Bumps on Back of Head: Skull, Painful, after Haircut Treat

What causes bumps on back of skull? An insight into bumps on back of head, skull, painful, neck, after haircut, causes and treatment.

Acne is a skin condition which affects hair follicles, mainly on the face, but also the chest, back, as well as in rare cases, the scalp. Acne is most seen during the teenage years but might as well as happen later in life.
Overstimulation of sebaceous glands that are attached to hair follicles by the androgens (male hormones) is one of the most common causes of acne.

What Causes Little Bumps on Back of your Head

Round, raised areas on scalp which are mostly harmless and called the lumps can happen because of various conditions.
So, determining the best treatment depends much basically on underlying cause. Let us understand about some of the causes;

  1. Pilar Cysts: Pilar cysts can emerge as a round bumps on the scalp and are usually painless which are able to range from a pea size to a size of a small apple. These are harmless and are formed by collection of oil and also the dead skin cells that are under the top layer of scalp.

It is crucial to get rid of the cysts or the lumps on scalp as they are able to weaken the hair follicles and lead to falling of hair on a temporary basis. Such kind of cysts or even lumps on scalp are mostly common in females and are as well hereditary.

  1. Moles: Moles are also called Nevi and like any other part, can as well grow on scalp. Lumps on scalp or even the moles can be removed by use of cosmetic procedures. They are usually harmless and also painless.
  2. Common Warts: One of the common skin problems is warts which are usually seen in skin which includes the scalp. HPV or Human Papilloma Virus is the common agent to bring the bumps on back of head.

Usually an injury brings the HPV virus inside and grows out as an outgrowth or a cluster or even a lump that is over the skin. It should be noted that lumps on scalp because of Common warts are not in any way dangerous and are able to be removed in a doctor’s office.

  1. Seborrheic Keratoses: One kind of bumps is known as Seborrheic Keratoses which are usually similar to common warts in appearance.

They are usually hereditary in nature. They are also colorless or even dark brown in color and are round or oval in shape; but might change the color and also the shape if irritated. They are also able to be removed if they become itchy and also uncomfortable.

  1. Nevus Sebaceous of Jadhaason: This is another condition where there occurs yellow patch during infancy which further grows to lumps or bumps on back of head at times of puberty and adolescent.
  2. Cancerous Growths on Scalp: Sun exposure can lead to cancerous growths on skin which includes the scalp. These growths or even the lumps are mostly grown in bald men. It is crucial to have an early detection of the cancerous growth on the scalp which is usually done by an expert dermatologist.
  3. Acne Scalp

How does Scalp Acne Cause Bumps?
Scalp acne usually forms in similar way as acne in any other part of the body. The sebaceous or even the oil glands are usually located deep in skin and each oil gland is then connected to a follicle, which is a tiny canal that has a hair.
The oil or even the sebum that is produced by the sebaceous glands flows out through the follicle to skin surface. This assists to lubricate the hair follicles and also the skin. The opening of follicle on skin surface is called a pore.
Acne forms due to a combination of 3 factors

  • Excess oil production.
  • Blocked pores.
  • Inflammation brought about by bacteria.

Acne forms when an overactive sebaceous gland produces excess oil, which might then get trapped within blocked pores. The exact cause of the blocked pores is not indicated. Due to this blockage, the hair follicle might enlarge so as to form a little bump and in time it can rupture, therefore allowing bacteria to reach very deep into tissues and lead to inflammation.
Normal skin bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) usually multiply within the blocked pores and leads to inflammation of the follicle. Acne is not brought about by bacterial infection but the bacteria might play a role in the development. Whiteheads, painful red bumps, pustules and boils develop due to the pore blockage.
Superficial inflammation leads to pustule formation, while deeper inflammation leads to pimples, and still deeper ones causes cyst formation. Whiteheads are usually formed when the excess oil comes out on surface, while blackheads are then formed by oxidation of oil, and not by accumulation of dirt as is thought.
What Causes Scalp Acne?
They include the following:

  • Hormones, especially during adolescence and also at times of menstruation.
  • Hot, humid conditions.
  • Environmental factors, like pollution.
  • Exposure to some chemicals and oils.
  • Certain drugs, like corticosteroids and estrogen or androgen having medication.
  • Oily and greasy scalp.
  • Friction or even pressure, as from helmets.
  • Hair products like the hair oils and gels can lead to blocked pores.
  • Acne tends to run in several families.

Symptoms of Bumps on back of Head
Scalp acne  might not always be noticeable as the scalp is usually covered by hair. Touching it accidentally while combing or even brushing might lead to pain and then be discovered.

  • Mild bumps might be seen in forehead region, near hair line.
  • Infection of hair follicle can lead to scalp folliculitis, which is a severe condition.
  • Scalp acne might be considered to be a non-infectious form of the scalp folliculitis.
  • Acne necrotica miliaris is a severe but rarer form of scalp folliculitis which is usually seen as tiny superficial pustules. As well as affecting the scalp it might as well develop on face and other parts of the body.
  • Pomade bumps on back of skull is seen commonly in people who usually use oily hair care products. It might also be seen around the hairline in forehead and temples.
  • Acne keloid is mainly seen around the hairline at the back of the head as a thick band.
  • Small pustules.
  • Red bumps might also be seen on scalp.
  • Crusting as well as oozing.
  • Matting of hair.
  • Bald patches and also scarring if it is left untreated for long.

Why are Bumps on Back of Head Painful?

Bumps on your scalp are due to various factors, which includes trauma. The redness can be an indication of bruise or even an infection. If it is hot also, this can be an infection. In non-traumatic posterior neck lumps, these are cysts or lymph nodes. See the doctor for a physical exam.
This can also be a swollen lymph node, which could be infected or even swollen due to of inflammation or an infection on the scalp or even an ear. It can as well be an insect bite. You should have the doctor examine you, so that you can be diagnosed and also treated.
It is possible that you could have a cyst, infected hair, or even abscess that is bringing about the symptoms. Please see the doctor for a proper treatment. It might include antibiotics or even it might require incision and drainage.

