How to Stop a Nose Bleed Permanently: Causes, Symptoms, Prevent, Remedy

how to stop nosebleed

A nosebleed can be explained as an attack that causes bleeding from the nose. The nose is made up of a thin lining that covers a number of tiny blood vessels. These blood vessels are very close to the surface of the lining in that they can be easily damaged. In case of damage to the skin lining due to some reason, you will then experience some bleeding from the nose which is then referred to as nosebleed.
When you find out that you are having a nosebleed, or even when you blow out your nose and realize some blood can cause you some worry, and in worse case an embarrassment. However, the truth of the matter is that, this normal body phenomenon is very common especially during winter time, and it should never be confused with something serious.
There are two types of nosebleeds namely; anterior nosebleeds and posterior nosebleeds. These nosebleeds can be explained as follows:

  1. Anterior nosebleeds

Anterior nosebleeds occur when the blood vessels that are found in the front of your nose break causing blood to come out. These are the most common types of nosebleed and they usually begin with some blood suddenly coming out of one of your nostril when you are standing or sitting down.

  1. Posterior nosebleeds

These are types of bleeding that occur in the far back region of the nose. Posterior nosebleed has its roots high up and deep down in the nose, and this is the reason why blood from this type of nosebleed usually flows down back in the mouth and throat, even if the patient is standing or sitting. However, know that even blood from an anterior nosebleed can as well flow down in the back of your mouth or throat when you are lying down. For you to tell the difference between anterior and posterior nosebleed is by how the blood will flow while you are standing or sitting upright.

What Causes a Nosebleed

There are numerous things that can result to nosebleed as sources have revealed. The main job of our noses is to warm and humidify the air we breathe in. in most cases human beings don’t give attention to the activities of the nose until they are attacked by a stuffed up nose from cold, sneeze due to allergy or realize blood dripping from their nose. Nosebleed is usually very disturbing especially to people who have never experienced it before. Some of the reasons behind nosebleed are discussed below:

Causes of nosebleed

Nosebleeds are never serious but if they become very frequent or heavy they can result into serious health issues, or they can be a sign of serious conditions such as high blood pressure or a blood clotting disorder, which should be addressed by your medical provider. Some of the causes of nosebleed include the following:

  1. Broken nose

A broken nose can be a break or crack in the bone or cartilage that supports the nose. In most cases breakage in the nose is caused by trauma or injuries to the nose. Maybe you were hit by something on your nose, and since the bone that keeps the nose in position is not that much strong, this can result into breakage. Any serious injury to the nose can result into nose bleeding as the inner lining of the nose is very thing with blood vessels all over.

  1. Foreign body in the nose

A foreign object in the nose is something that is in the nose that was not supposed to be there. For instance, even a nose ring can result to an injury that will leading to nosebleed. Small kids are known to play with different kinds of objects and they may try to fit some of these objects in the nose, and maybe cause a blockage. This is very dangerous as such kind of happening may call for a surgery to remove the object. Even when you have stuffed up nose, trying to blow it may cause a breakage of the blood vessel and therefore result in nosebleed.

  1. Allergic rhinitis

Also referred to as hay fever, some people have very serious response to chemicals that cause allergy. This may result to symptoms like sneezing and itchy eyes. As we said early, sneezing involves exerting pressure in the nose; the nose is made up of an inner thin lining that covers numerous capillaries. This pressure may cause breakage in the nose thus leading to bleeding. Therefore, it is very important to keep off chemicals that may cause you allergic reaction more so if your body is very reactive.

  1. High blood pressure or hypertension

This is a serious condition whereby pressure applied on the blood to facilitate its movement is very high than the normal rate. In most cases this is usually caused either by blockage of some blood vessels, or thinning of some blood vessels maybe due to overweight. Increased pressure in the blood vessels is severe conditions that can even results into breaking of essential blood vessels and therefore it is a condition that should be responded to very fast before it result to serious problems.
The condition can result in fracture in the nose blood vessels nosebleed. High blood pressure is associated with few or no symptoms and therefore many people may have it without knowing.

  1. Flu or common cold

One of the major symptoms of flu is sneezing up all the time. A cold is a common viral infection that affects the upper respiratory tract that includes the nose and throat. More symptoms for this condition include runny nose, coughing, and a sore throat. Sneezing may result to breakage of the blood vessels in the nose thus causing nosebleed. This condition is usually treated by over the counter medication and it may take 5 to 7 days to heal.

  1. Low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)

Platelet is a type of blood component that facilitate clotting or stopping more bleeding. Therefore a low platelets count or thrombocytopenia as it is commonly known can range from a mild condition to severe depending on the cause. If you have low platelets count this means you’re bleeding will be longer than normal and even a small fracture that may not facilitate bleeding in normal situation may cause much bleeding to the affected person. Symptoms of this condition may include severe bleeding.

  1. Deviated septum

This is a condition in the nose where a septum (inner part of the nose) is not in a normal position it is supposed to be. This may lead to health complications such as difficulty in breathing. The condition can as well result to bleeding in severe cases. This should be addressed in your doctor’s office and treatment may include minor surgery to rectify the septum.

  1. Leukemia

This is cancer of the blood cells. It is a very serious condition that may also be associated with nosebleed as one of the many symptoms. It is a condition that requires immediate medical care.

  1. Other causes

There are many other causes that may result to nosebleed. Some are very severe while others can be treated easily. More causes of nosebleed include:

  • Christmas disease (hemophilia B) – a genetic disorder that cause blood not clot properly
  • Factor x deficiency – a condition caused by not having enough protein that is referred to as factor x in the blood
  • Ear barotrauma/ airplane ear – is a condition that results in ear discomfort when one experiences changes in pressure caused by altitude changes

At the end of this post, we shall give some of the sources that will provide you with more information on nosebleed causes.

How to Stop a Nosebleed Permanently

Most nosebleeds can easily be stopped at home. However, if you find it hard to stop the condition or it stops and come back after a short time with large amount of blood, consult your doctor. A chronic or persistent nosebleed are usually stopped by the use of a heating instrument or a chemical swab, or in other cases through application of a topical medicine known as thrombin that facilitate local clotting of the blood. Your doctor may use nasal packs to stop nosebleeds when other conservative measures fail to work.
You are not supposed to take aspirin or any other blood thinning agents when having a nosebleed as this may worsen the situation. Instead, you should seek more advice from your doctor if these drugs were prescribed earlier.
How to stop nosebleed

  1. First aid for stopping nosebleed

If you develop a nosebleed, you should immediately sit down and bend forward. Sitting is much better than lying down, because if you keep the head above the level of your heart, it will help in reducing the bleeding. Bending forward is very important because it enables the blood to drain out through the nose rather than flowing down in the throat.
You can then hold the soft part of your nose together until the bleeding goes down completely. This whole process may take around 5 to 10 minutes depending on your ability for blood to clot. Also, when you place an ice pack on the bridge of the nose, it may help to stop the bleeding immediately.
How to stop a common nosebleed
A common nosebleed can be handled without necessarily involving treatment from your doctor, so long as you follow first aid steps bit by bit. The following are some of the basic steps you can follow on how to stop nosebleed at home.
Step 1
Bend forward slightly with your head tilting forward. This is because when you lean on your back or when you tilt back your head you will allow the blood to flow back into the throat, which may cause gagging or inhaling the blood.
Step 2
In case any blood dripped in your throat or back mouth, spit it out immediately.  This is because it may result in nausea which may eventually cause throwing up, or in severe cases diarrhea if it is swallowed.
Step 3
In a gentle manner, blow out any blood clots out of your nose. The bleeding may increase a little bit when you do this but it very important.
Step 4
Hold together the soft part of your nose with your index fingers, and then press it towards the face. Do these as you breathe through your mouth. Hold your nose in this way at least for five minutes. Repeat it as much as possible to make sure that bleeding has stopped.
Step 5
Stay calm as you keep your head higher than the level of your heart to avoid more bleeding. Avoid lying flat or putting your head between your legs. This may make the condition worse.
Step 6
Apply an ice pack on your forehead or on the bridge of your nose and on the cheeks afterwards. This will help to numb the nose and therefore allow faster clotting.
There are numerous nasal sprays that may be prescribed by a chemist or your medical provider that also be helpful while you carry out your care. They may offer short-term help when it comes to a congestion and minor bleeding in case you do not have high blood pressure. However, you medical provider may advise on how to use the sprays so that they may not cause more problems.
You may as well stuff some cotton or tissue in your nose while you wait for the condition to restore.
How to stop nosebleed completely

  • When you are attacked by a nosebleed rest with your head elevated at 30 to 45 degrees even when you are not busy.
  • Avoid blowing your nose or putting anything into it if can easily nosebleed. If you have to sneeze, make sure you open your mouth to make sure not much pressure is applied in your nose
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements. You may use a stool softener
  • Avoid straining or lifting heavy loads at all times
  • Try to keep your head higher than the level of your heart
  • Avoid smoking
  • Observe your diet to make sure you eat more of soft, cool foods and beverages. Keep off hot liquids for at least 24 hours

You may repeat the steps we have outlined above in case you are suffering from frequent nosebleed. If the condition is much worse you have to consult your doctor very urgently or visit an emergency room.

What to do after a Nosebleed

There are numerous things you should do immediately you have finished nose bleeding. These things may prevent further nosebleed. While you are at your home, you may try to follow some of the things that we are going to discuss below. To prevent another nosebleed:

  1. Keep your nose moist

You may put some small amount of petroleum jelly in the nostrils to keep the area moist. You can as well use a saline nasal spray. You are not supposed to put anything else in your nose not unless it is an advice from your doctor. Avoid using oil-based lubricants if you use oxygen therapy as they may be flammable.

  1. Use a cool mist humidifier

A mist humidifier is very useful when it comes to improving the air moisture content around your house. This will help your nose to stay moist.

  1. Avoid picking or blowing your nose after a nosebleed

You may take at least a week without practicing these activities to allow the broken lining to heal. If you pick your nose you may damage it and cause another bleeding. Avoid bending over or doing strenuous activities as it may cause another bleeding.

  1. Avoid tobacco

You should keep off from irritants such as tobacco and other chemical sprays that may cause sneezing and other complications.

  1. Follow your healthcare’s direction

Make sure you keep up with every prescription and advice from your doctor to avoid more issues with your nostrils.

How to Prevent Nosebleeds

The following are some of the preventive measures that you should put on your fingertips in case you are a common patient of nosebleed:

  • Make sure a humidifier is at your home to increase the air moisture in your surrounding
  • Apply ointments such as Vaseline in your nose to moisturize them
  • Avoid any activities that may result in injuries to your nostrils lining such as forceful blowing
  • Keep off cold and allergic medications or any other thing that may cause you to develop an allergy
  • Stop smoking as it dries up your nostrils in the inside
  • Discuss your medications with your medical provider
  • Spray Afrin into the nose
  • Blow any clots out of your nose

More references

  1. How to stop a nosebleed fast:
  2. What causes nosebleed:
  3. Nosebleed ( epistaxis):

Sweet Smelling Urine: Fruity, Sudden onset, not Diabetes, Pregnancy

sweet smelling urine

Smelly or urine with strong odor may be a sign of something that is not normal, although it is not always a disease. It can be a short-term phenomenon that appears as a result of some foods, medication or drinks. Moreover, some underlying medical conditions can result to the same problem.

Sweet Smelling Urine Causes

What are the major reasons why urine smells sweet? If you realize a sweet or fruity aroma while urinating, you should get worried because it is not a normal condition. There are different reasons why this may happen and we will some of them in this discussion. The smell is usually as a result of the body expelling some chemicals into the urine. The chemicals may include bacteria, glucose, or in some cases amino acids. If it happens that you produce sweet smelling urine, which can be a reason for you to contact your medical provider immediately.

Usually, the smell of your urine may vary from being sweet to a sharp foul or stinky smell. All this depends on the chemical or waste concentration in it. Urine that is less concentrated or that of a normal healthy person does not have any smell. In most cases, sweet smelling urine is usually a sign of diabetes or uncontrolled diabetes. When excess amount of glucose or ketone is leaked in the urine it usually has a sweet smell. However, not only diabetes is the reason why you have a sweet smelling urine, but there are much more conditions that are associated with the symptom.

Other symptoms associated with sweet smell in urine

The major underlying condition for sweet smell in urine is uncontrolled diabetes. Therefore, there are other symptoms that will accompany a sweet smell in urine such as:

  • Increased thirst that is not easily quenched
  • Increased hunger due to loss of excess glucose
  • Frequent passage of urine
  • Increased perspiration
  • Loss of weight even if you eat enough
  • Weakness and tiredness
  • In case of minor wounds, they may take long to heal
  • Impaired vision in case retina is affected.

Causes of sweet smelling urine

  1. Urinary tract infection

This is a very common disease that affects the urinary system. The infection usually occurs after the bacteria have travelled up to the urethra – the tube that allows urine to flow from your bladder to the outside of the body. Women are mostly affected with this condition because of their biological structure – thus the bacteria can easily travel up to the urethra.
Sweet smelling urine is one of the major signs of UTI. The reason behind the sweet smell is because bacteria causing the infection are dispelled in the urine. Some other associated symptoms for this condition are frequent urge to pee and a burning sensation during urination.
The condition is usually diagnosed by use of urinalysis. The doctor may prescribe some pain relievers and antibiotics that may be acquired in the drug stores. They may help to bring down pain associated by the condition and finally heal the infection.

  1. Hyperglycemia and diabetes

Hyperglycemia is a condition whereby you develop increased blood sugar levels. The high blood sugar level is usually a sign of either diabetes type 1 or diabetes type 2. Diabetes is usually the major cause of sweet smelling urine that ca be confused with a smell of a pilled fruit. The reason behind the sweet smell is because the body is trying to get rid of excess sugar from the blood and therefore this glucose is disposed through the urine.

If you have not been diagnosed for diabetes, this could be the first sign that you may be suffering from the disease. Diabetes is usually diagnosed through blood test or urinalysis process. If you know that you have diabetes and realize that you produce urine that smells sweet, then you are not managing your condition.
Treatment for diabetes usually depends on the type that you are suffering from. You can monitor your blood sugar levels in a day and insulin shots may help to bring the condition under control.

  1. Diabetic ketoacidosis

DKA is a severe condition that results from uncontrolled diabetes, and is commonly associated with sweet smelling urine. In most cases a person develop diabetic ketoacidosis after finding out that he/she has diabetes in late stages. The condition occurs when the body doesn’t have enough sugar and therefore has to burn available fats to produce energy.
During the fat burning process, ketones are released which build up in the blood and raise its acidic level. This may result to blood poisoning which may cause the affected person to go into a coma and death thereafter f not treated in time with insulin therapy in an emergency room.
DKA is usually common in people suffering from diabetes type 1. You doctor may test your urine or ketone testing strips may be carried out to determine if you are suffering from the condition.

