Swollen Lymph Nodes in Neck one side: under Jaw, Pictures, Causes, Treatment

normal and swollen lymph nodes

What causes swollen lymph nodes on one side of the neck or under the jaw? Get an overview of lymph nodes in neck, under the jaw and their possible home remedies and treatment.

Swollen Lymph Nodes in Neck one Side

Lymph nodes are small glands that are part of the lymphatic, they are mainly found in the groin, neck and armpit. Lymph nodes as part of the lymphatic system play the function of filtering lymph fluid and trapping viruses, bacteria, cancer cells and other pathogens and eliminating this debris from the body.
Human body has around 600 lymph nodes of which 0ver 200 are located in the neck region alone. Within the neck region they are invariably located just under the skin. Lymph node structurally they are soft in consistency and round or oval in shape, however if the lymph nodes get infected or inflamed they become swollen and tender to touch.

Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes in neck one side

Swollen lymph nodes are usually a pointer that something is wrong within the body; however symptoms of swollen lymph nodes may include:

  • They may be painful and tender when touched
  • Swollen nodes may have the shape and size of a kidney bean
  • Sore throat and difficulty in swallowing
  • Night sweats
  • Sometimes swollen lymph nodes may be accompanied by fever and runny nose.

Swollen lymph Nodes in neck One Side-causes
Some of the potential causes of swollen lymph node in neck one side are:


Common infections that cause swollen lymph nodes include:

  • Systemic infection like measles, mumps and Rubella
  • Infected wound like cellulitis
  • Sexually transmitted diseases such HIV infections and herpes
  • Severe ear infection
  • Strep throat
  • Skin infection
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Parasites transmitted from infected cats or undercooked food.
  • Glandular fever

Immune system of human body is responsible for fighting and overcoming diseases. When the immune system is altered by certain conditions such as Rheumatoid arthritis, lupus which affect lungs, leukemia, viruses and other type of cancers, all these can lead to swollen lymph nodes in the neck.


Swollen lymph nodes in neck one side can be experienced as a result of side effects of some medicines like phenytoin ( prescribed for seizures); or side effects of immunization against malaria, typhoid or symptoms of some diseases like sarcoidosis, Kawasaki diseases and disease of glycogen storage.


Swollen lymph nodes in neck one side can be caused by allergic reaction to various agents such as deodorants, antiperspirants and cosmetics.


Injury to the neck or face can lead to swollen lymph nodes in neck one side.


Swollen lymph nodes can be due to cancers such as lymphomas (cancer of the lymphatic system) or can be due to cancer of the blood known as leukemia. Depending on the type of cancer, the lymph nodes may or may not be present with any pain.


This is a disease that leads to excess lipids in the blood stream. These lipid substances include cholesterol, triglycerides and lipoproteins. Once these lipids are in the blood stream they can be deposited to wrong places such as neck, groin or hands, this further result to swollen glands.


Skin transplant is the process of transferring skin cell from one site to another. For a transplant to be successful, the donor and the recipient must be immunologically compatible. If this is not achieved, the recipient immune system may reject the transplant and treat it as a foreign substance. The immune system in response generates a type of reaction that cause swelling of the lymph nodes.

Swollen Lymph Nodes under Jaw

Sometimes the lymph nodes may get infected due to some disorder in the body, which can lead to jaw pain under the jaw line, or on one side of the jaw line or both. Sore lymph nodes under jaw can be quite discomforting for chewing and speaking.
However tooth infections and abscess are known to be responsible for painful lymph nodes under the jaw. Infections in the ear can also trigger the feeling of pain in the glands, below the chin and Jaw. Also Lymph node under jaw may appear to be painful and swollen as a result of over production of white blood cells in the lymphatic system.

 Swollen Lymph Nodes in Neck Pictures

Home Remedy for Swollen Lymph Nodes in neck on Side

  1. Turmeric

Turmeric being a therapeutic herb is particularly effective in reducing the swelling of enlarged lymph glands. Turmeric has anti-inflammatory as well as analgesic properties that help reduce swelling and pain. It also has anti-bacterial ingredients which even fight infections and facilitate healing.

  • Mix 2 tablespoon of turmeric powder with enough honey to make a paste.
  • Apply the paste on swollen area; leave it on for 20 minutes.
  • Rinse it off with lukewarm water.
  • Repeat this process 2 times daily for about a week.
  1. Echinacea

Echinacea is a widely used remedy for swollen lymph nodes in the neck and throat. It contains strong anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. Using Echinacea can help to strengthen the function of the lymph system, fight the infection causing swollen lymph nodes and purify the lymph nodes and blood.
To use Echinacea ointment

  • Apply Echinacea ointment or cream to the swollen areas two or three times a day for about one week to reduce swelling.
  • Drink 2 cups of Echinacea tea daily for one week.
  • Take 300mg of Echinacea supplements twice daily for no more than 1 week after consulting your doctor.
  1. Cayenne Pepper

Cayenne Pepper is a powerful and effective remedy for swollen lymph nodes because it can work as a natural stimulant. When used it reduces the symptoms of swollen lymph by boosting the resistance. To get a significant relief, it is advisable drinking cayenne pepper tea.
To use Cayenne Pepper:

  • Add powdered cayenne pepper and honey into a glass of warm water.
  • Stir thoroughly.
  • Drink 3 cups of this solution daily for one week to reduce the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes.
  1. Tea Bags

Tea bags are effective in alleviating swelling and other lymph node related symptoms:
To use Tea bags:

  • Take some tea bags and soak them in hot water for a few minutes.
  • Apply it to the affected areas.
  • Repeat it three times daily for one week to get the satisfactory results.
  1. Nutmeg

Nutmeg is used a spices in foods, it contains aphrodisiac properties that helps to treat the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes by boosting the flow of lymphatic fluid and improving the immunity. It also contain antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that can help to alleviate lump on the neck or throat.
To use Nutmeg:

  • Add Nutmeg powder into a cup of hot water
  • Add one tablespoon of honey to taste
  • Drink it daily for one week to treat swollen lymph nodes effectively
  1. Plantain and Raspberry leaves

Plantain and raspberry leaves have been used for medicinal purposes for a very long time.
To use this remedy:

  • Crush a handful of plantain and raspberry leaves into a fine paste.
  • Add these pastes to a cup of boiling water and allow it to steep for 10 minutes
  • Strain the solution,
  • Drink two cups of this solution daily for one week to treat the infections causing the lymph nodes to swell.
  1. Warm compress

Warm compress is very powerful when it comes to reducing swelling of the lymph glands. The warm temperatures help to increase blood circulation which in turn reduces pain as well as swelling.

  • Soak a washcloth in hot water, remove and wring out the excess water.
  • Place the warm washcloth on the swollen lymph nodes
  • Allow it to sit for 5 to 10 minutes before removing it.
  • Repeat this process a few times daily until the swelling is gone.
  1. Honey

Honey has constituents that have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that help to ease pain, swelling and fight infection that is likely to be causing swelling of the lymph nodes.

  • Mix 2 teaspoon of raw honey and some fresh lemon juice in a cup of water
  • Drink this remedy 3 times daily.
  • Alternatively, apply some raw honey on the swollen lymph nodes
  • Allow it to sit for 30 minutes then,
  • Rinse it off with lukewarm water.
  • Repeat this process 2 or 3 times daily until the swelling goes always.
  1. Garlic

Garlic has antibiotic ingredients that help to cleanse the system, ease symptoms and promote healing. Garlic is also rich in anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce swelling in the lymph nodes.

  • Crash 2 raw garlic cloves daily.
  • Apply remedy over the swollen lymph glands as you massage the area gently for at least 10 minutes.
  • Allow the remedy to sit for 10 minutes then,
  • Rinse the swollen area with lukewarm water.
  • Alternatively, you can take a garlic supplement daily, after consulting your doctor.
  • You can also eat 2 to 3 raw garlic cloves daily.
  1. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider vinegar helps to create an alkaline environment and maintains a Healthy PH in the body. Also has an antibacterial ingredient that helps to kill bacteria that may be causing this problem.

  • Mix equal amounts of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar and water.
  • Soak a washcloth in the solution and apply it on the swollen lymph glands.
  • Leave the remedy for at least 20 minutes before rinsing it off with lukewarm water.
  • Repeat this process two times daily for 1 week
  • Alternatively, mix 1 tablespoon of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar and a little raw honey in a glass of water. Drink it twice daily.
  1. Massage

Massaging stimulates the lymph nodes to help them function normally. This helps to get rid of the swelling and reduce the accumulation of impurities in the nodes.

  • Using your fingers, gently massage the lymph nodes for about 5 minutes.
  • Repeat this 2 or 3 times daily until the swelling goes away.
  • You can also hire a professional to give you a lymph drainage massage.
  1. Cleavers

Cleavers has therapeutic properties that stimulate the functioning of the lymphatic system to reinforce proper functioning. This in the long run helps in reducing swelling.

  • Add 2 tablespoon of cleavers herb to a cup of hot water. Steep for 10 minutes then strain it. Drink this tea 2 to 3 times daily until you notice improvement.
  • Alternatively, take 20 to 30 drops of cleavers tincture mixed with water daily.
  1. Castor oil

Castor oil has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, to reduce swelling in lymph glands. It also improves the flow of lymph throughout the body, speeding up the removal of toxins. This helps reduces the size of swollen lymph nodes. It even gives a boost to your immune system.

  • Gently rub some castor oil on the swollen area for 5 minutes.
  • Dip a washcloth into hot water then wring out excess water.
  • Apply the warm compress on the area for another 10 minutes.
  • Repeat this process 2 times daily for a week.
  1. Spirulina

Spirulina contains antioxidants, B vitamins, omega 3 fatty acids and other nutrients such as potassium that are necessary for health. These nutrients make spirulina to become one of the most effective and powerful home remedy for swollen lymph nodes. Omega 3 fatty acids and anti-inflammatory properties of spirulina can alleviate the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes like pain and inflammation effectively.

  • You can buy the organic Spirulina smoothie at the market.
  • Drinking this smoothie every day can help to improve the swollen lymph nodes within one week.
  • Alternatively, you can take Spirulina capsules after consulting your doctor.

When to see a doctor and diagnosis

It is always advisable to see your doctor if you notice lymph nodes with the following characteristics.

  • Hard lymph nodes that is difficult to move under the skin
  • Having had swollen lymph nodes for two to four weeks
  • Lymph nodes have sharp pain that does not go away
  • Lymph nodes having additional symptoms like night sweats, night chills, fatigue, weight loss and a high fever.

If you experience any of these symptoms, or if you have painful swollen lymph nodes and no other symptoms, consult your doctor. Lymph nodes that are swollen but not tender can be signs of a more serious condition.
At your doctor’s office, your doctor will generally get a full history of the currently manifesting symptoms to get a better understanding of why you have swollen lymph nodes. In the process of physical examination, the doctor will touch to have a feeling and to get a better idea of the size of your lymph nodes and probably get to know how inflamed they actually are.
After physical examination, a blood test may be carried out to check for certain diseases or hormonal disorders. Also your doctor could possibly conduct a biopsy of the lymph node itself to reveal any abnormalities.  A biopsy involves using a thin, needle like tools to remove a sample of cells from the lymph node. After which the cells are taken to the laboratory where they are tested for major disease, such as cancer.
After your doctor has received the laboratory tests, he may opt to remove the entire swollen lymph node.

Treatment of lymph nodes in Neck one side

Having swollen lymph nodes may not always be a cause for concern; however, because they are caused by many causes and circumstances, it is important that they are inspected by a medical professional. Typically, swollen lymph nodes go away after the underlying infection has been treated successfully. However, if they remain for an extended duration and are accompanied by another symptom such as fatigue and weight loss, there may be a serious underlying condition you should have assessed right away. Below are some of the treatments that can be administered to get rid of swollen lymph nodes:

  • Prescribed medicine: There are medications such as antibiotics to get rid of swollen lymph nodes that are prescribed by the doctors after analyzing the underlying causes. Minor viral infections may go away on, its own within a couple of days.
  • Painkillers: Over-the-counter pain medications can be taken
  • Iodine Intake for Thyroid disease: Sufficient supply of amount of iodine helps control the swelling of the thyroid glands.
  • Gargling: Gargling with warm salty water can to a great extend reduce the swelling of the glands If the cause is tooth abscess.
  • Swollen lymph nodes caused by cancer may not shrink back to normal size until the cancer is treated. Cancer treatment may involve removing the tumor or any affected lymph nodes. It may also involve chemotherapy to shrink the tumor.


