing.
Acquired clubbing and osteoarthropathy may have different origins. E ach may occur independently. Clubbing and hypertrophic osteoarthropathy often occur simultaneously with an underlying condition. Clubbed fingers may present before any other symptom of an underlying condition. It could, then, be an initial indicator of a tumor or other serious condition.
Inflammation in the heart lining
Inflammation in the lining of the heart and heart valves caused by bacteria, fungi and other infectious substances can also expose someone of getting the disease. Liver Cirrhosis, celiac disease, diarrheal infections, hyperthyroidism, Hodgkin’s lymphoma can be a causative factor as well. Additionally, medical articles also describe rare skin conditions including pachydermoperiostosis and palmoplantar keratoderma as unusual causes of nail clubbing.
Tetralogy of Fallot
Additionally, Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cause of clubbing. It is named after Dr. Etienne Fallot, who discovered that a congenital heart defect can be fatal when left untreated. The condition causes cyanosis due to the lack of circulating oxygen which is manifested through pale nail beds contrary to the normal pink toned beds. Although it is rare, it is the common cause of cyanotic heart disease.
Other causes of clubbing:
Clubbing may also be related to a number of other conditions, such as liver disease and celiac disease, dysentery, hyperthyroidism, and some forms of cancer, such as liver and stomach cancer. Graves’ disease and Overactive thyroid gland can also result to clubbed fingers.
A specific cause of clubbing is not known. Generally, clubbing occurs with the onset of lung and heart conditions that reduce oxygen levels found in the blood.

  • Congenital defects of the heart.
  • Chronic pulmonary infections that are caused by bacterial or fungal organisms.
  • Bacteria or fungi which infect the heart lining or the heart valves.
  • Illnesses that occur with the swelling and scarring of the tissues of the lung.

Finger Clubbing Stages

Finger clubbing occurs in stages. First the base of the nail (nail bed) becomes soft and the skin next to the nail bed becomes shiny. The nails then curve more than normal when looked at from the side and this is called scar mouth’s sign. The ends of the fingers may then get larger and are called drumstick fingers.
In the later stages, extra areas of bone may form on the finger joints, wrists and ankles. This is sometimes mistaken for arthritis and is called hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy.

  1. Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy

This is an advanced stage of clubbed fingers where there is painful periosteal proliferation of long bones such as the radius, ulna, or tibia. The periostitis is often associated with mild fever and arthralgia or joint effusion. Peripheral neurovascular disease with cyanosis, excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis), paresthesias, and muscular weakness can also occur.

  1. Pachydermoperiostosis

This is a syndrome that combines hyper-trophic osteoarthropathy and acromegalic features. Patients with this disorder have cylindrical thickening of the limbs due to periostosis and skin changes. The skin changes include marked thickening and oiliness of the skin of the hands, forearms, and legs; accentuation of facial folds; hyperhidrosis of the hands and feet; and reduplication and furrowing of skin over the scalp.
Grades of clubbed fingers
There are five different grades of digital clubbing, some stages have visible changes while others have moderate to drastic changes.
1st stage
The first stage has zero signs of nail bed altercations. However, in this stage the nail bed starts to soften and slowly fluctuates.
2nd stage
The second stage is mild clubbing. In this stage, there is absence of the normal Lovibond angle but it can only be appreciated upon closer look.
3rd stage
The third stage is the moderate clubbing phase where the convex between the folds of the nails are dramatically increased and fingertip malformation is less palpable.
4th stage
Meanwhile, the fourth stage is the phase where digital clubbing is appreciated even at quick glance. During this stage, the tips of the fingers are slowly beginning to show a curve on each side and the nails begins to widen resembling like that of a chicken leg.
5th stage
Lastly, the fifth stage is the Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy where on top of an apparent clubbed fingers, extremities have also increased in size. This resembles so much like that of a “bird claw” but is wider in diameter. The angles of the nail beds are greater than usual. In addition, patients would also experience angle and joint swelling.
Consequently, these stages have two types: Primary and Secondary. The former is genetic and is often credited to an autoimmune disorder while the latter is sometimes an underlying symptom of a malignant infection.

Clubbed Fingers Pictures

Clubbing is a physical sign characterized by bulbous enlargement of the ends of one or more fingers or toes. Proliferation and edema of connective tissue result in loss of the normal angle between the skin and nail plate and excessive sponginess of the nail base.
As clubbing progresses, the angle between the nail and the nail base becomes obliterated. Normally, the angle is less than or equal to 160°. With increasing convexity of the nail, the angle becomes greater than 180°. In early clubbing, the nail may feel springy instead of firm when palpated and the skin at the base of the nail may become smooth and shiny.
In individuals without clubbing, if two opposing fingers are placed together, a diamond-shaped window will appear. In clubbing, this window is obliterated and the distal angle formed by the two nails becomes wider. To learn more, have a look at the pictures provide in this post.

Nail Clubbing

Nail Clubbing is the change in angle between the nails and the nail base. People who manifested the disease have upper and lower extremities that are deformed with fingertips that are wider and rounder than usual. It is eventually larger than 180 degrees and is sometimes characterized by softening of the nail beds with flattening of the nails and sometimes enlargement of the fingertips.
Causes of Nail Clubbing

  • Normally, the nails are transparent, smooth, well-rounded and convex with a nail bed angle of about 160 degrees. Clubbed fingers are often an underlying symptom of a congenital cardiovascular disease or a heart ailment.
  • Etiology of this rare condition remains unclear but medical researchers believe that it is prevalent with race and genetic predisposition. Also, it is often associated with undiagnosed pulmonary, cardiovascular, neoplastic infections, as well as hepatobiliary, mediastinal, endocrine, and gastrointestinal diseases.
  • It may also occur as an idiopathic form that is most common in males with inherited autosomal and recessive X-linked trait; this is common in some families with PDP (pachydermoperiostosis). Furthermore, lung cancer or heart defects are the common cause of clubbing as it often occurs in the heart and the lungs where hypoxia occurs (reduced amount of oxygen in the blood).
  • Other common causes of clubbing are Pulmonary Fibrosis, a condition that presents stiffening and scarring of the lung. Bronchiectasis can also be attributed to the cause of the disease as it is an illness where bronchial tubes are permanently damaged and widened and when this happens, less oxygenation of the blood occurs contributing to clubbing of the nails.

Clubbed Fingers Treatment

Only a few weeks may be needed for the onset of clubbing to occur. But after the underlying condition is treated, clubbing will resolve. There is no direct treatment for clubbing itself. Its cause can be treated, and it is usually reversible when the associated condition is treated successfully.
Laboratory investigations
These will depend on the underlying conditions suggested by the overall clinical picture.
This is not usually required to diagnose clubbing but plain radiographs of the digits may help to elucidate the cause. Osteolysis is often seen in patients with congenital cyanotic heart disease, whilst bone hypertrophy suggests a pulmonary condition.
Other modalities sometimes employed in clinical and research settings include technetium-99m scanning to assess bone loss, thermography and positron emission tomography (PET) scanning.
CT and MRI scanning of other areas may be required to assist in diagnosing the underlying primary cause.
Clubbing is potentially reversible if the underlying condition is treated early enough but the changes may be irreversible once collagen deposition has set in.
The treatment of clubbed fingers primarily focuses on treating the underlying condition. Cancers can be treated with radiation or chemotherapy, while congenital cardiac disorders are treated with surgery. Though clubbing of fingers, itself is not a health concern, there are certain treatment therapies that might be beneficial for management of finger clubbing by treating the underlying cause,

  • Oxygen therapy, comprising on inhaling hyperbaric oxygen for about an hour each day is considered useful to deal with the condition.
  • Avoiding aerosol sprays like deodorants can help in the treatment of lung inflammation caused by exposure to toxins. Using a mask while working can help reduce occupational hazards like asbestosis.
  • Homeopathic drugs like Drosera and Antim Tart are useful in dealing with lung fibrosis. These drugs should be taken only after consultation with a trained homeopathic doctor.
  • Simple deep breathing exercises are considered to be beneficial in improving lung capacity and thereby deal with low oxygen concentration. Yoga therapies like Pranayama and Anulom-Villom are very useful.
  • A healthy diet rich in fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables help boost the hemoglobin levels, which in turn can improve blood oxygen concentration.

Nail Clubbing Treatment

Doctors determine the condition by asking the patients to complete a test called “Schamroth’s Window Test” or also known as “Schamroth’s Test”. The procedure was formulated by a South African doctor Leo Schamroth. It is so popular that it became the definitive test for clubbing of fingers.
Normally, a small diamond shaped window is visible between the nail bed and the nail folds. However, if it looks obliterated or blotted out, this may confirm existence of the disease. In addition, the nail beds also become soft and spongy, the distal part of the fingers are thickened, reduced Lovibond angle is observed and increased convex in the nail folds are also apparent in patients who tested positive.
Diagnostic studies for clubbed fingers are usually laboratory blood work-ups that confirm the underlying conditions but not the disease itself.

  • Imaging studies can also be suggested by physicians to diagnose the presence of such conditions. Firstly, X-ray is used to check evident presence of bone dissolution and bone deformation.
  • Secondly, Technetium Tc 99m Skeletal Imaging can also be recommended as it helps in providing good quality views in determining the extent of bone changes in clubbed digits, this also shows increased levels of blood flow and softening of surrounding tissues.
  • Thirdly, Thermography is another imaging test used to monitor increased temperature in the distal digits of patients testing positive for clubbing as this suggests vasodilation, however, not all clubbing have positive results.
  • Fourthly, Positron emission tomography is used to study glucose metabolism of clubbed digits as increased signals indicates higher glucose metabolism which is often demonstrated in distal parts of the clubbed fingers. These signs aren’t apparent in normal fingers; however, increased signal levels support the study that clubbing is attributed to platelet derived growth factor which increases metabolism.
  • Lastly, Computed Tomography (CT scan) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) aids in evaluating the primary causative factor of clubbing. When high frequency ultrasound imaging is used, Primary Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy is easily presented in the films showing the long bones surrounded by echogenic tissues; this presentation reflects edematous and inflamed tissues which is a confirmative sign of the condition.

Can Nail Clubbing be Reversed?