  1. Foetor hepaticus

It is a condition that results in breath smelling sweet or musty. The sweet smell usually affect the breath but can as well cause urine smell. Some people refer to this smell as “breath of the dead.” Usually, foetor hepaticus is a common side effect for liver disease and portal hypertension.
Treatment for this condition may vary according to what caused it. The treatment may involve the use of drugs and even surgery.

  1. Maple syrup urine disease

The condition is also referred to as chain ketoaciduria clinically. This is a genetic disorder that rarely occurs. For the condition to occur, the patient must have inherited a mutated gene from each of her parents to develop the disease. The disease is said to stop the body from breaking down the amino acids, which are very necessary for the body to carry out its functions.
The disease is diagnosed in babies by used of urinalysis, testing of the genetics and newborn screening methods. Apart from sweet smelling urine, additional symptoms may include:

  • Poor appetite
  • Urine may as well smell like caramel or maple syrup
  • Poor growth and development

If this condition is left untreated can result in brain damage and even lead the patient into a coma. The short term treatment for this condition is the use of amino acid supplements using an intravenous line (IV). On the other hand, long term treatment may include a dietary plan which is closely monitored by a dietician.

  1. Foods, drinks and medications

Other minor causes of sweet smelling urine may include the type of medicine you took recently or food and even drinks. There are some medicines that are very strong in that they may even extend their side effect to the urine the user produce. In this case, if the medicine had a nice smell, then expect the smell of your urine to be sweet as well.
This may also happen to the food and fluids we drink.

There are some foods when we take that have an effect on the smell of urine produced. However, drinking much of water is said to dilute the concentration of the urine. Therefore in case your water intake is low, expect to feel sweet smell in urine that correspond to the type of food or drink you had last night. This is very common with some alcohols that have sweet aromas.

Sudden onset of Sweet Smelling Urine

A sudden onset of a sweet smell in urine is simply the rapid development of urine that has a sweet smell. When the sweet smell in urine is so sudden, then you have to have a look at the type of food, medication or drink you had recently. If the smell is closely related to any of them, then you have no reason to worry as the condition is very temporary.

You may just increase your water intake so as to make sure that your urine is not highly concentrated.
If the sudden onset of sweet smelling urine is associated with other additional symptoms like the ones we have discussed above, you have a reason to run to your doctor for blood test or urinalysis to determine the underlying condition for the sudden smell.

Urine Smells sweet not Diabetes

A normal healthy person, who consumes enough water in a given day, generally does not produce urine that has a strong smell of any kind. Strong smell from urine is usually an indication of something that is not usual, although it is not always a disease as we shared above.

  • We said that even some of the medications, foods, drinks we take can have an impact on your urine smell. Therefore, not only diabetes can cause sweet smelling urine but also what we take.
  • Also, we have talked about urinary tract infection. This is a common disease that can affect anyone and some of its symptoms we have shared above including a sweet smell in urine that originate from the deposits of bacteria that cause the disease in the urine.

The color, smell and the contents of your urine can produce essential information both to you and your doctor when it comes to what is going on in your body. In ancient times, having a look at the patient’s urine was the method used by physicians in determining the type of condition one was suffering from, before other tests were carried out.

Urine is a body waste product that is made up of breakdown products from food, drinks, medications, ecological impurities, cosmetics, bacteria, and by products from the metabolic process. Therefore, it produces more information about what is going own in the body. Therefore, if you are sure that you do not suffer from diabetes or any condition related to blood sugar levels issues, you may have to blame on the two things that we have given you on this topic for the sweet smelling urine.

Sweet Smelling Urine Pregnancy

Every pregnancy is different as per the symptoms related to it and the things the pregnant woman may undergo during the period. The smell of the urine is just one of the many symptoms a pregnant woman may notice while in the gestation period. Some of the changes that may occur in urine in different mothers across the board may include:

  • Change in color of the urine
  • Change in frequency of urination
  • Change in smell of the urine
  • Change in content of the urine

In this context we are going to look at the change in smell of the urine in pregnant mothers.
Change in smell in pregnancy
We have been sharing about sweet smelling urine and therefore we have to look at it when it comes to pregnant women. During pregnancy, the smell of the urine is not always sweet but to some women, they may explain it as a foul smell. Foul smell in pregnant women is not something to worry about as this is because, there is an increased kidneys functions and this may change the way urine smell during this period.

  • However, sweet smell in urine in pregnancy could be due to ammonia overpowering in late pregnancy, as well as dehydration. This is why it is advised to take enough water during this period. To add on that, pregnant women at all stages are more prone to urinary tract infections which we said is one of the causes of smelly urine.
  • Sweet smelling urine in pregnancy can also be caused by a condition known as gestational diabetes. This condition usually happens in pregnancy when the body suddenly undergoes surges in glucose levels. The increased sugar levels in the blood may be released through urine thereby making it to produce a sweet smell. Gestational diabetes usually disappears after delivery.

What to do when Urine Smells like Sugar Puffs

Although the underlying conditions for sweet smelling urine differ, diagnosis may just include urinalysis and blood sugar test, though examination may involve ascertaining some of the symptoms the patient states out. The doctor however may have several ideas in the mind regarding the cause of sweet smell; the tests may reveal the actual condition.
You can also carry out a urine test on your own. For example, urine test strips used for diagnosing ketoacidosis as sold in drug stores in the market. In case you suspect UTI to be the culprit for your condition, medication for the condition can be acquired over the counter – though have the condition tested first to be sure.

Treatments for sweet smelling urine

Treatments available for sweet smell in urine majorly depend on the underlying condition causing the symptom. There are some simple treatments that include drinking enough water in case the smell is caused by the over-concentration of your urine.

  1. Treatment for UTI and foetor hepaticus

In case you are suffering from urinary tract infection, your medical provider may advise on the use of antibiotics and other prescription medications such as pain relievers to speed up the healing process. Also breath of the dead is treated by the use of such medications.
Additionally, some sources say that drinking much water frequently may help to flash out bacteria causing UTI. This because more water increase urination frequency, and the more the urination, the more the bacteria is disposed through urine.

  1. Treatment for diabetes

Diabetes on the other hand can be controlled but cannot be treated. There are numerous modern medications that are used to control diabetes. In this case you doctor can help you monitor the level of your blood sugar and advice on the best medication to use at that specific level.
Insulin therapy is the best and common treatment used to control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes
Alternatively, you may follow some of the following home remedies while dealing with blood sugar control:

  • Use of java palm fruit (syzygium jambolium) – this is a fruit that is purple in color, which is very popular for its excellent work in controlling blood sugar levels. You just have to extract the fruit juice from the pulp and consume it regularly. Alternatively you can crush dried seeds of the fruit to affine powder, which is then mixed with water and taken once daily.
  • Use of fenugreek – this ca as well helps in controlling blood sugar. You just need to soak around 15 seeds of this remedy in water overnight and consume them in the morning.
  • Use of bitter gourd juice – the juice is said to contain insulin properties. Therefore, drinking the juice regularly helps in dealing with diabetes by controlling the sugar levels effectively.
  • Following diabetic diet regularly. This involve, eating meals with less sugar and more proteins to control calories. It is advised to eat a small meal six times a day than large meals 3 times a day.
  • Eat more of vegetables and salads
  • Exercise is important too
  • Stop excess fasting as it may cause ketonuria and sweet smelling urine with other more symptoms.
  • Keep away from stress and mental strain by exercising yoga regularly and meditation.
  1. Treatment for maple syrup

In this case, treatment may involve managing your diet and use of amino acid supplements treats maple syrup disease.

Prevention for sweet smelling urine

There are numerous ways you can generally use to prevent smelly urine.
To prevent UTI, do the following:

  • Urinate before and after sex
  • Wipe yourself from front to back after visiting wash rooms
  • Avoid douching and vaginal sprays
  • Read the side effects of birth controls

To prevent foetor hepaticus:

  • Avoid drinking alcohol in excess
  • Take beta-blockers

More references

  1. Sweet smelling urine:
  2. Causes of sudden onset of sweet smelling urine:

Bright Yellow Urine Pregnancy Sign: Vitamins, Causes, UTI, Liver Problem

strong smelling urine

Why is my pee bright yellow? Normal urine color usually range from pale yellow to deep amber because of the result of pigments referred to as urochrome and depending on the concentration level of the urine. Pigments and some compounds found in the foods that we eat and medications can result in a change of urine color.

Is it bad when our Urine is Bright Yellow?

What you consumed recently ate can have a hand in the color of your urine. Most of the drugs we acquire over the counter and those prescribed by health care providers produce different urine tones, such as red, greenish blue and yellow color. Consumption of substances like alcohol, caffeine or tobacco can also determine the urine color and concentration as well.
A strange color in the urine can as well signify presence of disease in the body. For example, if you produce a deep red to brown urine you may be suffering from a condition known as porphyria, which is rare, inherited condition of red blood cells.
The normal color of your urine will also vary according to the amount of water you drink. Increased fluid intake dilute the yellow pigment of the urine, and therefore, the more you drink, the clearer your urine looks. If you drink less fluid, your urine will become more concentrated and therefore the color becomes darker in color. Severe dehydration in most cases result in urine that is amber in color.
However, under extreme conditions, urine can change in color far beyond normal, such as blue, red, green, dark brown and even cloudy white.

Bright Yellow Urine Meaning

There are many other factors that affect the color of the urine that one produce.

  1. Vitamin and mineral content in your diet

Most of the natural foods that we eat such as the berries and beets, and some foods that have been heavily processed may contain increased amounts of food color. The color may interact with some pigments to form a different color in the urine that is far much different.
Some vitamins B are also known to result in urine that has a yellow-green color. If you usually take supplements your urine color may become bright. Also, meal replacement shakes which usually contain some vitamins B may result in the same effect.
Some other food substances such as excess beta carotene or vitamins C may result in dark yellow or orange urine. Beta carotene is usually found in yellow and orange foods, and when absorbed in the body is converted to vitamin A. some of these foods may include carrots and sweet potatoes.

  1. Intensive Exercises and Working out

During working out, there is a lot of dehydration involved since more water is lost through sweat and therefore less is left to be urinated. This will make the urine to be more concentrated and in this case it will change its color to darker.
Working out that is done without increased drinking of water results in a serious condition that cause muscle breakdown. That is why if you worked out without serious hydration you may develop muscle pain with tea-colored urine.

  1. Medications

Prescribed medications and over the counter drugs may also have a hand in your bright yellow urine, or a more vivid color. For example, antibiotics, laxatives and some of the chemotherapy medications used to treat cancer are said to cause a great change in color of urine.
Most antibiotic drugs that is used to treat urinary tract infection has effects such as orange-colored urine. The type of color your urine contains may depend on the type of drug you took, and therefore not all drugs will produce same color.

  1. Diseases

A change in the color of the urine may be a sign of an underlying medical condition in the body. There is several numbers of diseases that affect the normal color of the urine produced. These may include conditions such as liver problems, kidney issues and even bladder infections.
For example, if you produce cloudy urine that contains a foul smell, you may be suffering from either kidney or bladder infections. However, in this case, you may have other symptoms accompanied by the change in color of urine such as painful urination, fever, vomiting, head ache, or abdominal pain.

  1. Pregnancy

Pregnancy is being connected to the color change of urine by many women although research is still being done on this issue. In most cases women may connect bright yellow urine as one of the early signs of pregnancy. Even in some hospitals the doctor may have a look at the color of the urine before going ahead to test it.
While at home don’t just only depend on the color of the urine as a sign of pregnancy. Find out if there are some other symptoms and if possible let your medical provider contact a real test to come up with correct results on this matter.

Does Bright Yellow Urine Mean no Vitamins

In case you happened to take a daily multivitamin you may have realized that your urine changed the color to bright yellowish color. Vitamins and some asparagus have been known to have an effect on the urine color. Your urine may respond to color change either by turning to a bright, in some cases neon, yellow due to excess riboflavin.
Also known as vitamin B2, riboflavin is a common content that is found in almost all multi-vitamins. The component was first discovered in the year 1872 by a chemist known as Alexander Winter Blyth who noticed a yellow- green pigment in milk.
In the late 1870s it was then reported as lacto-chrome and lacto-flavin. It took a long time up to 1930, when the component that produce a yellow pigment was featured as riboflavin. (The “Flavin” part originate from a Latin word flavus meaning “yellow” or “blonde”)

  • Why riboflavin in vitamins give a yellow color

Almost all things that have color have some relations to light absorption. Riboflavin absorbs light strongly in high ranges. When this falls out of the light then we will see with our eyes, it is also riboflavin’s ability to absorb light at 450nm that give it the distinctive yellowish color.

  • Why riboflavin turn pee yellow

Studies have revealed that about 50% of all excess riboflavin is excreted through urine. Moreover, the maximum amount of the pigments that may be absorbed in a single dose is around 27mg, with half of it being absorbed in the first one and quarter hours. Therefore if an adult take enough vitamin, this content can be retained and therefore urine will have a nice yellow color.
Therefore, if your vitamin intake is poor, or you have no vitamin, this means that you do not have enough of this pigment in your body and therefore you will produce bright yellow urine.

Is Bright Yellow Urine a Pregnancy Sign?

What color is your urine when you are pregnant? There are some evidences that suggest that pregnancy has a hand in the color of the urine. Some sources reveal that early signs of pregnancy include producing bright yellow urine. However, there are no studies that have been done to support this claim.
For this case if you realized a change in your urine color and doubt pregnancy, you may have to conduct pregnancy test at home or visit a doctor.

Dark Yellow urine meaning

Normal urine color is generally clear and is described as a straw-yellow color. However, urine color might vary in a situation when you consume foods of certain types and when you take certain medications or drugs.
Normally, some substances may also change the color of the urine and potentially may lead to darker urine. These substances may include: food colorings, beets, carotene, blackberries, B complex, laxatives and drugs such as pyridium.
Some condition and infections such as liver diseases, kidney problem and urinary tract infections may cause your urine to appear darker in color. Urine can also appear dark in color as a result of bleeding into the urine. The most common causes of bloody urine can likely infections, cancer, stones, kidney diseases and trauma. These causes can all contribute to a darker appearance of urine.
Some foods may cause your urine to appear dark yellow in color.  Some like asparagus makes your urine darker yellow which may be accompanied by a strong odor. If you happen to drink enough water but your still have dark yellow urine color then the condition may be food based.
Some illnesses usually show symptoms such as dark yellow urine color, example Hematuria; blood in the urine, Hemolytic Anemia. Hepatitis also is associated with causing dark urine color and it is usually caused by a viral infection.

