What causes bumps on fingers? Get insights on the reasons for red, itchy, painful stress bumps on your finger joints, between and under skin, home remedies and best treatment.
What Causes Bumps on Fingers
Bumps on fingers are very common and in most cases they are harmless. They can result from a number of conditions, including: an infection, an allergic reaction, skin disorder and cancer. Bumps on fingers can vary in appearance and number depending on the cause.
There are a number of skin conditions that cause bumps to appear on the surface or just below or under the skin of the fingers. Below are some of the most common causes of bumps on fingers:
Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is an itchy rash that may be red, swollen, oozing, crusty and scaly. Most people with eczema are children, and more than half of adults continue to have it through adulthood, often in the form of hand eczema, the rash Itchy, red bumps on fingers may develop.
Outbreaks may occur after exposure to chemicals or frequently using the hands, as when gardening or doing household or office work.
Protect your hands with gloves when going outside in cold weather or when you are washing dishes. Your doctor may prescribe an ointment to clear up hand eczema, though the condition may take several months to fully resolve.
Scabies are tiny mites that live on humans, and their burrows and bites can cause bumps on fingers.
- One of the first symptoms is itching, and it occurs within a few hours to a few days after infestation.
- You may notice burrows, which are small tracks between your fingers where the mites dig into the skin.
- The scabies might lay eggs or leave feces in the burrows.
- When the scabies bite, they leave very itchy, tiny red bumps.
Scabies is very contagious and will not clear up on its own. If you think you may have the condition, see your doctor for treatment. You will need to apply insecticide ointments for several days to kill the mites, and the treatment often needs to be repeated a month later.
Tiny, red bumps on fingers around your fingernails may be a symptom of a fungal skin infection. Fungal infections are common in those with diabetes or other conditions that impair the immune system.
Other signs include itching and the development of tiny blisters or scales. If you have diabetes and think you may have a yeast infection, see your doctor promptly for treatment. You may need a prescription anti-fungal medication to completely cure the infection.
Cysts are noncancerous, closed pockets of tissue that can be filled with fluid, pus, or other material and form bumps on fingers.
Cysts are common on the skin and can appear anywhere including on the fingers. They feel like large peas under the surface of the skin. Cysts can develop as a result of infection, clogging of sebaceous glands (oil glands), or around foreign bodies, such as earrings.
Skin cysts usually are:
- Smooth to the touch when they are rolled under the skin
Cysts usually do not cause pain unless they rupture or become infected or inflamed. Most cysts do not disappear on their own without treatment. Some cysts may need to be drained to relieve symptoms. That involves piercing the cyst with a scalpel and draining it. That doesn’t cure the cyst, however.
Some inflamed cysts can be treated with an injection of cortisone medication to cause it to shrink. Cysts that do not respond to other treatments or reoccur can be removed surgically if they cause troublesome symptoms.
Dermatofibromas are harmless round, red-brownish bumps that are most commonly found on the arms and legs and fingers. Dermatofibromas contains scar tissue and feel like hard lumps in the skin.
The symptoms of dermatofibromas include:
- A red, brown, or purple growth that can change colors over time
- A growth that is as small as a BB pellet
- Tenderness, pain, and itcning ; however, growths also can be painless
- A dimple that appears when the growth is pinched
In most cases, there is no need to treat dermatofibromas. However, the growths can be removed surgically or can be flattened by being frozen with liquid nitrogen.
Epidermoid cysts, also called sebaceous cysts, are benign (non-cancerous) skin cysts formed by an out pouching from the hair follicle. Most commonly, epidermoid cysts are found on the genitals, chest, and back; but, they also can occur in other areas of the skin.
In general, epidermoid cysts have a round appearance. A dark portion of the cyst is visible on the skin. If the cysts become infected, they will become red and tender. When the cysts are squeezed, they can produce a cheesy white discharge.
The effective treatment of epidermoid cysts requires that the sac of the cyst be completely removed. If the cyst is squeezed and the discharge is forced out without removing the sac, the cyst will return.
Usually, a doctor will be able to remove the cyst by making only a small incision in the skin. Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat infected cysts
Red Bumps on Finger Joints Causes
Our finger is one of our greatest tools. Their multiple small joints on them work together with muscles to produce precise motions and strength. They allow us to button a shirt, open a jar, wave to a neighbor, stroke a pet’s fur or provide a comforting touch.
But hands also can be prone to arthritis and related problems and, in some cases, provide clues to what’s happening elsewhere in our body. Many conditions can cause bumps on fingers; some are completely harmless, while others are serious and require medical care.