Although clubbing is irreversible, early detection and treatment can potentially decrease the deformity or even reverse it if treated abruptly the moment it is diagnosed. However, reversal is unlikely the moment depositions of collagen are increased. Consequently, palliative treatment or symptomatic treatment is available.
In addition, there are also known natural remedies for clubbed fingers. Some of the conservative treatments are:

  • A mixture of 3 tablespoons of olive oil and one tablespoon lemon juice in a small bowl wherein clubbed nails are soaked in the mixture for 10 minutes is known to straighten clubbed nails
  • Soaking clubbed nails in a mixture of tomato juice, lemon juice as well as olive oil in a small bowl
  • Application of warm olive oil can also treat the condition
  • Sliced lemons rubbed over the nails in a 5 minute period also promotes natural nail growth
  • Consumption of foods rich in gelatin such as jellies can also be a cure as well
  • Avoidance of eating Vitamin E rich foods such as jojoba oil, wheat germ oil, almond oil and the like
  • Drops of Tea tree oil on the nail beds as well as use of essential oils
  • Salt water treatment for 5 minutes on the nail beds
  • Consumption of green leafy vegetables on a regular basis
  • No cutting of cuticles
  • Overall, nail clubbing can be prevented by consistent hand hygiene and practicing a healthy and well-balanced lifestyle

How to Strengthen Nails, Naturally, Fast, Thick, Home Remedies After Acrylics and Shellac

Do your nails get broken or split easily? This article contain insights on how to strengthen nails fast after acrylics and shellac. You will also get enlightened on the use of home remedies and biotin to make the nails strong.

How to Strengthen Nails Fast

It is everybody’s wish to have strong, thick and healthy nails. But from the various activities we are doing and different health conditions, we end up having weak, cracking, splitting, and brittle, ragged and even painful nail cuticles. This condition can be very stressful especially when trying to have healthy nail.
There are various products that can make your nails harder, stronger, thicker, and even facilitate the growth. However, you need to be very careful when using such products. Some may contain chemicals that can be harmful to your nails. Here are some simple steps you can employ in strengthening your nails:

  1. Keep your nail cuticle moisturized all the time

The daily chores such as frequent washing and over-use of air conditioners may dry out your nail cuticle and also your skin. You should always keep a moisturizer in the desk of your work. Applying a moisturizer helps to strengthen your nails as well as keeping your skin cool.

  1. Trim your nails short

If you are having weak nails, consider trimming them off as you try the other practices of making them harder or stronger. It is not easy for a shorter nail to break since there are fewer edges are exposed. You should also be very careful when trimming the nails, small cuts on the soft tissues may lead to nail bed infection.

  1. Limit your nails from excessive water and dirty exposure

When practicing the various tips on how to strengthen nails, consider limiting your nails from dirty and water exposure. Wear gloves when gardening and washing dishes. Soaking your nails in a hot tub for long may cause excessive dehydration of the nail cuticle.

  1. Do not use your nails as tools

The nails may become prone to breakage, splitting or tearing if you have a habit of using your nails as tools in opening tops of soda cans. This habit may cause different nail problems including white spots on the nails as a result of minor injuries.

  1. Protect your nails when cleaning

Exposing your nails to chemicals and detergents when cleaning may weaken or damage them. Protect your nails by wearing gloves when handling chemicals and other detergents.

  1. Select a good nourishing base coat

There are various products formulated in treating and strengthening the nails. You are supposed to select the best nourishing base coat and apply before painting your nails. It helps to moisturize and fill the ridges in fingernails.

  1. Avoid frequent use of nail polish remover

Frequent use of nail polish remover can dry out your nails. When working on how to strengthen nails, make your manicure or pedicure to last longer to minimize the frequency of nail polish remover.

  1. Take a healthy diet

The type of diet you are taking affects the health of your body. Diet affects the appearance of your skin, hair and nails. When there is deficiency of certain nutrients in your body such as proteins and calcium, you may end up having various nail problems like brittle and yellow toenails among other conditions.
Your diet should include plenty of vegetables and fruits, proteins and healthy fats. You should not forget to take plenty of water. When your body is hydrated throughout the day, you are also guaranteed of a healthy skin, nails and hair. Take at least 8 glasses of water a day.

How to Strengthen Nails Home Remedies

Having healthy, shining and well-shaped of your nails enhances the beauty of your hands and feet. All most everybody is struggling with different treatments and practices that can make his or her nails strong, long and healthy.
There are various potential natural cures that are not only inexpensive but also has the potential of showing positive results. Why should you spend more on products that may came with some side effects when you can achieve your dream of having strong nails by using the following home remedies:

  • Mixture of lemon juice and olive oil

Lemon juice and olive oil are widely used as beauty ingredients in treating various skin conditions. This two ingredients also has the ability to strengthen your nails. When applied on the nails, the olive oil penetrates into the cuticle to strengthen the nail.
On the other hand, lemon repairs the peeling nails as well as removing the yellow and other stains that are caused by infections or nail polish. To use this remedy, you simply mix 6 tablespoon of olive oil and 2 table of lemon juice to make enough solution for both finger nails and toenails.
Using a microwave, heat the mixture to become slightly warm. Soak your nails in the mixture for at least 20 minutes daily. Leave it on the nails for an overnight before rinsing or washing it away in the morning.

  • Coconut oil

Coconut oil is also effective on how to strengthen nails and make them grow. It contains saturated fats that is a good moisturizer for weak and brittle nails. It also penetrates the cuticle to moisturize and repair dry tissues. This natural oil also has the ability to prevent different nail infections such as fungus.
Warm 2 teaspoon of coconut oil and apply directly to each nail. Using one finger, massage the oil on the nail plate and on the surrounding tissues. Be gentle while massaging. This helps to improve the circulation of blood in the nail. Apply this remedy 2-3 times a day.

  • Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is an affordable remedy that can be used to strengthen nails naturally. Apart from strengthening weak nails, it contains various properties for skin and hair care.  Organic apple cider vinegar contains various nutrients and minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, vitamins and acids that are beneficial for healthy nail growth.
This remedy is effective when you mix equal quantities or organic apple cider vinegar and water. Soak your nails in the solution for at least 20 minutes. When done, massage the areas around the nail while trying to push down the cuticle.  Apply this remedy daily until your nails become strong.

  • Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil is very effective in strengthening brittle nails especially those that are damaged with a fungal infection. It is a strong natural antiseptic that is powerful in treating different infection. When applied on the nails, it also helps in bleach nail discoloration to restore the normal color.
You simply mix 1 teaspoon of vitamin E oil and 2-3 drops of tea tree oil. Apply the mixture on the nails. Gently and thoroughly, massage the solution on the nails and the areas around. Leave it to penetrate the nail for 30 minutes before rinsing it off with lukewarm water. Do this twice daily until you achieve the best results.

  • Sea salt

Sea salt works best on how to strengthen nails fast. It contains various minerals that is helpful to your nails. Apart from strengthening brittle nails it also softens the cuticles as well as enhancing a brilliant shine to the nails.
Using a bowl or container, mix 2 tablespoon of sea salt in a cup of warm water. Add 3 drops of wheat germ oil and lemon essential oil. Soak your fingernails and toenails in the solution for 20 minutes. When done, use a paper towel to dry them and apply a moisturizer. Do this for 3 times a week for best results.

  • Egg yolk and milk

Weak and brittle nails results from deficiencies of certain nutrients that include protein and calcium. The egg yolk and milk are the great source of the above nutrients. Calcium and proteins helps to fortify the nails.
Although the mixture of egg and milk may not be appealing to some people but it has a grate results when it comes to strengthening brittle nails. It is a grate moisturizer to the nail cuticle and also prevents peeling of the nails. It make your nails whiter by removing the stain.
Mix an egg yolk with 3 tablespoon of milk and stir well. Soak your nails in the mixture for 20 minutes. Massage the nail plate and the area around. When done, rinse your nails with warm water. Apply this remedy 3-4 times a week for best results.

  • Vitamin E oil

Vitamin E oil is effective on how to strengthen nails DIY.  This natural vitamin makes a way into DIY home remedies. It is effective in giving the skin a lighter tone and making the hair to grow thicker and stronger.
Inadequate moisture in the nails is the major cause of brittle nails. Vitamin E oil works by moisturizing and hydrating the nails. This helps to keep the nail cuticle nourished and healthy. You simply extract some oil from Vitamin E capsules. Coat the nail with the oil daily and leave it for overnight.

  • Green tea

This is also an effective remedy for strong, longer and healthier nails. It contain antioxidants that helps in strengthening nails. It also restores the shiny pink color of the nails by getting rid of yellow discolorations and other stains on the nails.
You simply make a cup of green tea and allow it to cool. Soak your nails in the solution for 20 minutes. Repeat this remedy twice daily until you achieve the best results. Am sure it won’t disappoint you.

How to Strengthen Nails After Acrylics and Shellac

A change in career or lifestyle may prompt you to go back to your natural nails from acrylics and shellac. Having a healthy nails after acrylics may be a challenge unless you give them the required treatment and care. The artificial nails may give you a pretty look but they have negative effects on the nail bed.
You may end up having weak, brittle, thin and splitting nails after wearing artificial acrylic nails for long. The various chemicals used in acrylic nail application that may damage the underlying nail. They can even cause fingernail and toenail falling off. The following steps will help to strengthen your nails back:

  1. Removing the acrylics or shellac

The first action to take is to remove the acrylic or the shellac. This procedure can be done while at home with the help of pure acetone or professionally. You may opt for professional removal of the artificial nails to minimize the chances of damaging your natural nail.

  1. Visit your manicurist weekly

Although weekly manicure may be expensive but you just have to spend in order to restore the health of your nails. After removing the acrylic your nails usually appears stunted. It requires regular stimulations to promote circulation of blood, oxygen and for growth.
You may also opt for at-home remedy. This is simply done by soaking the affected nails in warm water for 15 minutes. When done apply moisturizer on the nail and areas around and massage gently and thoroughly. Repeat the procedure daily until your nails recovers.

  1. Trim the nails short

Trimming is effective on how to strengthen nails. You are supposed to concentrate on making the nail healthy and thickened rather than making a thin nail longer. Trim the nail across and use a nail file to smoothen the sharp edges. Remember to be gentle.