  1. http://www.healthline.com/health/armpit-lump?m=#overview1
  2. http://www.mayoclinic.org/disease-condition/sarcoidosis/home/ovc-20177969

Why do People Snore: Causes, How to stop immediately

causes of snoring

Snoring occurs when a person produces a rumbling sound while sleeping usually due to improper breathing process. Am sure you know how snoring sounds like and how annoying it can be when your partner is affected by it. The basic reason why people snow is because the tissue in and around your upper airways vibrates during the act of breathing. The vibrations are the reasons for that rambling sound. It is not always one part of the body that causes the vibration – it can be a tongue, soft palate, tonsillar pillars, uvula or any other areas in the mouth or inside nose.

Why do People Snore?

The vibrations that results to snoring are caused by turbulent airflow through your narrowed airways. There are numerous things that affect snoring such as the stage of sleep, your sleeping position and the use of certain medications and alcohol.
Although snoring seems an obvious thing, it is important to note that nobody snore while he/she is awake. The reason behind this is that when you sleep, the muscles relax in the body, including those found in your neck and throat area. This relaxation narrows down the airways thereby making the space by which air passes through to be smaller and therefore snoring develops.
There are many reasons why people snore although these reason does not have strong evidence to support them. What we have discussed above is just a biological background on snoring, but is does not give facts why some people snore and others don’t.
Other sources reveal that snoring can be due to too much tissue in the throat and nasal areas. This is why increase in weight is usually connected to snoring. A number of people who never snored in their passed will start snoring when they add up weight. When you add on weight, this can add to the weight of your neck which presses down your throat while you sleep.

What causes snoring?

  1. Genetics

Genes have a major role in our physical and mental features. According to research findings, the first and major factor that is behind your snoring is maybe because you inherited that character from your biological parents. People can inherit breathing patterns as part of the physical traits acquired from parents, and that may increase the likelihood of your airways being obstructed and place you at a greater risk of sleep apnea and snoring.
Therefore, if your grandparents used to snore, be sure that it is the reason why you have the same problem. This usually takes into account inheritable features that can expose you to snore excessively. One of these features is reduced metabolism which may cause an increase in weight.

  1. Nasal congestion

Nasal congestion may occur due to allergies, sinus infections, and trauma to the nose and other illnesses that may cause your nostrils to block at some points throughout the year. Usually, mucus may block the airways or reduce the space where air should pass through while you breathe and therefore result into snoring. Snoring resulting from these conditions can be beaten by just finding ways in which you can treat these sicknesses.
Nasal congestion is a common condition and almost everybody has ever experienced it. Therefore, if your loved one has not been snoring before and just started recently after you realized him sneezing or having a runny nose, blame the common cold for his/her sounding like a loan Moore while sleeping.  Nasal congestion can just be treated successfully at the comfort of your home with simple remedies such as the use of lemon ginger tea mixed with a tablespoon of honey.

  1. Sleeping position

Did you know your sleeping position could be the cause for your snore even if you don’t usually do it? Almost all sleeping positions you know have some benefits attached to them. Generally, when you sleep on your back it is considered to be the best sleeping position for the spine so that you will not experience neck and back pains when you wake up the next day. However, when it comes to snoring, this is the worst sleeping position. This is because sleeping on your back makes your muscles to relax and this causes your airways to collapse more easily.
If you want to notice this you may try tilting your head back to where it ends up nearly parallel to the ground and then relax your throat and make a few breaths. You will realize that in this position, it is a bit difficult to breathe without making a snoring noise. While you sleep on your back, the same effect may occur. When it comes to sleeping position, you can decrease snoring by sleeping on your side. However, this may not be as good to your neck and shoulders, but it may eliminate obstruction to your airways caused by sleeping on your back.

  1. Use of alcohol and some drugs

The use of alcohol is a popular habit and may people practice it. Research has found that going to sleep while you are drunk may increase snoring since it reduces the airway muscle tone and therefore making it easier for vocal vibrations to occur. Alcohol has same sedative effects that make it to be so good and eventually it causes people to snore. In fact, people who used not to snore may start snoring as they increasing their drinking habits.
However, alcohol is not the only drug that causes snoring, as narcotics and sedatives can as well reduce the muscle tone and therefore case snoring to occur. In such cases where snoring is caused by the use of certain drugs, you can eliminate the condition by quitting the use of the drug involved.

  1. Smoking

Smoking has an inflammatory effect to the airways and therefore it is not surprising to hear people who smoke snoring. Generally, increase in smoking may make the congestion in your nose to increase and therefore there will be greater obstruction to your breathing while you sleep.
Even secondhand smoke can be a reason for snoring. Research has found that people who are exposed to secondhand smoking are more likely to experience snoring and other respiratory conditions than those who are not exposed to any smoke. Furthermore, female smoker are more likely to be affected by snoring than male counter parts.

  1. Being overweight

Increase in weight will means that the whole body including the area around the neck has increased in fat content. This will make more pressure to be exerted in your throat hence reducing the airway. As you breathing, there will be vibration that will result from more force applied so that breathing process is successful and in that case snoring will occur.
You can reduce your weight by carrying out a bit of exercise and changing your eating habits and this may help reduce your snoring and improve your sleep quality.

  1. Sleep deprivation

This can as well be problematic when it comes to snoring. Just as alcohol, sleeping very short time at night may cause you to snore anytime you sleep thereafter. This is because; lower sleep amount causes loss of muscle tone in your air ways hence snoring breaks. This is very common with people who have hard day’s work and come home and immediately fall into a sleep.
The snoring itself can actually result into sleep deprivation. Therefore, to solve this you have to find the immediate reason why you snore and find solutions to clear it. Meanwhile you may try sleeping longer so that your snoring should not be connected to lack of enough sleep.

  1. Obstructive sleep apnea

This is a sleep disorder whereby something obstructs your airways. This is a condition that affects very many people across the world. Similar to the way snoring happens, it may as well occur because of some kind of airway being obstructed. The difference between snoring and OSA is that people with OSA experience obstructions to their airways that cause them to stop breathing for a few seconds. Due to this they then wake up to catch their breath before going back to sleep.
OSA is usually treated using CPAP which involves wearing a specific mask before going to sleep. This mask delivers air and keeps your airways from collapsing.

  1. Jaw features

It is believed that there are certain mouth features that can put you at a higher risk of snoring while you sleep. Some research findings have concluded that risk factors that increase the probability of snoring in children such as having a cross-bite or receding chin. Since the tongue can have a tendency to accidentally block the airway and result in snoring, some jaw and face features can result to the sagging of the tongue while sleeping and therefore result in this condition.

What Causes Snoring in Females

Snoring is a common condition and it can affect anyone regardless of sex or age. However, the condition is very common in men who have much weight. Other sources suggest that snoring may tend to increase with age. If you are a habitual snorer, you will not only cause sleeping problem to those around you, but you will also impair your own sleep quality. People who snore frequently should seek immediate medical assistance to get rid of this condition.
All factors that cause snoring in male can as well cause snoring in women equally. However, when it comes to smoking, women are said to be more affected than men.
During pregnancy, women experience the most symptoms including loss of breath during the night and snoring in some cases. About one in three pregnant women are affected by snoring while they sleep. Some women who don’t regularly snore usually come to realize they snore during pregnancy. There are a number of reasons why females snore during pregnancy:

  • Excess gain in weight- during pregnancy, it is obvious that a woman will gain more weight than the usual. This will cause the neck size to increase and as we explained above, you will end up snoring at night.
  • Nasal congestion- an increase in hormonal activities during pregnancy drives mucus production and this may cause the swelling of the airways.

How to Stop Snoring Immediately

Everybody wants a nice sleep and you will have a great morning if nobody complained that you caused them a sleepless night. There are numerous ways you can use to snoring problem immediately so that you have a nice sleep. Some of the ways to use may take long time but for you to solve your problem immediately, you will have to do the following:

  • Prop yourself up in bed- if you realized that snoring denies you some sleep, add some extra pillows behind your head rather than sleeping flat on your back. This will prevent the tissue in the neck or throat from compressing your airways.
  • Sleep on your side– as we said above, snoring is increased by sleeping on your back since it makes your muscles to relax and this causes your airways to collapse more easily. You may sleep on your side with your hands wrapped in a pillow to avoid shoulder pains as well. Also, while you sleep on your back, there are possibilities that your tongue and soft palate may rest against the back of your throat and therefore blocking the air passage.
  • Take a decongestant or antihistamines for nasal congestion – as we have seen above, blocked nostril also results in snoring. If you have a cold, you may take some drugs to relieve your nasal congestion and if allergies are causing you to develop nasal congestions, antihistamines may help to bring relieve.
  • Use a humidifier – dry air can be the cause of your snoring and therefore humidifier may help to vaporize the air around your environment so that your air passage is kept moist. Always clean the humidifier as per the manufacturer’s information regularly.
  • Don’t eat heavy meals or drink alcohol before sleep – within three hours before sleep, do not eat heavily as this will contribute to snoring. Both may cause your throat muscles to relax more than normal.

How to Stop Snoring Naturally – Home Remedies that work

There are a number of home remedies that you can use to stop snoring so long as you know the reason behind your snoring. Stopping snoring naturally means that, the condition is solved at the comfort of your home without intervention of any medical treatment. Here are a number of ways to stop snoring naturally:

  1. Side sleeping

If your snoring is not caused by any serious condition, you may solve it by just changing your sleeping position. The main challenge may be maintaining your sleep on side positions. This sleeping position may help to prevent the relaxed and untoned muscles in your throat from blocking the breathing pathways.

  1. Peppermint oil and goldenseal

If you are easily affected by nasal and chest congestions, this may be the best remedy to stop you condition which eventually result in snoring. Peppermint oil is greatly used in solving sore throat and nasal congestion which in turn could be the reason why you have snoring condition.
Goldenseal on the other hand is a supplement that can help in dealing with chest and nasal passages congestion. It is found in powder, liquid or capsule.

  1. Spearmint and fenugreek

Usually, digestion plays an important role when it comes to our sleep patterns and it may be the reason why we snore. Fenugreek when mixed with spearmint can be amazing herbs that may help to cure snoring that result from digestive issues particularly indigestion due to acid problems.

  1. Reduce weight

Weight can be reduced by working out regularly and changing your eating habits. We found that people who are overweight tend to snore at night. This kind of snoring can be solved by carrying out activities that will help to reduce weight which include regular exercise and avoiding junky foods.

  1. Vitamin C

Sinuses may obstruct the air passage and therefore cause the mouth to open and your uvula, the fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate above the throat to vibrate while you breathe to cause snoring. Vitamin C will help to boost your immune system hence prevents this condition to occur. Just eat fruits that contain sinus-fighting bromelain such as papaya, pineapple, broccoli and many others.

  1. Eucalyptus and peppermint

Eucalyptus can help in dealing with chest problems. It can therefore help to provide snoring-free night. Put eucalyptus leaves in steam inhaler and breath it through your mouth and nose can help to clear the sinuses.

Snoring Medical Treatment

There are numerous snoring treatment devices that have been developed to prevent it such as special pillows, dental bites and chin straps. All these treatments are based on behavior modification and they do not physically correct the underlying condition. Your doctor will review your signs and symptoms and your medical history. Physical examination may also be conducted.
Treatment for snoring may include the following:

  • Oral appliances– this include form-fitting dental mouthpieces that help advance the position of your jaw, soft palate and tongue to keep the airway open.
  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) – this approach involves wearing a special mask over the nose or mouth while you sleep. This mask will direct pressurized air from a small pump to your nose to keep it open while you sleep.
  • Upper airway surgery- there are numerous procedures that seek to open the upper air passages and prevent further narrowing during sleep such as trimming excess tissues from the throat, moving upper and lower jaws forward.

Swollen Lymph Nodes in Groin: Pictures, Female, Male, Causes, Remedy

Swollen lymph nodes in groin

What is the reason for swollen lymph nodes in groin both in Male and Female? Explore more on causes, treatments and effective home remedies have been also been discussed. Also pictures have been attached to aid understanding of the problem.

Swollen Lymph Nodes in Groin Causes

  1. Organ transplant

Organ transplant is a process of transferring cells, tissues, or organs from one site to another. Most often the organs involved are liver, skin, heart or even kidney. For this process of transplant to be successful the donor and recipient they have to immunologically compatible.  If this does not happen the recipient body treats the donated organ as a foreign substance hence this may result to reactions that cause lymph nodes to swell.