If there’s no obvious cause for the bumps, such as a bug bite or injury, or if the bumps don’t go away, see your physician to find out what is causing them.
The most common causes include the following:
Granuloma annul is a disorder that causes bumps or ring-shaped lesions on your skin, especially your hands, feet, elbows or knees. The bumps are red, purple, skin-colored or pearly white, and they sometimes itch.
Most granuloma annul are bumps disappear on their own after a few months. No one knows what causes granuloma annulare, and treatment isn’t necessary unless you have a very severe case that causes cosmetic issues. If this is the case, your dermatologist will treat you with steroids or other medications or with ultraviolet light.
Dermatomyositis is a muscle disease that causes chronic red bumps on finger joints and muscle inflammation and weakness. A skin rash is the signature sign of this disease; the rash usually appears before the muscle symptoms.
The rash is purple or red and most often appears on your knuckles, eyelids, knees or toes, although it can appear on your back, face neck, chest or upper shoulders. Light will often make your rash or muscle symptoms worse.
There is no cure for dermatomyositis, but you have treatment options including corticosteroid drugs, heat therapy, physical therapy, assistive devices and rest the treatment ,your physician chooses for you depend on the type and severity of your symptoms.
Rheumatoid arthritis, or RA, is an autoimmune disorder that causes your body’s immune system to attack the lining of your joints and cause red bumps on finger joints. RA is twice as common in women as in men, and usually strikes between the ages of 40 and 60, although it can occur at any age.
Doctors don’t know what causes the disease, but your genes may make you more susceptible to it. Rheumatoid arthritis often causes whole-body symptoms like fever and fatigue, but most of the damage rheumatoid arthritis causes is in your joints, especially your hands and feet.
Rheumatoid arthritis destroys cartilage and bone in your joints and loosens the tendons that hold the bones together. If you have Rheumatoid arthritis there is about a 25 percent chance that you will develop rheumatoid nodules — pink or reddish bumps on or next to your affected joints that are firm, moveable and not painful.
Doctors don’t know what causes these bumps, but they often indicate a more severe case of RA that requires more aggressive treatment.
Lichen planus is an inflammatory disease that causes a rash of purplish-red flat-topped bumps that are often very itchy. The rash appears on the skin, including the fingers, but especially the wrists and ankles.
Most dermatologists consider lichen planus an autoimmune disease; it is not contagious. You can also get lichen planus in your mouth or develop ridges on your fingernails.
Your dermatologist will tell you if you have lichen planus and prescribe a treatment such as topical corticosteroid cream, anti-inflammatory medication or ultraviolet light treatment, depending on the severity of your symptoms.
Gout is a type of arthritis that is caused by too much uric acid in your blood. You can have excess uric acid for years before you have any symptoms; eventually the uric acid forms crystals in your joints and causes an acute attack.
Acute attacks of gout affect the joints of your big toe, hands, feet, knees, wrists or ankles. Attacks are extremely painful, and your affected joints swell and turn red bumps on finger joint. Tophi are nodular masses of monosodium urate crystals, caused by years of chronic gout.
Such bumps are most likely to appear on your finger joints, wrist, hand, elbow or Achilles tendon. Tophi cause complications such as pain, nerve compression such as carpal tunnel syndrome, deformity and damage to your soft tissue or joints. If you have tophi, your doctor will probably prescribe medicine to lower your uric acid level.
Can you get Stress Bumps on fingers
Stress bumps on fingers are due to histamine release and are also known as urticaria.Stress affects most people in some way. Acute (sudden, short-term) stress leads to rapid changes throughout the body.
Almost all body systems (the heart and blood vessels, immune system, lungs, digestive system, sensory organs, and brain) gear up to meet perceived danger. These stress responses could prove beneficial in a critical, life-or-death situation. O
ver time, however, repeated stressful situations put a strain on the body that may contribute to physical and psychological problems. Chronic (long-term) stress can have real health consequences and should be addressed like any other health concern. Fortunately, research is showing that lifestyle changes and stress-reduction techniques can help people learn.
Ways to Ease the Effects of Stress Bumps on fingers
You probably can’t avoid stress completely, but you can try ways to handle it better. Try these approaches:
- Don’t neglect your skin. Take care of it, even if you’re tired or stressed.
- Get regular exercise. It’s good for your skin and the rest of your body.
- Take time for yourself to do something you enjoy, even if you only have 10 minutes. Take a bath or read a book.
- Take a walk around the block.
- Practice stress management stress techniques, such as breathing exercise, meditation, or visual imagery.
- Get enough sleep. Seven to eight hours each night is ideal.
- Say no. It’s OK to set limits and boundaries to lower your stress.
