Sweet Smelling Urine: Fruity, Sudden onset, not Diabetes, Pregnancy

sweet smelling urine

Smelly or urine with strong odor may be a sign of something that is not normal, although it is not always a disease. It can be a short-term phenomenon that appears as a result of some foods, medication or drinks. Moreover, some underlying medical conditions can result to the same problem.

Sweet Smelling Urine Causes

What are the major reasons why urine smells sweet? If you realize a sweet or fruity aroma while urinating, you should get worried because it is not a normal condition. There are different reasons why this may happen and we will some of them in this discussion. The smell is usually as a result of the body expelling some chemicals into the urine. The chemicals may include bacteria, glucose, or in some cases amino acids. If it happens that you produce sweet smelling urine, which can be a reason for you to contact your medical provider immediately.

Usually, the smell of your urine may vary from being sweet to a sharp foul or stinky smell. All this depends on the chemical or waste concentration in it. Urine that is less concentrated or that of a normal healthy person does not have any smell. In most cases, sweet smelling urine is usually a sign of diabetes or uncontrolled diabetes. When excess amount of glucose or ketone is leaked in the urine it usually has a sweet smell. However, not only diabetes is the reason why you have a sweet smelling urine, but there are much more conditions that are associated with the symptom.

Other symptoms associated with sweet smell in urine

The major underlying condition for sweet smell in urine is uncontrolled diabetes. Therefore, there are other symptoms that will accompany a sweet smell in urine such as:

  • Increased thirst that is not easily quenched
  • Increased hunger due to loss of excess glucose
  • Frequent passage of urine
  • Increased perspiration
  • Loss of weight even if you eat enough
  • Weakness and tiredness
  • In case of minor wounds, they may take long to heal
  • Impaired vision in case retina is affected.

Causes of sweet smelling urine

  1. Urinary tract infection

This is a very common disease that affects the urinary system. The infection usually occurs after the bacteria have travelled up to the urethra – the tube that allows urine to flow from your bladder to the outside of the body. Women are mostly affected with this condition because of their biological structure – thus the bacteria can easily travel up to the urethra.
Sweet smelling urine is one of the major signs of UTI. The reason behind the sweet smell is because bacteria causing the infection are dispelled in the urine. Some other associated symptoms for this condition are frequent urge to pee and a burning sensation during urination.
The condition is usually diagnosed by use of urinalysis. The doctor may prescribe some pain relievers and antibiotics that may be acquired in the drug stores. They may help to bring down pain associated by the condition and finally heal the infection.

  1. Hyperglycemia and diabetes

Hyperglycemia is a condition whereby you develop increased blood sugar levels. The high blood sugar level is usually a sign of either diabetes type 1 or diabetes type 2. Diabetes is usually the major cause of sweet smelling urine that ca be confused with a smell of a pilled fruit. The reason behind the sweet smell is because the body is trying to get rid of excess sugar from the blood and therefore this glucose is disposed through the urine.

If you have not been diagnosed for diabetes, this could be the first sign that you may be suffering from the disease. Diabetes is usually diagnosed through blood test or urinalysis process. If you know that you have diabetes and realize that you produce urine that smells sweet, then you are not managing your condition.
Treatment for diabetes usually depends on the type that you are suffering from. You can monitor your blood sugar levels in a day and insulin shots may help to bring the condition under control.

  1. Diabetic ketoacidosis

DKA is a severe condition that results from uncontrolled diabetes, and is commonly associated with sweet smelling urine. In most cases a person develop diabetic ketoacidosis after finding out that he/she has diabetes in late stages. The condition occurs when the body doesn’t have enough sugar and therefore has to burn available fats to produce energy.
During the fat burning process, ketones are released which build up in the blood and raise its acidic level. This may result to blood poisoning which may cause the affected person to go into a coma and death thereafter f not treated in time with insulin therapy in an emergency room.
DKA is usually common in people suffering from diabetes type 1. You doctor may test your urine or ketone testing strips may be carried out to determine if you are suffering from the condition.

  1. Foetor hepaticus

It is a condition that results in breath smelling sweet or musty. The sweet smell usually affect the breath but can as well cause urine smell. Some people refer to this smell as “breath of the dead.” Usually, foetor hepaticus is a common side effect for liver disease and portal hypertension.
Treatment for this condition may vary according to what caused it. The treatment may involve the use of drugs and even surgery.

  1. Maple syrup urine disease

The condition is also referred to as chain ketoaciduria clinically. This is a genetic disorder that rarely occurs. For the condition to occur, the patient must have inherited a mutated gene from each of her parents to develop the disease. The disease is said to stop the body from breaking down the amino acids, which are very necessary for the body to carry out its functions.
The disease is diagnosed in babies by used of urinalysis, testing of the genetics and newborn screening methods. Apart from sweet smelling urine, additional symptoms may include:

  • Poor appetite
  • Urine may as well smell like caramel or maple syrup
  • Poor growth and development

If this condition is left untreated can result in brain damage and even lead the patient into a coma. The short term treatment for this condition is the use of amino acid supplements using an intravenous line (IV). On the other hand, long term treatment may include a dietary plan which is closely monitored by a dietician.

  1. Foods, drinks and medications

Other minor causes of sweet smelling urine may include the type of medicine you took recently or food and even drinks. There are some medicines that are very strong in that they may even extend their side effect to the urine the user produce. In this case, if the medicine had a nice smell, then expect the smell of your urine to be sweet as well.
This may also happen to the food and fluids we drink.

There are some foods when we take that have an effect on the smell of urine produced. However, drinking much of water is said to dilute the concentration of the urine. Therefore in case your water intake is low, expect to feel sweet smell in urine that correspond to the type of food or drink you had last night. This is very common with some alcohols that have sweet aromas.

Sudden onset of Sweet Smelling Urine

A sudden onset of a sweet smell in urine is simply the rapid development of urine that has a sweet smell. When the sweet smell in urine is so sudden, then you have to have a look at the type of food, medication or drink you had recently. If the smell is closely related to any of them, then you have no reason to worry as the condition is very temporary.

You may just increase your water intake so as to make sure that your urine is not highly concentrated.
If the sudden onset of sweet smelling urine is associated with other additional symptoms like the ones we have discussed above, you have a reason to run to your doctor for blood test or urinalysis to determine the underlying condition for the sudden smell.

Urine Smells sweet not Diabetes

A normal healthy person, who consumes enough water in a given day, generally does not produce urine that has a strong smell of any kind. Strong smell from urine is usually an indication of something that is not usual, although it is not always a disease as we shared above.

  • We said that even some of the medications, foods, drinks we take can have an impact on your urine smell. Therefore, not only diabetes can cause sweet smelling urine but also what we take.
  • Also, we have talked about urinary tract infection. This is a common disease that can affect anyone and some of its symptoms we have shared above including a sweet smell in urine that originate from the deposits of bacteria that cause the disease in the urine.

The color, smell and the contents of your urine can produce essential information both to you and your doctor when it comes to what is going on in your body. In ancient times, having a look at the patient’s urine was the method used by physicians in determining the type of condition one was suffering from, before other tests were carried out.

Urine is a body waste product that is made up of breakdown products from food, drinks, medications, ecological impurities, cosmetics, bacteria, and by products from the metabolic process. Therefore, it produces more information about what is going own in the body. Therefore, if you are sure that you do not suffer from diabetes or any condition related to blood sugar levels issues, you may have to blame on the two things that we have given you on this topic for the sweet smelling urine.

Sweet Smelling Urine Pregnancy

Every pregnancy is different as per the symptoms related to it and the things the pregnant woman may undergo during the period. The smell of the urine is just one of the many symptoms a pregnant woman may notice while in the gestation period. Some of the changes that may occur in urine in different mothers across the board may include:

  • Change in color of the urine
  • Change in frequency of urination
  • Change in smell of the urine
  • Change in content of the urine

In this context we are going to look at the change in smell of the urine in pregnant mothers.
Change in smell in pregnancy
We have been sharing about sweet smelling urine and therefore we have to look at it when it comes to pregnant women. During pregnancy, the smell of the urine is not always sweet but to some women, they may explain it as a foul smell. Foul smell in pregnant women is not something to worry about as this is because, there is an increased kidneys functions and this may change the way urine smell during this period.

  • However, sweet smell in urine in pregnancy could be due to ammonia overpowering in late pregnancy, as well as dehydration. This is why it is advised to take enough water during this period. To add on that, pregnant women at all stages are more prone to urinary tract infections which we said is one of the causes of smelly urine.
  • Sweet smelling urine in pregnancy can also be caused by a condition known as gestational diabetes. This condition usually happens in pregnancy when the body suddenly undergoes surges in glucose levels. The increased sugar levels in the blood may be released through urine thereby making it to produce a sweet smell. Gestational diabetes usually disappears after delivery.

What to do when Urine Smells like Sugar Puffs

Although the underlying conditions for sweet smelling urine differ, diagnosis may just include urinalysis and blood sugar test, though examination may involve ascertaining some of the symptoms the patient states out. The doctor however may have several ideas in the mind regarding the cause of sweet smell; the tests may reveal the actual condition.
You can also carry out a urine test on your own. For example, urine test strips used for diagnosing ketoacidosis as sold in drug stores in the market. In case you suspect UTI to be the culprit for your condition, medication for the condition can be acquired over the counter – though have the condition tested first to be sure.

Treatments for sweet smelling urine

Treatments available for sweet smell in urine majorly depend on the underlying condition causing the symptom. There are some simple treatments that include drinking enough water in case the smell is caused by the over-concentration of your urine.

  1. Treatment for UTI and foetor hepaticus

In case you are suffering from urinary tract infection, your medical provider may advise on the use of antibiotics and other prescription medications such as pain relievers to speed up the healing process. Also breath of the dead is treated by the use of such medications.
Additionally, some sources say that drinking much water frequently may help to flash out bacteria causing UTI. This because more water increase urination frequency, and the more the urination, the more the bacteria is disposed through urine.