Is Bright Yellow Urine UTI Symptom

Urinary tract infection is a very common disease that causes the change in color of the urine. It is the second and most common infection in the body.
The urinary tract of the human being includes many parts of the body. These are your kidneys and bladder. The kidneys play a vital role to remove water and waste from the blood in your body. Water and waste are the contents that combine to form your urine. After the urine has been formed, it travels from the kidneys through ureters which are two small tubes.
This urine is then stored in the bladder where it is held in place by your sphincter muscle to prevent it from running out through the urethra when it is not the right time. When your sphincter muscle relaxes, the urine travels out of your body through the urethra. Bacterial infections can affect the process of urine production, storage and removal.
Normally the urine created in your body is basically sterile and bacteria free. However, bacteria can enter into the body from the skin around you genitals and through your rectum and finally the bacteria climbs up your urethra and into your bladder.
UTI symptoms
You can tell if you have a urinary tract infection by the following signs:

  • Feeling pressure in the stomach
  • If your urine starts smelling bad, a smell that was not there before
  • If you start experiencing fever, fatigue and signs of feeling shaky, this is normally a kidney infection
  • If your urine has started having a bright yellow urine in color
  • Urine starts becoming cloudy
  • Feeling pain and burning when you urinate

Many people take urinary tract infection as a very common infection. This does not mean that it should be ignored either. Visit a doctor immediately if you start experiencing the signs. When this infection is left untreated, it can cause kidney problem which is a big problem to handle. A urinary tract infection in most cases clear up within few days if it is treated with proper medication.
To prevent urinary tract infections, you need to urinate whenever you feel the urge to urinate. Do not hold it for long time as it is not healthy to your body. You should know that the longer you hold it the bladder, the more likely you are giving the chance to bacteria to develop in the bladder.

Bright yellow Urine Liver Problem

One of the most common diseases affecting many people in our society is liver disease. The illness has yet been known to have few recognizable symptoms and it is associated with bright yellow urine. Moreover, liver disease symptoms may commonly appear when the illness has gotten to a higher level in the irreversible stages.
Therefore, to recognize a potential problem associated with the liver through some simple observations is very important. Start observing the color of your urine. This is a good way to alarm yourself that your health in the liver might be at risk.

  • Sometime, color of the urine may vary throughout the day. Bright yellow urine could be a good signal that should tell you that your liver is having difficulties to function properly.
  • Also, dark urine shows a problem with the liver especially if it is accompanied by stools that are lighter than normal. Generally, light stools and dark urine are one good way of detecting liver diseases.
  • Bilirubin, a yellow pigment is formed as a result of the breakdown of dead red blood cells in the liver. Jaundice normally occur when the liver fails to break down bilirubin properly in the body. Jaundice may arise due to reasons like: too many bilirubins trying to enter into the liver at once, damaged liver cannot break down bilirubin, the bilirubin not being able to make it to the digestive tract to be removed through the stool.

Further References:

  1. Symptoms of dark urine:
  2. Dark yellow urine:
  3. what causes bright yellow color in urine and changes in color:

Strong Smelling Urine like Ammonia: Causes, Foul, Fishy, no Pain

urine color chart

In most cases, pee usually tells a lot about the health of a person. Also, while the color your pee has is a clear indicator of your hydration levels, dietary habits, and potentially, undiagnosed medical condition, the smell produced by it is also a clue of what is going on in your body.

Strong smelling Urine – Overview

Naturally, urine has an odor that is unique to everyone. It doesn’t usually have a strong odor. Most cases you may notice that your urine occasionally has a stronger smell than it normally does.
This might not at all the time cause for concern. Sometimes strong or unusual smelling urine is a sign of an underlying medical problem that can be treated by home remedies or over the counter medication.
Odor in urine is a symptom of many conditions. It can be as a result of many symptoms that may include infection, feeling of inflammation and some other conditions of ureters, bladder and urethra. This urine odor can also be caused by some disease such as dehydration and diabetes, which affect the urinary tract as well as other body systems.

Smelly Urine Causes

Many conditions can cause unusual or strong smelling urine. Strong odor in urine can be a good way to tell you a lot about your body health. When it is bright yellow, it is a pretty good indicator of hydration levels, potentially dietary habits and undiagnosed medical conditions, this smell can also clue you in to what’s going on inside your body. The most common causes include:

  1. Dehydration

Dehydration is a condition that occurs when you don’t drink enough fluids. You are likely to notice that when you are dehydrated your urine appears bright yellow and smells like ammonia. This is due to lack of enough water for dilution which make the urine to be concentrated with waste products making it to appear bright yellow with a strong odor. Most people may experience minor dehydration and may not require medical treatment at quick as it appears. Drinking more fluids most of water, will generally cause urine odor to return to normal. Alcohol and coffee are both diuretics, which mean they make you urinate more often.

  1. Diabetes

Sweet-smelling urine is a common symptom of diabetes. When you have diabetes that is not treated you experience high blood sugar level. High blood sugar levels cause the sweet urine odor. If you don’t have diabetes and just go on a sugar binge, it won’t have the same effect, because your body effectively makes insulin and keeps your blood sugar levels in check.

  1. Urinary tract infections

Some urinary tracts infections like STIs mostly are the causes of strong smelling urine. A strong urge to urinate and sometime a burning sensation upon urination are most common symptoms of STIs. Bacteria in your urine are major causes of urinary tract infections. After you have been tested by your doctor they’ll give you antibiotics to kill the bacteria.

  1. Bladder fistula

Bladder fistula is a condition that occurs when you have an injury or defect that allows bacteria from your intestines to enter your bladder. Bladder fistulas condition can occur due to surgical injuries and diseases such as ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel disease or Crohn’s disease.

  1. Pregnancy

Hormone changes associated with pregnancy can increase the risk of bladder infections and vaginal discharge both of which can produce smelly urine.

  1. Maple syrup disease

Maple syrup is a genetic disorder in which your urine smells like maple syrup. Usually in this condition, certain proteins are unable to be broken down. If a patient does not change their diet accordingly to adjust to their disease, it normally results in brain damage or even death.

  1. Eating too much garlic and onions

Garlic and onions are usually associated with strong smelling urine. Your body produces this odor when it breaks them down and maintains the odor even in the urine. Let it not surprise you when you think about how permanent the stench seems in your mouth. It can somehow survive the body’s most rigorous cleansing process also.

  1. Liver diseases

Liver diseases can be a condition that is associated with a strong urine odor. Liver disease has many other symptoms that may include vomiting, nausea, body weaknesses, weight loss and abdominal pain. You are advised to see a doctor if you have symptoms of liver diseases

  1. Phenylketonuria

This is a genetic disease that is incurable present at birth. This disease makes it unable for breaking down amino acid called phenylalanine. When these metabolites accumulate in the body, you may produce a strong smelling urine. Some other symptoms of this disease include mental defects, decreased skin pigmentation and slow-developing social skills. Usually, if this disease is not treated early, it can lead to severe mental handicaps

  1. Vaginitis

Vaginal infection is another condition that results to bad smell in urine. Bacteria yeast and sexually transmitted diseases can cause vaginal discharge, painful urination, itchiness and discomfort during sex.

  1. Prostatitis

Men who suffer from this type of a disease my develop infections in the bladder which may lead to strong smelling urine along with pain in the abdomen, frequency in urination, back pains and sometime pains in the groins.

  1. Food, drinks and vitamins supplements

There are some drinks and food and natural supplements that can change the smell of your urine. Some of them may make the smell strong than usual while others may only increase the normal smell of the urine a little. Some of the common examples may include: asparagus, Vitamins B and caffeine

  1. Some medications

If you are under some medications such as antibiotics or any medicine derived from mold, this may result to changes in the normal smell of the urine. Also, multivitamin medications can produce the same side effects. In this case, you may talk to your doctor either to switch your medicines to another one or stop if necessary to control strong smell in urine if it is causing embarrassment in you.

Foul smelling Urine no Pain

Usually if there is no pain associated with strong smelling urine, it is usually not a cause for alarm. Maybe it is a high concentration of uric acid or urea in the urine which makes it to produce foul smell. In most cases it might happen to people who assume the urge of urinating and therefore this allows the urine to become highly concentrated hence resulting to a foul smell.
In this case, you only need to drink more water and respond to the call to visiting the wash rooms. In some cases may acquire some pro-biotic over the counter and within a few days the results in restoring your normal urine smell.
The pro-biotic generally help[s to keep the immune system pretty healthy and help to starve off any low level infections. Another way to control smelly urine condition is by drinking cranberry juice or other drinks that may help in flashing your kidneys.

Urine smells like Ammonia

Urine can vary in color and smell based on the type of foods and drinks you take in a day. Moreover, there are some foods and drinks out of the ordinary that may result to urinating urine that smells like ammonia. A good example of this case is a sweet smell from the urine which is a clear indication that you took food rich in excess glucose.
Ammonia smell in urine is usually felt like a strong chemical smell. However, urine that smells like ammonia is usually not a cause of concern although some time you have to be careful with this condition.

Smelly Urine in Men

Smelly urine in men can result from a number of factors some of which we have already discussed above. In most cases, the odor of the urine in men is due to the concentration of various chemicals and toxins excreted by the kidneys. Usually the way your urine smell is normally attributed to urea content it has. Therefore, the higher the level of urea concentration, the stronger the odor it produces. Moreover, the smell of the urine a man produce may as well depend on the consistency of the urine, that is, concentrated urine has a strong smell.
Some of the common reasons why men produce strong smelling urine are because of dehydration, urinary tract infection, diabetes, bladder infection, asparagus and many other reasons that we have discussed above that are not meant for women.

Smelly Urine STD Symptom

Most people usually assume that smelly urine is automatically caused by sexually transmitted infections. That is not always the case as all the conditions we have talked about above are to be blamed. Chlamydia is one of the well -known sexually transmitted infection that can result in strong smelling urine.  It can be easily treated but usually difficult to detect. The reason behind this is that its symptoms can be disregarded or misdiagnosed as side effects for other conditions. Some of the other common symptoms for chlamydia include:

  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Pain and swelling of the labia
  • Painful or discomfort during urination
  • A cloudy smelly urine which is caused by pus

Sexually transmitted diseases are usually contracted by having unprotected sex. Therefore if you recently had unsafe sex you can therefore connect it to the strong smelling urine so long as it is associated with some of the other symptoms we have stated above.

Strong smelling Urine Treatment

When looking at the right treatment for strong smelling urine, you have to consider the underlying condition that result in this symptom. Treatment may range from simple things such as drinking more water to more complicated treatments like those involved when dealing with diabetes, kidney stones or liver problems. Treatment may involve the use of over the counter medication or just using simple remedies that are found at the comfort of your home.
Home remedies for strong smelling urine
This condition can lead to an embarrassing situation and can even lower one’s self esteem especially if you are using a bathroom in your guest’s place. There are several home remedies you can use to deal with this condition and most of them are easily found at the comfort of your home. You may use the following tips while dealing with this problem:

  1. Stay hydrated

When urine smells strongly in some cases it means that you have highly concentrated urine that contains much urea and body waste. This means that your body is dehydrated. Drinking a lot of water may help to bring the concentration down and therefore reduce the odor smell. It is advised that you should take at least 8 glasses of water in a day for a healthy living. Generally water helps in flushing out toxins and waste that may be one of the reason you have a strong smell in your urine.

  1. Lower down your protein intake

It is said that protein is the cause of much urea production in the body. Therefore if your protein intake is high it means you will produce much urea and therefore strong smelling urine. In this case, you may reduce the amount of protein you take to reduce the amount of urea produce by the body and as a result get rid of odor smell in your urine.

  1. Urinate more often

Although it is not very necessary but this condition can be controlled by peeing when you feeling the urge rather than waiting the bladder to be completely full. It has been confirmed that this can reduce the odor of the urine, as it spends very little time being in the bladder and therefore is less concentrated.

  1. Find out the medication you are using

There are some medicines that when taken they may make your urine to produce a strange smell especially if the medicine is very strong. This is normally considered as one of the side effect of such kinds of medications. Therefore b in case you started feeling a strong smell in your urine after taking a certain medicine, consider it to be the reason for the odor smell. Ask your doctor if you may switch your medication or dosage to deal with this problem.

  1. Watch on other symptoms

Although strong smelling urine alone may not be a call for much concern, in case it is associated with other symptoms, it may be a sign of other serious medical problems such as kidney stone, UTI or sexually transmitted infection. Therefore, find out the exact condition it may be and have it treated before the condition get to worse.

  1. Observe your personal hygiene

Observing personal hygiene especially in the genital area is very important as well when it comes to dealing with this problem. If you don’t observe cleanliness, the buildup of bacteria and remnants of urine can cause a strong unpleasant smell both when urinating and when not. Also bacteria may move into your genitals especially in women into the urethra and therefore cause urinary tract infection which is one of the reasons you may be producing strong smelling odor in your urine.

  1. Add some baking soda to water

This is also one of the effective home remedy you may use while dealing this problem. Mix a teaspoonful of baking soda into water in a glass and drink it at least every morning for a period of one week. Some studies confirm that drinking soda solution can prevent formation of kidney stones, reduce the uric acid and also remove ammonia smell from the urine.
However, if you are suffering from some conditions such as high blood pressure, heart problems, and swollen legs you need to keep away from sodium, and therefore this will not be the right remedy for you.

  1. Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar has the same effect as compared to baking soda, and therefore if you don’t like using baking soda you may opt for this. You just have to mix it with water and drink it, at least thrice in a day for better results.
When to see the doctor for strong smelling urine
You have to seek help from your medical provider immediately if the odor smell in your urine is accompanied by other symptoms such as abdominal pains, changes in the urine habits, or problems managing the diabetes.
More references

  1. Urine odor:

Burns when I pee: Painful after Urination, Causes, STD, Remedy,

painful urination

Pain during urination is a broad term that explains discomfort that occurs during urination. This pain may originate from your bladder, urethra or in the perineum. A urethra is a tube that connects the bladder and the ureter, or it carries the urine from the bladder to the outside of your body. The medical term that is used to describe burning when urinating is dysuria. Usually, the burning may occur exactly while you are urinating or after you have finished urinating. The problem is said to be very common in women due to the female anatomy.

Women have short urethras and close proximity of the urinary tract to the anus and vagina which exposes them to ease of infections in the urinary tract. However, there are some men who are more predisposed to urinary infections because of having certain underlying medical complications.

Burning when I Pee Causes

Having a burning pee is not something to be taken for granted. This can make you even want to burst into tears. There are many issues that may result to this condition some of which can be easily treated.
In most cases, dysuria frequently indicates the presence of a urinary tract infection. Immediately you realize you are suffering from this condition, it is important to seek treatment. Symptoms of burns during pee are common in young women, and people who are sexually active.