Can you get Bumps after Haircut?

Bumps on back of skull after shaving which is called Pseudofolliculities barbae is a common problem for people of colour who includes the African, Afro American and Hispanics.
This problem is where the hair curves back into the skin because of the thick curly nature of hair. This problem leads to itching and also the tiny bumps that would later develop into bumps  making the problem worse and leading to unsightly darkening of skin
Research has indicated that the most common cause of the bumps are attributed to use of infected and also un-sterilized blades, bad and blunt clipper blades. Generally such bumps are usually formed through inflammation of hair follicle brought about by any of under listed factors:
Shortly after a close shave the hair starts to grow, it curls back into skin where it then bores a hole. When this occurs, then the inflammation of skin happens and it could lead to bumps. Bumps can as well develop due to the bacteria infection of cuts that are sustained during using a fake, unhygienic infected and also un-sterilized blades or clippers.
Razor bumps are usually similar to the ingrown hairs and appears like small tender pimples that are commonly found at the back of head. If left untreated could spread quickly and then engulf the whole head.
The general skin redness abrasion as well as irritation that are brought about by shaving. The tiny cuts that are brought about by shaving are also known as razor burns. One of the common causes of razor burns is using a lot of pressure while shaving, the excess friction causes razor burns.
Other causes are lack of sufficient skin lubrication as well as shaving in the opposite direction of hair growth. The use of after shave and also colognes can as well contribute to the problem by drying and also irritating the freshly shaven skin.
Grow Out Your Hair

  • The first step to getting rid of the bumps on back of head that were caused by razor and ingrown hairs is to let the hair grow out. Avoid use of tweezers or razors for at least 20 days to allow the hair grow out.

When you do cut the hair the next time, use either a single-blade razor or even electric hair clippers so as to avoid cutting the hairs very short and also prevent the bumps from reoccurring. Even if electric hair clippers were used, the setting might have been close of a cut and brought about the razor bumps.
Topical Antibiotic

  • If the condition is making you to feel a lot of you pain or discomfort, see the doctor on antibiotics. The bumps might have gotten inflamed or even infected, and the doctor can prescribe a topical antibiotic. Apply the antibiotic to the area on as instructed by the doctor or pharmacist.

Avoid shaving while still using the antibiotic and clean the area using a polyester skin-cleansing pad at least twice a day. If the area is infected from scratching, then the doctor might prescribe an oral antibiotic.
Lotion

  • There is a lotion that has a special ingredient which you can use to assist reduce the bumps and also prevent new inflamed spots from forming on the neck or even the face. Find a skin lotion with the glycolic acid in it.

This ingredient usually acts as a skin exfoliant to get rid of the surface skin cells and also keep the area clean. Apply the lotion every given night before bed to assist control the bumps.
Laser Hair Removal

  • One of the best ways to prevent and also control skin bumps on back of head after shaving is through avoiding the act of shaving by having laser hair removal.

Laser hair removal is able to be done just in the back of the neck or even the face so that the next time you get a haircut, the barber will not have to use an electric shaver in the areas.
Laser hair removal can get rid of the hair follicles that are making the ingrown hairs, and ultimately the razor bumps.

What about Bumps on Back of Neck?

While lumps under skin might make you to worry, doctors advise that most lumps and also the swellings are harmless. The location of the bumps on back of head or neck, as well as any accompanying symptoms, are able to assist you and the doctor determine the cause.
You can also develop bumps and lumps on back of the neck for several reasons. Contact the doctor regarding lumps which seem to appear without a reason.

Neck Anatomy

The neck, which includes the back portion of the neck, has lymph nodes. According to doctors, you might be able to feel the lymph nodes along each side of the back of the neck. Nodes that are behind ears may as well swell, leading to lumps high on the back sides of the neck. The skin along the back of the neck might as well develop swellings below the surface.

Symptoms

You might notice pain or even itching around the area of bumps. An elevated temperature might indicate presence of a fever, while oozing or even the pus can indicate existence of a skin infection. Some lumps might roll easily under fingers, while others seems immovable.

Causes

Causes for bumps on back of head or on back of your neck vary. Swollen bumps that leads to pain and appear suddenly normally happen due to an infection or even an injury.
Boils can lead to lumps to form under the surface of skin. Boils normally start as red, tender lumps, brought about by bacterial conditions which infect the hair follicles. Swollen lymph nodes normally appear when the body tries to fight off an infection.
According to research, several conditions can lead to the glands to swell, which includes strep throat, leukemia, AIDS and also the food allergies. Some medicines and also vaccinations can also lead to swollen lymph nodes.

How to Get Rid of Bumps on Back of Head

Medical Treatments:
Once the doctor examines the scalp closely, he would know about the condition or might even perform some tests so as to determine the underlying cause. Accordingly you will be advised to take the treatments. Some of the medical treatments  include:

  1. Surgical Removal of the Lumps on back of head: Surgery is crucial to get rid of the large or the infected bumps or the cysts on scalp, especially brought about by the common warts.

The surgical removal of lumps from scalp are usually done by getting rid of them using electro surgery with the assistance of a needle which sends an electrical charge through the wart or even the lump on scalp and therefore vaporizing the growth so that the hardened tissue is able to be scraped off.
It must be noted that bumps on back of head due to common wart can get painful conditions while getting rid of them surgically, but the pain is short lived. Surgical removal of lumps on scalp because of other conditions is also performed by an expert dermatologist after proper diagnosis.