  1. Common infection

Infections are the most common cause of swollen lymph nodes in groin because one of the functions of the lymph nodes is to fight off infections and thus they are exposed to pathogens more frequently than other parts of the body, thus they become swollen as more antibodies are produced to fight off infection resulting in swollen lymph node. The common infections that cause lymph node swelling include:

  • Sexually transmitted infections [STIs].Sexually transmitted infections that cause swollen lymph node are mononucleosis (kissing disease), HIV-AIDS and syphilis. Syphilis for example affects the lymph nodes in the groin and sometimes makes them inflamed.
  • Throat infections. Throat infections such as sore throat cause difficulty in swallowing, a lot of irritation and discomfort. Bacteria and viruses are a major cause of throat infections. Throat infections can cause swollen lymph nodes in any part of the body where lymph glands are located including the groin.
  • Flu and Cold. Common cold and flu causes lymph nodes to swell in the groin. This is because the body is trying to fight off the illness sending the immune system into an overdrive causing swelling of the lymph node in the groin.
  1. Uncommon infections

Uncommon infections usually shake the entire body system and are usually accompanied by symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes in any part of the body. Some of these uncommon infections include:

  • Toxoplasmosis– This is a parasitic infection that occur as a result of coming in contact with feces of an infected cat or generally eating undercooked meat. This infection causes lymph nodes in the groin and other places in body to swell.
  • Cat scratch fever– These are a bacterial infection from a cat scratch or a cat bite that cause lymph node in groins to swell in the process of fighting the bacteria causing cat scratch fever.
  • Cellulitis– this is a skin infection that cause lymph nodes to swell. The condition normally occurs when a broken skin encounters bacteria and then the bacteria enter the lymphatic system causing the lymph nodes to malfunction and swell.
  • German Measle– this is a viral infection caused by rubella virus which results in reddish pink rashes on the skin. The rashes begin on the face and spread throughout as the infection spreads. This infection also results in swollen lymph glands in the groin.
  1. Complications

Some of the complications that can cause lymph nodes in the groin to swell include:

  • Abscess formation. An abscess is a localized collection of pus caused by an infection, this Pus contain fluid, white blood cells, dead tissues and bacteria.
  • Blood stream infection. This condition is also known as bacteremia. This complication arises as
  • Blood stream. The infection is usually accompanied by mass swelling of lymph node within the body system.
  1. Immune system Disorders

Immune system disorders can to result to massive swelling of the lymph nodes within the body system and some of among other disorders include:

  • Lupus-this is a chronic inflammatory disease that can target your joints, skin, kidneys, heart, lungs and blood cells.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis-a chronic inflammatory disease which affects the joints lining tissues.
  1. Cancers and Tumors

There are certain type of cancers that have accompanying symptoms such as swelling of the lymph nodes in the groin and those in other parts of the body. Some of such cancers include:

  • Leukamia– This is popularly known as cancer of the blood. It is cancer of your body’s blood-forming tissue, including the bone marrow and lymphatic system and it causes massive swelling of the lymph nodes in the body.
  • Lymphoma – This type of cancer originates and affects the lymphatic system and sometimes it accompanied by symptoms such as swelling of the lymph glands.
  • Pelvic malignancy this type of cancer spread from cancer of anus or vulva and may result in swollen lymph nodes.
  • Melanoma is one of the types of skin cancer which may cause swelling of the lymph nodes around the affected area.
  1. Certain Medication and Vaccines

There are certain medications that can cause lymph nodes to swell they include anti-seizure medications like Dilantin. Also preventative medications such as anti-malaria drugs for example pyrimethamine and sulfa drugs.
Certain vaccinations such as MMR (measles, Mumps and Rubella) and typhoid vaccination may also cause generalized lymph node enlargement.

  1. Allergies

Common allergies which cause itching in the genitals also cause swelling of the lymph nodes in the groin. This is as a result of the immune system trying to fight off the allergens the body causing the symptoms. During this action of fighting off the pathogens the lymph nodes in groin get swollen.

  1. Hernias, Aneurysm, or Nodules

Hernias or aneurysms are bulging sections in a muscle or blood vessel. A nodule is usually a growth on a gland. Hernia, aneurysm or nodule may be felt under the skin but may not be visible. These type of lumps need more medical evaluation.

Swollen Lymph nodes in Groin Female

In female, groin is just above the top of the leg, between the lowest part of the tummy and the top of the thigh. The groins are also on either side, around the crease where the leg joins the rest of the body. Also there is a group of glands in the groin area, which normally cannot be felt. These glands contain the inguinal canal on each side. The inguinal canal is a passageway for structures such as ligaments to pass between the tummy and the genital area.
Lymph nodes are an important part of the immune system. The groin has a uniquely high concentration of lymph nodes and as part of the immune system; lymph nodes reflect abnormalities in the groin. In women, infections are generally the cause of lymph node enlargement such as urinary tract or serious infections such as sexually transmitted Diseases.
Consulting with the doctor is the best defense against figuring out the symptoms and treating the infections. Giving the doctor detailed information about the swollen lymph nodes in groin may be the first approach towards finding a solution.

Swollen Lymph Nodes in Groin Male

In Male the lymph nodes are near the penis are in the groin and inside the stomach or ‘abdomen’. In the groin, there are sets of lymph nodes on both the left and right sides. When swollen, the lymph nodes in the groin will feel like little lumps that usually have a rubbery texture. Swollen glands inside the abdomen can’t be felt by touch and can only be examined with the aid of a scanner.
If there is evidence of the cancer spreading to the glands in the groin, then the treatment often involves removal of the surrounding lymph nodes. This may involve removing the lymph nodes in the left or right of the groin, or on both. Occasionally, surgery is also performed to remove the lymph nodes within the abdomen. The procedure for removing the lymph nodes can be undertaken before, during or after the treatment of the primary cancer of the penis although it is usually undertaken afterwards.

Home Remedies for Swollen Lymph Nodes in Groin

Here are 12 home remedies that have proved to be effective over time, consider the following:
Warm Compress
When warm compress is used, the warm temperature helps to increase blood circulation, which in turn reduces swelling and pain as well.

  • Soak the clean washcloth in hot water
  • Wring to remove excess water
  • Place this washcloth on your affected areas for about 10 minutes
  • Repeat this treatment 3 times daily to get satisfactory result.
  • You can also wash the affected areas with warm water several times a day to fasten healing.

Castor Oil
Castor oil contains ingredients that have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties which can help to a great extend in reducing swelling of the lymph nodes. Castor oil helps to boost the flow of lymph throughout the bloodstream and body tissues.

  • Rub some cold-pressed castor oil on the affected areas gently for about 10 minutes.
  • Soak a washcloth in hot water and wring out excess water.
  • Place this warm washcloth to the swollen areas for about 20 minutes.
  • Rinse it off with lukewarm water
  • Repeat this process 2 times daily for 1 week in order to get satisfactory results.

Panax Ginseng
According to University of Maryland Medical School, panax Ginseng is effective in treating colds and its associated symptoms such as swollen Lymph nodes and fever.
Panax Ginseng is available in powdered form, capsules or a liquid extract. It is recommended taking 400mg of ginseng dose daily for 1 week to treat the cold, flue, and swollen lymph nodes.
Plantain and Raspberry
Plantain and Raspberry leaves have been used for a very long time to treat swollen glands and for other medicinal purposes.

  • Crush a handful of plantain and raspberry leaves into a fine paste.
  • Place the paste into a cup and add hot water to it.
  • Allow it to steep for 10 minutes and then strain the solution.
  • Drink the solution. You need to drink 2 cups of this solution per day for 1 week.

Peppermint Oil
Peppermint oil is very effective in its ability to treat many health problems such as headache, nausea, respiratory problem among others. Peppermint oil is rich in minerals and nutrients such as calcium, folate, magnesium and potassium. It is also a great source of vitamin A, Omega 3 fatty acids and vitamin C.  When peppermint is applied to swollen lymph nodes, it soothes the lymph nodes and fight the bacteria causing pain in the glands. To use peppermint oil, you need to massage the affected swollen areas with few drops of peppermint oil.
Mullein Leave
When lymph glands are infected they can lead to other infections such a sore throat and pain. The ingredients found in mullein are antiviral and antibacterial in nature; this makes them effective in fighting bacteria and virus.  Mullein has also been used for very days as an ingredient during manufacture of many acute ailment medicines. It is also very powerful when used to treat hoarseness, colds, fever, flu, whooping cough and sore throat.

  • Take a handful of mullein leaves and put them in a jar.
  • Add a cup of hot boiling water to this jar.
  • Let it steep for a few minutes and then drink it.
  • Drink three cups of this solution every day for 1 week to cure sore throat and swelling.

Lemon contain components of rosmarinic acid, caffeic acids and chlorogenic acids, these components make lemon to have  antibacterial and antiviral properties which hence forth makes lemon effective for medicinal purposes. Lemon juice can help to heal sore throat and thin mucus. It can also be effective to treat swollen lymph nodes.
To treat swollen lymph nodes with lemon:

  • Add a teaspoon of honey, lemon juice into a glass of warm water.
  • Drink it 3 times a day.
  • Alternatively, you can cut a lemon in a half. Then add some Epsom salt and pepper over it, then lick the swollen glands using this remedy.

Turmeric has been used for medicinal purposes for a very long time. And as a therapeutic herb, it contains anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties that make it very powerful in reducing the pain and swelling of the enlarged lymph nodes.

  • Make a paste of turmeric by mixing 1 tablespoon of turmeric powder and some honey.
  • Apply the paste over the swollen glands as you rub gently for 20 minutes.
  • Rinse off, with lukewarm water.
  • Repeat the process 2 times a day for 1 week.
  • Alternatively, you can drink a glass of Turmeric mix with milk or take turmeric supplements, after consulting your doctor.

Echinacea has powerful anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory ingredients that help to strengthen the lymph system as well as fight infections by purifying blood and lymph nodes.

  • Apply Echinacea cream or ointment topically 2 or 3 times a day to reduce swelling.
  • You can also make a cup of Echinacea tea and drink it daily until the lymph node heals.
  • Alternatively, take Echinacea supplements of 300mg 2 times daily for a week. Consult your doctor before taking this supplements

Cleavers is also known as goosegrass or stickyweed. It is a therapeutic herb that stimulates the function of the lymphatic system to reinforce proper functioning. This in turn helps to fight infections and reduce swelling.

  • Take a handful of cleavers leaves and crush them into a paste-like.
  • Place the paste in a cup and add hot water to it and cover it.
  • Allow the solution to steep for 20 minutes and then strain it,
  • Drink this tea 2 or 3 times per day until there is improvement.
  • Alternatively, take 20 to 30 drops of cleavers tincture mixed with water daily.

Garlic has anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce swelling in the lymph nodes. This antibacterial food also helps cleanse the system, ease symptoms and promote healing.

  • Mash 2 garlic cloves into a paste and apply it over the swollen glands.
  • Massage the swollen area with Garlic paste for 20 minutes.
  • Repeat this process 2 times daily.

Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar helps to create an alkaline environment and maintain a healthy PH level in your body. It also has antibacterial properties that fight infections that may be causing the problem of lymph glands swelling.

  • Mix equal parts or amounts of fresh-unfiltered apple cider vinegar and water.
  • Soak a washcloth in this solution and then apply to the swollen glands.
  • Massage the area gently for 20 minutes and then rinse the area with lukewarm water. And then pat dry.
  • Repeat once or twice daily.
  • Alternatively, you can mix 1 tablespoon of fresh apple cider vinegar and a little raw honey in a glass of water. Drink this mixture 2 times a day.