  1. Treatment for diabetes

Diabetes on the other hand can be controlled but cannot be treated. There are numerous modern medications that are used to control diabetes. In this case you doctor can help you monitor the level of your blood sugar and advice on the best medication to use at that specific level.
Insulin therapy is the best and common treatment used to control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes
Alternatively, you may follow some of the following home remedies while dealing with blood sugar control:

  • Use of java palm fruit (syzygium jambolium) – this is a fruit that is purple in color, which is very popular for its excellent work in controlling blood sugar levels. You just have to extract the fruit juice from the pulp and consume it regularly. Alternatively you can crush dried seeds of the fruit to affine powder, which is then mixed with water and taken once daily.
  • Use of fenugreek – this ca as well helps in controlling blood sugar. You just need to soak around 15 seeds of this remedy in water overnight and consume them in the morning.
  • Use of bitter gourd juice – the juice is said to contain insulin properties. Therefore, drinking the juice regularly helps in dealing with diabetes by controlling the sugar levels effectively.
  • Following diabetic diet regularly. This involve, eating meals with less sugar and more proteins to control calories. It is advised to eat a small meal six times a day than large meals 3 times a day.
  • Eat more of vegetables and salads
  • Exercise is important too
  • Stop excess fasting as it may cause ketonuria and sweet smelling urine with other more symptoms.
  • Keep away from stress and mental strain by exercising yoga regularly and meditation.
  1. Treatment for maple syrup

In this case, treatment may involve managing your diet and use of amino acid supplements treats maple syrup disease.

Prevention for sweet smelling urine

There are numerous ways you can generally use to prevent smelly urine.
To prevent UTI, do the following:

  • Urinate before and after sex
  • Wipe yourself from front to back after visiting wash rooms
  • Avoid douching and vaginal sprays
  • Read the side effects of birth controls

To prevent foetor hepaticus:

  • Avoid drinking alcohol in excess
  • Take beta-blockers

More references

  1. Sweet smelling urine: https://www.healthline.com/health/sweet-
  2. Causes of sudden onset of sweet smelling urine: http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/sym/sudden_onset_of_sweet_smelling_urine.htm

Bright Yellow Urine Pregnancy Sign: Vitamins, Causes, UTI, Liver Problem

strong smelling urine

Why is my pee bright yellow? Normal urine color usually range from pale yellow to deep amber because of the result of pigments referred to as urochrome and depending on the concentration level of the urine. Pigments and some compounds found in the foods that we eat and medications can result in a change of urine color.

Is it bad when our Urine is Bright Yellow?

What you consumed recently ate can have a hand in the color of your urine. Most of the drugs we acquire over the counter and those prescribed by health care providers produce different urine tones, such as red, greenish blue and yellow color. Consumption of substances like alcohol, caffeine or tobacco can also determine the urine color and concentration as well.
A strange color in the urine can as well signify presence of disease in the body. For example, if you produce a deep red to brown urine you may be suffering from a condition known as porphyria, which is rare, inherited condition of red blood cells.
The normal color of your urine will also vary according to the amount of water you drink. Increased fluid intake dilute the yellow pigment of the urine, and therefore, the more you drink, the clearer your urine looks. If you drink less fluid, your urine will become more concentrated and therefore the color becomes darker in color. Severe dehydration in most cases result in urine that is amber in color.
However, under extreme conditions, urine can change in color far beyond normal, such as blue, red, green, dark brown and even cloudy white.

Bright Yellow Urine Meaning

There are many other factors that affect the color of the urine that one produce.

  1. Vitamin and mineral content in your diet

Most of the natural foods that we eat such as the berries and beets, and some foods that have been heavily processed may contain increased amounts of food color. The color may interact with some pigments to form a different color in the urine that is far much different.
Some vitamins B are also known to result in urine that has a yellow-green color. If you usually take supplements your urine color may become bright. Also, meal replacement shakes which usually contain some vitamins B may result in the same effect.
Some other food substances such as excess beta carotene or vitamins C may result in dark yellow or orange urine. Beta carotene is usually found in yellow and orange foods, and when absorbed in the body is converted to vitamin A. some of these foods may include carrots and sweet potatoes.

  1. Intensive Exercises and Working out

During working out, there is a lot of dehydration involved since more water is lost through sweat and therefore less is left to be urinated. This will make the urine to be more concentrated and in this case it will change its color to darker.
Working out that is done without increased drinking of water results in a serious condition that cause muscle breakdown. That is why if you worked out without serious hydration you may develop muscle pain with tea-colored urine.

  1. Medications

Prescribed medications and over the counter drugs may also have a hand in your bright yellow urine, or a more vivid color. For example, antibiotics, laxatives and some of the chemotherapy medications used to treat cancer are said to cause a great change in color of urine.
Most antibiotic drugs that is used to treat urinary tract infection has effects such as orange-colored urine. The type of color your urine contains may depend on the type of drug you took, and therefore not all drugs will produce same color.

  1. Diseases

A change in the color of the urine may be a sign of an underlying medical condition in the body. There is several numbers of diseases that affect the normal color of the urine produced. These may include conditions such as liver problems, kidney issues and even bladder infections.
For example, if you produce cloudy urine that contains a foul smell, you may be suffering from either kidney or bladder infections. However, in this case, you may have other symptoms accompanied by the change in color of urine such as painful urination, fever, vomiting, head ache, or abdominal pain.

  1. Pregnancy

Pregnancy is being connected to the color change of urine by many women although research is still being done on this issue. In most cases women may connect bright yellow urine as one of the early signs of pregnancy. Even in some hospitals the doctor may have a look at the color of the urine before going ahead to test it.
While at home don’t just only depend on the color of the urine as a sign of pregnancy. Find out if there are some other symptoms and if possible let your medical provider contact a real test to come up with correct results on this matter.

Does Bright Yellow Urine Mean no Vitamins

In case you happened to take a daily multivitamin you may have realized that your urine changed the color to bright yellowish color. Vitamins and some asparagus have been known to have an effect on the urine color. Your urine may respond to color change either by turning to a bright, in some cases neon, yellow due to excess riboflavin.
Also known as vitamin B2, riboflavin is a common content that is found in almost all multi-vitamins. The component was first discovered in the year 1872 by a chemist known as Alexander Winter Blyth who noticed a yellow- green pigment in milk.
In the late 1870s it was then reported as lacto-chrome and lacto-flavin. It took a long time up to 1930, when the component that produce a yellow pigment was featured as riboflavin. (The “Flavin” part originate from a Latin word flavus meaning “yellow” or “blonde”)

  • Why riboflavin in vitamins give a yellow color

Almost all things that have color have some relations to light absorption. Riboflavin absorbs light strongly in high ranges. When this falls out of the light then we will see with our eyes, it is also riboflavin’s ability to absorb light at 450nm that give it the distinctive yellowish color.

  • Why riboflavin turn pee yellow

Studies have revealed that about 50% of all excess riboflavin is excreted through urine. Moreover, the maximum amount of the pigments that may be absorbed in a single dose is around 27mg, with half of it being absorbed in the first one and quarter hours. Therefore if an adult take enough vitamin, this content can be retained and therefore urine will have a nice yellow color.
Therefore, if your vitamin intake is poor, or you have no vitamin, this means that you do not have enough of this pigment in your body and therefore you will produce bright yellow urine.

Is Bright Yellow Urine a Pregnancy Sign?

What color is your urine when you are pregnant? There are some evidences that suggest that pregnancy has a hand in the color of the urine. Some sources reveal that early signs of pregnancy include producing bright yellow urine. However, there are no studies that have been done to support this claim.
For this case if you realized a change in your urine color and doubt pregnancy, you may have to conduct pregnancy test at home or visit a doctor.

Dark Yellow urine meaning

Normal urine color is generally clear and is described as a straw-yellow color. However, urine color might vary in a situation when you consume foods of certain types and when you take certain medications or drugs.
Normally, some substances may also change the color of the urine and potentially may lead to darker urine. These substances may include: food colorings, beets, carotene, blackberries, B complex, laxatives and drugs such as pyridium.
Some condition and infections such as liver diseases, kidney problem and urinary tract infections may cause your urine to appear darker in color. Urine can also appear dark in color as a result of bleeding into the urine. The most common causes of bloody urine can likely infections, cancer, stones, kidney diseases and trauma. These causes can all contribute to a darker appearance of urine.
Some foods may cause your urine to appear dark yellow in color.  Some like asparagus makes your urine darker yellow which may be accompanied by a strong odor. If you happen to drink enough water but your still have dark yellow urine color then the condition may be food based.
Some illnesses usually show symptoms such as dark yellow urine color, example Hematuria; blood in the urine, Hemolytic Anemia. Hepatitis also is associated with causing dark urine color and it is usually caused by a viral infection.

Is Bright Yellow Urine UTI Symptom

Urinary tract infection is a very common disease that causes the change in color of the urine. It is the second and most common infection in the body.
The urinary tract of the human being includes many parts of the body. These are your kidneys and bladder. The kidneys play a vital role to remove water and waste from the blood in your body. Water and waste are the contents that combine to form your urine. After the urine has been formed, it travels from the kidneys through ureters which are two small tubes.
This urine is then stored in the bladder where it is held in place by your sphincter muscle to prevent it from running out through the urethra when it is not the right time. When your sphincter muscle relaxes, the urine travels out of your body through the urethra. Bacterial infections can affect the process of urine production, storage and removal.
Normally the urine created in your body is basically sterile and bacteria free. However, bacteria can enter into the body from the skin around you genitals and through your rectum and finally the bacteria climbs up your urethra and into your bladder.
UTI symptoms
You can tell if you have a urinary tract infection by the following signs:

  • Feeling pressure in the stomach
  • If your urine starts smelling bad, a smell that was not there before
  • If you start experiencing fever, fatigue and signs of feeling shaky, this is normally a kidney infection
  • If your urine has started having a bright yellow urine in color
  • Urine starts becoming cloudy
  • Feeling pain and burning when you urinate

Many people take urinary tract infection as a very common infection. This does not mean that it should be ignored either. Visit a doctor immediately if you start experiencing the signs. When this infection is left untreated, it can cause kidney problem which is a big problem to handle. A urinary tract infection in most cases clear up within few days if it is treated with proper medication.
To prevent urinary tract infections, you need to urinate whenever you feel the urge to urinate. Do not hold it for long time as it is not healthy to your body. You should know that the longer you hold it the bladder, the more likely you are giving the chance to bacteria to develop in the bladder.