  1. Treatment of Lumps on Scalp through use of Liquid Nitrogen: Bumps  are also treated by freezing growth using liquid nitrogen that flattens the growth or even the the bump. This type of treatment is called Cryotherapy.
  2. Medications Used for Treating Lumps on Scalp: There are medications such as Malathion and Lindane which are able to be used in treatment procedure for getting rid of symptoms of lumps on scalp brought about by various reasons. The lumps brought about by skin cancer on scalp can also be treated by use of injections of cancer drug directly in to the growth on the scalp.
  3. Other Medical Treatments for bumps on Scalp: Llight therapy which can assist in clearing the lumps brought about due to skin problems such as the psoriasis.

Home Remedies 

There are people who prefer natural remedies over medical treatments. Below are some of the natural treatments for bumps on scalp brought about by various conditions.

  1. Apple cider vinegar: Apple cider vinegar might be a simple and also inexpensive natural treatment.

Apple cider vinegar, also called ACV acts as astringent and assists in restoring the normal pH of scalp and thus helps in treatment of various kinds skin conditions. Being free from any chemical, one need not worry about use of Apple cider vinegar, as it hardly leads to any side effects.
But, do note that an overuse of the vinegar might be harmful as it is able to increase the pH level and lead to conditions of balding.

  1. Treating Lumps on Scalp Naturally by use of Nutmeg Powder: Ideal especially for the removal of pimples which are brought about by infection is able to be treated naturally by use of Nutmeg powder.

You are required to take a nutmeg and also grind it to get the powder and then add 4 tablespoons of milk to grinded powder so as to make a paste for using on scalp. Rinsing the head after an hour is essential.

  1. Neem: Neem leaves can be boiled and then grinded so as to make paste for using on scalp in order to do away with the bumps on back of head and other lumps brought about by an infection on the head.

The antiseptic and anti-bacterial properties that are exhibited by Neem assists in treating the scalp problems such as the lumps on scalp. Heena is an antiseptic in its property and therefore can be used to treatment of scalp lumps, especially the acne brought about by an infection.

Bumps on Back of Arms: White, Itchy, Small, Causes, Get Rid

If you have little red or black bumps in patches on your upper arms, backside, or thighs that resemble chicken skin and occasionally itch, you probably have a genetic skin disorder called keratosis pilaris. Keratosis pilaris is common, especially among people who already have dry skin or eczema. The cause is an accumulation of keratin, a protective protein in your skin.

Why do I have Bumps on Back of my Arms?

Keratin may build up because of underlying conditions on your arm skin, but it also occurs in otherwise healthy people. When it accumulates, keratin blocks hair follicles and forms the scaly, acne-like bumps on back of arms, which measure about 1 mm to 2 mm.

Keratosis pilaris can occur at any age, but it’s more common in young children. Signs and symptoms include:

  • Painless tiny bumps, typically on the upper arms, thighs, cheeks or buttocks
  • Dry, rough skin in the areas with bumps
  • Worsening when seasonal changes cause low humidity and skin tends to be drier
  • Sandpaper-like bumps resembling goose flesh

If you have little red or black bumps in patches on your upper arms, backside, or thighs that resemble chicken skin and occasionally itch, you probably have a genetic skin disorder called keratosis pilaris. Much like acne, this skin disorder affects 50-80% of adolescents and roughly 40% of adults although no one knows the exact cause.
Those prone to eczema, asthma, and allergies are more likely to be afflicted with this annoying condition. Also, up to 50% of those who struggle with keratosis pilaris have a family history of it in their lineage.

What are these bumps on back of arms?

Keratosis pilaris has a few different forms: It can range from pink to red bumps on the cheeks, and arms to small red bumps that aren’t irritated, to pimple-like bumps that are inflamed and red. Overall, regardless of the type, these bumpy rough spots are clogged pores where skin cells have become hardened inside the pore and inflammation occurs.
However, there is no available cure or universally effective treatment; though it is generally well accepted that unclogging pores and reducing inflammation can make a significant difference to this condition.

Bumps on Back of Arms Causes

You might have spotted these skin bumps marks on your face, buttocks, or thighs. Sandpapery and resembling goose bumps, the marks are harmless and painless, though occasionally itchy. The bumps can occur as red or pink when inflamed, and often in clusters or patches. They tend to clear up during summer months or pregnancy and flare up in the dry air seasons of winter. Many cases of keratosis pilaris resolve on their own over time.
Keratosis pilaris as they are known results from the buildup of keratin which is a hard protein that protects skin from harmful substances and infection. The keratin forms a scaly plug that blocks the opening of the hair follicle. Usually many plugs form, causing patches of rough, bumpy skin.
It is not known exactly why keratin builds up. But it may occur in association with genetic inheritance or with other skin conditions, such as atopic dermatitis. Dry skin often worsens this condition.
But, first consider whether these likely culprits might be the cause of your red, itchy, irritated bumps on back of arms’ skin.