Why it burns when you pee

Feeling a burning sensation while you pee is caused by many reasons as we are going to share below. It is important to realize the cause so that you may find the right means of treatment. These causes include the following:

  1. sex

The skin around the vagina and inside the urethra is very sensitive and delicate. Therefore, any vigorous attention applied there can cause inflammation which in turn results in a burning sensation when you pee afterwards. Also, micro abrasions usually occur when having sex. They are tiny cuts which are microscopic, and they may hurt while urinating since urine is salty and when it passes over the open wounds it results to pain.

Also, people who are so allergic and very sensitive may develop irritation from things such as spermicide, lube, and condoms. Therefore, if you are very sensitive to spermicide you may use condoms that made without them. In general, find out which chemical you are allergic to and avoid it.

  1. Urinary tract infection

This is a condition that is very common in women than men  as we said above because of the short distance from the urethra to the vagina and anal area where there are a lot of bacteria, hence bacteria can easily travel from the anal area to the urethra and then to the bladder. The common symptom that is associated with UTI is burns when you pee and also frequency of feeling to pee in some cases.

Urinary tract infection can easily be treated by the use of antibiotics, that is, after your medical provider has carried out a urine culture to confirm that you are suffering from it. You may also drink a lot of water to flush out and dilute the urine and this may also help to reduce the pain and bring down the progression of the infection.

  1. Sexually transmitted infections

There are numerous sexually transmitted diseases that can also cause a burning sensation when urinating as one of their present symptom. STIs can only be identified through proper test. Some of the common STIs that cause burn when peeing are gonorrhea and chlamydia, which may also develop other more symptoms. Though most people do not recognize herpes, it can also cause a burning sensation during urination. It is associated with a small blister or site of irritation filled with pain and may be felt like a burning sensation.

If your doctor realizes that you are suffering from any STI, he/she may advise you on the right medication to use. You may be advised to use soothing creams which contain numbing ingredients like iodine, which may be applied topically to bring down the burning feeling while you wait for other symptoms to disappear.

  1. Yeast and bacterial infections

Research confirms that, there exists yeast on the body natural which is put in control by good bacteria. Women are mostly affected by yeast infection which results from the overgrowth of a naturally existing yeast. Also, bacterial vaginosis is a condition in women that is associated with symptoms like burning sensation during pee and itchiness. These conditions are distinguished from UTI because they cause a discharge with and fishy odor. Due to the inflammation that both infections result into, burns when peeing or a sensation of pressure like feeling is common with them.
You can treat yeast infection with the use of anti-fungal drugs which are prescribed by a medical provider that are inserted in the vagina.

  1. A strenuous exercise

Every time we contract our muscles, heat is produced because as we exercise more, the amount of heat we produce increases proportionally. As the body warms during this activity, the temperature of internal fluids rises, including urine that is stored in the bladder. Therefore, if you pee right after the exercise, this will be warmer than normal and therefore burn a little bit. This condition is very normal and it should not cause worry.

  1. Surfing, swimming and other water sports

Salt and sand from the beach can get into your bathing suit and result in a lot of irritation, just as being in a wet bikini bottom for a long period of time. Bacteria like thriving in a warm, dark and wet environment and thereby causing an infection in such areas. Minimize this kind of risk by wearing a wetsuit as much as possible when you surf, and letting your bathing suit dry before layering any shorts.

  1. Post menopause atrophic vaginitis

Hormonal changes that occur during menopausal period can cause a condition referred to as atrophic vaginitis or vaginal atrophy. In this case, the skin of the vulva including the vagina thin out, resulting to a burning sensation with some irritation that occur either when urinating, having sex or just carrying out your daily activities. This condition is not a cause for alarm although you can talk to your doctor to let him/her know what you are going through. There are hormonal supplements that can be prescribed to reduce the symptoms that result from these hormonal activities.

  1. Use of harsh feminine hygiene products

Some women believe that a vagina is a super dirty area of the body and therefore use some deodorizers and perfumes to clean the area. This should not be the case as these products may cause more problems instead of helping. You should know that a vagina has its own self- cleaning process that keep the pH in balance and put things in order. The use of products such as douches or feminine hygiene washes may result in irritation that can be the cause for your burns after urination. This is very common to women who have super sensitive skin that develops allergy with even fragrant bubble baths.

  1. Non-sex related vaginal tear

There are some women who develop a burning after pee just because they gave birth. Since all the tissues down there stretches in an impressive way to allow the baby to come out, vaginal and perennial tears can take place. This is the reason why new mums usually use perennial irrigation bottles or warm salty water squirts to bring down the pain from the tears.

  1. Urethral stricture

This is a condition that commonly affects men. In this case, the urethra is narrowed due to tissue inflammation or the development of a scar tissue. This condition makes urine to be unable to pass through the urethra or pass through with a lot of difficulties and therefore resulting into burning in the process. This condition can be addressed in the doctor’s office and it is always important to address the case early.

Burning Sensation after Urination

In most cases, the burning feeling after urinating can be attributed to infections. As we talked above, infections in the urinary tract can occur at any part. Usually, the infection starts from one place and after some time spread to structures.
Burning sensation can be a serious problem if left untreated for long time. Infections that lead to this condition can spread to areas like bladder, ureters and even kidney in severe cases. Most of the reasons we have talked about above can lead to burns after urination.
A burning sensation may occur while peeing or after peeing. All these depend on what is causing the burning. Common conditions that cause pain after peeing include urinary tract infection, sexually transmitted diseases, vaginal infections such as yeast and bacterial vaginosis, and urethral stricture in men.

Burning Urination Male

Men have very few reasons as to why they develop a burning sensation when peeing as compared to women. Therefore, women are easily affected by this condition as compared to men. There are some conditions that can affect both male and female while others are specifically for men and women separately. When a bladder is overstretched maybe because you had a lot of drinks before you went to sleep thereby making to be much full, this can as well cause you to have burns while urinating.
In men there is a condition called urethral stricture. This is a condition whereby the urethra thins out making it difficult to pass out urine efficiently, as we have talked about above. This condition only affects men and it is caused by the inflammation of the urethra or development of a scar tissue in the tube. UTI can equally affect men as women and therefore control measures should be applied equally to both genders.
As a man, you have to be careful when it comes to sex, as sexually transmitted infections have the same symptoms to both genders and in most cases they are identified in men earlier than in women.

Continuous Burning after urination Female

The structural anatomy of female makes them easily affected by conditions that lead to burning sensation after peeing. Women have short urethra and therefore making them to be easily affected by infections in their urinary tract. As we have seen above, UTI is a major cause of burns and pains that occur during and after urination. Most of the conditions we have talked about on factors that lead to burns when peeing affects women.

For instant, a vigorous sex causes tears in the vagina and therefore will result in a painful peeing and the case is not common in men. On the other hand, yeast infection and bacterial vaginosis are some of the common infections women complain of in the doctor’s office as research has revealed.
Women are advised to consider more preventive measures when it comes to continuous burning after urination. The following are some of the conditions that cause burns after pee in female and not in male:

  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Vaginal tears
  • Unnecessary feminine hygiene products
  • Post menopause atrophic vaginitis
  • Vaginal yeast infection

If you are not sure of the condition you are suffering from, you may consult your doctor who may take a sample of your urine to the lab for a test. Also, you may have to explain your feeling and some of the activities you got involved in recently that may have caused you burns when you pee.

Burning Urine Home Remedy and How to Get Rid

Going for antibiotic is not the only way of getting rid of conditions that result in burning sensation while peeing. The use of home remedies can be also helpful in relieving this problem. You do not require a prescription when it comes to the use of home remedies and they can be used right at home in addition to the doctor’s treatment. However, it is very important to be cautious when it comes to the use of home remedies so that you may not use the right treatment at the wrong place.
The following are some of the home remedies you can use when dealing with burns that occur during peeing:

  1. Drink a lot of water

This can be one of the most efficient ways you can use at home when it comes to dealing with urinary tract infection. Water helps in flushing out bacteria and more importantly provide something you can push out when you feel like peeing. Most of the home remedies for this condition are drinks because you should always be flushing fluid through your system to offer a helping hand in removing the nasty bacteria.
You just have to drink water at least 8 glasses in a day at the first hint of an infection. Then keep clearing your urinary tract so that you can bring down the burns that are brought about by UTI.

  1. Peeing frequently

This will help to empty the bladder hence preventing from overstretching to result in burns while urinating. Also, peeing is one way of reducing pains caused by UTI since the bacteria is being removed though pee. Even if peeing may be a bit uncomfortable, doing it repeatedly may reduce the pain regardless of the condition that is causing the pain when peeing.

  1. Take some baking soda

Baking soda is very important when it comes to dealing with infections in the urinary tract. This is because it is an alkaline substance that helps in neutralizing or lessening the acidity that is contained in the urine hence making it to burn while you urinate. In case you find yourself resisting the urge to urinate because of the burning sensation that result from the pee, taking baking soda can help in relieving the discomfort.

Just stir a teaspoon baking soda in water until it dissolves, and then drink the whole glass. Do this every morning for a period of one week in case you are trying to avoid salt since baking soda is highly rich in sodium.

  1. Use of herbal remedies

Herbal remedies such as bearberry leaf can help in lowering urinary tract infections. However, this king of herb should be taken for a short period of time to avoid side effects. Also, goldenseal herb is advised to be used when it comes to dealing with UTI.

  1. Practice safe sex

Burning sensation during urination caused by sexually transmitted infections can be avoided by practicing safe sex if you are sexually active. You may use condoms made from products that you are not allergic to. Encourage your partner that both of you go for STIs tests and if either of the partners is infected let the condition be treated immediately.

  1. Use recommended lubricants

Only use recommended sex lubricants to avoid tears while having sex. Also, tell your partner to be gentle while you have sex to avoid causing trauma to your vagina.
It is important to seek medical care in case you realize that the burning isn’t going away after trying several home treatments. You r doctor may carry out some tests to find out which condition is causing you a burning urination. Do not wait until the case get to worse as this may take long to heal.
More references

  1. What causes painful urination:
  3. Dysuria- urination discomfort:

Frequent Urination at Night: Causes, STD, Pregnancy, Treatment

Frequent urination

Frequency in urination is whereby you find yourself developing an urge to pass out urine more often than usual. Sometimes this condition may be brought about by the amount or the type of fluid you have taken. In most cases caffeine drinks and alcohol can cause increased frequency in urination although this condition may signify something more than just the fluid consumed. There are many issues that may result to this problem and we are going to share about them in this post.

Urge to pass out urine frequently can be a cause of disruption to someone’s life especially if it occurs during the night. In most cases this condition is usually a sign of underlying medical condition. Medically, frequent urination is commonly referred to as frequency. A person can even urinate over 3 liters in amount per day in serious cases and this referred to as polyuria. However, this is a simple condition that can be resolved easily through medication.

Frequent Urination in men Causes

Urination is the way your body gets rid of excess and waste fluids from the body. This is a systematic happening that occur in both male and female human beings.
In men, urinary frequency can be defined as a need to urinate more than seven times in a period of 24 hours when you have just taken only 2 liters of fluid. Men usually differ when it comes to urination and most of them would only visit a doctor when the condition becomes bothersome.

Causes of frequent urination in men include the following

There are many conditions that may increase the frequency at which an individual pass out urine. For example, urinating is a complex process that involves various systems in the body and any changes in the systems may increase the rate of urination. Some of the common causes of this condition may involve the following:

  1. Caffeine and alcohol intake

Some of the lifestyle based causes of increased urine pass out in men include drinking a lot of fluids especially if they contain caffeine or alcohol contents. This is because, caffeine and alcohol are said to be absorbed fast in the body and very small content in these drinks is absorbed in the body unlike pure water which is needed to help in the body for metabolic process before it is excreted. Therefore, if you like taking these kinds of drinks more so at night then you have a reason to blame on your frequent urination.

  1. Anxiety

Also, research has confirmed that frequency can be brought about by anxiety issues such as stress. Men are said to visit washrooms very frequent when they are stressed. This is connected to hormones as stress causes imbalance in the hormonal activities and even if you did not take much of fluid you may have a feeling to go and pee. In some cases when you reach the washroom you may release very little or no urine.

  1. Urinary tract failure

One of the common sign of urinary tract failure is frequent urination in men, which is also associated with painful urination, a burning sensation, fever, and pains in the abdomen. This condition is also very common is children specifically girls since they have not learned how to squat in public toilets. Moreover, if the cleaning is not done well after bowel movement it may cause rectal bacteria to move from into the urethra and bladder and therefore resulting into an infection. The infection can easily be treated by use of antibiotics.

  1. Constipation

If it happens you are suffering from constipation, the feces that is accumulated in the abdomen turns hard and apply pressure on the bladder. This in turn results in bladder spasms, which is a cause for frequent urination. This is the reason why it is advised to eat food that is highly rich in fiber and drink enough water to keep constipation away. In case you are frequently affected by constipation you should see your doctor so that you can know the reason for that.

  1. Diabetes insipidus

This is a condition that occurs when a person has insufficient amounts of anti-diuretic hormone, which facilitates the output of urine from the kidneys. Men suffering from this condition usually discharge high amount of diluted urine which is associated with insatiable thirst. More symptoms for this condition involve dehydration, irritability, loss of weight, poor feeding and sometimes fever in children.

  1. Voiding dysfunction

Frequent urination in men may also be caused by a condition whereby, you develop a habit of not emptying your bladder when you urinate. This is not a medical condition but a psychological behavior which is also very common in children. This condition is more related to anxiety whereby you visit a restroom while you are thinking about something else that you may miss while you are there relieving yourself.
If you develop this habit you may urinate enough to relieve pressure in the bladder. Hence, with time, the sphincter muscle that helps in holding urine may become overactive and therefore cause frequent urination. It is important to make sure that you avoid this habit, and always empty your bladder while you visit the toilet.

  1. Diabetes mellitus

Frequent urination in men can also be a sign of diabetes mellitus, which is common with passing out of large amounts of urine. The other symptom for this condition is increase in intake of fluids more than normal due to increased thirst (polydipsia), unexplained frequent hunger (polyphagia), and drastic loss of weight.
In this case you release urine that contains glucose and ketones, which can easily be detected by a urinalysis process. Diabetes can be tested though examining blood sugar levels.

  1. Pollakiuria

This is a condition that is very common in children aged between 3 and 8 years but can also affect grown-ups. It is a condition that causes frequent urination during the day. Usually, the affected person may visit the toilet very frequently but only to release very small amount of urine. The cause of this condition is not known but experts believe it is related to stress. Some doctors believe the condition does not require any treatment as it may disappear after three months.
Frequent urination in men has many other more conditions to be connected to, but if you are not sure of what is causing you this problem, visit your doctor so that you may under some tests.