Bright yellow Urine Liver Problem

One of the most common diseases affecting many people in our society is liver disease. The illness has yet been known to have few recognizable symptoms and it is associated with bright yellow urine. Moreover, liver disease symptoms may commonly appear when the illness has gotten to a higher level in the irreversible stages.
Therefore, to recognize a potential problem associated with the liver through some simple observations is very important. Start observing the color of your urine. This is a good way to alarm yourself that your health in the liver might be at risk.

  • Sometime, color of the urine may vary throughout the day. Bright yellow urine could be a good signal that should tell you that your liver is having difficulties to function properly.
  • Also, dark urine shows a problem with the liver especially if it is accompanied by stools that are lighter than normal. Generally, light stools and dark urine are one good way of detecting liver diseases.
  • Bilirubin, a yellow pigment is formed as a result of the breakdown of dead red blood cells in the liver. Jaundice normally occur when the liver fails to break down bilirubin properly in the body. Jaundice may arise due to reasons like: too many bilirubins trying to enter into the liver at once, damaged liver cannot break down bilirubin, the bilirubin not being able to make it to the digestive tract to be removed through the stool.

Further References:

  1. Symptoms of dark urine: https://www.healthline.com/symptom/dark-urine
  2. Dark yellow urine: http://www.urinecolors.com/urine-color/dark-yellow-urine
  3. what causes bright yellow color in urine and changes in color: https://www.healthline.com/health/bright-yellow-urine

Strong Smelling Urine like Ammonia: Causes, Foul, Fishy, no Pain

urine color chart

In most cases, pee usually tells a lot about the health of a person. Also, while the color your pee has is a clear indicator of your hydration levels, dietary habits, and potentially, undiagnosed medical condition, the smell produced by it is also a clue of what is going on in your body.

Strong smelling Urine – Overview

Naturally, urine has an odor that is unique to everyone. It doesn’t usually have a strong odor. Most cases you may notice that your urine occasionally has a stronger smell than it normally does.
This might not at all the time cause for concern. Sometimes strong or unusual smelling urine is a sign of an underlying medical problem that can be treated by home remedies or over the counter medication.
Odor in urine is a symptom of many conditions. It can be as a result of many symptoms that may include infection, feeling of inflammation and some other conditions of ureters, bladder and urethra. This urine odor can also be caused by some disease such as dehydration and diabetes, which affect the urinary tract as well as other body systems.

Smelly Urine Causes

Many conditions can cause unusual or strong smelling urine. Strong odor in urine can be a good way to tell you a lot about your body health. When it is bright yellow, it is a pretty good indicator of hydration levels, potentially dietary habits and undiagnosed medical conditions, this smell can also clue you in to what’s going on inside your body. The most common causes include:

  1. Dehydration

Dehydration is a condition that occurs when you don’t drink enough fluids. You are likely to notice that when you are dehydrated your urine appears bright yellow and smells like ammonia. This is due to lack of enough water for dilution which make the urine to be concentrated with waste products making it to appear bright yellow with a strong odor. Most people may experience minor dehydration and may not require medical treatment at quick as it appears. Drinking more fluids most of water, will generally cause urine odor to return to normal. Alcohol and coffee are both diuretics, which mean they make you urinate more often.

  1. Diabetes

Sweet-smelling urine is a common symptom of diabetes. When you have diabetes that is not treated you experience high blood sugar level. High blood sugar levels cause the sweet urine odor. If you don’t have diabetes and just go on a sugar binge, it won’t have the same effect, because your body effectively makes insulin and keeps your blood sugar levels in check.

  1. Urinary tract infections

Some urinary tracts infections like STIs mostly are the causes of strong smelling urine. A strong urge to urinate and sometime a burning sensation upon urination are most common symptoms of STIs. Bacteria in your urine are major causes of urinary tract infections. After you have been tested by your doctor they’ll give you antibiotics to kill the bacteria.

  1. Bladder fistula

Bladder fistula is a condition that occurs when you have an injury or defect that allows bacteria from your intestines to enter your bladder. Bladder fistulas condition can occur due to surgical injuries and diseases such as ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel disease or Crohn’s disease.

  1. Pregnancy

Hormone changes associated with pregnancy can increase the risk of bladder infections and vaginal discharge both of which can produce smelly urine.

  1. Maple syrup disease

Maple syrup is a genetic disorder in which your urine smells like maple syrup. Usually in this condition, certain proteins are unable to be broken down. If a patient does not change their diet accordingly to adjust to their disease, it normally results in brain damage or even death.

  1. Eating too much garlic and onions

Garlic and onions are usually associated with strong smelling urine. Your body produces this odor when it breaks them down and maintains the odor even in the urine. Let it not surprise you when you think about how permanent the stench seems in your mouth. It can somehow survive the body’s most rigorous cleansing process also.

  1. Liver diseases

Liver diseases can be a condition that is associated with a strong urine odor. Liver disease has many other symptoms that may include vomiting, nausea, body weaknesses, weight loss and abdominal pain. You are advised to see a doctor if you have symptoms of liver diseases

  1. Phenylketonuria

This is a genetic disease that is incurable present at birth. This disease makes it unable for breaking down amino acid called phenylalanine. When these metabolites accumulate in the body, you may produce a strong smelling urine. Some other symptoms of this disease include mental defects, decreased skin pigmentation and slow-developing social skills. Usually, if this disease is not treated early, it can lead to severe mental handicaps

  1. Vaginitis

Vaginal infection is another condition that results to bad smell in urine. Bacteria yeast and sexually transmitted diseases can cause vaginal discharge, painful urination, itchiness and discomfort during sex.

  1. Prostatitis

Men who suffer from this type of a disease my develop infections in the bladder which may lead to strong smelling urine along with pain in the abdomen, frequency in urination, back pains and sometime pains in the groins.

  1. Food, drinks and vitamins supplements

There are some drinks and food and natural supplements that can change the smell of your urine. Some of them may make the smell strong than usual while others may only increase the normal smell of the urine a little. Some of the common examples may include: asparagus, Vitamins B and caffeine

  1. Some medications

If you are under some medications such as antibiotics or any medicine derived from mold, this may result to changes in the normal smell of the urine. Also, multivitamin medications can produce the same side effects. In this case, you may talk to your doctor either to switch your medicines to another one or stop if necessary to control strong smell in urine if it is causing embarrassment in you.

Foul smelling Urine no Pain

Usually if there is no pain associated with strong smelling urine, it is usually not a cause for alarm. Maybe it is a high concentration of uric acid or urea in the urine which makes it to produce foul smell. In most cases it might happen to people who assume the urge of urinating and therefore this allows the urine to become highly concentrated hence resulting to a foul smell.
In this case, you only need to drink more water and respond to the call to visiting the wash rooms. In some cases may acquire some pro-biotic over the counter and within a few days the results in restoring your normal urine smell.
The pro-biotic generally help[s to keep the immune system pretty healthy and help to starve off any low level infections. Another way to control smelly urine condition is by drinking cranberry juice or other drinks that may help in flashing your kidneys.

Urine smells like Ammonia

Urine can vary in color and smell based on the type of foods and drinks you take in a day. Moreover, there are some foods and drinks out of the ordinary that may result to urinating urine that smells like ammonia. A good example of this case is a sweet smell from the urine which is a clear indication that you took food rich in excess glucose.
Ammonia smell in urine is usually felt like a strong chemical smell. However, urine that smells like ammonia is usually not a cause of concern although some time you have to be careful with this condition.

Smelly Urine in Men

Smelly urine in men can result from a number of factors some of which we have already discussed above. In most cases, the odor of the urine in men is due to the concentration of various chemicals and toxins excreted by the kidneys. Usually the way your urine smell is normally attributed to urea content it has. Therefore, the higher the level of urea concentration, the stronger the odor it produces. Moreover, the smell of the urine a man produce may as well depend on the consistency of the urine, that is, concentrated urine has a strong smell.
Some of the common reasons why men produce strong smelling urine are because of dehydration, urinary tract infection, diabetes, bladder infection, asparagus and many other reasons that we have discussed above that are not meant for women.

Smelly Urine STD Symptom

Most people usually assume that smelly urine is automatically caused by sexually transmitted infections. That is not always the case as all the conditions we have talked about above are to be blamed. Chlamydia is one of the well -known sexually transmitted infection that can result in strong smelling urine.  It can be easily treated but usually difficult to detect. The reason behind this is that its symptoms can be disregarded or misdiagnosed as side effects for other conditions. Some of the other common symptoms for chlamydia include:

  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Pain and swelling of the labia
  • Painful or discomfort during urination
  • A cloudy smelly urine which is caused by pus

Sexually transmitted diseases are usually contracted by having unprotected sex. Therefore if you recently had unsafe sex you can therefore connect it to the strong smelling urine so long as it is associated with some of the other symptoms we have stated above.

Strong smelling Urine Treatment

When looking at the right treatment for strong smelling urine, you have to consider the underlying condition that result in this symptom. Treatment may range from simple things such as drinking more water to more complicated treatments like those involved when dealing with diabetes, kidney stones or liver problems. Treatment may involve the use of over the counter medication or just using simple remedies that are found at the comfort of your home.
Home remedies for strong smelling urine
This condition can lead to an embarrassing situation and can even lower one’s self esteem especially if you are using a bathroom in your guest’s place. There are several home remedies you can use to deal with this condition and most of them are easily found at the comfort of your home. You may use the following tips while dealing with this problem:

  1. Stay hydrated

When urine smells strongly in some cases it means that you have highly concentrated urine that contains much urea and body waste. This means that your body is dehydrated. Drinking a lot of water may help to bring the concentration down and therefore reduce the odor smell. It is advised that you should take at least 8 glasses of water in a day for a healthy living. Generally water helps in flushing out toxins and waste that may be one of the reason you have a strong smell in your urine.