  1. Apply a moisturizer

The nail is always dry after removal of the acrylics. Use Vitamin E oil to massage on the cuticle and nail plate. This natural oil contains various nutrients that are essential for a healthy growth of the nail.

  1. Apply nail strengthening products

Consider using nail care products that has strengthening properties. You are supposed to apply the product after every three days until the nails restores to their normal health.

  1. Avoid nail polish

You can still paint your nails but it can be better if you can keep them free from chemicals during this recovery time. If it is a must you have to paint your nails, then consider painting one week on and the other week off.

  1. Treat infections

The separation of acrylic nail from the bed can cause an ample breeding ground for nail fungus or bacteria. Consider home remedies for toenail fungus in treating the infection. If the infection is severe, visit your podiatrist right away.

How to Use Biotin to Strengthen Nails

Weak, thin and brittle nails are believed to be caused by dehydration and dryness of the protein keratin with is found in the nails. Biotin is proved to be effective on how to strengthen nails as well as for skin care and hair growth.
Biotin is found in the natural foot that we take and can also be found in supplements that contains high levels. The following steps will guide you on the use of biotin to strengthen nails:

  • Step 1. Include foods that are rich in biotin in your daily diet. Such food includes: liver, egg yolk, yeast, whole grains and cereals, milk, fish, peanut butter, lentils, bananas, cauliflower, mushrooms and soybeans.
  • Step 2. Take biotin supplements if your nails fails to show improvements for 2 weeks after incorporating biotin rich food in your diet. The supplements are available different doses of 10, 50, 100, and even 1000mcg. Consult your doctor for correct biotin dosage.

Thick Toenails

Your toenail becomes thickened as you grow older, but you can also experience this condition at any age. Toenail injury or infection is the main causes of thick toenail among the young people.
The major trauma on the toenail can cause thickening. For instance, when your toenail is caught in a closing door or hammering your nail may cause it to thicken as it tries to recover from the trauma. Other minor injuries caused by ill-fitting shoes may also exert pressure on the toenail which results to thickening.
Toenail thickening can also be caused by a fungal infection. It is usually accompanied with other symptoms such as yellow or brown toenails, foul smell and presence of discharge from the nail. Thick toe nail is difficult to cut and may also increase the chances of infection.
You can prevent thick toenails by keeping your nails short, avoiding ill-fitting shoes, having a good hygiene of the foot, preventing sharp edges by filling and applying various remedies and treatments on how to strengthen nails.

Nail Bed Infection, Purple, White, Blue, Damages, Injury, Causes, Treatment

Get insights on the causes and treatment of different nail bed infection and injuries such as purple, blue and white nail bed. You will also learn more about damaged and nail separation from the nail bed.

Nail Bed Infection

Nail infection is also known as paronychia. It is an infection of the nail bed and the areas surrounding the toenail or fingernail. It is a common nail condition and if not treated, it may spread to the whole figure or toe. There are two types of paronychia as named below:

  • Acute paronychia

This is usually a sudden nail infection. The areas around infected toenail or fingernail is normally experiences pain, redness, swelling, warmth and presence of pus collection. This infection is caused by a bacteria, commonly staphylococci which is normally found on the skin.
The staphylococci or other types of bacteria enters the skin around the nail through the damaged areas caused by trauma such as nail bed injuries, nail biting, ingrown toenails, chemical irritants, picking at the skin around the nail, finger sucking and overaggressive manicure or pedicure that results to cutting and tearing of the nail cuticle.
You can easily treat acute paronychia by yourself when the infection is mild. Soaking the infected fingernail or toenail in warm water for 15 minutes daily may help to relieve the pain, swelling and tenderness. When the pus is present, you may also drain it.
However, severe acute paronychia may require a doctor’s treatment. You should seek medical treatment if the abscess is forming and requires to be drained by the doctor. When the symptoms becomes severe, for instance, the redness extends beyond the areas around the infected nail. This shows that it is a serious infection that requires medical treatment.
The doctor will numb the infected area and drain off the pus. He or she may also prescribe some antibiotics such as clindamycin or cephalexin. When the nail bed infection is very serious, the doctor may perform a surgery to remove the whole nail for a better treatment.

  • chronic paronychia

This infection normally develop slowly. It normally causes gradual symptoms that includes redness, swelling and tenderness of the areas around infected toenail or fingernail.  This infection usually attacks the nail bed and the folds of the tissues that surrounds the toenail or fingernail.
Chronic paronychia is common in individuals who are suffering from diabetes and those who hands and feet are subjected to moist, warm and dumpy environment. It is caused by candida or other types of nail fungus. You are likely to get infected with the fungi by walking barefooted in public washrooms and swimming pools or other dumpy areas that are used by many people.
There are other jobs or activities that exposes the hands and foot to water and chemicals that increases the chances of nail fungus infection. Such jobs includes dishwashing, house cleaning, bartending and nursing among others.
When you get infected, the cuticle separates from the nail, this makes the area between the two to become more vulnerable to infections that may cause toenail falling off and other complications. This infection is treated by first of all stopping its causes. You may consider home remedies for toenail fungus for mild infections.
Since this nail condition is caused by fungus, your doctor will prescribe some antifungal medication that are applied on the affected areas. Such medicines includes clotrimazole or ketoconazole. When the symptoms does not improve, the oral antifungals and steroids may be used to treat the nail bed infection.

Purple Nail Beds

The color of your nails can tell much about your health. When you are diagnosed with certain body conditions, your doctor may check the color of your nails. When you are health, the color of your nails is supposed to be pink.
Discoloration or change in color of your nails may be symptomatic to underlying body condition. Some internal body condition may cause white spots on nails and other abnormalities. Purple nail bed may also be an indication of different body illnesses. Some of the causes of purple nail beds includes the following:

  1. Poor blood circulation in your body

When the color of your nail beds turn purple, there is high chances of poor blood circulation in the body. The purple color may be accompanied with some tingling which is an indication that the nails are not getting enough blood.
When the nails are supplied by enough blood, they will appear to be brighter red or pink. This shows that they get enough oxygen. When there is inadequate blood supply to the nails, they appears darker or purple. This means that they lack enough oxygen.

  1. Smoking

If you are a smoker, your fingernails are likely to change the color from normal to purple. This is because your body requires more oxygen. Therefore, it will take oxygen from other organs of your body including the fingers and the toes. This may results to purple color of your nail beds.

  1. Anemia or low iron in your body

A part from nail bed infection, anemia or low iron in your body may result to purple nail beds. When the iron level of your body is low, it means that the blood is not being oxygenated adequately. Therefore, some parts of your body will be less oxygenated.
This problem can be fixed by taking iron and vitamin C supplements every day in the morning before taking your first meal. This will help in the absorption of oxygen.

  1. Injury on the nail bed

When it is only one nail that has changed the color to purple, then it may be due to an injury. An injury or broken blood vessel can cause a bruise under the nail. You are supposed to visit your podiatrist to help in draining the blood that might have accumulated in the nail bed.

Nail Bed Injury

Toenails and fingernails may experience common accidental injuries. There are different injuries that may cause trauma to your nails. The common injuries results from cuts, when caught in closing door and some types of pressure applied on the nail such as ill-fitting shoe.
Nail bed injury may cause loss of nail or lead to nail bed infection if not good care is taken on the damaged area. When a nail is lost during an injury, it should be able to grow back after several month. The nail may experience some symptoms and physical changes after an injury that includes the following:

  • Bleeding occurs. The blood may ooze out of the nail bed or the blood vessels may get damaged and cause subungual haemotoma.
  • Grooves or ridges in fingernails and toenails may occur. You may notice this lines several month after the injury.
  • Onychogryphosis or thickening of nails occurs a few month after the injury. Ill-fitting shoes and other body condition such as poor blood circulation may cause this condition.
  • Partial or complete nail bed separation may occur. Trauma from injury, chemicals and other internal body conditions may result to this nail problem.
  • A thin streak of red or brown may run vertically on the nail blade. This is causes by damage of the small blood vessels found in the nail bed.
  • Minor injuries may cause white spots to appear on the affected nails. They usually occurs after a few month when you might have forgotten about the injury.
  • You may experience nail discoloration. The nails may change the color from normal to brown or purple.
  • The nail plate may also change the shape, texture and structure.

A minor injury may cause pain, bleeding other discomforts. To ease the pain and prevent nail bed infection, you may apply some of the home treatments for a nail injury that includes the following:

  • For a painful nail injury, apply a cold compress over the affected area. Wrap ice cubes in a clean towel and place it over the affected area until it stops paining.
  • Move to a cool place and elevate the affected foot or hand. This helps to relieve the pain.
  • Take over-the-counter pain killers to alleviate the pain and other discomforts.
  • If bleeding occurs, apply some pressure at the base of the affected toe or finger for some time. Use warm water and antibacterial soap to clean the affected area. Apply an antiseptic ointment and cover it with a bandage.
  • If the nail is torn, trim it short to prevent further trauma.

However, in case of a serious injury, you should seek medical advice especially when the injury causes complete nail separation from the bed. When the affected area shows signs of infection, you should also seek medical care.

Blue Nail Beds

Blue nail beds is also medically known as cyanosis. It is a condition that is characterized by blush color of the skin and mucus membrane. It is normal to have blue nail beds when you are in a place that has a very cold temperature. However, this nail discoloration may also be an indication of a serious internal body condition. The common causes of blue nail bed includes the following:

  • Blood clot which may block sufficient blood supply to the feet and arms. This may interfere with the normal body’s ability to deliver oxygenated red blood cells that has fresh oxygen.
  • Argyria may also cause blue nail beds. This is a condition that results from exposure to chemical compounds that contain silver.
  • Lungs and breathing conditions may also cause blue nail beds due to insufficient oxygen intake into the body. Such conditions includes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema among other respiratory diseases.
  • Blue nail beds can also be caused by a condition known as cyanosis. This condition is commonly caused by lack or low levels of oxygen circulation in the red blood cells.

If you have persistent blue nail beds, visit your doctor right away. He or she may person several tests to determine the exact cause of your condition. The doctors may also check any other possible nail bed infection that may cause nail discoloration and provide the necessary treatment.