Other causes

Allergic reactions to personal care products
This involves the cosmetics, skincare, hair care, and even your laundry detergent. We come into contact with so many potential allergens every day, that there have several possibilities for your skin to become irritated. People tend to be allergic to preservatives, and some are more allergenic than others.
It is common for people to be allergic to certain fragrances, too. See if you can find a common thread in the products you use, and if it is just one thing, stop using it. But if it becomes more of an issue and you can’t figure out what’s causing it, you might need to get patch tested, which is when an allergist introduces you to small amounts of common allergens to ascertain which ones trigger a reaction.
Eczema
This is a general term that is used to describe many different types of inflammation of the skin, or dermatitis, and can appear anywhere on the body, though it is most commonly found in the elbow creases or behind the knees. These bumps on back of arms can look very different from person-to-person, but they are usually intensely itchy, red, and dry.
Keratosis pilaris
Also called chicken skin, this common skin condition is a variant of eczema. It causes skin cells to cluster around hair follicles, trapping the hair underneath and causing a raised bump. KP typically shows up on the backs of the arms and thighs in large patches of rough, raised skin. It is not always itchy, but it can be sometimes. Depending on the person’s skin tone, these bumps are usually red or brown. It is chronic, but can be managed with products that include chemical exfoliators like glycolic acid and lactic acid.
Rubbing from fabrics
Wearing clothes that rub you in all the wrong places can cause itchy contact dermatitis bumps on back arms and knees too. Just that friction factor of the fabric can be extremely irritating. It often happens if you are working out and your clothes start to slide against your sweaty skin. If you notice an itchy red rash after hitting the gym, check if it falls where the seams of athletic wear lies. Cotton is typically not irritating, but bulky, scratchy materials like wool often are especially around your neck.
Bug bites
These bites usually show up as one or a few distinct red bumps, but many people can develop a generalized allergic reaction after getting bit by certain bugs. This is commonly seen with mosquito bites, and presents as a bumpy, itchy red rash around the area you were bit. If you wake up with itchy red bites you can’t explain, it could be a sign of bed bugs in your beddings.
These bites typically appear on skin that’s exposed while you’re sleeping, like the arms, shoulders, neck, and face. They can also cause an itchy red rash in people who are sensitive. If you think you could have a tick bite, look for the telltale target-like appearance and see a doctor, as it could develop into lime disease. You can treat normal bug bites on your own with hydrocortisone cream, but if it looks infected or if it is leaking pus, see a doctor.
Heat rash
It causes itchy red bumps on back arms and even general skin that may also feel prickly and tingle, more so in areas where sweat becomes trapped beneath clogged pores. “Heat rash can appear in different forms. Sometimes it is red bumps, but sometimes it’s tiny clear blisters. The rash is common in hot, humid weather, and usually goes away on its own once the skin is cooled down.
Allergic reactions to food or medicine
Eating a food or medicine you’re allergic to can cause you to break out in hives, an itchy red rash that appears as welts. The difference with this type of allergy is that, the rash can appear anywhere on your body, versus a skin irritant that causes a rash right where it touched you. Since allergies to foods and medications can be extremely dangerous, it is important to get checked out if you have hives or in some way can connect something you ingested to a rash.
Sun allergy
The most common type of bumps on back arms causes is sun poisoning. Sometimes people have been inside all winter and go into the sun and break out in an itchy red rash. This is your body having a reaction to a sudden burst of sun exposure. It usually happens on the forearms or other places that have been covered for months and then all of a sudden exposed to the sun. It does not happen to everybody, but some people have some sort of allergy to it.
While there is no cure for those bumps on back arms, you can improve the appearance of your skin:

  • Since dry skin can worsen the condition, keep yourself – and your skin – well hydrated. Drink plenty of water and use a humidifier in your home on drier days.
  • Take short, warm water showers, since hot water can strip natural protective oils from your skin.
  • Use gentle soaps or cleansers, avoiding potentially irritating ingredients like detergent or fragrance.
  • After showering or bathing, lightly pat-dry your skin before applying a cream to seal in the moisture.
  • Choose a moisturizer containing alpha-hydroxyl acids or urea.
  • Hydrocortisone cream (0.5% to 1%) can also relieve itchiness.
  • To prevent scarring, infection, or redness, do not scrub or pick at the bumps.

Keratosis pilaris can be a difficult condition to achieve satisfactory treatment results. If you are concerned about the appearance of your skin, contact a dermatologist, who may prescribe a stronger medicated cream or ointment.
When to see a doctor
Treatment for keratosis pilaris usually is not necessary. But if you are concerned about the appearance of your or your child’s skin, consult your family doctor or a specialist in skin diseases. He/ she can often make a diagnosis by examining the skin and the characteristic scaly bumps.

White Bumps on Arms

If you have tiny white or slightly red bumps on your upper arms or thighs, you may be among the 40% of the population that has a condition known as keratosis pilaris as discussed above. It is so common, that if you do not have it, chances are that someone you know has them.
This condition is a benign problem in which keratin, a protein in the skin, forms hard plugs within the hair follicles. KP may appear similar to goose bumps and often has sandpaper feel. It runs in families and is more common in children and the adolescents. Keratosis Pilaris usually worsens in winter seasons due to lower humidity. Again, although harmless, some may find it cosmetically unappealing.

Itchy Bumps on Arms

Regardless of your skin type, chances are you have had an itchy, red, bumpy rash at one time or another at the back of your arms. It’s like the international sign of skin irritation.
If it is not affecting your daily life or covering whole body, and you are not feeling sick otherwise, chances are it is nothing to worry about and will clear up on its own. Treating bumps on back of arms with over-the-counter hydrocortisone itch relief cream until it goes away may be sufficient. But if it lasts for over two weeks, or goes away and comes back or if your itch cream is not bringing you relief, it is a good idea to visit your dermatologist, as you might need a stronger, more targeted medication to clear things up.

Small Bumps on back of Arms that Itch

There is no cure for those bumps that appear at the back of your arms, but there are methods to deal with it. It is shorts and sleeveless season! And that means about 40% of us will notice hard little bumps scattered on our arms, shoulders, backs, butts or thighs that typically don’t come with other symptoms aside from occasional itchiness.
The annoying yet harmless condition is known as keratosis pilaris. A variant of eczema, the bumps on back of arms tend to plague people who have a family history of atopic dermatitis or dry skin marked by scaly patches. Dry weather aggravates keratosis pilaris, so you may see more bumps during the winter seasons, but heat and humidity can also trigger the condition.
It is more of a bother in the summer when we’re wearing skin-baring styles, and the last thing you want is chicken skin at the beach.
The small bumps on back of arms problem starts when extra skin cells cluster around hair follicles, causing a knob to form and elevate. The hair can then get trapped underneath the cells, sometimes turning into a brown or red dot that you can see in the middle of the bump. Unfortunately, there is no cure or way to entirely stop the process yet.
Occasionally, keratosis pilaris can get better as you get older. And if you do not outgrow it, certain strategies can help you keep things under control and your skin looking much better.