Swollen Lymph Nodes in Groin Treatment

 Swollen lymph nodes in groin, when to see a doctor
Lymph nodes will always go back to normal when the causative agents such as infections have been dealt with. See your doctor if your swollen lymph nodes:

  • Have been accompanied by persistent fever most occurring at night, excessive sweating or unexplained weight loss.
  • Feel hard or rubbery or don’t move when touched.
  • Continue to swell and get enlarged or have been present for more than three weeks.
  • Have appeared for the reason that can’t be explained

The type of treatment to be administered depends on what type of infection has invaded your lymph nodes. Once an infection has invaded the lymph nodes, it becomes easy for the infection to spread to other parts of the body, so it is important to find the cause of the infection and start treatment quickly. Some of the treatment may include:

  • Surgery to drain the lymph node if it filled with pus
  • Medicine to control pain and fever
  • Antibiotics administered orally or through injection to fight an infection caused by bacteria
  • Medicine to reduce swelling


  1. https://www.childrenscolado.org/conditions-and-advice/conditions-and-symptoms/symptoms/lymph-nodes-swollen/
  2. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sarcoidosis/home/ovc-20177969

Red Bumps on Arms Causes: Itchy, Small, Get Rid

bumps on arms remedy

The appearance of red bumps on the skin is a common condition. These bumps are harmless and are caused by an infection, an allergic reaction, a skin disorder, and skin cancer. Consult a dermatologist to conduct some test and examination on the condition. Get insight on the causes of red bumps on arms and some of the basic home remedies.

Why do I have Red Bumps on Arms?

Red bumps on the arms are said to be harmless. The skin condition is quite common among children and young adults. The bumps mainly appear on the upper arms, thighs, cheeks or buttocks. The bumps do not itch nor hurt.
Some of the common signs and symptoms of red bumps on the arms include:

  • Painless small red bumps which occur on the upper arms, thighs, cheeks or buttocks
  • Dry, rough skin in the areas with bumps
  • Bumps tend to worsen when there is changes in weather due to low humidity where the skin tends to be drier
  • Sandpaper-like bumps resembling goose flesh

These red bumps on arms occur due to buildup of keratin which is a hard protein that protects skin from harmful substances and infection.
The accumulation of these substances causes the blocking of the opening of the hair follicle. The clogging could result in patches of rough, bumpy skin.
There is not exact result that shows why there is buildup of keratin on the skin. But it may occur in association with genetic diseases or with other skin conditions, such as atopic dermatitis. Dry skin tends to worsen this condition.

What are these Itchy Red Bumps on Arms?

Here are the likely causes of itchy red bumps on arms:

  1. Allergic reactions

This is due to cosmetics, skincare, haircare, and even the laundry detergent. People tend to be allergic to preservatives, and some are more allergenic than others. Check the type of cosmetic and laundry you are using to avoid the appearance of red bumps on the skin.

  1. Eczema

This is a type off skin condition that results in different types of inflammation of the skin, or dermatitis. The red spots can appear anywhere on the body. The bumps mainly occur on the elbow creases or behind the knees. The rashes can be itchy, red, and dry.

  1. Keratosis pilaris

This is a common skin condition that result in the skin appearance as chicken skin. It causes skin cells to cluster around hair follicles, trapping the hair underneath and causing a raised bump. The condition mainly appears on the backs of the arms and thighs in large patches of rough, raised skin.

  1. Rubbing from fabrics

There are some cloth fabric when put on can result in itchiness which result in the development of rashes. This happens due to friction especially when working out and your clothes start to slide against your sweaty skin.

  1. Bug bites

Red bumps that are itchy develop after being bitten by certain bugs. It can also been seen with mosquito bites which result in a bumpy, itchy red rash around the area you were bit. The presence of red bumps in the morning is an indication of bug bites.

  1. Heat rash

It causes itchy red bumps that may also feel prickly and tingle, and usually happens around the neck or other areas where sweat becomes trapped beneath clogged pores. The rash is common in hot, humid weather, and usually goes away on its own once the skin is cooled down.

  1. Allergic reactions to food or medicine

Eating foods that react to your body could result in the development of hives. Hives are itchy, red rash that appears as welts (very large bumps). Consult your dermatologist in cases of allergies to foods and medications since it can be dangerous.

  1. Sun allergy

The most common type is sun poisoning. This condition occurs due to a reaction to a sudden burst of sun exposure. The condition mainly affects the forearms, shoulders and the back.

What is this Keratosis Pilaris

This is a common skin condition that result in the development of tiny red bumps on the arms. Most of these bumps on the skin look like goosebumps or the skin of a plucked chicken. These bumps can be mistaken as small pimples on the skin.
The appearance of the red bumps on the skin could be due to clog of dead skin cells. The clogging of the dead skin cells mainly occur on the upper arms and the front of the thighs. These bumps occur on the cheeks of the children.
These bumps on the skin are said to be harmless but in cases where you get bothered, consider seeking for treatment. Treatment will help you see the skin clearer since it helps to ease the symptoms.
The first thing you should do is to treat the dry skin which make the bumps to be more noticeable. In Europe, these bumps are more common during winter and they do disappear during summer.
Some of the common signs and symptoms of Keratosis pilaris include:

  • The skin become dry and rough
  • The skin looks like a plucked chicken or goosebumps
  • The spots become noticeable during winter or dry climate
  • Itch
  • Color of bumps varies. Some will be white, red, pinkish purple (on fair skin), and brownish black (on dark skin)

There are certain medicines that can be prescribe by a dermatologist and will help to get rid of dead skin cells. These medicines contain the following ingredients:

  • Alpha hydroxyl acid
  • Glycolic acid
  • Lactic acid
  • A retinoid (adapalene, retinol, tazarotene, tretinoin)
  • Salicylic acid
  • Urea

The following are some of the factors that increase the risk of getting keratosis pilaris:

  • Close blood relatives who have keratosis pilaris
  • Asthma
  • Dry skin
  • Eczema (atopic dermatitis)
  • Excess body weight, which makes you overweight or obese
  • Hay fever
  • Ichthyosis vulgaris (a skin condition that causes very dry skin)
  • Melanoma

What Causes keratosis Pilaris

The immediate cause of the KP is buildup of keratin. According to experts, there is not exact reason as to why some people develop excess keratin and others do not. Individual with dry skin, eczema, and skin allergies are more susceptible of getting KP.
Dry and cold climate tend to make the skin to become drier hence making it prone of getting KP. KP also appears to have a genetic component. According to experts, the tendency to develop KP is a genetically dominant trait. This is where people who have one parent with KP are at a significant risk of developing the condition themselves.
A 2012 study looked at 25 people with a history of keratosis pilaris and found that the hair follicles affected by KP were coiled. This tries to explain the reason why not only accumulation of keratin on skin can cause the condition but also ingrown hairs.
Research also shows that the circular hair shaft bursts the tissue lining the hair follicle. This will result in inflammation that may cause abnormal patterns of keratin buildup.
KP is not linked to any serious health concerns. KP bumps do not become cancerous. They are not contagious, and they do not typically become infected.
Ways on how to manage KP include:

  • Frequent moisturization
  • Avoiding dry skin
  • Avoiding allergens
  • Treat underlying skin conditions
  • Topical creams
  • Chemical exfoliation

Reasons for Small Bumps on Arms that Itch

Some of the possible causes of bumps on the arms include:

  1. Hives

The condition occur as a result of an allergic reaction to food, environmental surroundings (i.e., dust), or medication. It causes development of some itchy rashes on the arms. The red spots have the ability of occurring anywhere on the body.

  1. Psoriasis

The skin condition result in the formation of a thick red rash that appear as white patches or silvery scales. The skin condition mostly appears on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. The condition causes itching effect and it is due to compromised immune system.

  1. Acne

This is a condition that mainly occurs in teens due hormonal imbalances at puberty. It occurs as whiteheads, blackheads, and inflamed red lesions on shoulders and arms as well as back. Sometimes, they are caused when the skin pores are blocked by oil, bacteria, and dirt.

  1. Shingles

These bumps are caused by chicken pox. These bumps begin like rashes then develop into painful and itching blisters. They last for several weeks before disappearing. People who get chicken pox during their childhood are susceptible of getting shingles.

  1. Skin Tags

It results in the formation of a flap of flesh-colored tissue that protrudes from a “stalk” near the shoulder of the arm, neck, armpit, and chest. It develops where there is constant rubbing of the skin. This is a harmless condition and it mainly occurs in women and other seniors.

  1. Warts

Warts are contagious in nature and it result in the development of raised bumps on hands and feet. Most warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) and are painful, and stubborn to eradicate.

  1. Herpes Stomatitis

This is a viral infection that results in mouth ulcers and inflammation. It can also be caused by a mouth injury, a virus or bacteria tobacco use, chemotherapy or radiation treatment, immune system conditions (i.e.,  Crohn’s disease), or irritation from mouth braces.

  1. Carbuncle

This is a skin infection that occurs when the lump of hair follicles become infected deep in the skin. The lumps may be filled with a mass of pus. After healing, it can cause a permanent scar and it can appear on ay part of the body.

  1. Impetigo

This is a contagious skin condition that mainly occurs in babies and toddlers. It occurs due to diaper irritation, or irritation due to bacterial infection of the face, neck, and hands of infants. It rarely occurs in adults.

  1. Dyshidrotic Eczema

It results in raised, itchy, fluid-filled blisters on the soles of the feet and on the palms of the hands. It is caused by seasonal allergies or stress and it takes some months to disappear.

Do Bumps on Back of Arms mean Vitamin Deficiency

Vitamin D plays a vital role in the body since it helps to absorb calcium and enables healthy bone mineralization. It also plays other functions like staving off certain cancers and heart disease. It also has the ability of soothing the skin to be smooth and even free from hives and rashes.
According to MedlinePlus reports, the use of skin creams containing vitamin D can ease symptoms of keratosis pilaris. It several week for the condition to clear up completely.
According to the University of Nebraska Medical Center, eating food rich in Vitamin D help to get rid bumps on the skin or outbreak of chronic hives. Vitamin D supplementation might offer relief to people who get the itchy skin bumps.
According to the Harvard School of Public Health survey reports, about tens of millions of Americans have low blood levels of vitamin D. Part of the reason is because vitamin D is created in the body when ultraviolet sunlight hits the skin.
It is advisable to going outside in the sun for 15 minutes, three times weekly, to help the body synthesize vitamin D. This is according to Dr. Michael Holick from the vitamin D skin and bone research laboratory at Boston University.

How to Get Rid of Red Bumps on Arms

The following are ways on how to get rid of red bumps on arms:

  1. Exfoliation

Daily skin exfoliation is the only simple way on how to deal with red bumps on the back of the arm. Exfoliation helps to get rid of dead skin cells, accumulated dead skin debris around the hair follicles and even opening up of the skin pores.
This should be done on a regular basis in order a smooth feel of the skin. The expected period of improvement should be 2 weeks. This should either be done at home or by a specialist in a beauty parlor.
Skin exfoliation can either be done mechanically or by use of chemicals on the skin. In case of sensitive skin, mechanical exfoliation and use of chemical peels can cause skin irritation to some extent. The skin can also be rougher due to constant exfoliation that causes skin dehydration.

  1. Loofah or Sponge scrub

It is recommended to use a spongy scrub or loofah every time we take a bath in order to get rid of the keratosis pilaris on the affected part of the skin. You should consider using konjac sponge in case your skin is sensitive but a washcloth can also do. It is very gentle on the skin.
Avoid scrubbing the bumps at one go since it could irritate and inflame the hair follicles. Use a sponge with rougher texture in order to even out the bumps on several days. To keep the skin hydrated, apply the moisturizer.

  1. Oatmeal skin rub

You will require 2 Tbsp oatmeal crushed and 2-3 Tbsp water/milk. Oatmeal is a gentle scrubber and it does not react with the skin instead it makes it appear smooth. Obtain a mixture of either water or milk and apply on the affected area.
Massage the skin in a circular motion for some few minutes and then wash off. This makes the skin to appear messy but at the end, the skin will look smooth.
Alternative method put some oatmeal in a muslin cloth and the rub down the body while bathing. Apply a moisturizer after washing off the oatmeal residue.

  1. Olive oil skin rub


  • 2 Tbsp olive oil
  • 3 Tbsp table salt

Obtain a mixture of olive oil and table salt. The mixture forms a slight abrasive skin scrub that can help to remove red bumps on the arms. Rub the skin by massaging it for some time and then wash off.
Repeat the process on a daily basis since the salt act as an exfoliator while olive oil play a role of moisturizing the skin. Regular exfoliation is recommended for effective result.

  1. Coconut oil skin rub


  • 2 Tbsp coconut oil
  • 2 Tbsp granulated sugar/brown sugar

Coconut oil can be used in place of olive oil since it plays the same role. Obtain a semisolid paste from sugar and coconut oil which will melt down from the heat that comes from the body during rubbing. Massage the affected area in a circular motion before or after bath.
Wipe off the paste and rinse the area with normal water. The presence of anti-inflammatory properties in the coconut oil makes it ideal for sensitive skin. It can also be absorbed into the skin completely so rinsing with plain water to remove the sugar crystals should be sufficient.