White Nail Beds

Having healthy nails with its normal pink color may also indicate a good health of your body. Nail discolorations may be symptomatic to their underlying body conditions. It is better to find out the cause and treat the underlying causes.
You are not supposed to worry much especially when the white marks appears on one or two fingers or toes. Most of the white marks results from the minor injuries that causes trauma on the nail. Such marks usually appears a few month when you have forgotten about the injury. The other possible causes of this nail condition includes the following:

  • Anemia or iron deficiency in the body
  • Liver, kidney or heart conditions
  • Diabetes
  • Malnutrition
  • Chemotherapy
  • Overactive thyroid.

Damaged Nail Bed

When you get injured, the soft tissues under the nail plate may get damaged. The various injuries on the fingernail or toenail may result to bleeding, pain, torn nail, complete or partial nail loss. It can also lead to nail bed infection when good care is not taken during the healing period.
Damaged toenail bed or fingernail bed is usually caused by crushing from heavy pressure applied on the nail plate, cuttings and tearing. For instance, when your fingernails are caught in a closing car door or when you hammer your nail, the nail bed is likely to get damaged.
The symptoms of damaged nail bed includes the following:

  • Bleeding
  • Bruising or collection of blood under the nail
  • Pain in the affected area
  • Loosening of the nail
  • Complete or partial nail loss
  • Deformed nail and

Treatment of damaged nail bed is determined by the intensity of the injury. Minor damage can easily be treated while at home while severe injury requires a health care provider. Your condition will determine if partial or total nail has to be removed for a new nail to grow.

Nail Bed Repair

The nail bed repair involves the removal of foreign materials from the affected area, preservation of tissues as much as possible, taking care of the wound to prevent nail bed infections and splitting. It is important to have a nail bed repair after the injury. It has the following benefits:

  • Speeds up the healing process of the damaged nail
  • It helps to prevent the risks of developing an infection on the affected area
  • It decreases the pain experienced after the injury
  • It reduces the chances of nail deformity.

During the procedure, the surgeon will inject a local anesthetic to the affected toenail or fingernail. Once the area will have become numb, the surgeon will remove the nail and examine the nail bed tissues. He or she will repair the necessary tissues.
The surgeon will clean the affected area, apply antiseptic ointment and apply a sterile dressing over the affected area. You will now be ready to leave the clinic. You may be given some painkillers to relieve the pain.

More references:

Paronychia treatment:
Why do my fingernails turn purple? :
Nail injuries:
Nail abnormalities:
Nail bed laceration repair:

Home Remedies for Toenail Fungus, Vinegar, Hydrogen Peroxide, Vicks, Bleach

Is it possible to treat toenail fungus while at home? This article contain insights on the various home remedies for toenail fungus such as hydrogen peroxide and Vicks among others. You will also learn from the various pictures showing the different types of toenail fungus.

Home Remedies for Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus is also medically known as onychomycosis. It is a common condition that causes yellowing and thickening of nails. If not treated, it may cause splitting, cracking and eventually results to toenail falling off. The areas around infected toenails may become swollen and tender.
The fungus thrives well in warm, moist and damp areas such as public washrooms, swimming pools and hot tubs. You may get infected by walking in such areas barefooted. Other conditions such as weak immune system, HIV infections, diabetes and poor foot hygiene increases the chances of fungal infection.
Why should you suffer from this nail condition when you can easily treat it while at home? There are various natural and home remedies that are effective in treating the toenail fungus and other nail bed infections. They contain anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-septic properties that helps in treating various nail conditions. They includes the following:

  1. Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil has a history of treating various nail and skin conditions. It contains antibacterial as well as antibacterial properties that give it power to treat toenail fungus. Pure tea tree oil may cause some irritations especially if your skin is hypersensitive. To control the irritation you are advised to use diluted tea tree oil.
To use this remedy, you simply mix 3-4 drops of tea tree oil with one teaspoonful of coconut oil or olive. Apply the mixture on the affected area using a cotton ball.
Leave it for 15 minutes to penetrate in the tissues around the nail before trying to scrub the affected toenail using a soft nail brush. Repeat the procedure 2-3 times a day until your condition improves.

  1. Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is also among the effective home remedies for toenail fungus. This remedy is mildly acidic, it therefore helps to prevent the fungal infection from spreading to other parts. It also has antifungal and antiseptic properties that kills fungi and bacteria.
Mix equal proportions of apple cider vinegar for nail fungus with water. Soak the affected foot in the solution for 20-30 minutes. Remove your foot from the solution and use a clean towel to dry it thoroughly. This solution may also restore yellow toenails to its normal color.

  1. Baking soda

Baking soda is among the ingredients that are readily available in your kitchen that has the power to treat nail fungus. It does not really kill the fungus but it helps to prevent the growth and spread of the infection as well as neutralizing the bad odor.
Baking soda is alkaline and the fungi thrives well in acidic environment. Mixing this ingredient with vinegar may work best for your condition. Vinegar will help in killing the fungi on the affected area. You simply requires 4 teaspoon of baking soda, 1 cup of vinegar, some water and a paper towel.
Mix equal amount of water and vinegar, add baking soda in the mixture and stir well. Soak the affected foot in the solution for 20 minutes. When done, dry the food using the paper towel thoroughly. Repeat the procedure 3 times daily until your condition improves.

  1. Coconut oil

Coconut oil is also among the effective home remedies for toenail fungus. It contains medium chain fatty acids that that works as natural fungicide in killing the fungus. The fatty acids penetrates the fungal membrane to destroy the infection.
To use this remedy, you simply requires the coconut oil. Clean your hands thoroughly and apply a thin layer of this natural oil on the affected area. You are required to apply 2-3 times daily until the infection is treated.

  1. Oil of oregano

A part from using the leaves of oregano in flavoring food, you can also use its oil in treating various skin conditions including the toenail fungus. It contains antifungal, antibacterial, antiseptic, antiviral and analgesic properties that are effective in treating various skin problems.
To make this remedy more effective, you simply mix 3 drops of oil of oregano in one teaspoonful of coconut oil and apply on the affected area.
Leave it to penetrate the affected area for 30 minutes before rinsing the area with clean water. Use a paper towel to dry the affected foot thoroughly. Repeat the treatment twice daily until your condition improves.

  1. Listerine mouthwash

The several compounds used in making Listerine mouthwash to kill different bacteria in the mouth also has the ability to treat toenails fungus. Its strong antiseptic properties has the power to kill various bacteria and fungi.
You may use Listerine mouthwash alone or its combination with white vinegar. Mix equal proportions of the two and soak the affected foot in the solution for 30 minutes.
Use a soft nail brush to scrub the affected area. Rinse it and dry it thoroughly using disposable paper towel. The infection will clear after several month when this remedy is used twice daily.

  1. White vinegar

This is among the best home remedies for toenail fungus vinegar. It helps in killing the toenail fungus as well as restoring the skin pH of the affected foot. You simply requires white vinegar and warm water.
Mix equal amount of this ingredient and water. Soak the affected foot in the solution for 20-30 minutes. When done, rinse the affected area and dry it thoroughly using a paper towel. Repeat twice daily until the infection heals.

  1. Lemon juice

Lemon juice is also among effective home remedies for toenail fungus due to its antiseptic and antifungal properties. It also citric acid that gives it power to stop the fungus from spreading to other parts of the toenail, to other toenails or to the areas around.
Obtain fresh lemon fruit, extract some juice from it and apply on the affected foot. Leave it for 30 minutes to penetrate the skin before rinsing it off using warm water. Repeat this treatment 2-3 times a day until the infection is healed.

Toenail Fungus Vinegar

The use of vinegar is cheap and simple in treatment of toenail fungus. Whether it is white vinegar or apple cider vinegar, both has the ability of curing toenail or fingernail fungal infections. You are not supposed to worry about the type or brand name of the vinegar. The pH of the vinegar is what matters.
There are different types of vinegar that includes white vinegar, apple cider vinegar, malt vinegar, wine vinegar cane vinegar, rice vinegar, Chinese black vinegar, raisin vinegar, coconut vinegar, balsamic vinegar, honey vinegar, fruit vinegar and beer vinegar among other various types.
The sour taste of vinegar results from oxidation of ethanol in liquids containing alcohol such as beer, wine, cider, fruit juice and many more. It helps to treating toenail fungus in different ways as described below:

  • The acidity of the vinegar helps in relieving the itchy sensation caused by the fungal infection while restoring the altered PH of the skin to normal.
  • It contains antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties that helps to treat and prevent recurring of fungal infections.
  • Helps in fighting and preventing the spread of bacteria, fungi and other micro-organisms that causes toenail fungus.
  • Fungus thrives well in alkaline PH, while the vinegar is acidic, it therefore increases acidity to
  • Helps to treat other nail conditions such as white spots on nails.

Before applying the vinegar or any other home remedies and prescribed medicines, clean the areas around. Trim the nails short using a clipper. Smoothen the edges using a nail file.
This helps to allow the treatment to penetrate deeper into affected areas. It also reduces pain and discomfort. It is also important on how to strengthen nails by preventing breakage.
Vinegar is among the best home remedies for toenail fungus. It is recommended to use equal proportion of warm water and vinegar. Mix 50% of vinegar and 50% of warm water in a large bowl. Soak the infected foot for 20-30 minutes.
When your infection is severe, you may try to apply vinegar directly to the affected area. Alternatively, you may increase the concentration of vinegar against water. Exposure of the toenail fungus to vinegar may increase the chances of positive results.
After toenail fungus vinegar soak, allow the foot to dry completely before putting on socks. You may use a paper towel to dry the areas between toes.  The fungi multiply and spreads easily in moist and warm conditions. This helps to prevent the infection from spreading.
Apply this treatment twice daily. You will be able to notice improvements after 1-2 weeks of treatment. However, you are supposed to observe to hygiene of your foot during treatment. Keep the foot clean, cool and dry for positive results.

Toenail Fungus Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is among the household disinfectant that is used in cleaning and treating minor injuries on the skin. This solution can also be used as an antiseptic, oxidizer and antiseptic. Although there is not scientific study that shows the effectiveness of hydrogen peroxide in treating fungi, many people have recovered from toenail fungus up on the use of this remedy.
This solution is among the effective home remedies for toenail fungus when a correct concentration of 3% is used. A strong concentration is harmful to your skin and may cause various reaction. There are different procedures you can use to apply this remedy. They include the following:

  • Obtain 3% hydrogen peroxide solution and mix with equal quantity of water or vinegar. Soak the affected foot in the solution. Leave the solution to penetrate your skin and under the nail bed for about 30 minutes. When done, dry your feet thoroughly before wearing socks or shoes.
  • Alternatively, you can spray the affected foot using the hydrogen solution and leave it to dry there.