Frequent Urination at Night

Also called nocturia or nocturnal polyuria, frequent urination at night is a common condition. While you are sleeping, your body produces less urine which is highly concentrated. Therefore, due to this reason most of the people do not need to wake up in the night severally to urinate and you can sleep up to 6 to 8 hours without interruption.
However, if you have to wake up more than two times per night to urinate and you don’t take alcohol at night then you are suffering from nocturia.  Apart from just having disrupted sleep, this condition is caused by either of the underlying conditions we have talked about above.

Frequent Urination in Children

Frequency can also affect children and causes that we have mentioned above can also affect children. In children, frequent urination is commonly caused by urinary tract infection which is very common in girls than boys. Children can as well develop diabetes which may cause the same symptom. Children who wear diapers all the time makes it hard for the parent to know if he/she is suffering from frequent urination. However, if you want to observe the urinating behavior of your kid, you can begin to potty train her if she is of that age.

Understanding the frequency at which your kid urinates can be helpful when it comes to seeking the rightful medication to solve the underlying cause. In the case the child can speak and he is complaining of frequent urination, it is important to take the case very serious. Although, there are cases where some kinds may urinate frequently to attract more attention and this happens when the mother devotes her-self to other issues. However, attention seeking habit is very rare

Frequent urination in Women

The urge of feeling sudden urination frequently in women is due to all the causes we have talked about in this context. However, women may have one or two other causes for frequency that does not affect men. For example, when pregnant a woman may develop an urge to pass out urine frequently and this reason cannot affect men. Moreover, women are highly at risk of developing UTI than men because their urethra is shorter as compared to that of men. Bacteria in this case have a short distance to travel before they can cause disease to the urinary tract and thereby result in such symptoms.

On the other hand, vulvovaginitis is the irritation that takes place on the skin in and around the vagina for women. This condition may cause frequent urination in women just as the UTI does. The condition is very common in girls who have not yet reached pubic stage when the skin around the vaginal area is highly sensitive. Frequent urination in men from this condition occurs in the opening of the urethra.
The cause of vulvovaginitis may be common irritants such as soap and shampoo which result in inflammation of the skin. Also, dirty toilets and incorrect wiping of the vagina after urination may as well cause vulvovaginitis.

Urge to Urinate after Urinating

A feeling to pass out urine after every short time is a sign of a medical condition that may need medical intervention. Since it is a sign of an underlying medical condition, there are other symptoms that you may experience in addition to frequent urination.
If you are having an urge to go to urinate even after you are from the toilet, this may be due to anxiety in most cases if you are in a trapped situation. As we said above, worry or stress can sometimes make you want to urinate more and more after every short time. This may be controlled by assuming it and it will finally disappear.

Frequent Urination Pregnancy Sign

In case a woman is pregnant, frequency is usually caused by pregnancy hormone, which results in an increase in the amount and speed of the blood moving around the body and the growing uterus.

  • The changes in the hormone causes the blood to flow to the kidneys very fast, filling the bladder more frequently thereby resulting in increased urge to go for a short call regularly.
  • Also in this case there is increase in blood volume throughout the pregnancy period until you have up to 50 percent increase in blood circulating in the body more than it was before you got pregnant. This means that there is increase in fluids that get through your kidneys for processing and therefore more waste urine in the bladder.
  • Also, during pregnancy, the uterus keeps growing and therefore exerting pressure on the bladder or rather squeezing it always and therefore making it unable to hold much urine. Therefore any little urine that gets in the bladder is to be released since the urge to do that is high. The condition may even get worse in the late pregnancy.

In case you keep feeling to urinate very frequently, it is also considered to be an early sign of pregnancy. This is usually common in the first six weeks of the first trimester. The symptom may go down while you get into the second trimester as the uterus rises out of the pelvis, although this is not supported by any research, as many sources suggest increase in the urination urge as the pregnancy grows.

Home Remedies for Frequent Urination

If you have not been drinking alcohol or caffeine or any much drinks and you develop an urge to keep urinating, you may be having a problem that should not be left unattended to. You may visit your doctor who can help in finding out the problem you are undergoing. This may become more serious if the frequent urination is accompanied by other symptoms such as burning sensation, fever and chills. In case you are sure that you are not suffering from something serious of frequency, you may try some of the home remedies we are going to discuss below.

  1. Amla-banana-honey remedy

Amla is an Indian gooseberry widely used in numerous medications whereby it is made with Ayurveda stream. It is an important home remedy that helps in strengthening of the sphincter muscle of the bladder. Moreover, Amla aids in cleansing the bladder which is also another recognized way of strengthening the urinary bladder.

Amla-banana-honey can be prepared by gathering Amla, a banana, some sugar candy powder and one teaspoonful of bee honey. Do this by crushing Amla and extract its juice by pressing it against a clean cloth. After crushing add some sugar candy powder (one teaspoonful) to the freshly extracted Amla juice and stir to mix completely. Add some honey and complete the mixture with a ripe banana. You can apply this two to five times a day which will depend with the severity of your frequency of urinating.

  1. Pomegranate fruit

Pomegranate fruits are rich sources of anti-oxidants and such natural components such as anthocyanins, polyphenols and also allergic acid. For urinating issues, pomegranate juice  inhibits an enzyme that is known to produce estrogen which is the possible cause of BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia) in male adults.  The anti-oxidants of pomegranate usually remove the free radicles that may destroy the cellular membranes which may lead to prostate cancer. You can take at least 1 to 1 and half a juice of this remedy for better results.

  1. Fenugreek seeds

Apart from acting as digestive agents and a home remedy for coughs, Fenugreek seeds are great sources of phytonutrients, vitamins and minerals which include zinc. They are excellent remedy for frequent urination. You are advised to take note of this remedy if you start experiencing a problem of urine leakage with the urge to urinate frequently. To attain this, grind the roasted Fenugreek seeds to obtain about a powder, this powder can be taken while mixed with water to form a solution. This mixture can be taken at least half teaspoonful daily in solution form.

  1. Yoghurt

Taking yoghurt is one of the effective ways of dealing with frequent urination. In this case, you have to use natural sugar free yoghurt. Yoghurt contains beneficial bacteria known as lactobacillus acidophilus which is very effective in preventing the growth of harmful bacteria in the whole body including the urinary tracts and the bladder. Therefore, if you have a problem of frequency you can take at least two glasses of natural yoghurt a day to control the frequency caused by urinal tract infection

  1. Cranberries

UTI can be controlled by taking cranberry juice which is very effective when dealing with this issue as well. Cranberries contain anti-oxidants commonly known as Proanthocyanidins which breaks the bond between the bacteria and the walls of the urinary tracts and therefore allowing the bacteria to be driven out of the system. However, the use of cranberry juice is usually effective in the early stages of UTI.  Just have one to two glasses of cranberry juice daily for better results
More references

  1. Frequent urination in men:
  2. Frequent urination, causes, symptoms and treatment:
  3. Excessive urination at night:

Eczema on Lips causes: Pictures, Treatment

aloe vera gel

What causes eczema on lips? Is eczema a contagious medical condition? Below are insights as captured by different authorities in the field of dermatology on eczema.

Eczema on lips is also known as atopic dermatitis; it is a chronic skin condition that normally develops during childhood. According to America Academy of dermatology 30% of the world population suffers from some form of eczema. The cause of eczema is not known, but the disorder tends to run in families and is more common in those with allergies and asthma.
Lip eczema which is a kind of eczema that occurs on or near the lips, leads to redness, cracking, inflammation and severe itching. While there is no 99% proven cure of eczema, the condition is usually manageable with over the counter medications and avoidance of allergens and other triggers.

Symptoms of Eczema on lips

When your lips become chapped and scaly, the following signs and symptoms should help you to establish whether you are dealing with eczema or a different medical condition. Eczema on lips is usually accompanied by;

  • Dryness, cracking and scaling- Lip dryness is one of the common lip eczema symptoms you need not to ignore. Your lips are likely to appear dried out especially when the eczema is chronic. At a times, skinny sections of your lips may become affected and begin cracking and scaling.
  • Itchiness-it is one of the most disturbing symptoms associated with skin condition. Aside from experiencing the itchy feeling, your skin could also start peeling off in case your skin is dry.
  • Redness on your lips-eczema on your lips is normally characterized by redness on your lips and this is the best way eczema could easily be identified. This symptom is easily and highly noticeable among persons who have a fair complexion or skin, though it is observable on any person with eczema.
  • Thickened lip skin-whenever you have chronic inflammation, your skin protects itself by thickening. it is a symptom that is easily felt or observable especially when you use your tongue to feel it.

However, please note that these are mere symptoms. There are other diseases and conditions which may produce similar symptoms to those of lip eczema, example is cold sore. Cold sore is signaled by experiencing a burn and itchy feeling when your infection is just starting out. It is advisable to consult your dermatologist doctor for appropriate verdict.
Causes of Eczema on Lips
The following are possible causes of eczema as per the America institute of Dermatological Studies

  1. Endogenous or internal causes.

Atopic dermatitis is one of the common types of eczema affecting sensitive areas of the skin. It is normally characterized by itching and long-lasting rash. The exact cause is unknown. However, dermatologist thinks its occurrence is due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.

  1. Exogenous or external triggers

There are several environmental factors associated with occurrence of eczema. In most cases external factors can trigger this problem. These are as follows.

  • Contact dermatitis as an external factor and a trigger of this condition, contact dermatitis is attributed to the contact with the skin by an irritating or allergic substance. The common irritants or allergic substances include: Saliva, harmful substances in lip care products such as balm, and food additives

On the other hand, allergic contact dermatitis is an immune initiated response to specific substances such as: lipstick, pollen, sunscreen, toothpaste, food, dental treatments, medication for acne, and nail polish or vanish.

  • Allergic contact cheilitis. Allergic contact cheilitis or eczematous affects mainly the border areas or vermillion margin on the lips. Dermatologists identify it as a kind of hypersensitivity reaction with due to certain allergen sources.

Common allergen sources include lip care products and metal casing, nickel toothpaste, certain foods, medications, nail varnish denture cleaner and latex.

Upper Lip Eczema Meaning

Saliva is one of the most common rash causes in infants and children around the lips and on chest. If you look at any pictures showing upper lip eczema or eczema around lips, you will notice that the problem will have been caused by constant lip licking.

A rash is defined as any change in the color look or texture of your skin. When you have upper lip eczema you are likely to notice swelling, redness, irritation and you may also experience some pain. Upper lip eczema can affect any person regardless of race, age or gender, even though it is likely to be less visible in people who have very dark skin.
On the other hand, lower lip eczema according to the statistics of CDC, it affects between 9% to 20% of all infants, and around 3% of the adult population. In infants, the condition can cause crusting and oozing and parents, therefore, need to be on the lookout for the symptoms mentioned earlier.

How to Get Rid of Eczema on Lips-Home remedies

Even though there are a number of commercial products that can provide the much needed relief, it is also important to try home remedies. According to doctors on WebMD and Mayo clinic, the following are I2 home remedies that can be applied to get rid of eczema:

  1. Sugar

Sugar is recommended as it assists in exfoliating all dead skin cells, paving the way for new cells to regenerate.
To use sugar:

  • Combine a single tablespoon of honey with two tablespoon of sugar and apply this paste on your scarily lips and allow it five minutes to sit here undisturbed.
  • You should then use your fingers to rub the mixture all over your dead lips gently. By doing so, you will be loosening all the dead skin cells, making sure that they will be easy to remove.
  • Use warm water to wash off the sugar scrub.
  1. Rose petals

When your lips become cracked, you can try rose petals. It is a natural treatment which will assist your lips to remain moisturized throughout the day, while also enhancing their natural beauty.
To use Rose petals:

  • Pick a handful of rose petals and use cold water to wash them thoroughly. Once clean, soak them in milk for between two and three hours. If you have a problem or are allergic to dairy products, soak them in glycerin instead of milk.
  • Take the petals soaked earlier and mash gently to obtain a paste.
  • Take this paste and apply it at least three times each day. You will also have to do this before going to bed in the evening.
  1. Coconut oil

This is a natural treatment which can assist in treating cracked lips that have been caused by dry weather, eczema on lips or by a cold sore. The remedy is simple to use as all that is required of you is to apply pure coconut oil on your upper and lower lip a few times each day in a bid to ensure that they remain moist. Olive oil is a great alternative to coconut oil.

  1. Honey

Honey is a great moisturizer and also contains antibacterial and healing properties, which are needed when a person has eczema on lips.
How to use honey;

  • Obtain pure organic honey and then apply it to your lips throughout the course of the day. You have to make sure that you apply it more than once or twice.
  • Alternatively, you could prepare a paste using glycerin and honey. Apply this paste around lips each night before going to sleep. In the morning, you will get to enjoy lips that are much softer and aesthetically appealing.
  1. Castor oil

This is yet another effective home remedy that can be used in restoring your lips natural beauty.
How to use castor oil:

  • Smear a few droplets of castor oil to the affected lip a few times a day.
  • Alternatively, prepare a soothing treatment for your lips using a single teaspoon of glycerin, one tablespoon of castor oil, and combine them with three drops of fresh lime juice. Make sure they are appropriately combined before you can apply them on cracked lips. When you wake up the following day, use lukewarm water and a cotton ball to wash off the solution.
  • Application should be repeated each day until your lips become fully healed.
  1. Milk Cream

Milk Cream has a very high fat content, which makes it a very good moisturizer for your lips.
How to use milk cream:

  • Obtain fresh cream and slowly apply it on your affected upper lip. You need to leave it there for at least ten minutes, before using warm water and a cotton ball to clean off the milk cream.
  • When dealing with eczema on lips, you must make sure that you repeat application each day to hasten the healing process.
  1. Aloe Vera gel

Aloe Vera gel has well-known medicinal qualities which can be relied upon to treat a number of different skin conditions. You can extract the gel from a fresh aloe leaf, which you will then need to apply each day on your lips to get rid of the symptoms. The gel assists in healing and relieving any pain or discomfort that you could be experiencing. Even though the gel has a very unpleasant taste, its qualities are amazing and effective.

  1. Petroleum jelly

The jelly is very efficient in treating chapped lips and gets rid of all symptoms related to lip eczema. You will need to:

  • Apply a small amount of the jelly over the affected lips a few times each day to make sure that they will remain properly before you can go to bed, reapply the jelly to keep the nourished throughout the night.
  • Alternatively, you can begin by applying a small amount of honey on lips. Allow it a few seconds for it to become dry, before applying the jelly. You had better pause for couple of minutes before using a cotton ball that has been dipped in hot water. It is best to ensure that you repeat the remedy at least two times a day.
  1. Cucumber

For it to be effective, you need to make sure that you apply it as often as you can.