  1. Baking soda and salt


  • 2 Tbsp baking soda
  • 2 tbsp table salt

Mix the two components with water to obtain a paste. Apply on keratosis pilaris affected area and leave for 5-10 minutes. Rub well and wash off. Repeat 3-4 times a week. Baking soda has a mild chemical, action while the salt provides the abrasive power.

  1. Apple cider vinegar

You might require 3-4 Tbsp apple cider vinegar. Use either a sponge or washcloth to apply directly on the affected area. Use a wet washcloth to help in diluting the apple cider vinegar and leave it to stay on the skin for some minutes like 30 minutes.
The acidity of the vinegar acts as a chemical exfoliating agent, helping to gently peel away the excess skin cells plugging the follicles. If the skin becomes too dry, use a moisturizing cream or a few drops of coconut oil.

  1. Yogurt

Apply yogurt directly on the affected part of the skin and leave the application to stay for some 30 minutes. Rinse off with gentle soap. The lactic acid in the yogurt exfoliates the skin chemically. The milk fats may moisturize the skin.

  1. Alpha Hydroxy Acids

These are organic acids such as citric acid, lactic acid, malic acid, and glycolic acid which have mild to medium exfoliating action depending on their concentration.
The use of creams that contain 10% alpha hydroxy acids can be used on the skin without causing any side effects. Massage the skin for better or effective result. Rinse off the cream after 10 minutes. People with sensitive skin should try to use lotions with 5% alpha hydroxyl acids.

  1. Vitamin A/retinol


  • 1-2 capsules of Vitamin A

Use of both Vitamin A and its derivative retinol play a vital role on the skin as far as treatment of body acne is concern. They also help in removal of keratosis pilaris too since it help in regulation of keratin production and prevention of the follicles from getting clogged with dead cells.
Vitamin A helps to ease the inflammation in case of keratosis pilaris rubra faceii. Apply the paste of vitamin A on the affected area. Use your fingertips to rub on the KP. Wash off after 10-15 minutes. Avoid going out in the sun when you are using Vitamin A or retinol. They make the skin highly photosensitive.

  1. Diet modifications

Dry skin is known to worsen the state of keratosis pilaris. Therefore, making the skin to be hydrated from inside with plenty of fresh vegetables and fruit can be beneficial. Drink plenty of water. Oily fish, nuts and other foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids may be of help too.
According to the recent research, Keratosis pilaris has a genetic factor and this factor make it hard to get rid of the red bumps on the arms. Stick to a regular gentle exfoliating routine and keeping the skin moisturized at all times can definitely keep the unsightly bumps in check.

Pimple like Bumps on Buttocks: Causes of Itchy Butt Breakouts, Treatment

lemon - butt pimples remedy

Pimples on the buttocks is sometimes referred to as “butt-ne” and are skin infections usually bacteria that start deep inside the skin then progress to nearby skin cells. Build-up of inflammatory cells and oil [sebum] from the sebaceous gland causes a pimple to form. The process can involve a single follicle or several at once. So what exactly causes itchy butt breakouts? And how can butt breakouts be treated? Below is an insight:

What Causes Bumps on the Buttocks

  1. Folliculitis

This is a condition experienced when hair follicles are inflamed. It can be due to friction resulting from putting on very tight clothes or even be triggered by certain infections.
Folliculitis is mostly found on the skin surface and it manifests itself as shallow little bumps filled with pus. This condition is characterized by small red bumps or whiteheads on the affected area- [back, face, chest, scalp, buttocks and legs].
More often, folliculitis will tend to be very itchy or irritating other than being painful.  According  to webmd  when follicullitis affects the buttocks it manifest as pinpoint red bumps and each bump having a small dot of pus at the top.

  1. Sweat

Excessive sweating results to a type of acne known as pityrosporum folliculitis which is occasionally triggered by sweating especially during hot and humid climate.
In addition, overworking your body or undertaking intense body exercise can also be a reason for this kind of acne. According to  Dr. Bowe on Health.com “You should note that sweat-dirt that accumulate on your moist skin after undertaking an exercise could lead to skin irritation and pores being clogged thus resulting to acne”. He also note that butt acne breakout for this case can spread out to your inner thighs.

  1. Bacterial infections 

In situations where bacterial infection is the cause of acne, some persons will develop infected pimples that usually appear to be pus-filled, sore or lesions on the buttocks. They can also manifest themselves as white-headed zits or white bumps. The American Sexual Health Association in one of their publication notes that, “If in any way you develop clusters of pimples and sores on your buttocks, this can be an indication of bacterial infection”.
When bumps are due to bacterial infections they can sometimes grow large or big and ooze pus and they won’t heal faster. If this is the case, then you need to visit your doctor immediately, because it might be a type of staph infection known as MRSA. MRSA is always a serious infection that normally eats away the skin leaving behind severe scars and depressions.

  1. Hormonal imbalance in the body

In women butt acne may be due to hormonal changes they experience during pregnancy, after giving birth and before periods or during menstruation.
During these this stages, the hormonal changes and imbalances can trigger excess production of oil that may influence the dead skin cells to be sticky.  This could lead to pores being clogged leading breakouts on any parts of the body.
Also in teenagers during puberty stage, there are a lot of hormonal changes in the body hence resulting to acne breakouts to any part of the body including buttocks.

  1. Shaving and waxing

If you Shave your buttocks or wax them you are potentially likely to get razor bumps on your buttocks. These may appear as red raised bumps that later turn into white pimples on the buttocks.
Shaving and waxing can result to ingrown hairs-(hairs that curl back into the skin instead of growing out) which may erupt into pimple-like bumps on the buttocks. The pimples like bumps also cause irritation within the skin.

  1. Sitting or cycling for long

Sitting for long results to too much pressure on the butt cheeks, this reduces the circulation of air on the skin a factor that encourages multiplication of anaerobic bacteria which in turn cause pimples on buttocks.
Cycling for long results to excessive sweating of the body including buttocks, sweat dirt clog the pores of the butt skin, resulting to irritation and hence rashes begin to form on the buttock cheeks.

  1. Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is known to cause some skin disorders and complications. Pimples present on the buttocks and other parts of the body such as legs, face and inner thighs could be a result of diabetes.
According to Dr. Cynthia Baily, a Dermatologist based in California, “Individuals that have diabetes are more susceptible to skin problems such as diabetic rash, sore and blisters. They also tend to be more prone to bacterial skin infections such as zits, boils, bumps on the buttocks, nail infections among others.”
She also note that diabetes results to dry skin, a factor that lead to inflammation, scratching and formation of red bumps on the buttocks.

Are bumps on the buttock a sign of std

According to Physicians Research Network, many sexually transmitted diseases have a correlation with bumps on your buttocks and bikini areas. Many researches have proved that a HIV positive patient is highly likely to develop swollen folliculitis papules as well as itchy red papules on their skin.
Herpes is another STDs that is known to cause bumps on the buttocks. These bumps, boils or blisters on buttocks may crust over to form scabs. Normally these scabs can easily be confused with pimple scabs that are sometimes present in the genital area. Herpes is caused by herpes simplex 1 or 2 [ HSV-1 and HSV-2] virus.
However, it is important to note that presence of pimples on the buttocks does not necessarily mean that one is suffering from HIV. Many other STDs such as gonorrhea, syphilis and candidiasis can result to pimples on the buttocks.

How to get rid of Bumps on the Buttocks

Consider the following remedies:
Antiviral medications are used to manage and ease genital bumps from herpes and HIV. These are used most commonly when the affected person is suffering from a primary HSV attacks. Aciclovir is one of the most commonly prescribed medications for treating genital herpes.

  • Aciclovir slows down the multiplication effect of the virus.
  • Other medications used to treat genital herpes include famciclovir and valaciclovir.
  • If you have sores on the buttocks from a herpes infection, apply petroleum jelly such as Vaseline to prevent dry scabs and bleeding.

Coconut oil is infused with antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal ingredients to get rid of stubborn acne. The painful zits and pimple on the buttock if left unattended to could lead to fungal infections. However, coconut oil is very effective in getting rid of them.

  • Apply coconut oil on the affected area and rub gently for 10 minutes.
  • Repeat this process twice a day for 1 week, to get rid of stubborn bumps on the buttocks

Apple cider vinegar is enriched with vitamin C and other anti-bacterial properties, this makes it effective to get rid of bumps on the buttocks.

  • You can apply evenly all over your buttocks using cotton ball.
  • Wash it off after 60 minutes with cold water.
  • Do not pop or scratch your acne pimple or zits on buttocks for this can aggravate the problem. Let the acne soak, Vitamin C and this will help in unclogging the pores.

The anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties loaded in turmeric powder works effectively to get rid of itching, painful acne and pimples on buttocks. Lemon juice contains Vitamin C which will help revitalize the skin and unclog the pores.

Make a thick paste of the turmeric powder, lemon juice and a bit of water to intensify the mixture.

  • Apply it evenly on your buttocks and rub consistently and gently for 10 minutes.
  • Rinse it off with distilled water.
  • Repeat this process twice a day for 2 weeks for effective results.

Natural honey is an excellent cure to many skin problems including butt pimples. Honey contains anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties that help to fight bacterial causing acne. Also, its medicinal properties help to cure wounds. Hence, it is an effective remedy to cure butt pimples.
Baking soda is one of the best effective remedy for butt acne and pimples.

  • Prepare a thick paste out of the baking soda and water.
  • Keep this paste on the pimple and lie down on your belly.
  • Leave it to sit for 10 to 15 minutes and then rinse it off.
  • Repeat this process twice a day for 1 week to get rid of bumps on your buttocks.

Application of acidic lemon juice (citric acid) kills the bacterial infestation in your butt acne. Once you apply the lemon juice, the thick oil from your acne spontaneously discharges as pus and blood.

  • Rub lemon juice on your buttocks bumps gently for 10 minute.
  • Let it sit for 20 minutes and rinse it off with distilled water.
  • Repeat this process twice a day for one week to get rid of bumps on your buttock.

Application of ice packs also kills the germs and relieves a lot of the pain from butt zits. You have to keep applying it once in a while, but also remember to try other remedies like lemon juice or turmeric. Turmeric paste possesses amazing anti inflammation properties. You can buy turmeric ointments from local stores. Ice reduces the blood flow to the affected region and gets the swelling to cease.

  • One needs to prepare a paste of turmeric in water and apply it directly on the affected area. Mint juice can be used instead of cold water for further cooling effect.
  • Allow the paste to dry for ten minutes and let it harden.
  • Wash it and repeat it periodically before you bathe.
  • You can also apply the paste before going to bed at night and let it act for a prolonged time.
  • Expect fast action with this highly effective remedy. Just like the ice reduces swelling, lukewarm water causes the pore to expand, making it easy for the clogged dirt to eject.

You should head on to the nude beach if you live anywhere nearby or use your courtyard or sunlit verandah to bask yourself in the sun. During this basking period avoid excess exposure as it can cause sunburns.
If you are worried about acne on your buttock then garlic is the solution you should look for. It is the best natural remedy for treating acne as it works as an antibacterial and antifungal agent.

  • You need to take a clove of garlic, peel off the outer skin, paste it properly and apply it on the affected area of your buttock.
  • Rinse it off with water after 30 to 35 minutes.
  • Repeat this procedure two times a day for few days to get rid of the acne.

If you want to get rid of butt acne then you should apply this remedy. Tea tree oil is an effective remedy for curing butt acne and is easily available in the market.

  • Take a cotton ball and soak it in warm water.
  • Add 4 to 6 drops of tea tree oil on it.
  • Now rub the cotton ball gently on the acne affected area of your butt.
  • Practice this method before going off to bed as it will help the skin to absorb the oil benefits overnight.
  • Repeat this process for 1 full week, for effective results.

Aloe Vera is known as a natural soothing agent for curing acne easily. You can simply heal the butt acne with the help of aloe vera. All you need to do is:

  • Take some aloe vera and rub it on the acne affected area.
  • Let it dry out completely so that the skin absorbs all its goodness.
  • Alternatively, you can buy natural aloe vera gel and apply it on the acne after you wash it with warm water. It helps in soothing the skin, reduces inflammation and heals effectively.


  • Keeping the skin disinfected and clean is one of the best remedy one can opt for curing butt acne. Don’t forget to use antiseptic on your buttock bump before going off to sleep. When you wake up in the morning, don’t forget to wash it and keep it clean for the rest of the day. This will help in keeping the skin disinfected as well as help your immune system fight infections.