Apply the solution twice daily until you get the positive results. You may start to notice some improvements after 1-2 month of treatment. This treatment gives quicker results when treating the athlete’s foot fungus and compared to other nail bed fungal infections.
For this treatment to work, you need to be persistence in application of the solution and patience with the results. Continue applying the solution until your condition is treated. If you use this remedy for two month without improvements, stop its use and see a doctor.
This remedy works when the solution penetrates to the thick layer of the skin to the nail bed and plate.  This are the areas where the fungus breed and multiply.
To facilitate the penetration of the solution to such areas, you are supposed to clean your toenails before applying the treatment. Use a nail clipper and a file to trim and smoothen the sharp edges.

Vicks for Toenail Fungus

Vicks VapoRub has also become one of the home remedies for toenail fungus. Many people have had a successful treatment of toenail fungus by using this remedy. A study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of Vicks and the result showed that a larger percentage of fungal infected individuals showed improvement from their condition while a smaller percentage had no improvement.
Vicks VapoRub contains three active ingredients that are believed to help in fighting the fungal infection. They includes the Camphor that is a topical anesthetic, menthol that has the same properties of anesthetic as Camphor and Eucalyptus oil.
This ingredients are found in different percentages together with other inactive ingredients that includes: thymol, nutmeg oil, cedar leaf oil, turpentine oil and special petroleum. The scientific studies was also tested on the different ingredients in the Vicks.
From the study, thymol was among the effective ingredient that inhibits the spread and growth of the dermatophytes that causes toenail fungus. It also penetrates the cell membrane of candida, which is another cause nail fungus and destroys it.
To use this remedy, you simply apply a thin layer of Vicks on the affected areas 2-3 times a day. You may notice some improvements of using Vicks salve for toenail fungus after a month of use. Practicing good hygiene of your foot may help for quick improvement.

How to Treat Toenail Fungus

When the home remedies for toenail fungus have failed to show the positive results, you are supposed to visit your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. You may be given a combination of prescribed medicines that will treat your condition. The medication includes the following:

  • Oral antifungal drugs

Your podiatrist may prescribe some oral antifungal medicines. They are effective treatment especially for a recurring fungal infection. Some of the drugs are terbinafine or Lamisil and itraconazole. You may be required to take the medicines for 6-12 weeks.
You may not be able to notice the results immediately. The medication may take four or more month to see the positive results. You are only required to take the medicines as directed by the doctor. Do not stop taking the drugs even if the symptoms improves.

  • topical antifungal creams

Your podiatrist may prescribe topical antifungal creams or gel that are applied directly on the affected area. In most cases, the antifungal creams are given when the infection is mild or you can be prescribed together with the oral antifungal drugs.

  • Medicated nail polish

You may be required to use antifungal nail polish such as ciclopirox. The polish is simply applied on the affected nails and the areas around once awhile. After a period of one week, the older polish is removed and replaced with new until the nail fungus heals.

Toenail Fungus Pictures

There are various pictures that can help you identify if you are suffering from toenail fungus. They can also give you a guideline for treatment while using home remedies for toenail fungus. The pictures or images are showing the different symptoms that you may encounter when infection.
From the pictures, it is clear that the nail fungus can affect both the toenails and the fingernails. Toenails are more prone to this condition because they may contract the infection from infected ground or surfaces. Poor foot hygiene is also a risk factor.

Black Toenail Fungus

Have you ever noticed black spots under your toenails? If yes, then you may be suffering from black toenail fungus. The nail is supposed to have the normal color any color change or discoloration may be a great indication of nail fungus or other underlying body condition.
The black toenail fungus is common among individuals who walk barefooted in areas that may contain fungi. Such areas includes the public washrooms, swimming pools, beach showers and hot tubs. You can even get infected while at your own home.
Several days after infection, you may notice some nail fungus symptoms such as discoloration of toenails from normal color to yellow or black, flaking and thickening. It is easier to treat this condition while it is still mild. You may consider home remedies for toenail fungus or visit your podiatrist for treatment.

Toenail Falling Off, Loss, Separation, Causes, Symptoms, Get Rid, Treatment and Prevention

Are you suffering from the loss of toenails? Get insights on the causes of toenail falling off, symptoms and treatment. You will also get enlightened more about toenail loss prevention measures.

Toenail Falling Off Causes

The loss of toenails is also known as onychoptosis. It is not a very common condition but it is very distressing when it occurs. There are two major causes that can be greatly be blamed for this condition. They include fungus and trauma from an injury.
After an infection or an injury, the affected nail will initially appear to be discolored. This is a big indication that shows the separation of the nail from the bed. The nail will then loosen, it may be accompanied with mild to severe pain especially if it is caused by an injury.
This condition requires a health care provider for diagnosis and treatment especially if the loss of toenail occurs without apparent reason or as a result of an infection. When you fail to seek treatment on time, this condition may spread to other toenails and cause a loss. The various causes of this condition includes:

  1. Fungal infection

Toenail fungus is a condition that changes the appearance of the nail. This infection is caused by different types of fungi. When you are infected, you will start by noticing the various changes in the appearance of the nail. It may become discolored or yellow toenails, thickened, damaged or broken and eventually causing toenail falling off.
When the fungal infection is not treated, it is likely to get worse. It may spread to other nails and the areas around causing damage. Therefore, you are supposed to seek medical assistance from your health provider right away after experiencing the first symptoms.
Nail fungal infection can be treated successfully when diagnosed earlier but there are other types that causes a challenge to treat. Some types of fungus nail infections are easier to treat than others. For instance, the white superficial onychomycosis is easier to treat than distal subungual onychomycosis.
Your nails may remain to be disfigured for some time even after treatment. Therefore, you are supposed to be patience with the appearance of your nails for several month before they can restore their normal appearance and color.
The fungi thrives well in moist, dark and warm environment. Such areas includes public washrooms, swimming pools and hot tubs. After infection, the fungi will grow and multiply by feeding on the keratin protein which makes the hard surface of your nails. There are various factors that increases your chances of getting this infection, they include:

  • Walking barefooted in public washrooms, swimming pool and hot tubs
  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes that are less aerated leads to infection that causes toenail falling off
  • Poor foot hygiene such as wearing dirty socks and shoes
  • Frequent wearing of nail polish that prevents the nail from getting free oxygen
  • Being an athlete or a military personnel
  • Suffering from circulatory conditions or chronic conditions like HIV and Aids or Cancer may also increase the chances various nail problems including ridges in fingernails.

The fungal infection can be accompanied with other complications such as bacterial nail bed infection. It may cause inflammations, swelling and itchiness on the tissues that surround the affected toenail.

  1. Injury

You may be walking and bump your foot in an obstacle like a stone that causes trauma to your nail. There are also other sporting activities such as athletics, football or volley ball that may result to an injury to your toenail when running or hit against the shoes.
When you hit your toenail hard or repeatedly, it can cause a painful bleeding under the nail bed that can cause toenail falling off. It is advisable to visit your podiatrist to examine your condition. He or she may help to drain the blood from the nail bed and provide the necessary treatment.
Mild injuries on the nail may only cause white spots on nail after several month from the accident. In most cases, you may have forgotten about the injury. A nail is lost from an injury is mostly replaced by a new one after several month but you need to be very careful with your toenails to prevent the pain and other complications that may come together with a nail loss.
A part from fungal infection and injury, there are also other possible causes of nail loss although they are less common. They include the following:

  • This is a skin condition that causes red and crusty patches on different parts of skin such as knees, elbow, scalp, lower back and other parts. The patches may also become itchy and sore.
  • They are small lumps that develops on the skin of feet and hands. They may appear in clusters or singly.
  • An allergic reaction to medicines such as antibiotics or nail polish may also cause the loss of toenails.
  • Overactive thyroid. Overactive thyroid in the neck may produce excessive hormones that has negative effects on the nails.
  • A condition that causes protein to build up in various body organs.

Toenail Falling Off Symptoms

The symptoms of toenail loss may range from bleeding, discoloration and discomforts caused by an infection or the underlying body condition. The nail may also fall off without any apparent reason but obviously there is underlying cause. You may experience the various symptoms depending with the cause as described below:
Due to infection:

  • Discoloration of the nail from normal to yellow, brown or green
  • Thickened toenail
  • Brittle, crumby or ragged toenails
  • Distorted nail shape
  • Dark color due to accumulation of debris under the nail bed
  • Toenail falling off
  • Redness of the tissues surrounding the affected toenail
  • Swelling and tenderness of the affected toe
  • Foul smell
  • Yellow or green discharge from under the nail bed
  • Pain especially when wearing a shoe.

Due to an injury:

  • Bleeding from the nail bed
  • Mild or severe pain depending with the intensity of the injury
  • Accumulation of blood under the nail bed
  • Discoloration of the nail from normal to dark or brown
  • Loose toenail

Toenail Falling Off Treatment

The loss of toenail treatment depends with its cause. When this condition is caused by a fungal infection, it is advisable to visit your podiatrist once you notice the first symptoms. In some cases, the fungal infection may be accompanied with a bacterial infection to cause increased pain, swelling, tenderness redness and discharge from the affected toenail.
When you fail to visit your doctor, the fungal infection may spread to the nail itself, the skin around and to the other toes. The toenail can become thickened, discolored and painful. When you make an appointment with the doctor, he or she will diagnose your condition and prescribe the following medicines:

  1. Oral antifungal pills

The antifungal oral pills are prescribed medicines that helps in treating moderate, severe or hard fungal nail infection. Such medicines are used to treat fungal infection that may become resistance to topical antifungal medications. You are supposed to take such medicines as directed by your doctor.
Even if you notice some improvement, do stop the medication until you complete the dose. They are effective toenail fungus treatment prescription when taken as directed by your podiatrist.