  • Cut a cucumber into tiny slices.
  • Grab a single slice and rub it across the chapped lips very gently. This will allow its juices to find their way into skin.
  • Allow the cucumber juice to sit on your lips for between fifteen and twenty minutes before using warm water to wash the juices off.
  • For faster healing, you will need to apply it as many times as possible.
  1. Flax seeds

Flax seeds have excellent omega 3 fatty acid. Fatty acids are effective means of dealing with nutrition and will fight and prevent exacerbation. Keep having 3-5 teaspoons of roasted seeds on a daily basis.

  1. Essential oils

These include carrot seed oil, lavender oil and chamomile oil. These oils offer a super protection against dryness and can be used for lip therapy. In addition, most essential oils have healing and soothing properties.
Apply this frequently especially when they begin to irritate.

  1. Shea Butter

Shea butter an effective way to treat this problem accompanied with lip dryness. It is one of the moisturizing natural products you should have at home.
Simply massage regularly especially before you sleep. You probably have to leave it to stay overnight but remember to wash with distilled water when you wake up.

Eczema on Lips Treatment

Treatment of eczema on lips in based on causative agent. However, there is always a chance that the correct cure may not be available. At a time you need to identify the factors that triggered the eczema for the curative solutions to be known, which will assist you to get rid of this problem. Once they have been noted down they will need to be eliminated in a systematic manner. America Academy of dermatology recommends the following treatments:

  1. Topical corticosteroids- Topical corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone creams are the common treatment forms for eczema; it is used by applying prescription corticosteroids to deal with redness or inflammation due to itching. Over the counter corticosteroids are powerfully effective when it comes to dealing with atopic cheilitis.
  2. Eczema lip balm- There are number of lip balms brands such as Burt’s Bees Lip Balm, Sooth it balm, and many others that have been manufactured to assist people dealing with eczema to relieve their symptoms. The balm assists to relieve itching and inflammation which are very likely to be on your lips and mouth.
  3. Immunosuppressant- immunosuppressant are meant or designed to counter the harmful side effects which could arise if your immune system responded to an allergic substance
  4. Stay away from the triggers-Learn to be keen with the products you love most. For instance, while buying or acquiring a new pack of facial, hair or lip product, ensure that they are free from chemicals like sodium laurel sulfate or parabens.

Other triggers to avoid or things to do include:

  • Avoid prolonged stay in the sun.
  • Find a therapeutic remedy for licking.
  • Change your mouthwash or toothpaste after consultation from a dentist.
  • Avoid strong soap solutions during facial cleansing and opt for mild, organic natural products.
  1. Antibiotic ointment-antibiotics are very efficient when it comes to preventing against disease causing microorganisms. If left to accumulate around your mouth they could lead to emergency of an infection, which may end up making the eczema reach worse levels.

Broken, inflamed eczema is prone to bacterial infections. This risk is especially high in younger children who are constantly touching their mouth chewing on objects. An over the counter ointment can help reduce the risk of bacterial infection when applied frequently to broken skin on the lips. According to theThe Nemours foundation, signs of serious skin infection such as increased warmth or redness, blisters, pus-filled bumps or fever, require medical attention to prevent serious complications.

  1. Moisturizers- Some types of eczema can dry out the lip skin and mouth. Selection and use of moisturizer should be more cautious. Choose a moisturizer with protective quality such as those with deep oil to prevent cracks. In most cases, if reliance on moisturizer does not improve the dryness on lips then you should check with your GP for another option or evaluate the cause. The America academy of family Physicians recommends using the moisturizer  within three minutes of getting out of bath and avoiding moisturizer that contain fragrance or other unnecessary ingredients. Plain petroleum jelly is easy to apply to the lips throughout the day and is resistant to lip licking.
  1. Oatmeal bath products- Oatmeal bath products can provide relief from extreme itching associated with eczema. The mayo clinic recommends using finely ground oatmeal designed for use in the bathtub. These bath products are available at most pharmacies and grocery stores. According to National Eczema society, you can also make your own oatmeal bath by grinding 2 to 3 cups of oat into powder and then mixing it with a tub full of warm water.
  2. Antihistamine Medication eczema is extremely itchy and scratching often makes the itch more severe. Moreover, scratching can damage the skin and make it more vulnerable to bacterial infections. Over the counter antihistamine can help relieve itching and improve sleep, especially in children. The America Academy of Dermatology recommends using an oral antihistamine at night to control itching, relieve restlessness and prevent scratching.
  3. Soap brands– many soaps and facial cleansers make lip eczema worse. Use plain water to clean the lip area, when possible and use a soap substitute when cleaning mouth areas that requires deeper cleaning. Regular soaps can increase dryness and inflammation. According to the National eczema society emollient soap substitutes are just as effective at cleaning the skin as soap, but they do not cause same degree of drying as traditional soaps.

Roof of Mouth Pain Causes: Swollen, Hurts, Bruised, Treat

oral cavity

Roof of the mouth pain is a common problem .This part of the mouth has delicate skin tissue that is susceptible to many mouth problems. Get more insight on the causes of roof of mouth pain, symptoms and treatment. 

The roof of the mouth is also known as the palate. The tissues in the mouth are very sensitive since they are mainly come into contact with many foreign materials that may have negative effect.
The reactions make the roof of the mouth to be sore or it can develop a burning sensation. The sores can lead to discomfort in mouth while eating or drinking. The sores can be aggravated by snoring, eating spicy foods and drinking hot tea or coffee.
The roof of the mouth can become swollen due to a number of reasons such as allergic reactions, irritants, injury, and infections.
There are numerous home remedies and medical treatments that can help to relieve the pain in the roof of the mouth. In case the pain persists, seek for immediate treatment from a professional doctor.

What does it mean when the roof of mouth hurts?

The roof of the mouth can hurt due to different reasons. Some of the common causes of pain in the roof of the mouth include:

  1. Burning the Tissue

Drinking plenty of hot beverages can scald the roof of the mouth. Also eating hot and spicy foods can irritate the delicate tissues in the roof of the mouth. The area that was burn develops a blister and it became sensitive to any touch. The condition can last for several days after the initial burn.
Cooling the roof of the mouth after burn can ease the pain and also prevent further damage on the tissue. Sip cold or icy liquids slowly and swish on the affected area. Allow the area to heal completely by avoid food to come into contact with it. Also limit the intake of spicy, sharp or otherwise irritating foods.

  1. Irritating Substances

The use of substances that causes irritation on the roof of the mouth can hurt. These foods or substances have sharp edges that can scratch the skin tissues causing a lot of discomfort.
The use of spicy, hot or spicy foods can damage the roof of the mouth leading to swelling or pain. Also the use of tobacco substances can lead to further damage of the palate.
Maintain proper oral health by avoiding foods or substances that constantly irritates the roof of the mouth. Once the tissues in the mouth are affected, restrict your diet to foods that are blunt with moderate temperatures to limit the risk of causing further damage.

  1. Canker Sore

These sores do develop on the roof of the mouth. Canker sores are caused due to exposure to bacterial infections or when the tissue becomes damaged due to a scratch or burn. These sores will begin as a red mark on the roof of the mouth, but will slowly fill in with white or yellow pus.
Avoid opening up the sores on the roof of the mouth since it could cause spreading of the bacterial infection. The infection can also increase the chances of developing more canker sores in the mouth.
Canker sores go away on their own after some days. Avoid coming into close contact with the canker sores. To relieve the pain, the use of canker medication is recommended. You can also use salt or baking soda to the sore to help kill the infection, though this can be painful.

  1. Infection

When the body comes into contact with bacteria or viruses such as streptococcal sore throat, the common cold, tonsillitis, sinusitis or others. This can be triggered by sinus pressure pushing on the mouth or bacteria irritating the flesh inside the mouth.
Intake of foods that have high level of vitamin B and C can help infected sores in the roof of the mouth to heal faster.

  1. Dental Issues

Infection of the top of the tooth can put pressure on the soft tissues in the roof of the mouth causing a lot of pain. The tooth abscess can cause infection or ulcer to spread from the gum line to the palate. Also use of ill-fitting dentures or an oral device can irritate the mouth roof causing the pain.
Consult a medical professional for the treatment of the tooth to reduce discomfort. Also use dental work performed or another oral device that can help ease the pain in the mouth.

  1. Burning Mouth Syndrome

Burning mouth syndrome can result in pain the roof of the mouth. The exact cause of the problem is still unknown. The experts report that it could be due to dryness in the mouth or oral thrush.
Some of the common signs and symptoms burning effect which is more severe in the morning and will lessen throughout the day.
Eating yogurt will help to ease the symptoms of diseases in the mouth and even oral thrush that causes pain in the mouth. Applying a baking soda paste to the infected area will ease the pain and reduce the formation of lesions on roof of mouth.

  1. Mouth Cancer

The roof of the mouth can be irritated due to the growth of tumors. Some of the common cancerous growths in the mouth are melanoma or lymphoma. Lymphoma begins as the growth on the tongue or tonsils and spreads to other areas of the mouth. Melanoma can occur anywhere in the mouth.
It is recommended to seek immediate medication in case you notice a growth that rapidly changes in color. Consult a medical doctor to conduct some test to determine if the condition is dangerous.

What Causes Roof of the Mouth to be Sore and Swollen

The roof of the mouth can become swollen due to a number of reasons. Some of the common causes include:

  1. Infections

The roof of the mouth can become swollen due to viruses or other infection. The typical cause of mouth sores is herpes simplex virus. The common cause of recurring mouth sores that are painful are chickenpox virus and varicella-zoster.
Tooth decay and poor oral hygiene can result in bacterial infection that causes swelling and soreness. Patients with AIDs are prone of getting sores on the roof of the mouth due to due to overproduction of candida yeast, and syphilis.

  1. Physical Trauma

Swellings and pain in the roof of the mouth could be due to injury or trauma. The trauma could be due to biting a cheek accidentally or be due to orthodontic or dental procedures. The use of acidic foods or fruits can cause more harm in the roof of the mouth.

  1. Smoking and Tobacco Use

It contains toxic substances that can irritate the skin tissue in the mouth. Excessive use of tobacco can contribute to roof of mouth pain by complicating other conditions, such as drying of the mouth, an imbalance in pH, and reducing the body’s immune properties.

  1. Medical Treatments

Roof of the mouth pain is the common side effects of certain medical terms. The condition is quite common to patients who are undergoing chemotherapy or other radiation treatments.

  1. Systemic Illness

There are numerous systemic conditions that can result mouth pain and complications in other areas of the body. They include:

  • Rare skin diseases may cause blistering or other painful conditions.
  • More common illnesses, such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) or Celiac Disease also affect sufferers with mouth pain.
  • Severe allergic reactions and inflammatory illnesses can also attribute to roof of mouth swelling and pain.

Home Remedies for Swollen Roof of Mouth

They include:

  1. Salt Water

It helps to ease the pain and help to get rid of bacteria or virus causing the infection. Mix salt with warm water and gargle the solution. Swish the solution around the mouth until the glass is empty.

  1. Aloe Vera

It helps to heal inflammation, open wounds, and provides soothing relief. You can obtain the gel from any drugstore or you can extract it from raw aloe Vera leaf.

  1. Ice Cube

It has cooling effect since it help to reduce pain and swelling by lessening blood flow in the area. Hold the ice cube since it helps to ease the discomfort.

  1. Tea Tree Oil

It is anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, and can help soothe pain. Obtain a mouthwash that contains drops of tea tree oil with water. Rinse off the mouth with water afterwards.

  1. Licorice Root

It helps to protect mucus membranes, reduces inflammation, and heals wounds. Soak the mouth with a solution of crushed root licorice root and use it 3-4 times a day.

  1. Coconut Milk

It helps to ease the pain. Rub the area with a mix of honey and milk a few times a day, or rinse with coconut milk.

  1. Coriander Seeds

The seeds help to ease inflammation and relieve pain. Make a mouthwash by boiling 1 teaspoon of seeds. Rinse off the mouth to 4 times a day with cool solution.

  1. Sea Salt and Hydrogen Peroxide

The mixture help to reduce inflammation, relieves pain, and fights off infection. Mix the solution in equal amount and use it on a daily basis.

  1. Baking Soda

It helps to neutralize the acid, reduces inflammation, and fights infection. Apply the paste on the area directly.

  1. Honey

Apply honey on the roof of the mouth directly. It helps to moisturize skin tissues in the mouth.

Why is the Roof of Mouth Swollen and Painful?

The following are some of the reasons for swollen and pain in the roof of the mouth. The reasons include:

  • Burns

The common cause painful sores on the roof of the mouth are eating hot foods. The skin on the palate is delicate than the tongue. The burn causes the formation of blisters swelling, and damage to the roof of the mouth.
According to the journal Registered Dental Hygienist, foods and drinks heated by the microwave are the common reason behind the damage on the roof the mouth.

  • Infections

Bacterial or viral infection can result in swelling, discomfort, and painful abscesses in the mouth. The common infection is caused by tooth decay.
Doctor of Dental Surgery, Dr. David F. Murchison says that infections from teeth or gums can cause a pus-filled bump to form and this can cause inflammation around the infected area.

  • Injury / trauma

The injury could be due to sharp edges of certain foods like potato chips or nachos scratching the palate. Poor fitting dentures can rub on the roof of the mouth resulting in the formation of blood blisters or mouth ulcers.

  • Mucous cyst (mucocele)

It can result in swelling and formation of bumps on both the roof of the mouth or tongue. They do develop when the salivary gland get blocked and filled up with mucus. According to dentist Dr. Alfred D. Wyatt Jr, the common symptoms are painless bumps that are soft and round.

  • Canker sores

According to the American Academy of Otolaryngology, these sores mainly appear around the mouth and also on the soft palate. Canker sores can also appear inside the cheeks and on the lips. Canker sores are caused by stress, injuries to the inside of your mouth, vitamin deficiencies, or food allergies.

  • Cold sores (fever blisters)

These cold sores are mainly caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV-1). Infection result in the formation blisters filled with fluid on the lips and gums. According to the American Academy of Otolaryngology, fever blisters can also appear on the roof of the mouth.

  • Burning mouth syndrome (BMS)

It results in constant and recurrent burning in the mouth. The burning effect results in damage on the roof of the mouth, inside the cheeks or lips. According to the Journal of Pharmacy & BioAllied Sciences, the exact cause of the condition is unknown.

  • Papillomas

The condition results in the development of a bump on the roof of the mouth. The bumps are caused by papilloma virus. These small bumps in the mouth can occur on the lips, the hard palate, or gums.
According to dermatologists, there are certain warts and skin tags that are caused by papilloma virus are painless and harmless. They should be left alone unless they cause certain irritation that can aggravate the roof of the mouth.