  1. Lower down your protein intake

It is said that protein is the cause of much urea production in the body. Therefore if your protein intake is high it means you will produce much urea and therefore strong smelling urine. In this case, you may reduce the amount of protein you take to reduce the amount of urea produce by the body and as a result get rid of odor smell in your urine.

  1. Urinate more often

Although it is not very necessary but this condition can be controlled by peeing when you feeling the urge rather than waiting the bladder to be completely full. It has been confirmed that this can reduce the odor of the urine, as it spends very little time being in the bladder and therefore is less concentrated.

  1. Find out the medication you are using

There are some medicines that when taken they may make your urine to produce a strange smell especially if the medicine is very strong. This is normally considered as one of the side effect of such kinds of medications. Therefore b in case you started feeling a strong smell in your urine after taking a certain medicine, consider it to be the reason for the odor smell. Ask your doctor if you may switch your medication or dosage to deal with this problem.

  1. Watch on other symptoms

Although strong smelling urine alone may not be a call for much concern, in case it is associated with other symptoms, it may be a sign of other serious medical problems such as kidney stone, UTI or sexually transmitted infection. Therefore, find out the exact condition it may be and have it treated before the condition get to worse.

  1. Observe your personal hygiene

Observing personal hygiene especially in the genital area is very important as well when it comes to dealing with this problem. If you don’t observe cleanliness, the buildup of bacteria and remnants of urine can cause a strong unpleasant smell both when urinating and when not. Also bacteria may move into your genitals especially in women into the urethra and therefore cause urinary tract infection which is one of the reasons you may be producing strong smelling odor in your urine.

  1. Add some baking soda to water

This is also one of the effective home remedy you may use while dealing this problem. Mix a teaspoonful of baking soda into water in a glass and drink it at least every morning for a period of one week. Some studies confirm that drinking soda solution can prevent formation of kidney stones, reduce the uric acid and also remove ammonia smell from the urine.
However, if you are suffering from some conditions such as high blood pressure, heart problems, and swollen legs you need to keep away from sodium, and therefore this will not be the right remedy for you.

  1. Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar has the same effect as compared to baking soda, and therefore if you don’t like using baking soda you may opt for this. You just have to mix it with water and drink it, at least thrice in a day for better results.
When to see the doctor for strong smelling urine
You have to seek help from your medical provider immediately if the odor smell in your urine is accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pains, changes in the urine habits, or problems managing the diabetes.
More references

  1. Urine odor: https://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/urine-odor/basics/causes/sym-20050704

Burns when I pee: Painful after Urination, Causes, STD, Remedy,

painful urination

Pain during urination is a broad term that explains discomfort that occurs during urination. This pain may originate from your bladder, urethra or in the perineum. A urethra is a tube that connects the bladder and the ureter, or it carries the urine from the bladder to the outside of your body. The medical term that is used to describe burning when urinating is dysuria. Usually, the burning may occur exactly while you are urinating or after you have finished urinating. The problem is said to be very common in women due to the female anatomy.

Women have short urethras and close proximity of the urinary tract to the anus and vagina which exposes them to ease of infections in the urinary tract. However, there are some men who are more predisposed to urinary infections because of having certain underlying medical complications.

Burning when I Pee Causes

Having a burning pee is not something to be taken for granted. This can make you even want to burst into tears. There are many issues that may result to this condition some of which can be easily treated.
In most cases, dysuria frequently indicates the presence of a urinary tract infection. Immediately you realize you are suffering from this condition, it is important to seek treatment. Symptoms of burns during pee are common in young women, and people who are sexually active.

Why it burns when you pee

Feeling a burning sensation while you pee is caused by many reasons as we are going to share below. It is important to realize the cause so that you may find the right means of treatment. These causes include the following:

  1. sex

The skin around the vagina and inside the urethra is very sensitive and delicate. Therefore, any vigorous attention applied there can cause inflammation which in turn results in a burning sensation when you pee afterwards. Also, micro abrasions usually occur when having sex. They are tiny cuts which are microscopic, and they may hurt while urinating since urine is salty and when it passes over the open wounds it results to pain.

Also, people who are so allergic and very sensitive may develop irritation from things such as spermicide, lube, and condoms. Therefore, if you are very sensitive to spermicide you may use condoms that made without them. In general, find out which chemical you are allergic to and avoid it.

  1. Urinary tract infection

This is a condition that is very common in women than men  as we said above because of the short distance from the urethra to the vagina and anal area where there are a lot of bacteria, hence bacteria can easily travel from the anal area to the urethra and then to the bladder. The common symptom that is associated with UTI is burns when you pee and also frequency of feeling to pee in some cases.

Urinary tract infection can easily be treated by the use of antibiotics, that is, after your medical provider has carried out a urine culture to confirm that you are suffering from it. You may also drink a lot of water to flush out and dilute the urine and this may also help to reduce the pain and bring down the progression of the infection.

  1. Sexually transmitted infections

There are numerous sexually transmitted diseases that can also cause a burning sensation when urinating as one of their present symptom. STIs can only be identified through proper test. Some of the common STIs that cause burn when peeing are gonorrhea and chlamydia, which may also develop other more symptoms. Though most people do not recognize herpes, it can also cause a burning sensation during urination. It is associated with a small blister or site of irritation filled with pain and may be felt like a burning sensation.

If your doctor realizes that you are suffering from any STI, he/she may advise you on the right medication to use. You may be advised to use soothing creams which contain numbing ingredients like iodine, which may be applied topically to bring down the burning feeling while you wait for other symptoms to disappear.

  1. Yeast and bacterial infections

Research confirms that, there exists yeast on the body natural which is put in control by good bacteria. Women are mostly affected by yeast infection which results from the overgrowth of a naturally existing yeast. Also, bacterial vaginosis is a condition in women that is associated with symptoms like burning sensation during pee and itchiness. These conditions are distinguished from UTI because they cause a discharge with and fishy odor. Due to the inflammation that both infections result into, burns when peeing or a sensation of pressure like feeling is common with them.
You can treat yeast infection with the use of anti-fungal drugs which are prescribed by a medical provider that are inserted in the vagina.

  1. A strenuous exercise

Every time we contract our muscles, heat is produced because as we exercise more, the amount of heat we produce increases proportionally. As the body warms during this activity, the temperature of internal fluids rises, including urine that is stored in the bladder. Therefore, if you pee right after the exercise, this will be warmer than normal and therefore burn a little bit. This condition is very normal and it should not cause worry.

  1. Surfing, swimming and other water sports

Salt and sand from the beach can get into your bathing suit and result in a lot of irritation, just as being in a wet bikini bottom for a long period of time. Bacteria like thriving in a warm, dark and wet environment and thereby causing an infection in such areas. Minimize this kind of risk by wearing a wetsuit as much as possible when you surf, and letting your bathing suit dry before layering any shorts.

  1. Post menopause atrophic vaginitis

Hormonal changes that occur during menopausal period can cause a condition referred to as atrophic vaginitis or vaginal atrophy. In this case, the skin of the vulva including the vagina thin out, resulting to a burning sensation with some irritation that occur either when urinating, having sex or just carrying out your daily activities. This condition is not a cause for alarm although you can talk to your doctor to let him/her know what you are going through. There are hormonal supplements that can be prescribed to reduce the symptoms that result from these hormonal activities.

  1. Use of harsh feminine hygiene products

Some women believe that a vagina is a super dirty area of the body and therefore use some deodorizers and perfumes to clean the area. This should not be the case as these products may cause more problems instead of helping. You should know that a vagina has its own self- cleaning process that keep the pH in balance and put things in order. The use of products such as douches or feminine hygiene washes may result in irritation that can be the cause for your burns after urination. This is very common to women who have super sensitive skin that develops allergy with even fragrant bubble baths.

  1. Non-sex related vaginal tear

There are some women who develop a burning after pee just because they gave birth. Since all the tissues down there stretches in an impressive way to allow the baby to come out, vaginal and perennial tears can take place. This is the reason why new mums usually use perennial irrigation bottles or warm salty water squirts to bring down the pain from the tears.

  1. Urethral stricture

This is a condition that commonly affects men. In this case, the urethra is narrowed due to tissue inflammation or the development of a scar tissue. This condition makes urine to be unable to pass through the urethra or pass through with a lot of difficulties and therefore resulting into burning in the process. This condition can be addressed in the doctor’s office and it is always important to address the case early.

Burning Sensation after Urination

In most cases, the burning feeling after urinating can be attributed to infections. As we talked above, infections in the urinary tract can occur at any part. Usually, the infection starts from one place and after some time spread to structures.
Burning sensation can be a serious problem if left untreated for long time. Infections that lead to this condition can spread to areas like bladder, ureters and even kidney in severe cases. Most of the reasons we have talked about above can lead to burns after urination.
A burning sensation may occur while peeing or after peeing. All these depend on what is causing the burning. Common conditions that cause pain after peeing include urinary tract infection, sexually transmitted diseases, vaginal infections such as yeast and bacterial vaginosis, and urethral stricture in men.

Burning Urination Male

Men have very few reasons as to why they develop a burning sensation when peeing as compared to women. Therefore, women are easily affected by this condition as compared to men. There are some conditions that can affect both male and female while others are specifically for men and women separately. When a bladder is overstretched maybe because you had a lot of drinks before you went to sleep thereby making to be much full, this can as well cause you to have burns while urinating.
In men there is a condition called urethral stricture. This is a condition whereby the urethra thins out making it difficult to pass out urine efficiently, as we have talked about above. This condition only affects men and it is caused by the inflammation of the urethra or development of a scar tissue in the tube. UTI can equally affect men as women and therefore control measures should be applied equally to both genders.
As a man, you have to be careful when it comes to sex, as sexually transmitted infections have the same symptoms to both genders and in most cases they are identified in men earlier than in women.

Continuous Burning after urination Female

The structural anatomy of female makes them easily affected by conditions that lead to burning sensation after peeing. Women have short urethra and therefore making them to be easily affected by infections in their urinary tract. As we have seen above, UTI is a major cause of burns and pains that occur during and after urination. Most of the conditions we have talked about on factors that lead to burns when peeing affects women.