  1. Topical antifungal medicines

This are antifungal gel, creams, lotion and nail polish that helps in treating mild to moderate fungal infections. They are also used to prevent recurrent such infections. They prevent some types of fungal infection from spreading to the other toenails such as athlete’s foot and hence helps to get rid of further toenail falling off. They can also be used along with oral antifungal medicines.

  1. Removal of an infected nail

In some cases, the removal of the whole infected nail may be the only solution to your condition. This is done especially when there is severe or recurring fungal toenail infection. The nail is removed together with its root to prevent regrowth. Although the whole nail is rarely removed but it can be done using either surgery or without.
You may also consider to use some of the home remedies for toenail fungus. This includes using natural treatment that contain antifungal, antibacterial and antiseptic properties. They are also effective in treating mild fungal infections. They help in treating and prevent recurring of toenail fungal infection.
When the nail separation is caused by injury, it may start to bleed. The first thing to do is to perform first aid by applying some pressure on the affected toe and seek medical treatment. Your doctor will help to drain blood from the affected toenail and bandage it.
When whole nail is detached, your podiatrist may remove the nail to allow regrowth of a new nail. You may be given some pain relievers to ease the pain and other discomforts caused by the injury. However, when your toenail is partially torn, you may perform the treatment by yourself at home using the procedure below:

  • Trim the affected nail short and file the sharp edges smooth. It is important as it prevent the nail from further tearing.
  • Using scissors, remove the detached nail if the nail is partially attached.
  • Apply a cool compress on the affected toe or soak it in cold water for 15-20 minutes.
  • Apply an antibiotic ointment on the affected area and around the toe.
  • Cover the nail using a bandage, this helps to prevent infection on the affected area and allows the nail to grow out.
  • Take good aftercare to prevent the risk of toenail falling off.

Toenail Loss Prevention

To prevent foot problems and nail loss, here are some tips to maintain a healthy toenails:

  • Be cautious when performing the various sporting activities such as athletics, football and volley ball.
  • Avoid ill-fitting shoes. Wear a shoe that has enough room for your toe. It should be made of breathable material that allow free air circulation. It should also offer stability and balance.
  • Practice good hygiene for your feet. You should dry them well using a clean towel after shower or cleaning. You should also wear clean socks and shoes.
  • Consider wearing socks made of breathable material like cotton. Other material may not allow enough air to your feet.
  • Keep your nails short, trim the toenails straight across and use a nail file to smoothen the rough edges. This is important on how to strengthen nails.
  • Visit your podiatrist immediately you start experiencing the first signs of toenail falling off, such as discoloration, splitting, and loosening.
  • Avoid tearing the nail that is partially torn, instead, bandage it and visit your medical provider.
  • Avoid walking barefooted in damp and moist areas such as public washrooms, swimming pools and hot tubs.
  • Clean and disinfect the pedicure or manicure tools before using them on your nails.
  • Avoid sharing of socks and shoes.

Yellow Toenails, Causes, Symptoms, Get Rid, Treatment and Prevention

Do you have yellow toenails? Get insights on the meaning, causes and symptoms of this nail condition. You will also learn more on how to treat and prevent the discoloration of toenails.

Yellow Toenail Meaning

Yellow toenail is a change in color of your nails from normal to yellowish. There are various condition, diseases and personal habits that can result to toenail discolorations. It is very important to pay the necessary attention to any color changes of your nails since they indicate your body’s health.
When you notice the first signs of nail discoloration, it is advisable to visit your podiatrist for diagnosis and for yellow toenail cure. In most cases, yellow toenails can be symptomatic to serious health problems such as diabetes, fungal infections, lymphedema and yellow nail syndrome.
However, in some cases the yellow stains on your nails may not be a threat to your health as they can result from various personal habits. For instance, after painting and removing a yellow nail polish, some stains may remain on the nails and they will disappear as the nail grows out.
This nail condition can affect any person but it is common in older age especially from 30-70 years. It is important to find out the cause and begin treatment as early as possible. You should also cheek for other symptoms such as brittle nails or loosely fitted nails.

Yellow Toenails Causes

The discoloration of nails is commonly caused by a fungal infections and nail psoriasis. The fungus thrives mostly in moist or dumpy environment such as public swimming pools, showers, tubs and even soil. When you become infected with the fungus, it causes an infection known as Onychomycosis.
The nails usually starts by developing yellow or discoloration from the corners which eventually spreads to the whole nail plate if not controlled. This infection may be accompanied with other symptoms such as brittle nails and pain especially when wearing closed shoes.
It is advisable to seek treatment earlier. The chances of success treatment is high when you start medication immediately you notice the first symptoms. Consider using over the counter medicines such as Fungoid Tincture or Tineacide. You may visit your doctor if you don’t see any improvement after 2-3 month of treatment.
However, this nail condition is not only caused by fungal infections. There is also other nail or body condition that may cause yellow fingernails or toenails. They include the following:

  • Frequent use of nail varnish

Frequent use and removal of nail polish may also lead to stains of your nails. A part from causing discolorations, the polish may also trap moisture under the nail bed that may result to infections. Avoiding the use of such nail polish or vanish for a couple of weeks may help to fix this condition.

  • Lymphedema

This is a problem of the lymphatic system. It is a condition that causes blockage of part of your circulatory system. This condition usually causes swelling in the arms or legs and the affected individuals are usually characterized with yellow toenails.
Lymphedema may also cause the lymphatic system to become vulnerable to other conditions that may cause nail bed infections including the fungi. Primary lymphedema are caused by certain genes that affect the lymphatic system while secondary lymphedema may be due to infections, injury, and inflammation of the limb or from cancer treatments.

  • Diabetes

Yellow nails is also likely to be a symptom of diabetes. The sugar imbalances in your body may cause glucose to attach to the collagen protein. Collagen plays a role in development of the nails, therefore this may lead to transformation of the nail color from normal to yellow.
It may also cause white spots on nails. This condition can affect any person but it is common among older individuals. You are supposed to visit your clinic regularly to find out your blood sugar level or for treatment.

  • Age

There is a big difference in color when you compare the nails of an older person and young person. As you get older, your body immune system becomes weak. You may become vulnerable to various internal body conditions such as blood circulatory problems, kidney or liver conditions or diabetes.
The nail color may change as a symptomatic to the underlying body condition. You are not supposed to ignore such signs. Visiting your doctor right away for the diagnosis and treatment of your condition. You may also develop ridges in fingernails as you age.

  • Genetic disorder

Yellow toenails is a serious condition that should be taken seriously. However, you are not supposed to confuse it with a genetic disorder that is known as yellow nail syndrome. This condition causes yellow discoloration of the nails and may be accompanied with other symptoms such as thickening, slow nail growth, lack of cuticle and toenail falling off.

  • Jaundice

This is a liver condition that causes yellowing of the nails, skin, eyes and mouth or nose membranes. This condition is also characterized with other condition such as dark-colored urine and pale-colored stool. This are warning signs and you are supposed to seek medication immediately.

Yellow Toenails Symptoms

Yellowing of toenails is usually accompanied with other symptoms and signs. These symptoms may help you to determine the actual cause of the nail discoloration. When the nails are affected by a fungal infection, there are various symptoms you will notice. They include the following:

  • The toenails becomes thick and hardened
  • Splitting of the nail plate
  • Tenderness between the toes and the areas around the affected toes
  • A foul smell from the toenails
  • Mild to severe pain especially when wearing a shoe
  • Build-up of debris under the infected toenails
  • Discoloration and malformation of the nail.

When the discoloration is caused by underlying body condition such as circulatory problems, diabetes and liver or kidney disorders, you may also notice occasional changes on the nails. The nails may become brittle, spotted with white marks, raised appearance, weak and sometimes crumbled.

Yellow Toenails Treatment

The toenail discoloration treatment is determined by the cause of your condition. The best treatment is to first of all find the cause by visiting your podiatrist for diagnosis. If the discoloration is caused by underlying body condition, you are required to treat that condition in order to see improvements on your nails.
There is little you can do to treat the toenail discoloration caused by nail polish or vanish. You will only have to be patience and wait the nail to grow out together with the discoloration and then you clip it off. The nail will therefore restore its normal color.
If your nail discoloration is as a result of an infection, there are various treatment option you can use to get of the condition. Your doctor will evaluate your condition and recommend the best treatment for you. You may also use home remedies for toenail fungus. Some of the treatments includes the following:

  1. Oral antifungal medication

If you are diagnosed with a fungal infection, your doctor or podiatrist may prescribe an oral antifungal medications. Such medicines helps to alleviate the pain and discomfort caused by the fungal infection between the toes or under the toenail.
Do not expect an immediate results as it may take up to six month to clear the infection. You may be required to take the medicines for 12 weeks in order to restore the normal color of your nails. You are supposed to take such medicines as directed by your doctor.

  1. Topical treatment

For mild fungal infections, your doctor or podiatrist may prescribe topical treatments such as the use of antifungal gel, polish or cream. In some cases such medications are also prescribed along with oral antifungal treatment. You are required to apply such polish on the nails just like the other regular nail lacquer.

  1. Home remedies and natural antifungal treatments

There are various yellow toenails home remedy treatments that are recommended by various dermatological studies in killing the fungi. Some of the remedies include some of the ingredients you are using in the kitchen. They includes the following:

  • Tea tree oil

This is a natural topical treatment for fungal infection. It contains anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-septic properties that are effective in treating the various infections including the fungi. You are required to apply diluted tea tree oil thrice a day on the affected area until your condition improves.

  • Vinegar foot soak

This ingredient also have the ability to stop the growth of certain fungal and bacteria on the affected area. Mix some vinegar with warm water and soak the affected foot for 20 minutes twice daily. Use a clean towel to dry the foot thoroughly after soaking.

  • Hydrogen peroxide

 Hydrogen peroxide works effectively in whitening yellow stained toenails. You only requires a 3 percent hydrogen peroxide concentration. To use this remedy, you simply mix three teaspoonful of hydrogen peroxide in half a cup of warm water.
Soak the affected nails in the solution for 30 minutes. Rinse the nails with clean water and pat them dry. Repeat the procedure daily until the nails restores to their normal color.

  • Lemon

Lemon juice is effective on how to get rid of yellow toenails from nail polish. It also works as astringent that is useful on how to strengthen nails. You simply squeeze several lemon fruits to obtain enough juice. Soak the affected nails for 15 minutes. Finally, rinse with warm water and apply a moisturizer. Repeat the procedure twice daily for several days until you obtain the positive results.