- Talk to someone. Seek support from a friend or a professional therapist.
Red Dots on Finger under Skin not Bumps
Many people suffer from red dot on finger under skin and they look scary sometime. These are caused due to many non fatal reasons. This can usually happen due to bleeding which occurs under the skin surface. Sometimes, rupture or damage to the blood vessels can be a reason for this condition.
These blood spots can be petechiae that are tiny spots just like pinpoints and this can be due to blood vessel damage. They can also be purpura which is usually caused when the blood gets collected under the skin in a large flat area and they may also look purplish red.
This condition can be caused due to several reasons and a few of them are discussed below. You can also take a look at the causes and treatment for red blood dots that occur on the skin.
This can be caused due to several reasons and exposure to the ultra violence rays is the most common reason.
- Petechiae: The condition of red dots on skin is a clear indication of the condition of petechiae. This condition usually occurs when the blood vessels present under the skin get damaged spilling out the blood in the inner skin layers. This results in the accumulation of blood in particular skin areas. This condition is mostly observed on feet and ankles. This can also occur when the body suffers from lack of platelets as they play an important role in blood clotting process.
- Platelet Deficiency: There are several factors that lead to this condition and platelet deficiency is another reason and is medically termed as thrombocytopenia. This condition is mostly seen in people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, measles or leukemia.
- Cherry Angioma: The medical term used for this condition is cherry angioma which occurs due to clumping of dilated blood vessels. This condition mostly occurs in the top skin layers. This condition is mostly seen in elderly people and they may become severe along with the age. However, they are harmless and may not require any kind of treatment.
- Sun Exposure: Too much exposure to the ultraviolet rays can lead to this condition. It can also lead to other skin problems and hyper pigmentation. This condition looks similar to rash but is not a heat rash.
Common Causes of red blood spots under the skin.
- Injury: This is considered as the most common reason for this condition. Trauma due to an injury is also another reason for causing red blood spots. This can happen due to a harsh or forceful hit on the body damaging the blood vessels in that particular area resulting in these spots.
- Aging: This is another reason which makes the skin more sensitive further causing this condition. This is caused as the fat present under the skin reduces making the skin extremely prone to internal bleeding and damage.
- Medical Treatment: Certain medicines can result in internal bleeding further leading to red blood spots. Steroids, blood thinners and aspirin can cause this condition.
- Infections: Viral infections can result in blood clotting and this can eventually lead to this condition.
- Leukemia: Unexplained purpura and blood clotting can be related to the condition of leukemia. Chemotherapy and radiation used for this condition can cause red blood spots.
- Thrombocytopenia: This condition occurs in people suffering from low platelet count. This can result in poor blood clotting system as they play a major role in blood clotting further resulting in internal bleeding and this condition
- Septicemia: This condition is considered as a very serious issue and occurs due to the presence of bacteria. Septicemia also affects central nervous system, abdomen, lungs, heart, bones and urinary tract. This condition can also show symptoms like red blood spots, chills and fever.
- Malnutrition: Lack of certain essential vitamins like Folic acid, iron, vitamin B12, K etc. can be the reason behind this condition.
- Blood Disorder: Hemophilia and Von Will brand blood disorders can cause this condition. These blood disorders can be caused due to family history as well and require immediate medical attention.
- Autoimmune Disorders: These disorders affect the immune system weakening it and destroying the healthy tissues in the body. The damaged blood vessels can cause red blood spots.
It is very important for a person suffering from red dot on finger under the skin to seek medical attention as early as possible.
- The condition of red blood dots on skin can be treated according to the underlying cause of this condition.
- Usage of sunscreen lotions before stepping out the house can help you overcome this condition.
- The condition of petechiae requires immediate medical attention and cherry angioma can be treated with the help of cryotherapy.
- Application of liquid nitrogen will also be of great help in overcoming this condition.
What about Painful Red Bumps on Fingers
There are several conditions associated with painful red bumps on fingers. At times, these may be itchy and unbearable. Bellows are some symptom that helps provide a better understanding of causes and treatment of these related conditions.
- Drug allergy
A drug allergy is an allergic reaction to a medication and can cause a rapid heartbeat and difficulty breathing.
- Broken or fracture fingers
Broken, or fractured, fingers are among the most common injuries and can cause pain, swelling and bruising.
- Multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the nervous system causing difficulties with balance, speech, and movement.
Paronychia is a skin infection that causes pain and swelling around the fingernail or toenail.
- Allergic reaction
Allergic reaction causes sneezing, runny nose and hives and can lead to anaphylaxis, a whole body reaction.