For instant, a vigorous sex causes tears in the vagina and therefore will result in a painful peeing and the case is not common in men. On the other hand, yeast infection and bacterial vaginosis are some of the common infections women complain of in the doctor’s office as research has revealed.
Women are advised to consider more preventive measures when it comes to continuous burning after urination. The following are some of the conditions that cause burns after pee in female and not in male:

  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Vaginal tears
  • Unnecessary feminine hygiene products
  • Post menopause atrophic vaginitis
  • Vaginal yeast infection

If you are not sure of the condition you are suffering from, you may consult your doctor who may take a sample of your urine to the lab for a test. Also, you may have to explain your feeling and some of the activities you got involved in recently that may have caused you burns when you pee.

Burning Urine Home Remedy and How to Get Rid

Going for antibiotic is not the only way of getting rid of conditions that result in burning sensation while peeing. The use of home remedies can be also helpful in relieving this problem. You do not require a prescription when it comes to the use of home remedies and they can be used right at home in addition to the doctor’s treatment. However, it is very important to be cautious when it comes to the use of home remedies so that you may not use the right treatment at the wrong place.
The following are some of the home remedies you can use when dealing with burns that occur during peeing:

  1. Drink a lot of water

This can be one of the most efficient ways you can use at home when it comes to dealing with urinary tract infection. Water helps in flushing out bacteria and more importantly provide something you can push out when you feel like peeing. Most of the home remedies for this condition are drinks because you should always be flushing fluid through your system to offer a helping hand in removing the nasty bacteria.
You just have to drink water at least 8 glasses in a day at the first hint of an infection. Then keep clearing your urinary tract so that you can bring down the burns that are brought about by UTI.

  1. Peeing frequently

This will help to empty the bladder hence preventing from overstretching to result in burns while urinating. Also, peeing is one way of reducing pains caused by UTI since the bacteria is being removed though pee. Even if peeing may be a bit uncomfortable, doing it repeatedly may reduce the pain regardless of the condition that is causing the pain when peeing.

  1. Take some baking soda

Baking soda is very important when it comes to dealing with infections in the urinary tract. This is because it is an alkaline substance that helps in neutralizing or lessening the acidity that is contained in the urine hence making it to burn while you urinate. In case you find yourself resisting the urge to urinate because of the burning sensation that result from the pee, taking baking soda can help in relieving the discomfort.

Just stir a teaspoon baking soda in water until it dissolves, and then drink the whole glass. Do this every morning for a period of one week in case you are trying to avoid salt since baking soda is highly rich in sodium.

  1. Use of herbal remedies

Herbal remedies such as bearberry leaf can help in lowering urinary tract infections. However, this king of herb should be taken for a short period of time to avoid side effects. Also, goldenseal herb is advised to be used when it comes to dealing with UTI.

  1. Practice safe sex

Burning sensation during urination caused by sexually transmitted infections can be avoided by practicing safe sex if you are sexually active. You may use condoms made from products that you are not allergic to. Encourage your partner that both of you go for STIs tests and if either of the partners is infected let the condition be treated immediately.

  1. Use recommended lubricants

Only use recommended sex lubricants to avoid tears while having sex. Also, tell your partner to be gentle while you have sex to avoid causing trauma to your vagina.
It is important to seek medical care in case you realize that the burning isn’t going away after trying several home treatments. You r doctor may carry out some tests to find out which condition is causing you a burning urination. Do not wait until the case get to worse as this may take long to heal.
More references

  1. What causes painful urination: https://www.healthline.com/symptom/painful-urination
  2. http://www.newhealthadvisor.com/Burning-After-Urination.html
  3. Dysuria- urination discomfort: https://www.emedicinehealth.com/dysuria/article_em.htm

Frequent Urination at Night: Causes, STD, Pregnancy, Treatment

Frequent urination

Frequency in urination is whereby you find yourself developing an urge to pass out urine more often than usual. Sometimes this condition may be brought about by the amount or the type of fluid you have taken. In most cases caffeine drinks and alcohol can cause increased frequency in urination although this condition may signify something more than just the fluid consumed. There are many issues that may result to this problem and we are going to share about them in this post.

Urge to pass out urine frequently can be a cause of disruption to someone’s life especially if it occurs during the night. In most cases this condition is usually a sign of underlying medical condition. Medically, frequent urination is commonly referred to as frequency. A person can even urinate over 3 liters in amount per day in serious cases and this referred to as polyuria. However, this is a simple condition that can be resolved easily through medication.

Frequent Urination in men Causes

Urination is the way your body gets rid of excess and waste fluids from the body. This is a systematic happening that occur in both male and female human beings.
In men, urinary frequency can be defined as a need to urinate more than seven times in a period of 24 hours when you have just taken only 2 liters of fluid. Men usually differ when it comes to urination and most of them would only visit a doctor when the condition becomes bothersome.

Causes of frequent urination in men include the following

There are many conditions that may increase the frequency at which an individual pass out urine. For example, urinating is a complex process that involves various systems in the body and any changes in the systems may increase the rate of urination. Some of the common causes of this condition may involve the following:

  1. Caffeine and alcohol intake

Some of the lifestyle based causes of increased urine pass out in men include drinking a lot of fluids especially if they contain caffeine or alcohol contents. This is because, caffeine and alcohol are said to be absorbed fast in the body and very small content in these drinks is absorbed in the body unlike pure water which is needed to help in the body for metabolic process before it is excreted. Therefore, if you like taking these kinds of drinks more so at night then you have a reason to blame on your frequent urination.

  1. Anxiety

Also, research has confirmed that frequency can be brought about by anxiety issues such as stress. Men are said to visit washrooms very frequent when they are stressed. This is connected to hormones as stress causes imbalance in the hormonal activities and even if you did not take much of fluid you may have a feeling to go and pee. In some cases when you reach the washroom you may release very little or no urine.

  1. Urinary tract failure

One of the common sign of urinary tract failure is frequent urination in men, which is also associated with painful urination, a burning sensation, fever, and pains in the abdomen. This condition is also very common is children specifically girls since they have not learned how to squat in public toilets. Moreover, if the cleaning is not done well after bowel movement it may cause rectal bacteria to move from into the urethra and bladder and therefore resulting into an infection. The infection can easily be treated by use of antibiotics.

  1. Constipation

If it happens you are suffering from constipation, the feces that is accumulated in the abdomen turns hard and apply pressure on the bladder. This in turn results in bladder spasms, which is a cause for frequent urination. This is the reason why it is advised to eat food that is highly rich in fiber and drink enough water to keep constipation away. In case you are frequently affected by constipation you should see your doctor so that you can know the reason for that.

  1. Diabetes insipidus

This is a condition that occurs when a person has insufficient amounts of anti-diuretic hormone, which facilitates the output of urine from the kidneys. Men suffering from this condition usually discharge high amount of diluted urine which is associated with insatiable thirst. More symptoms for this condition involve dehydration, irritability, loss of weight, poor feeding and sometimes fever in children.

  1. Voiding dysfunction

Frequent urination in men may also be caused by a condition whereby, you develop a habit of not emptying your bladder when you urinate. This is not a medical condition but a psychological behavior which is also very common in children. This condition is more related to anxiety whereby you visit a restroom while you are thinking about something else that you may miss while you are there relieving yourself.
If you develop this habit you may urinate enough to relieve pressure in the bladder. Hence, with time, the sphincter muscle that helps in holding urine may become overactive and therefore cause frequent urination. It is important to make sure that you avoid this habit, and always empty your bladder while you visit the toilet.

  1. Diabetes mellitus

Frequent urination in men can also be a sign of diabetes mellitus, which is common with passing out of large amounts of urine. The other symptom for this condition is increase in intake of fluids more than normal due to increased thirst (polydipsia), unexplained frequent hunger (polyphagia), and drastic loss of weight.
In this case you release urine that contains glucose and ketones, which can easily be detected by a urinalysis process. Diabetes can be tested though examining blood sugar levels.

  1. Pollakiuria

This is a condition that is very common in children aged between 3 and 8 years but can also affect grown-ups. It is a condition that causes frequent urination during the day. Usually, the affected person may visit the toilet very frequently but only to release very small amount of urine. The cause of this condition is not known but experts believe it is related to stress. Some doctors believe the condition does not require any treatment as it may disappear after three months.
Frequent urination in men has many other more conditions to be connected to, but if you are not sure of what is causing you this problem, visit your doctor so that you may under some tests.

Frequent Urination at Night

Also called nocturia or nocturnal polyuria, frequent urination at night is a common condition. While you are sleeping, your body produces less urine which is highly concentrated. Therefore, due to this reason most of the people do not need to wake up in the night severally to urinate and you can sleep up to 6 to 8 hours without interruption.
However, if you have to wake up more than two times per night to urinate and you don’t take alcohol at night then you are suffering from nocturia.  Apart from just having disrupted sleep, this condition is caused by either of the underlying conditions we have talked about above.

Frequent Urination in Children

Frequency can also affect children and causes that we have mentioned above can also affect children. In children, frequent urination is commonly caused by urinary tract infection which is very common in girls than boys. Children can as well develop diabetes which may cause the same symptom. Children who wear diapers all the time makes it hard for the parent to know if he/she is suffering from frequent urination. However, if you want to observe the urinating behavior of your kid, you can begin to potty train her if she is of that age.

Understanding the frequency at which your kid urinates can be helpful when it comes to seeking the rightful medication to solve the underlying cause. In the case the child can speak and he is complaining of frequent urination, it is important to take the case very serious. Although, there are cases where some kinds may urinate frequently to attract more attention and this happens when the mother devotes her-self to other issues. However, attention seeking habit is very rare

Frequent urination in Women

The urge of feeling sudden urination frequently in women is due to all the causes we have talked about in this context. However, women may have one or two other causes for frequency that does not affect men. For example, when pregnant a woman may develop an urge to pass out urine frequently and this reason cannot affect men. Moreover, women are highly at risk of developing UTI than men because their urethra is shorter as compared to that of men. Bacteria in this case have a short distance to travel before they can cause disease to the urinary tract and thereby result in such symptoms.