  • Baking soda

Baking soda contains bleaching and exfoliating properties that helps in removing yellow stains from the nails. To make this remedy more effective, you simply mix equal proportions of baking soda and 3 percent hydrogen peroxide. Use a cotton ball to apply the mixture on the stained nails.

How to Prevent Yellow Toenails

Yellow nails is a serious condition that you are not supposed to give a light approach. It may lead to other complications that can result to nail falling off. However, prevention is always better than cure, there are various tips and measures you can employ to prevent this condition. They include:

  • Dry your feet thoroughly after washing. If you have a habit of wiping your feet dry for 20 seconds after cleaning, you are supposed to stop it from now. Take your time to dry the feet completely prior to wearing socks or shoes.
  • Wear dry and clean socks always. The fungus that causes various nails problems thrives well in dirty, warm and moist condition. Wearing clean and dry socks helps to prevent such infections. You may consider changing your socks in the mid of the day if you are having sweaty feet.
  • Avoid walking barefooted in public and dump areas. The various types of fungi thrives well in damp public areas such as wash rooms and swimming pools. You are likely to get infected when you walk in such areas barefooted.
  • Follow the instruction given by your doctor strictly during treatment. Following the yellow toenails treatment instructions strictly may help to prevent recurring of this condition. Take the medicines as directed by your podiatrist. Complete the dose given even if you may notice some improvements.
  • Take the action immediately. It is important to take the action right away you start experiencing the first symptoms such as yellow or white dots on the nail plate. Visit your podiatrist for diagnosis and treatment. It will be easier to treat the condition before it spreads to the whole nail plate.
  • Trim your nails short regularly. Long and dirty nails may harbor various fungal and bacteria that can cause nail infection. Trim the nails straight across the edges and use a nail file to smoothen the rough edges.
  • Keep your feet and toenails clean. Proper hygiene helps to prevent the various infection that causes nail discolorations. Use antifungal or antibacterial soap to wash your feet and toenails. Wash between the toes and dry them well after cleaning.
  • Avoid sharing personal items. Sharing of towels, clothes or bathmats may spread the fungal infections from infected person to others.
  • Avoid ill-fitting shoes. Wear a shoe that has enough room for your toes, it should also be made from breathable materials that allows free air circulation.
  • Avoid regular nail polishing and removal. Nail varnish prevents the nail from getting enough oxygen which may lead to nail yellow toenails.

Ridges in Fingernails, Vertical, Horizontal, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Removal

Do you have ridges in your nails? Get insights on the causes of vertical and horizontal ridges in fingernails. You will also learn more about the various treatment of such ridges.

Ridges in Fingernails – Meaning

Ridges are raised lines on the fingernails running either vertically or horizontally. The small ridges on your nails may become defined and more prominent as you age. This can give your fingers an abnormal look.
These ridges may also be accompanied with other symptoms such as discoloration, curled nails, separation of the nail from bed and white spots on nails.
Nail ridges that appears vertically are common and they does not indicate an internal body condition. They are considered to be genetic and therefore they does not require a medical treatment. They usually become more defined and apparent as you age.
The horizontal ridges normally run from one side of the nail to the other one. They are usually symptom of underlying body illness or a medical condition. The appearance of such ridges on fingernail can tell you more about your overall health.
The horizontal ridges that may be accompanied with discoloration may indicate different undiagnosed medical conditions such as circulatory diseases, thyroid problems or anemia. You are supposed to visit your doctor right away you start experiencing such symptoms on the fingernails.

Ridges in Fingernails – causes

Vertical or horizontal ridges are quite common. You may be experiencing this condition and wondering what causes ridges in your fingernails. This nail condition can be caused by trauma on the nail or other internal body conditions. It is important to visit your doctor to diagnose the exact cause of the ridges especially when they appear horizontally. Some of the causes includes the following:

  1. Malnutrition

Malnutrition may be caused by lack or inadequate intake of certain nutrients into your body that leads to deficiencies. Different problems of your nails such as ridges and yellow toenails may result from deficiencies of minerals and vitamins in your body.
The B vitamins plays an important role by ensuring your overall body health is good. Inadequate intake of vitamin B-12 is useful on how to strengthen nails and its growth. Inadequate intake of such nutrients may lead to ridges in fingernails and other nail problems.
Inadequate minerals in your body can also result to various nail problems such as white spots, yellowish, discoloration and even ridges. Such minerals includes iron, zinc and calcium.  You are supposed to ensure your diet has enough minerals to prevent such problems.
There are various food that are rich in vitamins and minerals. You are supposed to include them in your daily diet to prevent its deficiencies. Such foods includes meat, vegetables and fruits. They contain essential nutrients that your body needs daily for good healthy.

  1. Malabsorption

Malabsorption simply means that certain nutrients are not being absorbed by your body. If you are experiencing ridges, white marks, discoloration and toenail falling off despite taking plenty of vitamins, minerals and protein, then your body has a problem in absorption of such nutrients.
Visit your doctor immediately you start experiencing such symptoms to find out the cause of your absorption problem. You will be diagnosed to find out the cause. You will be given some prescribed medicines to fix your condition.

  1. Inadequate moisture

Inadequate moisture may cause your nail, cuticle and hands to become dry. This may cause your nails to crack, split or develop ridges in fingernails. Individuals who live in hot climate areas are prone to such nail problems. Certain activities such as manual labor and excessive washing of hands may lead to loss of moisture.
Ensure your nails remains moisturized all day by applying a moisturizing oil twice a day on the cuticles and fingers. This helps to restore their healthy look all the time. Your body should also stay hydrated all the time. You are supposed to take at least 8 glasses of water a day.

  1. Internal body diseases and toxins

Nail ridges and other problems can be signs to their causative underlying body condition. Many people doesn’t know that the appearance of nails indicates much about their general body health. Different internal body conditions such as heart diseases and respiratory disorders may cause abnormal appearance of your fingernails
Other disorders such as psoriasis may also affect your fingernails and the joints. When you start experiencing such symptoms on the nail, it is important to find out the cause by visiting your doctor. You will be diagnosed to determine what causes horizontal ridges in fingernails.

  1. Old age

As you age, your whole body is affected including the fingernails. The small vertical ridges becomes more defined and prominent. As the body ages, the level of oil produced by the skin decreases. This may cause the skin around the nails and cuticle to become dry.

Vertical Ridges on Fingernails

Vertical or ridges on the fingernails can be described as small raised lines that runs up and down on the surface of your nail. Vertical ridges is a common nail abnormality that you may experience as you age or as a result of other genetic features.
In contrast with horizontal ridges, the vertical ridges are not caused by trauma to the nail or internal body disorders. They are harmless ridges and they usually become defined and prominent as you age. There is nothing to worry much if you are only experiencing the vertical ridges without any other symptom.
However, if the vertical ridges is accompanied with other symptoms such as brittle nails and splitting, you may be suffering from a condition known as onychorrhexis. Although the exact cause of this condition is not well known but it is linked to age. It is common among people in advanced ages.
The appearance of the vertical ridges alone is referred to as onychrrhexis, while the split of the nails at the end alone is known as onychoschisis. This is according to the research done by Dr. Joseph Jorrizzo who is a dermatologist. He is also a professor at Wake Forest University of Winston-Salem.
According to Dr. Joseph, individuals with longitudinal ridges in fingernails are also likely to have brittle and split nails. This type of ridges is not associated with any type of internal body condition. They can affect both the fingernails and the toenails and is as a result of aging.
Both male and female can experience longitudinal ridges as early as in their 30s but they become more numerous and prominent when they reach at the age of 50 years. As you age, your whole body system is affected. Your skin develops wrinkles and the nails can form ridges too.

Horizontal Ridges in Fingernails

The horizontal nail ridges are deep grooved lines that normally runs from one side of the nail plate to the other. They should not be confused with longitudinal ridges that runs from the button of the nail to the finger tip.
Horizontal ridges should not be ignored as they may be symptomatic to their internal body causative disorders. Lack of certain nutrients in your diet may also interrupt the formation of keratin in your nails and hence result to such lines to appear on the surface of nail plate.
The various internal body disorders may cause this nail condition. Some of the disorders includes: autoimmune diseases, respiratory diseases, harsh toxins in the body and other infections. Different infections and diseases results to various types of horizontal ridges as described below:

  • Beau’s lines. This are deep groove lines that are darkened underneath the nail. Such lines results from injuries to the nail, malnutrition, metabolic problems, acute illnesses, chemotherapy treatments and other conditions that may interfere with keratin formation in the nail.
  • Muehrcke lines. These are horizontal ridges in thumbnails and other fingernails as a result of kidney and liver diseases. Other conditions that may cause such lines includes malnutrition and chemotherapy treatments.
  • Transverse ridges. They are ridges in fingernails and toenails as a result of chronic or severe internal body illness. You are likely to experience such lines if you are suffering from life threatening conditions like cancer.
  • Terry nails. The ridges are accompanied with other symptoms such as white nail plates and other discolorations. Various internal body conditions such as kidney and liver diseases, diabetes, HIV and Aids and other diseases causes such lines to appear on the tips of your nails.
  • Aldrich mees lines. This are horizontal discolored ridges that appears across the nail plate. Arsenic poisoning may cause such lines to appear on your nails. Other toxins that results from intake of silver may also result to such lines.

The bumpy fingernails is not supposed to be ignored. You are supposed to visit your doctor right away especially when the ridges are accompanied with other symptoms such as blue nails, white marks, pale nails, pits on the surface of the nail plate, distorted nails, clubbed nails, discolorations under the nail and widening of dark streaks in the nail.

Fingernail Ridges Treatment

The presence of ridges on your fingernails may give your nails an abnormal look. Therefore there are various home remedies for toenail fungus and other treatments you can use to fix your problems. Some of the treatments may also help to prevent future development of ridges. They include the following:

  1. Maintaining a healthy diet

The type of diet you take determines the overall body health including the nails. Maintaining a balanced diet can help to treat ridges in fingernails as well as preventing other nail problems. Your diet should contain plenty of fruits and vegetable. Such foods contain different minerals that helps in healthy development of nails.
Avoid junk food that has low levels of nutrients. You are also supposed to take plenty of water each day. Water plays very important roles in your body such as eliminating toxic substances and supporting the organs. Take at least 8 glasses of water daily to prevent grooves in fingernails.
Take nutritional supplements containing B 12 vitamins, calcium, zinc and iron. Deficiencies of such nutrients in your body results to various nail problems such as ridges, white marks and falling off nails.