How to Get Rid of Bumps on Back of Arms

There are few skin conditions more annoying than those red, itchy bumps on the back of your arms. And this time of year, they’re out in full force. These bumps, or keratosis pilaris, are aggravated by hot showers that dry out skin. We typically spend more time indoors with the dry heat, which can cause the skin bumps to become irritated.
What Doesn’t Work
Picking –Now, we all know you’re not supposed to pick skin, but some people think that picking these non-acne pimples is harmless. Picking is out of the question and can lead to unsightly scarring that’s far worse than the bump you started out with, so resist the urge.

Scrubbing – Rub all you want, but you will only end up with bumps that are now irritated and red. The problem is not the top surface of skin, but the building up of cells underneath the surface, so no amount of superficial exfoliation will clear these bumps on back of arms.
What Works
Chemical exfoliators – Both glycolic acid and lactic acid can help a little bit, more so in the form of a wash. You can as well use a good exfoliating cleanser with 15 percent glycolic acid.
Retinoid – topical retinoid may help improve the condition by going deep below the surface of skin to exfoliate cells.
Moisturizers – To instantly make bumps look and feel better, use a deeply hydrating moisturizer. This will definitely help soften the feel and look of bumps, though keep in mind that it won’t help prevent the condition from forming if you’re genetically prone.
Gentle cleansing – Harsh soaps can dry out skin and exacerbate the rough texture of bumps on back of arms. Using a hydrating soap free of detergent may help. Always be sure to moisturize bump-prone areas within a minute of stepping out of the shower.
Sunscreen – While sunscreen won’t prevent the condition from forming, it can make a significant difference in preventing bumps from worsening and looking more obvious. The sun’s damaging rays are known to aggravate keratosis pilaris. Wear sunscreen of at least SPF 30 every day to encourage smoother skin.
Remember, these bumps are extremely common, so do not feel so self-conscious about them. By incorporating these simple habits that are good for your overall health too, you can feel more confident putting on that tank top or sundress this summer with the best accessory there is.
Open up your pores with warm water.
Giving your skin a chance to breathe and rehydrate by exposing it to warm water before treating the bumps on back of arms is essential. Beware of too hot showers, as Polder mentioned, which will counteract any positive effects.
Wash with salicylic acid – salicylic acid can be very helpful in breaking down the bumps. You can try washing with a salicylic acid-infused cleanser, or using impregnated pads or toners with salicylic acid once a day.
Scrub but not much hard
Keratosis pilaris bumps are hardened dead skin and so to get rid of them you need to exfoliate to remove that dead skin. The best way to exfoliate is to combine physical exfoliation with chemical exfoliation. However, be careful when choosing your scrubbing tool. Using a loofah or a grainy scrub might temporarily feel good, but these may actually worsen the condition.
Use the right lotion.
Next, you’ll want to use a lotion specifically geared toward stopping KP, but you’ll want to leave your skin slightly damp before application. Moisturizing only happens when you trap water in the dead skin cell layer by applying moisturizers after you shower or bathe. Applying them to completely dry skin won’t work.
Stay hydrated.
The final way to keep those red bumps at bay is to stay on top of your hydration. Drink water throughout the day or tea, if you are too chilly for something cold and use a humidifier to keep your skin from getting too dry.
Exfoliation to unclog pores is at the top of the list of treatments. You can use active ingredients would be lactic or glycolic acid that can help exfoliate skin cells, but these only work on the surface. To get to the root of the problem you need a beta hydroxyl acid product with the active ingredient salicylic acid and a pH low enough for exfoliation to occur.
One other interesting aspect of BHA is that it has antimicrobial properties, which kills the bacteria that may be making matters worse. Plus, because salicylic acid is related to aspirin, it also has anti-inflammatory properties. Salicylic acid is a brilliant answer to eliminating these red bumps on back of arms.
Lasers for Keratosis Pilaris

If topical treatments are not working to resolve your keratosis pilaris you may want to consult a dermatologist about laser treatments. Various options are available, including photo – pneumatic therapy (PPx), intense pulsed light (IPL), pulsed dye laser, long-pulsed alexandrite laser, and the ND: YAG laser.
Laser or light-emitting treatments have an impressive-to-decent rate of improvement, most notably for persistent redness and, in those with darker skin tones, brown spots from where the bumps used to be, with overall surface texture improvement.
Lasers and light-emitting treatments are more option in the battle against those pesky red bumps and for stubborn or recurring bumps on back of arms that do not respond well to topical treatments, they can be well worth the time and money.
More references

  1. Keratosis pilaris: http://cosmeticscop.com/2016/08/22/keratosis-pilaris-treat-those-bumps-on-the-back-of-your-arms/
  2. Symptoms and causes of bumps at the back of your arms: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/keratosis-pilaris/symptoms-causes/dxc-20168352

Bumps in Back of Throat: Red, White,Yellow, Treat

What does it mean when you have white or red bumps in back of your throat? Explore on the causes, how to get rid of them and best home remedy treatments for throat bumps
If you realize that you have bumps in the back of your throat, they can cause you to be worried. Several conditions can cause white spots or bumps in the throat. Your physician will diagnose the cause of the spots, especially when you combine them with other symptoms you experience. White spots are sometimes a sign of some type of bacteria, but they may also appear on your tonsils. They are unsightly and can cause you to have bad breath.
Irritation is generally the reason for bumps in back of throat. This irritation often causes your body to create mucus and send white cells to the area to fight infection. This activity can cause the throat to appear reddish, as well. From upper respiratory infections to acid reflux or post nasal drip, there are numerous potential causes of the irritation.