  • Neem is considered as an ancient remedy for all kinds of skin infection. The antifungal and antiseptic properties present in neem oil helps in curing butt acne. Apply it on the acne affected area 5 to 6 times a day for effective results and faster healing.

Exfoliating the skin removes dead skin cells and clears away excess oil and dirt that clogs pores, causing bacterial infection in the pores. The infections erupt into bumps on buttocks and can be very uncomfortable. Below is how exfoliate your butt to get rid of bumps faster.

  • Take a long hot shower.
  • Soap up a washcloth
  • Gently scrub the skin on the buttocks to remove dead skin cells.
  • Rinse and repeat twice a week to prevent recurring bumps on your buttocks

You can also use a salicylic acid shower gel to aid the exfoliation process. When using salicylic acid avoid scrubbing too much. This can irritate the skin and cause a rash on the buttocks that can grow into larger pimples.

How to Prevent Butt Breakouts

As is always said that prevention is better than cure, below are 4 simple and effective ways of preventing butt breakouts:

  1. Avoid tight fitting clothes

Let the buttocks feel airy and breathe in loose comfortable light clothes preferably cotton or rayon. Soft silhouettes must be preferred especially during scorching summers and humid weather to avoid acne bump or acne pimple to occur.  You can also choose cotton underwear and ditch the nylon or fancy fabrics.
Also practice the following:

  • Does not stay with one dress or clothing from the time day start to the end; change it frequently to avoid sweating and clogging of pores.
  • Wearing cotton clothing is the best way to make your skin take breath.
  • Keep the affected area clean; clean it for three to four times a day.
  • Do not use cosmetics and sprays which may irritate you.
  1. Maintain hygiene

Maintaining hygiene is the best way to prevent outbreak of pimples and bumps on your buttocks. Bacteria being the main cause of pimple can be born and live on any medium. It grows fast by feeding on the sebum. Hence keeping clean and fresh helps to avoid bumps on the body.

  1. Undergarments care

What you wear matter big when it comes to skin problems. So always look for clean, neat and comfortable undergarments. Help your skin take breath by wearing the comfortable clothes rather than the tight and uneasy ones.

  1. Acne combating ingredients

Use the products that have constituents of Benzoyl-peroxide to cure the butt pimple. Also try using the salicyclic acid which is renowned to fight bacteria causing butt pimples. Salicyclic acid reduces inflammation, exfoliates the skin and there by gives you best results.

How to Stop a Cut from Bleeding: after Shaving, in Mouth, Finger

styptic pencil

In our day to day life, you may at one time experience a cut on any part of your body. This may happen either in the kitchen or in the field of work trying to cut something. When you get a cut, your body will automatically get into activities that will help in trying to stop the bleeding. However, this process may require some help so that it takes as short time as possible to stop the bleeding. When it comes on how to stop a cut from bleeding, there a number of things you should, and we are going to discuss them in this post.

How Long Does it Take to Stop a Bleeding from a Cut?

When you get a cut, it may be hurting so much which is normal but bleeding should not continue for long time as this will make you lose a lot of blood. The first thing that should come in your mind after you get a cut is how to stop it from bleeding. Is there any first aid that will help to rescue the situation?
First aid will not only stop the cut from bleeding excessively, but it will also ensure your wound is clean and in a position to heal as first as possible, through preventing any infection that may take advantage of the poor hygiene.
 Blood clotting process
When you get a cut, your body may try to stop bleeding via coagulation – a process whereby a blood clot is formed on the affected area. This is a normal mechanism, unlike the blood clotting that take place in the veins of your legs, which it gets its way to the lungs can pose a very dangerous condition.
During this complex process referred to as coagulation cascade, a certain enzyme found in the blood commonly known as thrombin allows a protein called fibrinogen to form a net-like structure that eventually hardens up and contracts.
In combination with platelets (blood component for clotting process), they may together facilitate the formation of a blood clot. This is how blood clotting process happens in order to stop bleeding from a cut biologically.
However, some medications such as aspirin can thin the blood and some health problems such as hemophilia or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) may pose a problem on the clotting process of your body. These conditions may also make it hard for body to stop bleeding automatically.

How to Stop a Cut from Bleeding

It is very important to stop bleeding as fast as you can so that you prevent yourself from losing a lot of blood. In some cases, immediately you stop bleeding, pain that originate from the cut will eventually fade away. Therefore, it is very important to know numerous processes that may help you on how to stop a cut from bleeding. The steps you have to take after you get a cut may depend on the following factors:

  • How big the cut is – if the cut is big, this means that bleeding will be high and therefore more cautious measures should be taken.
  • How deep the cut is – if the cut is dip, this means it damaged the inner vessels of the body and therefore bleeding will be high, and more special treatment is required
  • Area of the body on which you got a cut – there are some areas on the blood that have fewer vessels and therefore bleeding is not much, while other areas of the body like muscles have numerous blood vessels hence more caution should be observed
  • Environmental factors – it is said in hot humid areas, blood flow is high and therefore bleeding may be high as compared to cold areas where blood clotting process is very fast.

How to stop a small cut from bleeding

Step 1: wash the area with tap water
If you happen to cut your finger while you were slicing tomatoes or cut yourself while you were shaving, you first have to wash the wound immediately to prevent germs from infecting it.
Step 2: apply pressure on the wound
You may then use a paper towel, tissue or gauze to apply pressure directly to the wound so that you can stop the bleeding. This is because pressure applied on the wound will help to slow blood flow, which enable the body form a blood clot very easily. While you do this, the bleeding will stop or slow down significantly.
Step 3: clean the wound
If the bleeding has stopped, you may then run some warm water over the area of the wound with antiseptic soap to ensure that it is clean. Some sources advise not to wash the wound itself.
Step 4: apply medication on the wound
After that you may apply antibiotic cream to ensure no bacteria will take advantage of the wound to cause infection.
Step 5: cover the wound
After ensuring the wound is clean and dis-infected, you should cover it with a band aid or gauze and then apply a tape. Make sure you change this daily and keep the area as clean as [possible daily. This helps to protect the cut from outside germs and re-opening.

How to stop a big cut from bleeding

Step 1: apply direct pressure on the wound
In case you have a larger cut, the process of stopping it from bleeding is slightly different. For big cuts, the process of stopping the bleeding should be fast enough so that the patient does not lose a lot of blood in a short period of time. In this case, it is recommended that you apply a direct, focused pressure on the site of the wound for about 10 minutes so that the bleeding can stop. It may take several minutes before a stable clot is formed on the wound to stop bleeding. Therefore, direct pressure applied on the wound will prevent increased loss of blood in the meantime.
Step 2: Wash the area of the wound
Once the bleeding has stopped you may wash the wound by use of tap water and antiseptic soap to ensure it is clean (while doing this make sure your hands are clean),
Step 3: apply an antibiotic
Then apply an antibiotic cream to prevent any infections and the bandage to cover the wound.
In both scenario, it is also recommended that the patient get a tetanus shot in case he/she haven’t had one before in a span of five years back and the wound is dirty and deep. Some parts of the body may bleed more than others as we stated above, therefore you should not panic if you see more blood is these areas. These may include the shin and other areas will a lot of blood vessels such as the muscles.

How to Stop a cut from bleeding Home Remedies

While at home, there at numerous treatments you may use to treat a cut. You do not necessarily need to have an intervention of over the counter medication. Some of the home remedies that may help to stop a cut from bleeding include the following:

  1. Coffee grounds

In case you tried a simple first aid and it did not offer any help while trying to stop bleeding, you may try coffee grounds. The leftover coffee grounds can provide excellent results when it comes to stopping bleeding from a minor cut. In case you do not have coffee grounds at hand, you may as well use dry instant coffee.
You just need to sprinkle some coffee grounds evenly over the wound and let it stay there for 5 to 10 minutes, then brush it off with your clean hand. Use this three times a day if the wound won’t stop bleeding. You should keep your wound dry while using coffee grounds.

  1. Cayenne pepper

Though applying this home remedy on your bleeding wound may sound like an awfully painful act, it is not as you may think. Cayenne pepper is a home remedy that has been used for long time when it comes to stopping a bleeding cut in less than one minute. It contains an active ingredient referred to as capsaicin that helps in blocking pain signals to the brains to reduce pain.
This home remedy is very effective when it comes to treating dry mouth as well, reducing migraine pain and getting rid of laryngitis. You just need to apply cayenne pepper on the cut and let it stay there for around 5 minutes, before brushing it off.
If there is need, you may apply cayenne pepper and then cover the wound with a bandage to prevent germs from the outside and promote faster healing. Cayenne paper can stop bleeding from minor cuts within a period of 10 seconds. You may need to repeat the use of the remedy at least twice a day in case the bleeding won’t stop.

  1. Raw honey

This a home remedy used for treating numerous conditions at home. In this case, natural honey is considered as a natural antibiotic. When natural honey is applied on a bleeding would, it produces hydrogen peroxide that helps in disinfecting the wound and promoting faster healing of the skin.
You just have to cover the bleeding cut with honey. Smear the wound generously with honey before covering it with a bandage if needed. Natural honey may as well help when it comes to killing bacteria on open wounds. Do this at least twice a day.

  1. Ground black pepper

This is considered as a natural antibacterial agent that can encourage blood to coagulate quickly so that bleeding may stop in small and medium sized cuts and wounds. Ground black pepper may also be used to promote faster healing of the wounds and may prevent scarring as well.
You just have to sprinkle black ground pepper generously on the cut, and apply pressure on the wound using a bandage or clean fingers until bleeding stops. The bleeding will stop within one minute, and cover the area with a bandage overnight before changing the dressing the next day.

  1. Styptic pencil/alum

This may also be used to stop bleeding from minor cuts. Alum is a common agent used when it comes to sealing cuts that result from wet shaving and it may treat canker sores. Alum is said to be aluminum sulfate that contains astringent properties. Therefore, it can constrict blood capillaries and stop bleeding in a short time as possible.
You just need to rub alum block or styptic pencil over the cut or wound. Then, wait for a few seconds and reapply if there is need. This home remedy can stop bleeding from wounds in a short time and facilitate quick healing.

  1. Vaseline

Though this remedy will not speed up the coagulation of blood in any case, however, it creates a protective seal on the wound that will prevent it from further bleeding and may as well protect the cut from infections. This will then give the blood sufficient time to form a clot on the cut naturally and seal the wound.
In this case, scoop some Vaseline and apply it directly on the cut. This will prevent the flow of blood and help to stop bleeding instantly.

  1. other home remedies that may help

Some other home remedies that may prevent bleeding after they are applied on the wound may include the following:

  • Turmeric powder mixed with little amount of water to form a paste
  • Calendula tincture
  • Aloe Vera gel

How to Stop Bleeding in Mouth

Most of the cuts in the mouth are caused by accidentally biting yourself while enjoying that favorite meal or injuring yourself while brushing. You may as well hit yourself on something on the areas around the mouth and cheeks and develop a wound in the mouth in that process. There are numerous steps you can follow when it comes to stopping mouth wounds from bleeding. If emergency care is not needed, the following steps may help to protect the wound from excess bleeding.
Before you try to stop bleeding in mouth, Wash your hands effectively with water and soap.

  1. Inner lip bleeding

Press the bleeding site against the teeth or jaw or place a rolled or folded piece of gauze between the lip and gum. One bleeding from inside the lip has stopped, do not pull it out again to look at it. You should avoid laughing or yawning uncontrollably as it may make the bleeding to begin again.

  1. Tongue bleeding

Squeeze the bleeding area with gauze or a piece of clean cloth for some period of time until bleeding stops. Meanwhile you should not try to suck your tongue as this may increase the bleeding.

  1. Inner cheek bleeding

In this case, place a rolled gauze or a clean piece of clothe between the wound and the teeth. After that you may apply pressure from the outside of the cheek on the affected area so that you may reduce the bleeding.
Note: In case you had a tooth extraction, you will need to follow the instructions of your dentist. If no instruction was given, place a ball of gauze in the area where the tooth was extracted and let it stay there until bleeding will stop. If pressure does not control the bleeding you may try biting a moistened tea bag for some few minutes. While you practice all these, you should avoid spitting, using tobacco products, and sucking anything, they may make bleeding to become worse.
Mild bleeding usually stops without any intervention, or may slow after a slight pressure is applied on the wound. In case of a skin flap, return it into its normal position as it may help to stop bleeding. If possible, help the flap to remain in its position with the help of a clean cloth or gauze.