  • Oral cancer

Oral cancer rarely occurs but in case it happens, it result in sores on the roof of the mouth. According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, colored sores on the roof of the mouth that does not clear up on time could be a sign of cancer.

Why does Roof of Mouth Hurts when Eating, Swallowing

This could be due to:

  • Nasal Infections

The infection may extend into the throat and also in the mouth. The infection causes the formation of sores on the upper respiratory tract. The common infection is common cold. Frequent sneezing may strain the soft plate and mouth breathing.

  • Burning Mouth Syndrome

This condition is linked to nutritional deficiencies, food allergies, infections, dry mouth, certain medication, hormonal disturbances, acid reflux and certain mental health conditions.

  • Snoring

This is a common condition that occurs when the soft tissues of the mouth and throat vibrate due to movement of air. The condition is linked to adequate consumption of alcohol consumption, nasal congestion, a deviated septum, obstructive sleep apnea and obesity.

  • Autoimmune

This is a condition when the immune system attacks its own body tissues. The cause is still unknown. The common autoimmune conditions that result in sores or lesions on the roof of the mouth are sjogren syndrome and lichen planus.

  • Allergies

These are harmless substance that triggers an immune response which results in inflammation. This condition occurs in certain people only. The condition results in the formation of sores on palate.

  • Acid Reflux

This is the backward flow of stomach acid can reach as high up as the back of the throat and even the mouth. The corrosive nature of the stomach juices causes irritation and inflammation of the delicate mouth tissues including the palate.
Other common cause sores on the roof of the mouth include:

  • Oral cancer
  • Ulcerative colitis (inflammatory bowel disease)
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Nerve disorders (compression, infection or injury)
  • Eating disorders with repeated purging and nutritional deficiencies
  • Pharyngotonsillitis (sore throat and tonsillitis)
  • Excessive talking or screaming

Roof of Mouth Feels Bruised Causes

Bruises in the roof of mouth are not of medical concern. These bruises could be due to a burn caused by a steaming hot cup of coffee, a bruise from munching on potato chips or even spicy food. In case of those bruises that do not go away easily, it could be due to oral cancer.
Some of the other causes of bruises in the roof of the mouth include:

  • Allergic Reactions
  • Physical Injury
  • Infections
  • Ill-fitting Oral Devices
  • Cold Sores
  • Dental Problems
  • Cancer

Roof of Mouth Hurts Sinus

It is normal for air to pass in and out of the sinuses, and mucus and fluid drain from the sinuses into the nose. Sinusitis is usually due to allergies or infection.
The condition results in due to blockage in the nose from allergies, nasal polyps, nasal tumors, or a deviated nasal septum. Dental infections such as tooth abscess.
The constant or frequent sneezing will result in pain in the roof of the mouth. Some infection can also spread to the mucous membrane causing development of bumps.

How to Treat Roof of Mouth Pain

Roof of the mouth pain can be treated by use of the following ways:

  1. Home remedies

These remedies are:

  • Goldenseal Root

Prepare goldenseal root tea. Gargle the tea in the mouth at least four times a day. Due to the presence of antiseptic properties, it will reduce the pain in the mouth.

  • Black Tea

Apply the black tea bags over the affected area directly. This helps to get rid of the mouth pain and discomfort.

  • Aloe Vera Juice

Rinse the mouth with aloe juice. The has healing properties that help to get rid of lumps or bumps in the roof of the mouth.

  • Yogurt

Consume some yogurt in your diet. It has properties that will help to get rid of canker sores in and around the mouth.

  • Hot Pepper Sauce

Prepare a hot pepper sauce mixed with six drops of tabasco sauce with a teaspoon of water. Swish it around your mouth and spit it out. Repeat this four times a day. It will reduce the burning pain sensation in your mouth.

  • Witch Hazel And Baking Soda

Apply a paste of baking soda and water or witch hazel in the roof of the mouth. This will help you get rid of the canker sores as well as easing the level of pain. It will speed up the healing process and will save you from all the discomfort.

  1. Medical treatment

This will involve the following:

  • Radiation, Chemotherapy and Surgery

Proper surgical treatment will help to get rid of oral cancer or adenocarcinoma from the mouth. It is usually done with the help of a local anesthesia. In case of cancerous bumps, chemotherapy can also be used for the treatment.

  • Excision To Remove Mouth Bumps

Some bumps on the roof of the mouth like mucoceles go away without any treatment. However, if they persist for a long time and keep coming back, then excision of the bump is required to be done.

  • Antibiotics and Antiviral Medications

In the case of an infection, an oral physician will generally describe some antiviral or antibiotics in order to get rid of the microorganisms that are causing the bumps on the roof of the mouth.

Painful Lump in Breast: Pictures, Hard, Sudden, Cancer, Cyst, Remedy

anatomy of human breast

Breast is an organ that goes through numerous changes starting from puberty, to monthly menstrual cycle, during pregnancy, and even while undergoing menopause period. Most of the changes that occur in your breast during these periods are very normal and should not cause much concern. However, there are changes that may call for medical attention. For example, if you develop a major painful lump in breast, it may cause discomfort that may need you to involve your doctor.

Painful Lump in Breast Causes

Lumps that form in breast may come in many forms such as cysts, adenomas, and even papillomas. The bumps differ in shape, size, location and even the causes and treatments used to treat them. Researches have revealed that almost half of women have lumpy breasts, and fibrocystic changes. Most of the painful lumps that form in your breast are benign and they are not sign of cancer. But if you find out that you have a painful lump in breast that cause you a lot of discomfort you should have your medical provider look at it to make sure that it is not something serious.
As we said development of bumps in breast is very common in women and the lump can be soft or hard, painful or without pain. It mostly depends on which period a woman is experiencing. There are many different reasons that can lead a woman to develop a lump on the breast that is painful. Knowing why you develop a lump on your breast can be very helpful when it comes to deciding on the correct treatment to use to get rid of the bump.

Causes of painful breast lumps

  1. Hormonal changes

Hormonal activities are very high in women especially during their menstrual cycle, when pregnant and while undergoing perimenopause period. During these periods the level of estrogen may go up thereby causing overproduction of oil in the body some of which may lead to a lump development on the skin including the breast. The lump formed may sometimes be painful and some women even find it hard to bend while carrying out their house chores. These types of lumps should never cause anxiety since it will disappear without any treatment after the period you are undergoing is over.

  1. Unhygienic lifestyle

Women are supposed to maintain a high standard of hygiene especially in the areas around the breast. This is because this area is always covered and therefore it is always warm and moist more so for breastfeeding women. All these conditions are very encouraging when it comes to yeast infection which may appear as a rash or a painful lump in breast. Therefore, women whose hygiene is poor are likely to develop a breast lump easily even from the clogging of the pore on the area.

  1. Tight fitted bras

This is another cause of breast lumps that many women are not aware of. The lump is likely to form where the bra puts more pressure on the skin. Moreover, tight bras won’t allow your skin around the breast to carry out its metabolic activities properly, and therefore may result into breast lumps.
There are many other conditions that can cause a bump to develop on your breast. Carry out your own check up to see if you are under a condition that may cause you a painful lump in breast.

  1. Infections

The inflammation that occurs on the breast is referred to as mastitis. This is very common in women who are breastfeeding. In case the skin of the nipple around the areola is cracked or traumatized when nursing, bacteria or any other disease causing organism can enter the skin through the wound and result in infections. Also in women who are lactating, they may develop a hard clogged milk duct are which may appear as painful lump in breast. An infection can either results into deep pockets of pus where by the infection may look like it is growing deep into the breast, or may form a wide area of a reddened skin on the breast.

  1. Injuries to the breast

In case you accidentally injure your breast, tiny blood vessels inside the breast can rupture to cause a localized bleeding in the area also known as hematoma which may be felt like a painful lump inside the breast. Also, if a trauma occurs to your breast it may result in damage to the fat cells that are found in the breast tissue, causing a condition commonly referred to as fat necrosis. Injury on its own can also cause a lump in the breast that is very painful in terms of swelling.
These types of lumps are benign and should not cause alarm. You can treat them by a cold compress or warm compress which may help in relieving pain.

  1. Cancer lump on breast

This is a condition no woman would want to hear about. This condition is rare though it can occur to anyone. The research from the American cancer research suggests that this is the most type of cancer that is affecting women. Cancer can cause either a painful lump in breast or a lump that is not painful. This will depend on the stage at which the infection has reached.
All lumps that form on breast are treatable and even cancer so long as the condition is realized early enough before it is severe.

Types of non-cancerous lumps that form on breast

There are many types of painful lumps that can develop on your breast. Some of them may be a cause for alarm while others and disappear without our concern. Some of these painful bumps include the following:

  1. Fibroadenomas

These are benign bumps that are very common in women. They mostly occur in women who are at the age of 30-35 years although they can as well occur in women under that age. They can be described as solid, firm tumors that are painless and may sometimes be slightly tender. They grow quickly sometimes especially in women who are pregnant and in teenagers.

  1. Breast cyst

They are fluid filled sac-like lumps that develop in breast tissue and they are non-cancerous. They usually affect women at the age of 35years and they are very common. They usually vary in size and they may be tender to touch.

What do Breast Cancer Lumps feel like?

Usually, breast cancer occurs when there is excess growth of malignant cells in the breast. This is the most cancer that appears in women although even men can also be affected. The exact cause of breast cancer is not known, however, some women have a higher chance of getting it than others. If the cancer cells grow slowly and do not invade other tissues, they result in lumps that are not usually considered dangerous to health.
It is normally hard to detect breast cancer in the early stages. Some people may experience breast cancer through symptoms like painful lump in breast, swelling and skin changes apart from the obvious symptoms. Researches have confirmed that most breast cancer cases usually show up in their first cases as a mass or a lump. Some of the other symptoms you may observe or feel include:

  • Pain from the nipple or the whole breast
  • Swelling and irritation involved with color change of the affected breast
  • Retraction of the nipple
  • A sore on the breast or nipple that does not heal
  • Nipple discharge
  • Tenderness or enlarged glands under the arm and the neck area

Painful Lump under Breast Bra Line

Your bra line may exert pressure on your breast more so if your bra is ill fitted. This may result in poor perspiration or general activities of the skin surrounding the breast. For example, when pores are closed this means it will be hard to contact it activity of losing excess oil and sweat therefore making them to be clogged inside the breast skin. This may eventually result in a development of a bump which may become very painful if it infected.
It is very important to go measure your burst size, ad acquire bras that fit you well to avoid issues that are associated with tight bras. Apart from painful lump in breast, tight bra line may cause back pains and head ache due to restricted efficient flow of blood and other fluids to the organs.

 Sudden Painful Lump in Breast

As we all know women undergo a lot of life changes which affect the normal appearance of the breasts. During puberty, menstrual cycle and perimenopause period, there are increased hormonal activities in a woman’s body which may result in an abrupt development of a painful lump in breast. Other more activities can as well result in a sudden development of a lump on your breast such as pressure exerted on the breast by the bra line.
Most of the causes of breast lumps that we have talked above can result in a sudden development of a bump on the breast. What you have to be keen with is the other symptoms that are associated with the breast lump.

Breast Lumps Pictures

In case you are interested in knowing how breast lumps look like, is first you have the information on each and every condition that cause painful breast lump and its symptoms. You can relate the information we have shared above on causes of painful lump in breast with the pictures we have provided here so that you are able to know the condition you are experiencing or you are looking for. The pictures represent the different types of lumps that form on the breast.

How to Get Rid of Painful Lump in Breast

There are numerous ways a breast lump can be eliminated. This majorly depends on the issue behind the development of the painful bump in the breast. Treatment may also vary according to the seriousness of the condition. There are many researches that prove some home remedies to be excellent while dealing with breast lumps. However, serious conditions like cancer should be address in the doctor’s office.
Painful lump in breast treatment
The doctor may carry out some basic test to ascertain the cause of the lump. There are many treatments that may be done ranging from surgery, oral medication, topical ointment or creams and even injection medication. If the lump is from cancer then treatment may involve surgery to remove out the cancer cells. All the tissues that surround the cancer cells are also removed by a process referred to as lumpectomy.
When it is the removal of a non-cancerous lump on breast such as the fibro-adenoma, the process of removal is usually referred to as an excisional breast biopsy. There may be some cases where the health care provider may not feel the lump when an examination is being done. In the case the painful lump is seen on the imaging results, wire localization may be carried out before the surgery.

Home remedies for painful lump in breast

In most cases, breast lumps occur in women who are aged between 30-50 years. There are numerous home remedies you can use to treat painful lumps on your breasts; however, you have to take caution not to treat at home a condition that is beyond your understanding. The home treatments involve the following:

  1. Cold compress

This will be very helpful in the case your breast is tender with increased inflammation due to a painful breast lump. While using ice do not allow it directly on your skin as it may damage the skin cells. Just crush some ice in a plastic bag and cover it with a towel before b applying it on the affected area. Remove after every ten minutes until you start feeling some relief.

  1. Warm compress

In case you cannot access ice pack, you may use a hot pack which may deliver same results. A warm compress is said to facilitate faster movement of fluids to and from the affected area hence relieving the swelling caused by a painful lump on your breast. Dip a face towel in warm water and apply it on the affected breast. Repeat the process severally until the water loses the warmth. Do it at least twice in a day for several days until you realize some improvements.

  1. Avoid drinks like tea and coffee

You may need also to practice some preventive measures. If you are a person who is frequently affected by bumps on your breasts you may need to avoid some drinks such as tea, coffee and soft drinks. Also alcohol will not be advisable to drink. All these drinks are believed to produce stress hormones in the body, which may encourage formation of lumps on the skin.

  1. Eat fat fish

It is also recommended that if you want to prevent breast lumps, try eating fish fat that contains omega 3 fats. Some of the fishes that contain this oil are salmon and mackerel. Also, feeding on fish will supply you with iodine which is very essential in the body. In case you have iodine deficiency you may frequently develop painful bumps on your breasts.

  1. Eat whole grain foods

It is highly advisable to always eat whole grain foods so that you receive a high amount of fiber. Fiber is very essential when it comes to preventing hormone fluctuation, which is one of the major causes of painful lump in breast. Whole grain foods may include beans, peas, brown rice, fruits and bread made from whole wheat.

  1. Reduce or avoid meat

In case you are having problems with lumps in your breasts, it is better if you avoid meat intake for a while. Stop eating chicken and beef as these foods are said to contain hormones. When you introduce extra hormones in your body they will worsen the development of lumps in breasts thus causing you more problems. In case have to eat any meat, find that which does not contain hormones. These can be found in meat health food stores.

  1. Vitamin E

This is considered to be a very good remedy when it comes to painful lump in breast as it deals with pain and tenderness. Vitamin E is found in foods such as peanuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds, wheat germ, pine nuts, vegetables and many more. You can visit your nutritionist who may advise you on the vitamin E foods that are available in your area.