What Causes Bumps in Back of Throat

Infection often causes redness found in your throat. You can tell if your tonsils are infected is you have a swelling in your lymph nodes with fever. In addition to infection, other sources may cause the bumps and they may be white in color.
Pharyngitis
This condition affects your pharynx, which is found in the upper respiratory tract. The larynx, sinuses and other vital nasal passages are found here, as well. These structures take outside air to your trachea and then pass it to the lungs. If your pharynx is infected, your throat will be sore with bumps in back of throat.
The usual pharyngitis symptoms include:

  • Sore throat
  • Excessive sneezing
  • Severe headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Heavy mucus in the nose
  • Chills
  • General body pain
  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Swollen tonsils with red bumps

Strep Throat
This condition is brought about by a throat infection caused by bacteria. It will cause your throat to be sore and itchy.
Strep throat signs include, issues when swallowing food, throat pain, red spots on the roof of the mouth, swollen lymph glands in the neck, tonsil swelling with white patches, vomiting, in children, high fever, fatigue and tiredness.
The symptoms generally indicate infection. You may have a few of these symptoms and still not have strep throat, since they are common to other diseases too. Your physician can test for strep throat, and will not conclude that you have strep throat by your symptoms alone.
Oral Candidiasis
This is brought on by Candida yeast, in people with a weakened immune system. Once Candida yeast has entered your body, it establishes colonies, manifested in the white spots in the mucus membranes in the cheeks. Earlier on, this condition will not cause pain. If not promptly treated, however, it will often spread back to the tonsils, causing white bumps in back of throat.
Tonsil Stones
They are known to look like white specks over the tonsils. They can sometimes be less visible sometimes. The condition causes difficulty in swallowing food, in addition to pain in the throat. A metallic taste and bad breath can also be brought about by tonsil stones. The stones themselves appear resulting from bacteria in the tonsillar crypts or due to mucus and hardened food particles becoming stuck in them.
Oral (Throat) Herpes
Herpes virus, as it is known, may cause sores. They usually begin at the lips, before spreading inside to your mouth and your throat. This is an infectious condition, and is spread through oral sex. It causes white bumps in back of throat, and fever blisters upon the mouth and lips.
Infectious Mononucleosis
The symptoms involved with this condition include modifying of the chemical composition of the blood, along with throat soreness, a high fever and lymph node swelling. This condition can lead to a dark red coloring of the throat, in addition to white spots that look like bumps in the back of the throat. The pain level can be high. This disorder can cause other problems by creating abscesses in the throat, and it can be quite dangerous to your general health.
Post Nasal Drip
If your nose is blocked, the mucus cannot get out through that avenue. It finds another route to get out, running down the back of your throat. The heavy mucus flow may irritate the throat in some cases.
Tonsillitis
This condition usually results from a bacterial infection or other type of virus. Its main symptoms are swelling of lymph nodes and tonsils, high fever, neck pain, issues with swallowing food and white specks on back of your throat.
Allergic Rhinitis
You may have heard of this condition by its informal name, hay fever. The symptoms are quite similar to those of allergies. They include sinus pressure, excessive sneezing and runny nose. Hay fever actually begins when your body reacts to allergens like pollen or pet dander, and not a bacteria or virus. The irritation of rhinitis may sometimes cause redness and swellings, making it appear as though you have bumps in back of throat.
Streptococcal Angina
Infections in the Streptococcal family include Streptococcal pharyngitis, which bring on this condition. In addition to creating bumps in the throat area, it also brings with it symptoms including overwhelming fatigue, a high fever, pain when you eat, itching and white spots near the back of the throat. This condition is severe, since it may lead to rheumatism or rheumatic fever. These can cause heart problems and joint issues.
Syphilis Infections
Syphilis can cause red or white bumps in back of throat too. Other symptoms include malaise, joint pain and body sores.

Action should you Take

Most importantly, keep yourself highly hydrated. This will ensure a stronger immune system. Gargling with warm salt water helps to flush debris or bacteria that are in the area of the tonsils. Salt also reduces inflammation. These are only very general treatment recommendations.
If your problem does not improve when you try them, consult your physician to conduct a test. He or she will find the cause of the bumps in back of throat and recommend a treatment course for that disease. In the case of strep throat, however, treatment will include a course of antibiotics.

Are White Bumps in Throat Dangerous?

The tonsils are usually pink in color but if they turn white, red and swollen, they could be infected. If you have infected tonsils, you might also symptoms such as sore throat, fever and swollen lymph nodes. Sometimes white or yellow patches form on the tonsils. These can be a sign of strep throat, though viruses may also be the cause.
However, the majority of these infections are caused by viruses, so antibiotics will not be effective. If you have been near someone who has had strep throat, or if your symptoms do not get better over several days, your doctor may advise an office visit.
The Tongue and Soft Tissues of the Mouth
The tongue can become inflamed, causing red bumps in back of throat. These red bumps may or may not be painful and can be caused by fungal infections or some specific vitamin deficiencies. The tongue and soft tissues in the mouth can also develop ulcers. The area around these blisters can become raised, sore and red.
Viruses are a common cause, but certain medical conditions, such as celiac disease or inflammatory bowel disease, can also be the cause of the problem. If the area in the back of your throat does not heal on its own, contact your doctor for an evaluation.
Abscesses
Some infections may lead to abscesses in the back of the throat. These are pockets of infection that are filled with pus and debris. These abscesses are usually red and can become so large they block the airway and make it hard to breathe. They can form inside or around the tonsils. They can also form around teeth or in the soft tissue of the mouth.
Fever, sore throat or swollen lymph nodes may also be presented. More serious symptoms, such as drooling, shortness of breath, or difficulty closing your mouth, require immediate medical attention.
What You Can Do
Though red bumps in back of throat may have different causes, treatments may be similar.

  • It is important to be well hydrated during suspected infections to keep your immune system strong.
  • Salt water gargles can help to remove debris or bacteria that could get stuck in the tonsils and it can as well decrease local inflammation in the mouth.
  • Your doctor might recommend acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve pain and fever, if they are needed.
  • If these measures do not provide help, your doctor may recommend further testing and other treatments depending on the cause of the red bumps.