On the other hand, vulvovaginitis is the irritation that takes place on the skin in and around the vagina for women. This condition may cause frequent urination in women just as the UTI does. The condition is very common in girls who have not yet reached pubic stage when the skin around the vaginal area is highly sensitive. Frequent urination in men from this condition occurs in the opening of the urethra.
The cause of vulvovaginitis may be common irritants such as soap and shampoo which result in inflammation of the skin. Also, dirty toilets and incorrect wiping of the vagina after urination may as well cause vulvovaginitis.

Urge to Urinate after Urinating

A feeling to pass out urine after every short time is a sign of a medical condition that may need medical intervention. Since it is a sign of an underlying medical condition, there are other symptoms that you may experience in addition to frequent urination.
If you are having an urge to go to urinate even after you are from the toilet, this may be due to anxiety in most cases if you are in a trapped situation. As we said above, worry or stress can sometimes make you want to urinate more and more after every short time. This may be controlled by assuming it and it will finally disappear.

Frequent Urination Pregnancy Sign

In case a woman is pregnant, frequency is usually caused by pregnancy hormone, which results in an increase in the amount and speed of the blood moving around the body and the growing uterus.

  • The changes in the hormone causes the blood to flow to the kidneys very fast, filling the bladder more frequently thereby resulting in increased urge to go for a short call regularly.
  • Also in this case there is increase in blood volume throughout the pregnancy period until you have up to 50 percent increase in blood circulating in the body more than it was before you got pregnant. This means that there is increase in fluids that get through your kidneys for processing and therefore more waste urine in the bladder.
  • Also, during pregnancy, the uterus keeps growing and therefore exerting pressure on the bladder or rather squeezing it always and therefore making it unable to hold much urine. Therefore any little urine that gets in the bladder is to be released since the urge to do that is high. The condition may even get worse in the late pregnancy.

In case you keep feeling to urinate very frequently, it is also considered to be an early sign of pregnancy. This is usually common in the first six weeks of the first trimester. The symptom may go down while you get into the second trimester as the uterus rises out of the pelvis, although this is not supported by any research, as many sources suggest increase in the urination urge as the pregnancy grows.

Home Remedies for Frequent Urination

If you have not been drinking alcohol or caffeine or any much drinks and you develop an urge to keep urinating, you may be having a problem that should not be left unattended to. You may visit your doctor who can help in finding out the problem you are undergoing. This may become more serious if the frequent urination is accompanied by other symptoms such as burning sensation, fever and chills. In case you are sure that you are not suffering from something serious of frequency, you may try some of the home remedies we are going to discuss below.

  1. Amla-banana-honey remedy

Amla is an Indian gooseberry widely used in numerous medications whereby it is made with Ayurveda stream. It is an important home remedy that helps in strengthening of the sphincter muscle of the bladder. Moreover, Amla aids in cleansing the bladder which is also another recognized way of strengthening the urinary bladder.

Amla-banana-honey can be prepared by gathering Amla, a banana, some sugar candy powder and one teaspoonful of bee honey. Do this by crushing Amla and extract its juice by pressing it against a clean cloth. After crushing add some sugar candy powder (one teaspoonful) to the freshly extracted Amla juice and stir to mix completely. Add some honey and complete the mixture with a ripe banana. You can apply this two to five times a day which will depend with the severity of your frequency of urinating.

  1. Pomegranate fruit

Pomegranate fruits are rich sources of anti-oxidants and such natural components such as anthocyanins, polyphenols and also allergic acid. For urinating issues, pomegranate juice  inhibits an enzyme that is known to produce estrogen which is the possible cause of BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia) in male adults.  The anti-oxidants of pomegranate usually remove the free radicles that may destroy the cellular membranes which may lead to prostate cancer. You can take at least 1 to 1 and half a juice of this remedy for better results.

  1. Fenugreek seeds

Apart from acting as digestive agents and a home remedy for coughs, Fenugreek seeds are great sources of phytonutrients, vitamins and minerals which include zinc. They are excellent remedy for frequent urination. You are advised to take note of this remedy if you start experiencing a problem of urine leakage with the urge to urinate frequently. To attain this, grind the roasted Fenugreek seeds to obtain about a powder, this powder can be taken while mixed with water to form a solution. This mixture can be taken at least half teaspoonful daily in solution form.

  1. Yoghurt

Taking yoghurt is one of the effective ways of dealing with frequent urination. In this case, you have to use natural sugar free yoghurt. Yoghurt contains beneficial bacteria known as lactobacillus acidophilus which is very effective in preventing the growth of harmful bacteria in the whole body including the urinary tracts and the bladder. Therefore, if you have a problem of frequency you can take at least two glasses of natural yoghurt a day to control the frequency caused by urinal tract infection

  1. Cranberries

UTI can be controlled by taking cranberry juice which is very effective when dealing with this issue as well. Cranberries contain anti-oxidants commonly known as Proanthocyanidins which breaks the bond between the bacteria and the walls of the urinary tracts and therefore allowing the bacteria to be driven out of the system. However, the use of cranberry juice is usually effective in the early stages of UTI.  Just have one to two glasses of cranberry juice daily for better results
More references

  1. Frequent urination in men: http://www.urologyclinics.com/symptoms/frequent_urination_m/causes.html
  2. Frequent urination, causes, symptoms and treatment: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/70782.php
  3. Excessive urination at night: https://www.healthline.com/health/urination-excessive-at-night#overview1

Left Testicle Pain Cause: Swollen and Remedy

Painful testicles is commonly referred to as testicular pain. The pain may vary according to the underlying condition causing it to occur. There are some cases where you will experience a sharp shooting pain or just a minor sensation of soreness or in worse cases a major discomfort. However, testicular pain can occur to either left testicle or right testicle or both of them depending on what is behind the pain.

What Causes Left Testicle Pain?

One of the most sensitive and delicate part of the man’s body is the testicles. Testicles can be affected by sicknesses or problems that can affect any other part of the body. Left testicle pain can cause disruption and anxiety since the first thing to come in mind is sexual transmitted diseases for sexually active men.

Testicular pain is very common and can affect a man at age in his lifetime. You may experience either slow and steady pain or sudden and severe one.
There is always a reason why your balls are hurting. Testicles may hurt because of many problems including infection in the scrotum, which is commonly identified after vasectomy. It has not yet been understood why this occur but studies reveals that at least 6% of men will have this problem after vasectomy.

Also, there are many other reasons why your ball may be hurting and most of them we will discuss them below. If it happens you have developed left testicle pain or the scrotum, it is important to visit your doctor. Your doctor may carry out some tests to ascertain what could be the cause of the pain.

Symptoms of left testicle pain

Pain that develop in the testicle can vary from being severe or just a minor sensation depending on the problem behind it. However, apart from testicular pain, there are other symptoms you may experience that will tell if the condition is severe or not.  Other signs you have to look for include the following:

  • Swelling of the affected testicle
  • Pain itself is also a symptom
  • Reddening of the scrotum bag of the affected testicle
  • Tenderness of the affected testicle and scrotum
  • In severe cases, patient may feel nausea, vomit and develop fever.

A number of causes of pain inn left testicle can be diagnosed through blood tests, urinalysis or imaging study apart from a complete physical study. Usually, the type of treatment to be used will vary depending on the underlying condition that is causing the pain.

What Causes a Swollen Testicle?

In most cases, when you realize your testicles are painful, you may realize they swell up. Even if it is only one side that is affected, the scrotum on that side may enlarge as a sign of inflammation. This is condition is usually worry-some since it is associated with a lot of discomfort.
There are numerous conditions that will result to swollen testicles in the scrotum bag. However, no matter the condition, there should be no worry as most of these conditions can be treated successfully after undergoing complete treatments, especially if they are noticed in their early stages.
Some of the causes of swollen testicles or left testicle pain involve the following:

  1. Infection

Infection in the body can occur anywhere and your balls are not exceptional. You can develop an infection either in the epididymis or in the testis itself.  There is a problem known as orchitis and epididymitis which respectively cause swelling of the testicles that is involved with scrotal pain.
The patient may also develop a fever as part of the symptoms. Orchitis and epididymitis usually are common in men between the ages of 14 to 35, as per research findings.
These two infections are usually caused by the same bacteria that are responsible for the cause of sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. If infected with a mump virus you can also be a victim of orchitis, which is a problem that results to infertility if it occurs to adult men.

  1. Testicular torsion

As much as testis is located in the scrotum, it receives its blood supply from an artery that comes from the abdomen. The artery runs through the groin which is part of the structure known as spermatic cord to reach the testis.
Though it is rare but a serious problem, testicular torsion involves the twisting of the testis around the spermatic cord. The twisting then prevents the blood supply to the testicle, resulting in the swelling and left testicle pain.
Testicle torsion can also occur due to an injury or because of a congenitally loose attachment of the testicle to the scrotum. Though it is a rare condition that only affects at least 1 out of 4000 men under the age of 25, testicular torsion is a very severe condition that often require immediate treatment. Usually, an emergency surgery is done to restore blood flow and prevent injury to the testicle.

  1. Cancer

Also, cancer of the testicle can result to swelling of the testis. In this case, swelling is usually concentrated to one side of the affected testis. Usually, a cancerous tumor may result in a noticeable lump on the testis, but can also cause a generalized swelling which is sometimes accompanied by discomfort and left testicle pain. However, testicular cancer is very rare, and it only affects males aged 15 to 35, although it can as well occurs at any age.
Research reveals that this type of cancer is very common in male of Caucasian descent as compared to other ethnicities. This type of cancer is highly treatable especially if it is detected in its early stages through a regular self-exam.

  1. Injury

Any injury to your testicles is usually very painful since that is a very sensitive area. Also, any type of pressure applied on the balls can be painful as well. You may injure your balls maybe while playing or riding a bicycle which is a normal injury. In case the injury is severe you may need to go and see your doctor to avoid more complications that are associated with trauma to testicles.