How to stop a Shaving Cut from Bleeding

A cut while shaving may be caused by a bump on the skin or an ingrown hair. This is because, while your shaving master blade was sliding on a smooth skin, it got held by the bump to cause a cut. In some cases, it may just be due to shaving too fast. However, shaving cuts are normal and no one would want to walk around with open wounds. There are numerous ways you may use to stop a shaving cut from oozing more blood and it is important to know them.

  • You may hold a tissue paper on the wound until it stops bleeding in case you do not know much when it comes to this problem. Minor nicks have numerous ways to heal them. Best of these ways will disinfect and eventually heal the wound.
  • Other men would prefer the lip-balm method. The lip-balm facilitates cleaning the cut, halting the bleeding and healing the wound quickly

Shave –Cut Healing Regimen

  • Press a warm towel against the affected area for about 30 seconds until the bleeding stops or slow down. Warm water may help to clean the wound and reduce blood loss.
  • Apply a witch hazel based tonner on the wound or alcohol free solution to disinfect the cut.

How to Stop a Bleeding Finger Cut

If you cut your finger while cooking, you may just use the same process we talked about while looking at minor cut injuries above. Finger injuries are common and they usually do not require any emergency treatment. However, if the cut is too deep, or the sharp object has stuck in the skin, the bleeding is too much that you cannot control, you may seek the help of your medical provider.
More references

  1. How to stop bleeding from skin wound: https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/how-to-stop-bleeding-from-a-skin-wound
  2. Mouth wounds: how to stop bleeding: https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/tc/mouth-wounds-how-to-stop-bleeding-topic-overview

How to Stop a Nose Bleed Permanently: Causes, Symptoms, Prevent, Remedy

how to stop nosebleed

A nosebleed can be explained as an attack that causes bleeding from the nose. The nose is made up of a thin lining that covers a number of tiny blood vessels. These blood vessels are very close to the surface of the lining in that they can be easily damaged. In case of damage to the skin lining due to some reason, you will then experience some bleeding from the nose which is then referred to as nosebleed.
When you find out that you are having a nosebleed, or even when you blow out your nose and realize some blood can cause you some worry, and in worse case an embarrassment. However, the truth of the matter is that, this normal body phenomenon is very common especially during winter time, and it should never be confused with something serious.
There are two types of nosebleeds namely; anterior nosebleeds and posterior nosebleeds. These nosebleeds can be explained as follows:

  1. Anterior nosebleeds

Anterior nosebleeds occur when the blood vessels that are found in the front of your nose break causing blood to come out. These are the most common types of nosebleed and they usually begin with some blood suddenly coming out of one of your nostril when you are standing or sitting down.

  1. Posterior nosebleeds

These are types of bleeding that occur in the far back region of the nose. Posterior nosebleed has its roots high up and deep down in the nose, and this is the reason why blood from this type of nosebleed usually flows down back in the mouth and throat, even if the patient is standing or sitting. However, know that even blood from an anterior nosebleed can as well flow down in the back of your mouth or throat when you are lying down. For you to tell the difference between anterior and posterior nosebleed is by how the blood will flow while you are standing or sitting upright.

What Causes a Nosebleed

There are numerous things that can result to nosebleed as sources have revealed. The main job of our noses is to warm and humidify the air we breathe in. in most cases human beings don’t give attention to the activities of the nose until they are attacked by a stuffed up nose from cold, sneeze due to allergy or realize blood dripping from their nose. Nosebleed is usually very disturbing especially to people who have never experienced it before. Some of the reasons behind nosebleed are discussed below:

Causes of nosebleed

Nosebleeds are never serious but if they become very frequent or heavy they can result into serious health issues, or they can be a sign of serious conditions such as high blood pressure or a blood clotting disorder, which should be addressed by your medical provider. Some of the causes of nosebleed include the following:

  1. Broken nose

A broken nose can be a break or crack in the bone or cartilage that supports the nose. In most cases breakage in the nose is caused by trauma or injuries to the nose. Maybe you were hit by something on your nose, and since the bone that keeps the nose in position is not that much strong, this can result into breakage. Any serious injury to the nose can result into nose bleeding as the inner lining of the nose is very thing with blood vessels all over.

  1. Foreign body in the nose

A foreign object in the nose is something that is in the nose that was not supposed to be there. For instance, even a nose ring can result to an injury that will leading to nosebleed. Small kids are known to play with different kinds of objects and they may try to fit some of these objects in the nose, and maybe cause a blockage. This is very dangerous as such kind of happening may call for a surgery to remove the object. Even when you have stuffed up nose, trying to blow it may cause a breakage of the blood vessel and therefore result in nosebleed.

  1. Allergic rhinitis

Also referred to as hay fever, some people have very serious response to chemicals that cause allergy. This may result to symptoms like sneezing and itchy eyes. As we said early, sneezing involves exerting pressure in the nose; the nose is made up of an inner thin lining that covers numerous capillaries. This pressure may cause breakage in the nose thus leading to bleeding. Therefore, it is very important to keep off chemicals that may cause you allergic reaction more so if your body is very reactive.

  1. High blood pressure or hypertension

This is a serious condition whereby pressure applied on the blood to facilitate its movement is very high than the normal rate. In most cases this is usually caused either by blockage of some blood vessels, or thinning of some blood vessels maybe due to overweight. Increased pressure in the blood vessels is severe conditions that can even results into breaking of essential blood vessels and therefore it is a condition that should be responded to very fast before it result to serious problems.
The condition can result in fracture in the nose blood vessels nosebleed. High blood pressure is associated with few or no symptoms and therefore many people may have it without knowing.

  1. Flu or common cold

One of the major symptoms of flu is sneezing up all the time. A cold is a common viral infection that affects the upper respiratory tract that includes the nose and throat. More symptoms for this condition include runny nose, coughing, and a sore throat. Sneezing may result to breakage of the blood vessels in the nose thus causing nosebleed. This condition is usually treated by over the counter medication and it may take 5 to 7 days to heal.

  1. Low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)

Platelet is a type of blood component that facilitate clotting or stopping more bleeding. Therefore a low platelets count or thrombocytopenia as it is commonly known can range from a mild condition to severe depending on the cause. If you have low platelets count this means you’re bleeding will be longer than normal and even a small fracture that may not facilitate bleeding in normal situation may cause much bleeding to the affected person. Symptoms of this condition may include severe bleeding.

  1. Deviated septum

This is a condition in the nose where a septum (inner part of the nose) is not in a normal position it is supposed to be. This may lead to health complications such as difficulty in breathing. The condition can as well result to bleeding in severe cases. This should be addressed in your doctor’s office and treatment may include minor surgery to rectify the septum.

  1. Leukemia

This is cancer of the blood cells. It is a very serious condition that may also be associated with nosebleed as one of the many symptoms. It is a condition that requires immediate medical care.

  1. Other causes

There are many other causes that may result to nosebleed. Some are very severe while others can be treated easily. More causes of nosebleed include:

  • Christmas disease (hemophilia B) – a genetic disorder that cause blood not clot properly
  • Factor x deficiency – a condition caused by not having enough protein that is referred to as factor x in the blood
  • Ear barotrauma/ airplane ear – is a condition that results in ear discomfort when one experiences changes in pressure caused by altitude changes

At the end of this post, we shall give some of the sources that will provide you with more information on nosebleed causes.

How to Stop a Nosebleed Permanently

Most nosebleeds can easily be stopped at home. However, if you find it hard to stop the condition or it stops and come back after a short time with large amount of blood, consult your doctor. A chronic or persistent nosebleed are usually stopped by the use of a heating instrument or a chemical swab, or in other cases through application of a topical medicine known as thrombin that facilitate local clotting of the blood. Your doctor may use nasal packs to stop nosebleeds when other conservative measures fail to work.
You are not supposed to take aspirin or any other blood thinning agents when having a nosebleed as this may worsen the situation. Instead, you should seek more advice from your doctor if these drugs were prescribed earlier.
How to stop nosebleed

  1. First aid for stopping nosebleed

If you develop a nosebleed, you should immediately sit down and bend forward. Sitting is much better than lying down, because if you keep the head above the level of your heart, it will help in reducing the bleeding. Bending forward is very important because it enables the blood to drain out through the nose rather than flowing down in the throat.
You can then hold the soft part of your nose together until the bleeding goes down completely. This whole process may take around 5 to 10 minutes depending on your ability for blood to clot. Also, when you place an ice pack on the bridge of the nose, it may help to stop the bleeding immediately.
How to stop a common nosebleed
A common nosebleed can be handled without necessarily involving treatment from your doctor, so long as you follow first aid steps bit by bit. The following are some of the basic steps you can follow on how to stop nosebleed at home.
Step 1
Bend forward slightly with your head tilting forward. This is because when you lean on your back or when you tilt back your head you will allow the blood to flow back into the throat, which may cause gagging or inhaling the blood.
Step 2
In case any blood dripped in your throat or back mouth, spit it out immediately.  This is because it may result in nausea which may eventually cause throwing up, or in severe cases diarrhea if it is swallowed.
Step 3
In a gentle manner, blow out any blood clots out of your nose. The bleeding may increase a little bit when you do this but it very important.
Step 4
Hold together the soft part of your nose with your index fingers, and then press it towards the face. Do these as you breathe through your mouth. Hold your nose in this way at least for five minutes. Repeat it as much as possible to make sure that bleeding has stopped.
Step 5
Stay calm as you keep your head higher than the level of your heart to avoid more bleeding. Avoid lying flat or putting your head between your legs. This may make the condition worse.
Step 6
Apply an ice pack on your forehead or on the bridge of your nose and on the cheeks afterwards. This will help to numb the nose and therefore allow faster clotting.
There are numerous nasal sprays that may be prescribed by a chemist or your medical provider that also be helpful while you carry out your care. They may offer short-term help when it comes to a congestion and minor bleeding in case you do not have high blood pressure. However, you medical provider may advise on how to use the sprays so that they may not cause more problems.
You may as well stuff some cotton or tissue in your nose while you wait for the condition to restore.
How to stop nosebleed completely

  • When you are attacked by a nosebleed rest with your head elevated at 30 to 45 degrees even when you are not busy.
  • Avoid blowing your nose or putting anything into it if can easily nosebleed. If you have to sneeze, make sure you open your mouth to make sure not much pressure is applied in your nose
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements. You may use a stool softener
  • Avoid straining or lifting heavy loads at all times
  • Try to keep your head higher than the level of your heart
  • Avoid smoking
  • Observe your diet to make sure you eat more of soft, cool foods and beverages. Keep off hot liquids for at least 24 hours

You may repeat the steps we have outlined above in case you are suffering from frequent nosebleed. If the condition is much worse you have to consult your doctor very urgently or visit an emergency room.

What to do after a Nosebleed

There are numerous things you should do immediately you have finished nose bleeding. These things may prevent further nosebleed. While you are at your home, you may try to follow some of the things that we are going to discuss below. To prevent another nosebleed:

  1. Keep your nose moist

You may put some small amount of petroleum jelly in the nostrils to keep the area moist. You can as well use a saline nasal spray. You are not supposed to put anything else in your nose not unless it is an advice from your doctor. Avoid using oil-based lubricants if you use oxygen therapy as they may be flammable.

  1. Use a cool mist humidifier

A mist humidifier is very useful when it comes to improving the air moisture content around your house. This will help your nose to stay moist.

  1. Avoid picking or blowing your nose after a nosebleed

You may take at least a week without practicing these activities to allow the broken lining to heal. If you pick your nose you may damage it and cause another bleeding. Avoid bending over or doing strenuous activities as it may cause another bleeding.

  1. Avoid tobacco

You should keep off from irritants such as tobacco and other chemical sprays that may cause sneezing and other complications.

  1. Follow your healthcare’s direction

Make sure you keep up with every prescription and advice from your doctor to avoid more issues with your nostrils.