  1. Natural diuretics

This involves things such as cucumber and cabbage. They help in eliminating extra fluids from the body which reduce the swelling that result from breast lump. Do not use the diuretics acquired from the stores as they may decrease the amount of potassium in the body. This can mess up with the balance of electrolytes in the body hence affecting the glucose production in your body greatly.

  1. Vitamin A

Pain in the breast that results from lump can also be eliminated by increasing your intake of vitamin A foods. While doing this make sure you do not take vitamin A in excess as it may result in toxicity. You can take foods that are rich in beta-carotene like oranges and any red colored foods.

  1. Vitamin B6

Painful breast lump can also be treated by eating foods rich in vitamin B6. These vitamins can help in bringing the imbalanced hormone levels back to normal by helping the body process estrogen through the liver. Foods that are rich in vitamin B6 involves, fish meat, bell papers, baked potatoes, peanuts, broccoli, cashew nuts, sunflower seeds, yams, chicken peas, soybeans and many more.

Pus on Tonsil Cause: White Spots, Back of Throat, Treatment, Pictures

normal and inflamed tonsils

Is pus on Tonsils a worrisome medical condition?  How are STDs related to white spots in back of your mouth? Get more insights and general overview of different authorities in the field of medicine on  white spots and pus on tonsils.

Pus on Tonsils Causes

Pus on your Tonsils are usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Some of the most common reasons for the white spots appearing on your tonsils is strep throat appearing on your tonsil are strep throat, tonsillitis, yeast infection, or mononucleosis. Along with the whitish spots or patches at the back of your throat, you will probably have other symptoms that can help identify the cause of the infection.
Causes and symptoms of Pus on Tonsils
According to the following Authorities:  Journal frontiers in Microbiology, The Journal Canadian Family Physician, Dr. Carol Dersarkissian on WebMD, Dr. Michael Friedman on WebMD, Canadian Society of Microbiologists and Institute of Microbiology and infections-University of Birmingham, the probable causes of pus on tonsils are:
Mononucleosis [kissing disease]:  mononucleosis is also known as kissing disease which is a viral infection, which causes headache, fever and persistent tiredness. Severe sore throat and pus-coved swollen tonsils are also characteristics of mononucleosis.
Diphtheria: Diphtheria is a respiratory infection that affects the nostrils and throat. It is caused by bacteria. Symptoms of diphtheria include inflamed lymph nodes, fever and difficulty swallowing and breathing. At the beginning, the tonsils may appear to have a grey-white layer and in other incidences it appears in white patches covering the tonsils. Children over the age of 5 years are at risk of diphtheria infection. Diphtheria unlike other viral infections that cause pus on tonsils it has a vaccination that can prevent it.
Vincent’s angina: This is an ulcer formation on the oral cavity, pharynx, and tonsils. The ulcers will begin on the gums and continue to spread. Eventually, they will bleed even with the slightest touch and white spots will develop on the tonsils. Antibiotics are regularly and commonly used in treatment of Vincent’s angina.
Viral pharyngitis: This is an infection of the pharynx causing the pharynx and tonsils to swell. Pus will form on the tonsils appearing as white spots. If the infection is bacterial you will be prescribed antibiotics. If it’s viral, it will clear up on its own.
STDs: Some sexually transmitted diseases [STDs] can cause white spots on tonsils. STDs that can cause white spots on tonsils include Chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes simplex virus, and HIV. Symptoms may include nausea, body pain, fever, reduced appetite, sore throat, mouth, itchy mouth, swollen gums, swollen uvula, and swollen lymph nodes.
Smoking and Leukoplakia:
Smoking can increase the risk of oral cancer and leukoplakia, which is a precancerous condition.  Symptoms and early sighs of leukoplakia include:

  • White patches on the mouth,
  • Tongue and tonsils.
  • Hard area on the gums, throat and inner mouth lining
  • Red, raised lesions

Smoking cessation often resolves the white spots, but your doctor may give further counsel on the same.
Oral thrust: This is a fungal infection in the mouth, though it can affect anyone, this infection is common in children. In both children and adult, it can occur as a side effect of medication such as oral steroids. Apart from children, people with weak or compromised immune system are at an increased of developing this condition. In most of the case, the white spots are the only sign; other symptoms may include:

  • Sore throat,
  • Painful swelling,
  • Loss of mouth taste and appetite.

Strep throat: Strep throat is a bacterial infection caused by streptococcus when this infection is not treated, the bacterium can spread to other parts of the body leading to complication such as rheumatic fever and sinus infection.
According to Canadian institute of Microbiology, strep throat is a common infection, especially in children. When it is the cause of the white spots, you are likely to develop other symptoms such as:

  • Sore throat
  • Swollen glands around the neck
  • Fever and headache

Tonsil Stones:  This condition is also called tonsilliths. Tonsil stones are calcium deposits that form in small cracks in your tonsils. These small white lumps at the back of the throat may occur due to a buildup of food particles, bacteria and mucus.
The accumulation of these particles may appear as yellow spots. The lumps may be accompanied by other symptoms such as:

  • Foul smelling breath,
  • Earaches,
  • Sore throat

Swollen tonsils with white spots are a possible sign of tonsillitis. This condition can be caused by either a viral or bacterial infection. When your tonsils are swollen with white spots, it can be a sign that you need to see a doctor because tonsillitis involves the risk of complication such as lymphadenitis, rheumatism, polyarthritis and pyelonephritis.
Swollen tonsils are common in children, with other common symptoms such as:

  • Swollen tonsil
  • Pain while swallowing
  • Swollen glands on neck
  • Bad breath
  • Sore throat
  • Drooling
  • White or yellow coating on tonsils

Appropriate treatment will depend on the cause. In cases of severe swelling, a surgical procedure may be required to remove the tonsils. Antibiotics may also be recommended in cases where the inflammation is caused by a bacterium.
Tonsillar cancer:  Tonsillar cancer  is a type of cancer that affect the tonsils, though it is very rare, but according to the study of The Department of microbiology and infections University of Birmingham 20I5,  found that,it could be one of the underlying cause of the white spots.
When tonsillar cancer is the cause of the white spots, the sore occurring on the tonsils and at the back of the throat do not heal. Other possible symptoms accompanying the white spots will include:

  • Pain in the mouth,
  • Severe ear pain,
  • Lump in the neck,
  • Blood in saliva
  • And persistent sore throat

In cases of cancer, urgent and proper medical diagnosis and treatment is required to reduce the risk of cancer spreading to other parts of the body.

White Spots on Tonsils no Fever

Sometimes, tonsillitis can occur without the presence of a fever and tonsils stones can develop without any other symptoms except for notable white spots on tonsils. Even if you don’t have a fever but notice white spots, you may still want to go in and have your doctor confirm diagnosis of tonsil stones.

White Spots on Tonsils no Pain

White spots without the presence of pain could be a viral infection or a malignant growth. Generally, viral infection will clear up on its own, so there is no need to worry. Simply gargling with salt water can help clear up the white spots tonsils.
It is not necessary to feel pain while suffering from a throat condition. Sometimes diseases don’t exhibit their prime symptoms. This is one of the cases when you might have patches on tonsils but without having any kind of pain.
Such condition can be caused due to STDs or chronic disease. People with frequent throat problems have weak immune system. It can also occur due to poor responsive body reflex. They might not causes pain all the time but when you eat, swallow any food or liquid you may feel pain.
Drinking water can also trigger pain due to white spots on tonsils. Pain might be absent in normal condition but movement of vocal box may trigger this condition.

White Spot on Tonsils-not Strep

A negative test result for strep in the presence of white spots on tonsils could be a result of any other conditions listed above. Your doctor will have to run further testing to determine the cause.
In some cases, seasonal allergies can cause white spots on tonsils as a result of a post-nasal drip. You may find that treating your allergies may resolve the white spots on tonsils.

One white Spot on Tonsil

Most of the time oral problems are as a result of poor colon health and indigestion. These white spots under tongue and tonsil can be due to GERD [a digestive disease in which stomach acid or bile irritates the food pipe lining]. However stomach flu and strep are common causes of a single white spot on tonsil. Henceforth treating your stomach flu with home remedies will help you clear your throat from white patches and dots.

Pus on Tonsil STD

According to the study of Department Microbiology at The University of Chicago published in the American Journal of clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials, pus on tonsil has 75% chance correlation with STDs. The study also found that not all STDs that are responsible for causing pus on tonsils but in most cases the STDS Associated with white spots symptoms tend to compromise immunity of the body system. The below are details of the STDs that cause pus on tonsil as per the study.
Syphilis infection
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacterium called, Treponema  pallidum. This bacterium can also get through cuts on skin or small abrasions and mucous membranes. According to the study mentioned above the first stage of syphilis infection is marked by small painless sores. It could be a single sore in mouth, around anus or genitals.
In adults, syphilis develops in various stages, each stage is characterized by symptoms that differ from each other. If it enters the body after oral sex especially in actively sexual individuals, the following are symptoms during secondary stage. They include:

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle aches or feeling very tired
  • Fever and headaches
  • Patchy hair loss, weight loss

According to the study  of The department of Microbiology at the University of Chicago and various studies in the field of microbiology, gonorrhea is caused by a bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae  and is transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse and at birth, the study also indicates that the bacteria can grow in the mouth especially in the throat.
Symptoms of oral gonorrhea infections of the throat include:

  • Redness and swelling of the tonsils, sometime accompanied by white spots on the tonsil. Other areas that can be affected by this infection include the eyes and anus.

Oral herpes

Herpes is caused virus called herpes simplex virus, HSV.  Herpes simplex virus normally causes cold sores or fever blisters. If these fever blisters have formed around your lips they  spread to the tonsils forming Pus on the tonsils, it can also spread to the  genital area if one of the partners is infected with HSV virus. The cold sore can also appear in the mouth.  HSV virus manifests itself with the following symptoms:

  • White spots on the throat,
  • Sore throat

Oral herpes can be spread from one victim to another through kissing or if they practice oral sex more than often. The reason as this oral infection keeps on recurring ids due to the fact the sores may be absent or invisible but yet the virus can get transmitted during oral sex.

How to Get Rid of white Spots on Tonsils

Use of home remedies can take they have been proven to be effective. Use home remedies to clean tonsils from white spots and patches.
According to the following journals: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2007,American Journal of Gastroenterology 20I6,  and The Annals of Pharmacotherapy 20I3, Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 20I5, and Canadian  Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology 20I3.  All of these Journals mention in common the below remedies of getting rid of white spots on tonsils, and they include:

  1. Basil Herb

Basil herb is astringent and has anti-inflammatory properties that help to cure causes of white spots on tonsils. It can also remove white patches and dots on the back of the throat. Basil will provide relief from pain and remove white spots caused by strep. You can also eat basil leaves to improve your general body immune system.
To use basil:
You will need a handful of basil leaves water and lemon, and follow the below procedure,

  • Crush the basil leaves into a thick paste
  • Mix one tablespoon of basil paste in one glass of warm water.
  • Stir well and use this solution to clear your throat
  • Take a big sip and gargle for 2 minutes
  • Repeat the process of gargling until your glass is empty
  • Alternatively, you can mix one tablespoon of basil paste into a glass of warm milk
  • Drink this herbal drink before going to bed
  1. Coconut oil Thrush

Lauric acid is an active compound found in coconut essential oil. Due to its anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties coconut oil can help you get rid of white spots on tonsils naturally.
Coconut oil is naturally nourishing to our skin which can be used to cure skin ailments such as acne and sores. It is very effective in removing those white spots from your swollen tonsil. Coconut oil mouth floss will remove plaque and works as amazing home remedy for toothache.
How to use Coconut oil thrush:
You will need organic coconut essential oil.

  • Put 3 tablespoon of frozen coconut oil in a cup
  • Apply some heat and take one tablespoon of warm coconut oil and thrush it around your painful tonsil
  • Gargle for few minutes then spit it out
  • Repeat this remedy twice a day
  1. Salt water

Salt is antibacterial which is used to sterilize wounds and bruises. People use salt water to clear their throat from dirt and mucus.
Salt is excellent home remedy to get rid of white spots on tonsils. The anti-inflammatory properties of salt can be used to reduce the size of swollen tonsils. Warm salt water is used as mouth floss to remove plague accumulated at the base of tooth. People with oral problems also use salt water to maintain healthy oral hygiene.
To use salt water:

  • Take one glass of water
  • Add 2 tablespoon of common salt
  • Stir it until salt gets dissolved completely
  • Pour some warm water in mouth and gargle for 2 minutes
  • Spit it out and repeat until your glass is empty
  • Do this daily to remove white spots on tonsils naturally
  1. Lemon juice

The antibacterial, antiviral and anti bacterial inflammatory properties of Lemmon are effective in treating infections caused by bacteria.
To use lemon:

  • Take a glass of warm water.
  • Add 3 tablespoon of lemon juice and stir well
  • Gargle a few times to sooth throat pain.
  • Repeat this remedy twice a day for faster healing.

How to get rid of Pus on Tonsils

Consider the following:
Mint is a herb with soothing aroma. Mint contains menthol which has a soothing effect on irritated pus filled throat. It inhibits micro-organisms from spreading and give you relief from swollen tonsil.
To use mint:

  • Pour one cup of water into a saucepan and add handful of mint leaves.
  • Apply heat and let it simmer for ten minutes
  • Strain it over a new cup and collect the mint water
  • Add one tablespoon of lemon juice and mix well
  • Sip on this herbal drink daily


Turmeric is a powerful antibacterial used to get rid of white spots on tonsils. It’s anti-inflammatory properties will provide relief from swollen tonsil filled with pus.
To use turmeric:

  • Take one cup of warm water and mix with one teaspoon powder of turmeric
  • Gargle multiple times with this solution to remove the pus and white spots on your tonsil.

Fenugreek is an ancient herb which is also called methi, it is analgesic and antiseptic abilities will provide instant relief from pain and inflammation.
To use Fenugreek:

  • Pour a cup of water in a bowl and add a handful of fenugreek seeds.
  • Let it simmer for ten minutes.
  • Use this water to gargle multiple times to remove patches, dots and pus from your throat.

Other remedies for pus in tonsils include:
Use diluted hydrogen peroxide for gargling every night. This act as strong disinfectant
You need to clean the pus in your throat every day with some cotton ear bud. Only then the growth of the infection can be controlled.

  • Avoid smoking.
  • Limit alcohol consumption.
  • Use over-the-counter pain relievers.
  • Avoid irritating foods, like spicy food, chips, raw vegetables, highly acidic food, e.t.c
  • Suck on lozenges.
  • Eat smooth foods like ice cream or yogurt.
  • Drink warm or cold fluids to ease throat pain.