  1. Kidney stones

This is a condition where the kidneys are unable to carry their normal functions properly. The condition can extend its symptoms into the lower abdomen whereby you may feel a sharp throbbing pain coming from your balls. You can as well experience back pains and this can make someone unable to stand straight. In this case, you have to run to your doctor very fast to be examined and treated to avoid worse complications.

  1. Inflammation of one testicle

Your testicles can be inflamed due to different conditions. There are times when your balls can be irritated by some trauma such a vasectomy which may inflame the balls causing them to swell or become painful preventing you to anything including walking.

  1. Varicocele

There are veins which carry blood from the testis back to the heart and they form a network in the spermatic cord. In some cases, these veins may enlarge and fail to function properly. When this happen, blood pool or flow very slow, resulting in the backup of the blood in the testis and swelling thereafter.
This condition called varicocele often develops slowly and it is very common in young men. Due to the architecture of the testicular blood supply, the condition mostly occurs in the left side hence left testicle pain, and can be treated with a surgery or other similar procedures.

  1. Spermatocele

This is a condition that can also cause swelling of the testicles. Spermatocele is a benign condition that arises when a fluid-filled cyst forms in the testis or the epididymis. The condition may not result to any symptoms but it can be noticed with the swelling of the testis.

Lower Back and Testicle Pain

In other cases, your left testicle pain may be accompanied with a lower back pain as well. In this case, you may be suffering from a common condition like epididymis whereby the condition was not treated immediately and now the symptoms extend to the back.

Your chemist may give you some antibiotics which may sometimes help to reduce pain in your lower back. Going for examination can help to determine the underlying condition for the pains and corrective medication carried out.
Also, you may develop pain on lower back and testicles associated with a back injury whereby certain nerves affect the back causing you to feel pain in other areas like the sciatic nerve.

This kind of pain can be so unbearable and can make you to stay indoors all the time until the situation is controlled.
Apart from pain, you may realize your testicle area is swollen and uncomfortable and this may be described as a heavy feeling down there.

Usually, symptoms of sciatic nerve pain and irritation generally result in pains that shoot down the buttocks to the leg, with a burning or tingling sensation in your legs, and cramps.

Epididymis, prostatitis, and any other inflammation of the male genital tract may result in a number of symptoms such as, back pain, difficulty voiding, and testicular pain, in addition to many other problems. In this case, you are supposed to visit your doctor, for some examination and treatment should follow immediately so that the situation is brought under control.

Testicular Pain Home Remedy

If it happens that your testicular pain is not treated early enough, this may result in infertility, erectile dysfunction (ED) or you may end up losing your testicle. People who are affected by a sudden-and-severe left testicle pain should make an appointment with their urologist immediately without waste of time.
Pain in the testicle that is usually slow and steady may go away by itself after some few days, but you can use home remedies to get relief from the pain in the testicles. They include the following:

  1. Ice Pack

This type of home treatment has proven helpful when it comes to testicular pain and swelling. What you need to do is to take some ice cubes in plastic bag and then wrap them in a cloth or towel. After that, apply it to the scrotum for about 20 to 30 minutes. You can repeat this process after every 1 to 2 hours. Make sure you apply your ice pack after you wrap in a cloth to avoid damaging your skin tissues.

  1. Take some rests

You are not supposed to do anything if you have testicular pain, instead just take rest of 1-2 days and also reduce your physical activities until your pain goes down. By doing these, the blood circulation that is not needed will be prevented and also the gravitational pull will eventually be reduced.

  1. Athletic Supporter

This is a support pad used by athletes while running to avoid injuries to their balls. You can use it to support the scrotum so that you are free from testicles injury. Also, athletic supporter helps to alleviate some pain and discomfort in the testicle.

  1. Add Some Lift to your scrotum

Also, you can relieve yourself from the left testicle pain by lifting your scrotal bag. When you are lying down or during bed time, you may put a rolled towel under your scrotum. This will provide you with some support which will eventually decrease the testicular discomfort.

  1. Take a Warm Bath

You can as well soak yourself in a warm bathe tab for some time. This will not only soothe your pain and swelling but will also increase the general blood flow to the affected testicle.

How to prevent left testicle pain or both

  • Drink enough water daily in addition to sufficient fluids
  • Practice safe sex by putting on protection to prevent yourself sexually transmitted diseases
  • Always put on a protective cup or athletic supporter during sports to avoid injuries to your testicles
  • Do not always eat foods that are rich in cholesterols
  • reduce repetitive stress on your nerves such as perineum and pudendal
  • you can carry out regular testicular self-exams to detect tumors in early stages
  • treat conditions such as urinary tract infections, kidney stones and prostatitis

Testicle Pain Treatment

If it happens that your home remedies have failed to help your situation, you can make an appointment with your doctor for examinations and treatment thereafter. If it happens that the pain is actually related to your back injury this condition can be identified by an MRI. Regardless of your condition, it is always important to re-evaluate your situation and find out what could be the cause of all the back pains and left testicle pain or right testicle.
When to Seek Medical treatment
You should visit your doctor or call 911 immediately if:

  • Your pain is so serious or sudden or radiates into the abdomen.
  • Your pain is associated with nausea, vomiting, urinary frequency or urgency, and painful urination.
  • There is increased swelling or bruising of your scrotum, or if the scrotum or testicle is punctured.

Treat your Symptoms
If you have left testicle pain or any other area down there, you can take over-the-counter medication such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. For a swelling, you can apply an ice pack to the scrotum.
You can prevent yourself from making your condition worse by wearing supportive under wears or avoiding strenuous activities.
Follow Up

  • Visit your health care provider as soon as possible in case you have minor pain.
  • Your health care provider may examine the scrotum and testicles and sometimes he/she may order blood and urine tests to check for infection.

Usually, treatment of pain in your testicles is highly successful if you know in the beginning the cause of the pain. This is why it is advisable that, not unless it is not something serious, your urologist must have a look at your condition first before medication is prescribed.

Swollen Testicle Causes: Left, Right, with Pain, STD, in Child, Treatment

What causes swollen testicle? Get insights on the causes of testicle swelling that is painful, in child and adults, how to get rid and treatment.
Testicular swelling that occur with pain in the testicle can arise from several different causes some of which call for a medical emergency. Testicular swelling may be realized when there is a localized increase in size of a testicle or a more generalized enlargement of a scrotum. This may occur on one side or both sides inclusive of pain or without pain as well and with other signs.

Swollen Testicle Causes

One or both testicles swelling may make a man to be more concerned of his health. Swollen testicle may indicate presence of several problems, and even the scrotum can swell as well. Most conditions that may result to the swelling can be treated, especially if they are realized early enough.
It is very importance when realizing any pain or strange filling from your testicles to immediately talk to your doctor or urology next to you.
The following are causes:
An infection can arise from the testis itself or the epididymis [a duct that connect the testes to the urine tube] and spread to the testes. These problems known as orchitis and epididymis respectively usually result to testicular swelling accompanied with scrotal pain. In most cases it usually occur with fever. These kind of infections usually attack males between the age of 14 and 35, and they rae caused by the same bacteria responsible for the STIs chlamydia and gonorrhea.
Also infection with mumps virus can cause orchitis, a problem that can cause infertility when it occurs in adults.
Testicular torsion
Regardless of the testes location in the scrotum, it gets its blood supply from the artery that originates in the abdomen. The artery passes through the groin as part of a structure called the spermatic cord to reach the testis. Though it is rare but severe condition, testicular torsion- the testis twists around the spermatic cord. The twisting cuts off blood supply to the testicles resulting to swollen testicles and pain. This usually occur due to injury or because of a congenitally loose attachment of testicle to the scrotum. It is a rare condition affecting men under 25 and requires emergency when it occurs.
Testicular cancer
Can also result to swelling of the testis. The swelling is usually on the affected side but not always. When the tumor is severe may cause a lump on the testis, but it can also lead to generalized swelling sometimes with pain and uneasiness. This type of cancer is rare and usually affect males between 15 to 34 years, although it can come at any age. The testicle cancer is highly treatable type of cancer especially if noticed earlier.
Other causes
Varicocele can also cause swollen testicles. The veins that carry blood from the testis back to the heart form network in the spermatic cord, causing the veins to function poorly. This causes blood to pool or flow to slowly leading to backup of blood in the testis hence swelling. This problem develop slowly and it is common in young males. Due to the architecture of testicular blood supply the problem is common on the left side and can usually be treated with surgery.
Spermatocele can as well cause swollen testicles. It is a noncancerous condition that arise when a fluid –filled cyst develops in the testis or epididymis. It might cause no symptoms but may lead to noticeable swelling on the testis.

Swollen Left Testicle

The veins that carry blood from the testis back to the heart from a network in the spermatic cord. Sometimes, veins in this network enlarge and function poorly. This causes blood to pool or flow too slowly, leading to backup of blood in the testis and swelling.
This condition is common in young men. Because of the architecture of the testicular blood supply, it tends to develop most often on the left side and can usually be treated with a surgery or other procedures. This problem is called varicocele and can also cause swollen testicle on the left side.
The reason of this occurring on the left side is because, the veins that carry blood from the testicles back to the heart are located on the left testicle thus the network forms there.

Swollen Right Testicle

The swelling may occur on right side of the testicle or both, in most cases it can be caused by testicular torsion. This kind of complication is usually result of the testicle becomes twisted in the scrotum and loses its blood supply.
It is a serious urgently, if this twisting is not relieved quickly, the testicle may be permanently lost. This condition is extremely painful. Losing blood supply for some time can cause tissue death and the loss of a testicle. You have to go straight to your health doctor because it is very dangerous.
If you notice that your testicle is twisted, here are some tips you can use to reduce the pain in your swollen right testicle or both.

Home care

  • Apply ice packs to the scrotum for the first 24 hours, followed by sitz bath to decrease swelling.
  • If the pain is serious, place a rolled-up towel between the legs just under the scrotum to help relieve the pain and reduce swelling, but still the medical attention is needed to make sure it is not torsion.
  • Wear loose pants for your daily activities.
  • Avoid excessive activity until the swelling disappears completely.