Should you worry about Raised Bumps on Back of Throat

Strep throat is caused by streptococcal bacteria in the throat and often the tonsils. Symptoms include sudden severe sore throat, pain swallowing, a fever, swollen tonsils and lymph nodes, and white or yellow spots or a reddened back of the throat.
Strep throat is highly contagious, with a two-to-five day incubation period. It can be diagnosed through a physical examination and a throat culture. Strep throat is treated with antibiotics and usually resolves in three to seven days, although the healing time can be up to two weeks. It is important to have strep throat diagnosed and begin treatment as soon as possible in order to prevent its spread to others.
Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils located in the back of the throat on both sides of the tongue. Tonsils are part of the body’s natural immune system. This tissue captures bacteria and viruses to either prevent them from entering the body or trigger the appropriate immune response. The back of the throat may appear red or swollen or have a white or yellow coating covering the tonsils.
The adenoids may also be inflamed and swollen, impeding swallowing and/or breathing. Symptoms include a severe sore throat, painful or difficult swallowing, coughing, headache, fever, chills and swelling of the cheeks and neck. Tonsillitis may also be caused by strep throat. Antibiotic medication is generally prescribed to treat the inflammation.
Tonsillitis usually resolves in four to seven days if caused by a virus. Chronic cases of repeated tonsillitis may require surgical removal of the tonsils and/or adenoids. An adenoidectomy may also be recommended for children experiencing chronic ear infections.
The larynx allows air to pass in and out of the lungs while preventing solids and liquids from entering the lungs. The larynx also contributes to sound production by the vocal cords. Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx, the top portion of the windpipe.
It is characterized by hoarseness, coughing, difficulty in breathing for some children and, occasionally, loss of voice. In addition to an infection, laryngitis may be caused by acid reflux or nodules, polyps or nerve damage on the vocal cords. Laryngitis usually heals by itself within two weeks with the help of increased air moisture, drinking plenty of fluids and resting the voice.
If you have a sore throat that causes pain or won’t heal, please contact our office and schedule an appointment with one of our Otolaryngologists.

What does Yellowish Bumps on Back of throat mean

Also known as fever blisters; cold sores are fluid-filled blisters that form on the lips or around the mouth. They are usually caused by the herpes simplex virus, and are both contagious and painful. Fever, sunburn, trauma, hormonal changes or emotional upset can trigger their appearance.
While there is currently no cure, cold sores which appear with yellow color can be treated with prescription ointments to help alleviate the pain. It is also important to wash your hands frequently and avoid sharing personal products to help prevent the spread of the infection to other people.
Also known as oral thrush, this mouth sore is caused by a fungal infection. Painful red and cream-colored patches form on moist areas of the mouth. Candidiasis can cause difficulties with swallowing and taste. It is most commonly seen by denture wearers or people who have problems with their immune systems. Sometimes it occurs as a result of an unrelated antibiotic treatment, which can decrease normal bacterial development in the mouth. Saliva substitutes and antifungal creams are used to treat candidiasis.

How about when Bumps on Back of your Throat are Red

Red bumps in the back of the throat can be part of your normal or a sign of a medical condition. Tonsils sit in the back of your mouth on either side of your tongue and in some people, they can be naturally large.
They usually have grooves in them, giving them a bumpy appearance. The tongue can have large taste buds that can also appear like bumps in the back of the throat.
Any of these areas can appear pink or red. However, there are times when the appearance of red bumps may be the sign of a problem, and you will need to consult your doctor.
Though red bumps in back of throat may have different causes, treatments sometimes are the same. It is recommended that you take a lot of water during suspected infections to keep your immune system on strength.
You can as well take some warm water and add in some salt, and then gargle it. This can help to remove debris or bacteria that may have stuck in the crevices of your tonsils. Salt is also known to decrease local inflammation in the mouth in general.
Your dentist may recommend acetaminophen or ibuprofen which may help to relieve pain and fever, if needed. If all these activities will not offer help, you may be required to go for further examination and other treatments depending on the cause of the red bumps in back of throat.

How to Get Rid of Bumps in Back of Throat

Although bumps in back of your throat are normal, there is a reason to worry when you notice big, red or white bumps forming in your throat. There are many conditions that associate such symptoms, therefore investigation is important to know the causes and hence treatment.
Most of the time, the doctor says that there’s just a little inflammation, and it’s nothing to worry about. But other times, there may be a red or white bump in the back of the throat that can signal a serious health problem.

Home Remedies 

It is best to treat the underlying cause when there are bumps in back of throat, so testing may be required. The following are remedies that can help treat the red or white bumps in your throat:
Gargling with Salt Water
This is an effective way to remove bumps in the throat. Stir half a teaspoon of Celtic sea salt into a full glass of warm water. Gargle for about 30 seconds, and then spit the water out. It is a good idea to gargle salt water after each meal, and of course until the bumps in your throat is no longer a problem.
Detecting Food Allergies
Many people suffer from hidden food allergies, especially when oral thrush is an issue, allergies are another potential cause of bumps in back of throat. Common food allergies include dairy, wheat, gluten, eggs, shellfish, and peanuts. Good ways to detect food allergies include an elimination diet or an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Herbal Remedies
There are several herbs that are beneficial for sore throats due to bumps in back of throat. Evidence suggests that the South African geranium is useful for common cold symptoms such as a fever, coughing, and a sore and scratchy throat. There are also herbs that can treat candida overgrowth, especially plants that contain the alkaloid berberine such as goldenseal, barberry, Oregon grape, and goldthread.
Licorice root is another useful herb with immune-boosting properties that reduces throat inflammation. Other herbs with antifungal and antibacterial properties include garlic, oregano, and pau d’arco.
Homeopathy
This can also benefit those with sore bumps in the throat. For instance, APIs mellifica may be prescribed when a person has swollen throat, swollen and red tonsils. The person may also experience a burning or stinging pain that feels worse when drinking warm liquids and better when eating ice or drinking cold liquids. Other homeopathic remedies that may benefit those with bumps in the throat include sulphur, Phytolacca, and belladonna.
Probiotics
An imbalance of good bacteria in the body can lead to Candida overgrowth, oral thrush, and a sore and swollen throat from poor immunity. High-quality probiotic supplementation can help counter the effects from an impaired immune system and balance the body’s bacteria to treat and prevent immune and Candida-related issues. Consult a health practitioner for a probiotic and dosage recommendation. Also include probiotic rich foods, such as yogurt, to your diet.