How to Prevent Nosebleeds

The following are some of the preventive measures that you should put on your fingertips in case you are a common patient of nosebleed:

  • Make sure a humidifier is at your home to increase the air moisture in your surrounding
  • Apply ointments such as Vaseline in your nose to moisturize them
  • Avoid any activities that may result in injuries to your nostrils lining such as forceful blowing
  • Keep off cold and allergic medications or any other thing that may cause you to develop an allergy
  • Stop smoking as it dries up your nostrils in the inside
  • Discuss your medications with your medical provider
  • Spray Afrin into the nose
  • Blow any clots out of your nose

More references

  1. How to stop a nosebleed fast: http://www.health.com/mind-body/how-to-stop-a-nosebleed-fast
  2. What causes nosebleed: https://www.healthline.com/symptom/nosebleed
  3. Nosebleed ( epistaxis): https://www.medicinenet.com/nosebleed/article.htm

Sweet Smelling Urine: Fruity, Sudden onset, not Diabetes, Pregnancy

sweet smelling urine

Smelly or urine with strong odor may be a sign of something that is not normal, although it is not always a disease. It can be a short-term phenomenon that appears as a result of some foods, medication or drinks. Moreover, some underlying medical conditions can result to the same problem.

Sweet Smelling Urine Causes

What are the major reasons why urine smells sweet? If you realize a sweet or fruity aroma while urinating, you should get worried because it is not a normal condition. There are different reasons why this may happen and we will some of them in this discussion. The smell is usually as a result of the body expelling some chemicals into the urine. The chemicals may include bacteria, glucose, or in some cases amino acids. If it happens that you produce sweet smelling urine, which can be a reason for you to contact your medical provider immediately.

Usually, the smell of your urine may vary from being sweet to a sharp foul or stinky smell. All this depends on the chemical or waste concentration in it. Urine that is less concentrated or that of a normal healthy person does not have any smell. In most cases, sweet smelling urine is usually a sign of diabetes or uncontrolled diabetes. When excess amount of glucose or ketone is leaked in the urine it usually has a sweet smell. However, not only diabetes is the reason why you have a sweet smelling urine, but there are much more conditions that are associated with the symptom.

Other symptoms associated with sweet smell in urine

The major underlying condition for sweet smell in urine is uncontrolled diabetes. Therefore, there are other symptoms that will accompany a sweet smell in urine such as:

  • Increased thirst that is not easily quenched
  • Increased hunger due to loss of excess glucose
  • Frequent passage of urine
  • Increased perspiration
  • Loss of weight even if you eat enough
  • Weakness and tiredness
  • In case of minor wounds, they may take long to heal
  • Impaired vision in case retina is affected.

Causes of sweet smelling urine

  1. Urinary tract infection

This is a very common disease that affects the urinary system. The infection usually occurs after the bacteria have travelled up to the urethra – the tube that allows urine to flow from your bladder to the outside of the body. Women are mostly affected with this condition because of their biological structure – thus the bacteria can easily travel up to the urethra.
Sweet smelling urine is one of the major signs of UTI. The reason behind the sweet smell is because bacteria causing the infection are dispelled in the urine. Some other associated symptoms for this condition are frequent urge to pee and a burning sensation during urination.
The condition is usually diagnosed by use of urinalysis. The doctor may prescribe some pain relievers and antibiotics that may be acquired in the drug stores. They may help to bring down pain associated by the condition and finally heal the infection.

  1. Hyperglycemia and diabetes

Hyperglycemia is a condition whereby you develop increased blood sugar levels. The high blood sugar level is usually a sign of either diabetes type 1 or diabetes type 2. Diabetes is usually the major cause of sweet smelling urine that ca be confused with a smell of a pilled fruit. The reason behind the sweet smell is because the body is trying to get rid of excess sugar from the blood and therefore this glucose is disposed through the urine.

If you have not been diagnosed for diabetes, this could be the first sign that you may be suffering from the disease. Diabetes is usually diagnosed through blood test or urinalysis process. If you know that you have diabetes and realize that you produce urine that smells sweet, then you are not managing your condition.
Treatment for diabetes usually depends on the type that you are suffering from. You can monitor your blood sugar levels in a day and insulin shots may help to bring the condition under control.

  1. Diabetic ketoacidosis

DKA is a severe condition that results from uncontrolled diabetes, and is commonly associated with sweet smelling urine. In most cases a person develop diabetic ketoacidosis after finding out that he/she has diabetes in late stages. The condition occurs when the body doesn’t have enough sugar and therefore has to burn available fats to produce energy.
During the fat burning process, ketones are released which build up in the blood and raise its acidic level. This may result to blood poisoning which may cause the affected person to go into a coma and death thereafter f not treated in time with insulin therapy in an emergency room.
DKA is usually common in people suffering from diabetes type 1. You doctor may test your urine or ketone testing strips may be carried out to determine if you are suffering from the condition.

  1. Foetor hepaticus

It is a condition that results in breath smelling sweet or musty. The sweet smell usually affect the breath but can as well cause urine smell. Some people refer to this smell as “breath of the dead.” Usually, foetor hepaticus is a common side effect for liver disease and portal hypertension.
Treatment for this condition may vary according to what caused it. The treatment may involve the use of drugs and even surgery.

  1. Maple syrup urine disease

The condition is also referred to as chain ketoaciduria clinically. This is a genetic disorder that rarely occurs. For the condition to occur, the patient must have inherited a mutated gene from each of her parents to develop the disease. The disease is said to stop the body from breaking down the amino acids, which are very necessary for the body to carry out its functions.
The disease is diagnosed in babies by used of urinalysis, testing of the genetics and newborn screening methods. Apart from sweet smelling urine, additional symptoms may include:

  • Poor appetite
  • Urine may as well smell like caramel or maple syrup
  • Poor growth and development

If this condition is left untreated can result in brain damage and even lead the patient into a coma. The short term treatment for this condition is the use of amino acid supplements using an intravenous line (IV). On the other hand, long term treatment may include a dietary plan which is closely monitored by a dietician.

  1. Foods, drinks and medications

Other minor causes of sweet smelling urine may include the type of medicine you took recently or food and even drinks. There are some medicines that are very strong in that they may even extend their side effect to the urine the user produce. In this case, if the medicine had a nice smell, then expect the smell of your urine to be sweet as well.
This may also happen to the food and fluids we drink.

There are some foods when we take that have an effect on the smell of urine produced. However, drinking much of water is said to dilute the concentration of the urine. Therefore in case your water intake is low, expect to feel sweet smell in urine that correspond to the type of food or drink you had last night. This is very common with some alcohols that have sweet aromas.

Sudden onset of Sweet Smelling Urine

A sudden onset of a sweet smell in urine is simply the rapid development of urine that has a sweet smell. When the sweet smell in urine is so sudden, then you have to have a look at the type of food, medication or drink you had recently. If the smell is closely related to any of them, then you have no reason to worry as the condition is very temporary.

You may just increase your water intake so as to make sure that your urine is not highly concentrated.
If the sudden onset of sweet smelling urine is associated with other additional symptoms like the ones we have discussed above, you have a reason to run to your doctor for blood test or urinalysis to determine the underlying condition for the sudden smell.

Urine Smells sweet not Diabetes

A normal healthy person, who consumes enough water in a given day, generally does not produce urine that has a strong smell of any kind. Strong smell from urine is usually an indication of something that is not usual, although it is not always a disease as we shared above.

  • We said that even some of the medications, foods, drinks we take can have an impact on your urine smell. Therefore, not only diabetes can cause sweet smelling urine but also what we take.
  • Also, we have talked about urinary tract infection. This is a common disease that can affect anyone and some of its symptoms we have shared above including a sweet smell in urine that originate from the deposits of bacteria that cause the disease in the urine.

The color, smell and the contents of your urine can produce essential information both to you and your doctor when it comes to what is going on in your body. In ancient times, having a look at the patient’s urine was the method used by physicians in determining the type of condition one was suffering from, before other tests were carried out.

Urine is a body waste product that is made up of breakdown products from food, drinks, medications, ecological impurities, cosmetics, bacteria, and by products from the metabolic process. Therefore, it produces more information about what is going own in the body. Therefore, if you are sure that you do not suffer from diabetes or any condition related to blood sugar levels issues, you may have to blame on the two things that we have given you on this topic for the sweet smelling urine.

Sweet Smelling Urine Pregnancy

Every pregnancy is different as per the symptoms related to it and the things the pregnant woman may undergo during the period. The smell of the urine is just one of the many symptoms a pregnant woman may notice while in the gestation period. Some of the changes that may occur in urine in different mothers across the board may include:

  • Change in color of the urine
  • Change in frequency of urination
  • Change in smell of the urine
  • Change in content of the urine

In this context we are going to look at the change in smell of the urine in pregnant mothers.
Change in smell in pregnancy
We have been sharing about sweet smelling urine and therefore we have to look at it when it comes to pregnant women. During pregnancy, the smell of the urine is not always sweet but to some women, they may explain it as a foul smell. Foul smell in pregnant women is not something to worry about as this is because, there is an increased kidneys functions and this may change the way urine smell during this period.

  • However, sweet smell in urine in pregnancy could be due to ammonia overpowering in late pregnancy, as well as dehydration. This is why it is advised to take enough water during this period. To add on that, pregnant women at all stages are more prone to urinary tract infections which we said is one of the causes of smelly urine.
  • Sweet smelling urine in pregnancy can also be caused by a condition known as gestational diabetes. This condition usually happens in pregnancy when the body suddenly undergoes surges in glucose levels. The increased sugar levels in the blood may be released through urine thereby making it to produce a sweet smell. Gestational diabetes usually disappears after delivery.

What to do when Urine Smells like Sugar Puffs

Although the underlying conditions for sweet smelling urine differ, diagnosis may just include urinalysis and blood sugar test, though examination may involve ascertaining some of the symptoms the patient states out. The doctor however may have several ideas in the mind regarding the cause of sweet smell; the tests may reveal the actual condition.
You can also carry out a urine test on your own. For example, urine test strips used for diagnosing ketoacidosis as sold in drug stores in the market. In case you suspect UTI to be the culprit for your condition, medication for the condition can be acquired over the counter – though have the condition tested first to be sure.

Treatments for sweet smelling urine

Treatments available for sweet smell in urine majorly depend on the underlying condition causing the symptom. There are some simple treatments that include drinking enough water in case the smell is caused by the over-concentration of your urine.

  1. Treatment for UTI and foetor hepaticus

In case you are suffering from urinary tract infection, your medical provider may advise on the use of antibiotics and other prescription medications such as pain relievers to speed up the healing process. Also breath of the dead is treated by the use of such medications.
Additionally, some sources say that drinking much water frequently may help to flash out bacteria causing UTI. This because more water increase urination frequency, and the more the urination, the more the bacteria is disposed through urine.

  1. Treatment for diabetes

Diabetes on the other hand can be controlled but cannot be treated. There are numerous modern medications that are used to control diabetes. In this case you doctor can help you monitor the level of your blood sugar and advice on the best medication to use at that specific level.
Insulin therapy is the best and common treatment used to control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes
Alternatively, you may follow some of the following home remedies while dealing with blood sugar control:

  • Use of java palm fruit (syzygium jambolium) – this is a fruit that is purple in color, which is very popular for its excellent work in controlling blood sugar levels. You just have to extract the fruit juice from the pulp and consume it regularly. Alternatively you can crush dried seeds of the fruit to affine powder, which is then mixed with water and taken once daily.
  • Use of fenugreek – this ca as well helps in controlling blood sugar. You just need to soak around 15 seeds of this remedy in water overnight and consume them in the morning.
  • Use of bitter gourd juice – the juice is said to contain insulin properties. Therefore, drinking the juice regularly helps in dealing with diabetes by controlling the sugar levels effectively.
  • Following diabetic diet regularly. This involve, eating meals with less sugar and more proteins to control calories. It is advised to eat a small meal six times a day than large meals 3 times a day.
  • Eat more of vegetables and salads
  • Exercise is important too
  • Stop excess fasting as it may cause ketonuria and sweet smelling urine with other more symptoms.
  • Keep away from stress and mental strain by exercising yoga regularly and meditation.
  1. Treatment for maple syrup

In this case, treatment may involve managing your diet and use of amino acid supplements treats maple syrup disease.

Prevention for sweet smelling urine

There are numerous ways you can generally use to prevent smelly urine.
To prevent UTI, do the following:

  • Urinate before and after sex
  • Wipe yourself from front to back after visiting wash rooms
  • Avoid douching and vaginal sprays
  • Read the side effects of birth controls

To prevent foetor hepaticus:

  • Avoid drinking alcohol in excess
  • Take beta-blockers

More references

  1. Sweet smelling urine: https://www.healthline.com/health/sweet-
  2. Causes of sudden onset of sweet smelling urine: http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/sym/sudden_onset_of_sweet_smelling_urine.htm