Swollen Testicle with Pain

There are many cases that leads to pain in the scrotum. Most lumps are not cancer, and others are not serious. But it is important to visit your physician if you are feeling pain or uncomfortable in this area. Boys and men should get to know what their testes usually feel like, so they will know if something has changed. The testicle is very sensitive, such that even a minor injury can cause testicle pain or discomfort.
The swollen testicle pain may appear from within the testicle itself or from the coiled tube and supporting tissue behind it. Here are the possible causes:

  • Extra fluid inside
  • Abnormal tissue growing
  • Some normal tissue which has become swollen, inflamed, or hard
  • Nerve damage that caused by diabetes, diabetic neuropathy
  • Testicle inflammation, epididymitis
  • a type of gangrene which is called Fournier’s gangrene
  • henoch-schonlein purpura caused by blood vessel inflammation
  • fluid buildup that causes swelling of testicle, hydrocele
  • testicular cancer
  • urinary tract infection[ UTI]
  • scrotal masses
  • testicular torsion [twisted testicle]
  • undescended testicle [in other word cryptorchidism]
  • varicocele [enlarged veins in the testicle]
  • spermatocele [fluid buildup in the testicle]
  • testicle injury or blow to the testicle
  • mumps
  • kidney stones
  • a testicle that pulls up inside the groin, retractile testicle this condition mostly occurs in young boys

Also there are uncommon causes that are rare or less in swollen testicles
Uncommon causes

  • oedema this appears when the whole body forms too much fluid
  • an STI infection called syphilis, which in most cases it can cause soft lumps called gummas
  • roundworms this worms infection can block the drainage system of the body’s fluids
  • hidradenitis suppurativa these are boils of the skin
  • Henoch-schonlein purpura this is a condition that causes skin rash, abdominal pain, and joints pain. Sometimes the testicles can also become inflamed. It develops because of a reaction of the immune system.

Medical attention is needed
Seeking medicals advice is very important especially when you notice any change in your testicle, if it is painful or discomfort you should visit your doctor immediately.
It determines with the cause of your problem, actually no treatment is needed at all. In some serious cases like testicular torsion or testicular cancer, you need to see your doctor urgently. Make sure you always see a physician to get advice about whether treatment is needed or not.

Swollen Testicle STD

When one or both testicles are swollen, it is often disturbing and can cause a discomfort to the affected person. For someone who is sexually active, it is easy to assume that swollen testicles are the result of an STD. apart from sexually transmitted diseases, there are many infectious and non-infectious causes of testicular swelling.
Some of the infectious causes of the swelling of testes include epididymis – inflammation of the tube that carries sperm from the testicles to the penis caused by the sexually transmitted diseases chlamydia and gonorrhea. The STDs can cause numerous symptoms besides swollen testes, and are easily treated with antibiotics. Orchitis [inflammation of one or both testicles] can also be caused by several types of bacteria and viruses.
Swollen testicles, or a sensation of a fullness in the testicle, may also result to an inguinal hernia. Inguinal hernias appears when part of the intestine becomes displaced, slipping through the inguinal canal into the testis. This develops a visible bulge in the testicular sac, swelling, and in most cases pain as the intestinal loop is confined or held up in such a small space.
Serious causes of testicular swelling
Testicular masses, such as a hydrocele, spermatocele, or rarely testicular cancer are also causes of testicular swelling. A hydrocele fluid collection around the testicle, spermatocele cyst that forms in the epididymis, and testicular cancer can all be painless, but can cause pain when they become large enough to press on other structures in the groin.
Testicular swelling mostly caused by some potentially severe processes, it is very important that anyone experiencing testicular swelling be evaluated by a doctor to determine the cause. Swelling accompanied by sudden, severe testicle pain requires immanency medical attention.

  • Your testicular is associated by severe or unexpected pain, nausea, or vomiting.
  • You may feel lump in the scrotum
  • Your swelling is associated by fever
  • Your scrotum id tender to touch, is red, or feel warm
  • You have been in recent contact with someone who has mumps.

Swollen Testicle in Child

The testis are formed in the abdominal part of the body or belly while the baby boy is in the womb and normally descend, or move down to the scrotum towards the end of pregnancy. In some cases, one or both testicles may fail to descend at birth or over the next few months after birth calling for serious attention.
The testes or balls are male sex glands where sperm and hormones are made. These balls hung in a bag called scrotum. The testes are very sensitive to pain and temperature as the sperm need the right condition and cool temperature to form properly. This is why testes come lower during hotter days so that they can keep cooler and up near the warmth of the body on cold days. When one wears tight jeans is not the right ideal for the health of testes.

Testes formation

As said earlier the testes are formed in the abdomen and moves down to the scrotum when the baby is almost to be born.
Through early childhood, the testes easily move up out of the scrotum especially if it is cold, or the child is upset. You may realize swollen testicles and all of a sudden they disappear. This commonly known as cremasteric reflex. They usually come back to the scrotum when they fill much warmth and you can often see them both in the scrotum after a warm bath. As long as they were properly down earlier at birth, the going up and down is normal.

Undescended testes

This is where testicle is one which is missing from the scrotum and is lodged in the groin or in the lower abdomen. This may be seen by one side of a swollen testicle while the other is compressed completely. This does not cause any pain and doesn’t affect the way the baby urinates.
In some cases both testes fail to descend at birth or over the next few months leaving the scrotum compressed together. This problem is common in boys who are born prematurely. If the testes is in the abdomen, it may be too warm for normal development of sperm. If on testis has descended, it will be able to make enough sperm so that will be no case of infertility on your son in future. If both of them have not descended is where problems arises.
If the undescended testis is not brought down in the first year or two of life, it may produce less sperm. Though in rare cases, undescended testis has greater chances of getting cancer in adult age.

There are two types of undescended testes:

Congenital –where one or both testes do not descend at birth or the following few months. It is more common if the baby is born prematurely.
Acquired –in some boys a testis gradually moves up out of the scrotum between one and ten years of age. This is also called ascending testis and should be checked immediately as it may require treatment.
Result of swollen testicles in babies
Some babies have a pad of fat around the groin that tends to hide both the penis and testes causing the genital area to appear like swollen. This is normal and it goes away as the baby grows into a child. Both the penis and the testes can be felt in the pad of fat.
When the mother was infected with STIs and it happens that the child gets into contact with the infection during childbirth, it may cause some complications to the baby’s genitals. This may happen but in rare cases, causing the baby to have swollen testicles or even pen.
Hydrocele- this is whereby the baby is born with extra fluids in the scrotum causing swollen testicles as the whole bag is swollen. The scrotum can look bigger than the usual and the swelling may feel quite firm. This can appear on one or both side of the scrotum. The condition is harmless and usually go away after a few months.
Inguinal hernia and femoral hernia –happens when some of the abdomen content finds its way through a weak spot in the muscles that cover it.
Torsion of the testis whereby the tissue supporting a testis can become twisted and this blocks the blood vessels to the testis hence swelling. This commonly happen in childhood.
A viral infection called epididymis though uncommon in children, it affects the testis or the urinary duct.
What to do

  • Check if both testes are in the scrotum a few weeks after birth. This is very easy to realize and the doctor will always examine it at birth and some few weeks after birth.
  • Make sure you attend clinics when pregnant and when found with any sexually transmitted diseases you should be treated immediately.
  • As your son grows, check every year to be sure that the testes can be seen or felt in the scrotum. The best time to do this is during a warm bath. If one or both of them are not felt it is good you see the doctor immediately.
  • Your child health nurse should always be checking on the condition of the testes at each health checkup.

If the testes does not come in the scrotum after a few months after birth, an operation called archidopexy is done to bring it down and fix it in place. This is usually after 6 to 12 months of age.
If the testes moves up and down the baby’s scrotum, later the same surgery is done to fix the problem. Though this kind of condition rarely needs treatment.
Always attend clinics so that any condition on the mother or child is brought into medication.

For hydrocele the doctor may shine a light through the scrotum to see that swollen testicles is caused by fluid. If does not go away after 18 months to 2 years an operation may be needed, though not common.

How to Get Rid of Swollen Testicle, Treatment

In order to successively treat you swollen testicle it is important that you be aware of the underlying cause of the swelling. It is common that your health care provider may perform a physical checkup and also ask you a number of questions about the swelling on when the swelling started and how you fill. He/ she may ask if you had intercourse before the swelling started or not to ascertain if is an STIs or not.
They may want to know if it is getting worse all the time and the size. Quantity as accurately as you can. Or may be interested to have a closer look on the swollen testicle to confirm if the swelling may be fluid and if you fill tissue in the swollen area. If the swelling is on one part of the testicle or in the entire testicle.
The treatment of the swollen testicle will depend on how you answer the questions and symptoms and the doctor may conduct some tests to conclude on the real problem.

Treatment of the conditions

Treatment for hydrocele
The doctor may shine some light in the swelling to conclude that the swelling is caused by a fluid.  If the swelling does not go away after some drug’s prescription, a surgery may be carried out to drain the fluid.
What to do for torsion of the testis
When the tissue supporting the testis is twisted hence block blood flow, you may need to see a doctor immediately. A minor surgery may be carried out immediately to re-aline the vessels.
Treatment for epididymis
This is a viral infection around the testis and the doctor may screen to ascertain the condition. You may be given anti- viral drugs and the problem may disappear after some days.
May lead to a swollen testicle and sore testis [orchitis] usually on one side.  Orchitis may occur after 7 to 10 days after swelling of the glands. This can be treated by use of drugs. This should be done after testing done by a doctor.
Home care activities
Always be careful to yourself to prevent sexually transmitted infections. You can use protection during intercourse or abstain if possible. You can as well be going for screening with your partner to be on the safe side. Lastly avoid having numerous sexual partners.
Further references:

  1. Scrotal swelling: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003161.htm
  2. Ways to treat swollen testicles: http://www.livestrong.com/article/9326-treat-swollen-testicles/
  3. Swollen testicles from STDs: https://www.stdtestexpress.com/swollen-testicles/
  4. Causes of testicular lumps and swelling: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Testicular-lumps-benign/Pages/Causes.aspx
  5. Testicle pain: http://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/testicle-pain/basics/causes/sym-20050942