  1. Take good care of your nails

Washing your hands thoroughly and moisturizing the nails helps to prevent the growth of fungus and other bacterial infections that may cause nail problems. You are also supposed to prevent new infections by wearing gloves when gardening or touching dirty.
The manicurist is also supposed to be gentle on your nails. Minor injuries from the nail file may cause new nail problems. Treat the minor injuries on the nail for healthy nail recovery. Such injuries may cause nail bed infections that may result to various nail problems.

  1. Visit your doctor for treatment of potential diseases

The various nail problems may be an indication of the underlying diseases. Some of the diseases includes kidney and liver diseases, diabetes, respiratory diseases and cancer among other potential disorders. Visit your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Ridges in fingernails will disappear after several month of treatment.

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White Spots on Nails, Marks, Patches, Dots, Fingernails, Toenails, Causes, Treatment

Do you have white spots, marks, patches or dots on your nails? This article contain insights on the causes of white spots on nails and how to get rid of them using various treatments and remedies.

White Spots on Nails

Most people experience white spots on their nails at some point in life. The white spots may disappear without treatment as the nail grows while others may appear frequently.
It is important to find out the cause of such spots as they can be symptomatic to internal body causative conditions.
Your body may be trying to send a signal of unhealthy condition especially when the white marks comes in different patterns frequently. Such marks are not supposed to be ignored. Some of the causes of this nail condition includes the following:

  1. Injuries to the nail

An injury to the base or matrix of the nail can cause white mark, dots, lines or patterns. Different injuries such as banging your nails in a door or with a hammer can cause such spots. They may not appear immediately after an injury, it may take several weeks to notice them when you will have forgotten about the injury.

  1. Nail infections

White spots on nails can also be a symptom of different fungal infections such as yeast or mold. The white spots caused by an infection normally appears on the cuticle or tip of the nail. Such infections may cause the nail to become flaky, thick and then split or toe nail falling off. It may also be accompanied with some pain while wearing shoes.
Fungal superficial onychomycosis is an example of such infections that causes white marks on the nails. It normally affects the toenails and can lead to loss of nails if not treated. Prescribed oral antifungal medication and other topical ointments can be used to cure such infections.

  1. Allergic reactions

The nails can also develop white dots or marks when they suffer from allergic reactions to some of the nail care products. In most cases, white spots on nails normally develops after trying a new nail polish, nail hardener or polish remover. The use of acrylic nail also causes trauma to your fingernails that results to this condition.

  1. Deficiency of certain minerals

Different minerals in your body plays a very important role in ensuring that your nails and other organs are healthy. Such minerals includes zinc and calcium. Zinc deficiency causes white streaks or spots on the nails. Taking a diet that contain such minerals may help to resolve your nail problem.
There are various food that you need to in cooperate in your diet that are rich in zinc. Such foods includes yogurt, crab, spinach, nuts, whole grains, oyster and baked beans. On the other hand, calcium also plays an important role in ensuring that white spots on nails does not occur.
Women mostly suffers from calcium deficiency and as a result they may develop the white spots on toenail and fingernails. You may also suffer from other symptoms such as dry and brittle hair or thinning. You can simply fix this problem by including calcium in your diet. There are various products and food that contain calcium such as calcium fortified food and orange juice.

  1. Protein deficiency

Protein deficiency in your body may cause horizontal white bands that appears on the nail bed. Since the bands are deeper on your nail bed, they doesn’t disappear with the growth of the nail. Such lines normally disappears when the level of protein increases in your body. Consider taking food rich in proteins such as fish, turkey beast, and lean beef, beans, yoghurt or pork loin.

  1. Serious internal body conditions

There are various internal body conditions that present different symptom on outer body surface including white spots on nails. It is important to visit your doctor right away you start experiencing discoloration of nails or yellow toenails. It may be easier to treat your condition when diagnosed on time. Some of the conditions includes: liver diseases, kidney diseases, or anemia.

White Spots on Fingernails

White marks on nails are also called leukonychia or leuconychia. It is a medical term used for white spots or marks on the nails. This condition is harmless when caused by minor injuries such as nail biting or other injuries to the nail base or matrix.
Leukonychia on fingernails is a symptom of calcium, zinc or other vitamin deficiency in your diet. However, other people say that the deficiency of the above minerals and vitamins doesn’t cause this condition.
The marks usually disappears when the fingernails grows. There are various types of leukonychia that you may experience. They include the following:

  • Leukonychia totalis

This is whitening of your entire nail. It may be a symptom of low levels of albumin in your body. It is a condition that is commonly experienced by individuals who are suffering from kidney or liver failure and problem in absorption of proteins in the body. Taking of certain antibiotics for long time may also result to this condition.

  • Leukonychia partialis

This is the whitening of parts of your fingernails, it may cause white spots on nails, marks or strips. When leukonychia partialis is not controlled, it may lead to leukonychia totalis which is the whitening of the whole fingernail. However, there are three types of leukonychia partialis that includes:  transvers, punctate and longitudinal.
Leukonychia transverse normally causes whitening of the nail in bands from the base or matrix to the cuticle. The bands usually runs parallel to each other. In most cases, this condition is caused by physical injury to the nail matrix such as slamming the nail with door, counter or hummer. The trauma caused on the nail during manicure may also cause this condition. Various infections and illnesses such as measles, malaria, leprosy or herpes may cause this condition.
Leukonychia punctate is referred to as true leukonychia, it is common and causes white dots or spots to appear on the nails. This condition is common among the children who bite the nails and other nail bitters. It is commonly caused by trauma on the nail. A single or a couple of fingernail may experience this condition after several weeks from injury. This white spots on nails normally disappears after the nail has fully re-grown.
Longitudinal leukonychia
This type of leukonychia is not very common. It causes small longitudinal lines to appear under the nail plate. It is associated with nail bed infections. Such lines normally disappears after treatment of the causative condition.

White Marks on Nails

White marks on nails or medically known as leukonychia commonly results from an injury to the nails. Although other internal body conditions may cause this condition, there is a number of things you can do to avoid or minimize injuries on your nails. They include the following:

  • Being careful with your nails

The white marks may take up to six weeks to develop on your nails after an injury. This simply means that you will have forgotten about banging your fingers in a car door or hammering them. It does not mean that only major injuries will cause this condition, the minor injuring you may be assuming may also cause the white mars to appear on your nails.
You are supposed to avoid habits that may cause minor injuries to your nails such as biting and using then to cut or open bottle tops. You are also supposed to avoid exerting pressure on them. The nails need the same care as that given to your skin.

  • Avoid harsh nail care products and nail polish

The use of certain nail care products and polish may cause white spots on nails due to allergic reaction. Try to change such products when you notice white marks on your nails. The nails may be trying to let you know that the product you are using is not suitable for them.

  • The manicurist should be gentle on your nails

Buffing and filling the nails can also cause damage on the nail. Your manicurist should be gentle while performing his or her services. Many of the manicurist may deny this by saying that this condition result from deficiency of some vitamins, minerals or proteins. But the fact remain that rough manicure services may damage the nails.

  • Protect your nails from minor injuries

Protect the nails while doing activities that may cause minor injuries. Such activities includes washing, gardening and cleaning among others. The hands are also supposed to be protected from germs that may enter the nails to cause an infection.

White Spots on Toenails

White spots on toenails is quite common among many people. The marks may vary from white to yellowish and appears on the cuticle of the nail. The common white spots appears on the nails as a result of injury caused on the matrix from wearing ill-fitting shoes.
Fungi is the common cause of white spots on nails. The fungi is found in the dumpy areas like public washrooms and pools. You may get infected while walking in such areas with bear feet’s.
You are also likely to get infected if you are covering the toenails with polish all the time. The polish prevents the toenails from getting free oxygen and hence encourages the spread of the fungal infection.
The common types of fungi that affects the toe nails includes the yeast, mold and dermatophyte. Wearing of closed and ill-fitting shoes can also prevent the toenails from getting oxygen. This may encourage the spread of fungal infection especially is you have sweaty feet.
You can prevent fungal infections by ensuring that your shoes have enough room for the toes. Consider wearing open shoes that allow free oxygen circulation on the toes. Avoid walking in dumpy areas that may contain fungi with bear feet’s

How to Get Rid Of White Spots On Nails Fast

There are various ways you can employ to get rid of white spots or marks on your nails. They include various treatment and remedies that ensures a healthy growth of your nails. They include the following:

  1. Let them grow out

The easiest way to get rid of white marks on nails is to let them grow. The nail will grow and move together with the marks. After it has separated from the bed, you can now clip it off or file them down. The only thing you need to have is patience, it may take several month to grow out.

  1. Keep your nails and hands clean

Some of the marks are caused by different infections. Keeping your hands and nails clean all the time can help to prevent such infections. You are supposed to wash them thoroughly with an anti-septic solution to kill the fungi and other micro-organisms that can cause this condition.

  1. Take a balanced diet

It is believed that white marks on nails are sometimes caused by deficiencies of some nutrients in your diet. Taking a balanced diet is healthy for your entire body including the nails. Your diet should include plenty of fruits, veggies, whole grains, fish, meat and low fat dairy. You may also consume foods and drinks that are fortified with calcium for healthy nails.

  1. Cover them with nail polish

Covering the affected nails with a polish may help to get rid of white spots on nails. By the time the polish wears off, the marks may have disappeared. There are different colors of nail polish and you may consider the one that suits you.

  1. Moisturize your nails

It is important to keep your hands moisturized all the time. Consider using a hand lotion and apply on the areas around your nails to keep the healthy. You may apply the lotion twice a day for the best results.

  1. Visit your doctor for treatment

Nail discoloration can result from internal body conditions. If your condition persists after trying some of the home remedies for toenail fungus and other treatments for the marks, it is the high time to see your doctor. He or she will diagnose your condition and give the appropriate treatment that will help your marks to fade away.
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