How to Prevent

There are also a number ways to prevent bumps in the back of the throat, including the following:

  • Dietary restrictions:

Sugar and dairy contribute to mucus production and promote the overgrowth of Candida. Restricting the intake of both foods can help prevent bumps in the throat due strep throat or oral thrush.

  • Proper oral hygiene:

Proper oral hygiene is always a good idea. It can help prevent white throat bumps, especially when oral candidiasis is the cause. Brush your teeth and gums after every meal, clean your tongue with a metal or copper tongue scraper, and use a natural antibacterial herbal mouthwash.

  • Keep well hydrated:

Drink a glass of water at least every couple of hours. It’s also best to avoid alcohol and caffeine, since they will make you dehydrated. Consume liquid foods that help boost the immune system including fresh vegetable smoothies and juices, and bone broths.
More references

  1. Red bumps at the back of the throat: http://www.livestrong.com/article/314448-red-bumps-at-the-back-of-the-throat/
  2. Red bumps at the back of the throat: http://www.livestrong.com/article/314448-red-bumps-at-the-back-of-the-throat/
  3. Treating bumps in the back of the throat: http://www.doctorshealthpress.com/respiratory-articles/bumps-in-back-of-throat

Watery Eyes and Runny Nose: Home Remedy, Itchy, Sneezing, How to Stop Fast

It is normal to have watery eyes runny nose, and sometimes, a headache when you have the common cold. However, these symptoms can be due other health problems as well. If you think your symptoms are unrelated to a common cold, we will help you determine what the symptoms are caused by. It will also help you learn how to get rid of these conditions.

Watery Eyes and Runny Nose Causes

Watery eyes and runny nose have been well known to be a condition brought about by either cold flu or respiratory issues to be general. It is important to know the exact cause of your condition for you to determine the rightful treatment. The following are some of the causes of these symptoms.
Symptoms
The characteristic triad of runny nose, watery eyes and sneezing is usually a sign of allergic rhinitis. Hay fever is a kind of allergic rhinitis. This is an allergic reaction. It can be triggered by things like pollen, dander, grass, dust, mites, minute insects and their smells, pets and mold. In some cases, it is because of an upper respiratory tract infection, in which case there may be sore throat.
Common Cold
The most common symptoms of a common cold are watery eyes runny nose and sometimes, chest congestion. If you experience these symptoms, they are most likely to be due to the common cold. The common cold is often a viral infection that has taken up residence in the upper respiratory tract, mainly in the throat and nose.
This is usually a harmless condition even though it can make you feel sick. The main symptoms besides watery eyes and runny nose are itchy throat, sore throat, congestion, cough, mild headache, sneezing, body aches, fatigue, and a low grade fever.
Hay Fever
This is usually also called allergic rhinitis. The symptoms are just similar to that of a common cold. Besides the watery eyes runny nose, also congestion, you may have itching of the eyes and nose, with a bit of sneezing. It is also common to have a sinus headache and blocked ears. Hay fever is usually caused by an abnormal response to an allergen, including dust mites, pollen, other outdoor allergens, mold, and saliva or skin flakes that come off of animals with feathers or fur.
Sinusitis
This condition is also known as acute rhino sinusitis. It is caused by mucus buildup in the air pockets around your nasal passages. These air pockets become swollen and inflamed, causing watery eyes and runny nose. The mucus builds up inside the sinuses and you get the following symptoms:

  • Nasal blockage or obstruction, leading to problems with nose breathing.
  • Thick yellow or greenish drainage from the nose or down the throat.
  • Decreased perception of taste and smell.
  • Swelling, tenderness, pain, and pressure in the area of the cheeks, eyes, behind the nose or in the forehead.
  • Coughing which can be worse during the nighttime.

You can also get other symptoms, such as headache, jaw and teeth pain, pain in the ears, tiredness, fever, and bad breath, or halitosis. Acute sinusitis is usually triggered by the common cold but it can be due to fungal infections, bacterial infections, or allergies as well.
Pink Eye
This is also known as conjunctivitis. It occurs when there is inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva that lines the inner portion of the eyelids and the whites of the eyes. When the blood vessels in the conjunctiva are very inflamed, they are easily seen as red stripes. The whiteness of the eyes turns pink or red in color. This disease is caused by a viral or bacterial infection but can be as a result of allergies.
You can get watery eyes runny nose, and eye discharge. It can affect just one eye or both eyes at the same time. Common symptoms and signs include the following:

  • Itchiness of the eyes
  • Eye redness
  • Grittiness of the eye
  • Tearing of the eye
  • Crustiness around the eyes that cause your eyes to be stuck together when you wake up

If the conjunctivitis is from allergies, watery eyes runny nose are often seen along with the above symptoms.
Drug Allergy
This occurs when your immune system reacts to the intake of a medication. Any type of medication, including herbal medications, prescription medications, and over the counter medications, can cause drug allergy. This condition is more common with some medications than with others.
The symptoms usually begin within one hour following ingestion of the drug, but it can occur up to several days afterwards. The most common drug allergy symptoms include watery eyes and runny nose, rash, itching, fever, hives, shortness of breath, swelling of the body, wheezing and itchy eyes. It is rare to have anaphylaxis when taking a drug, but it can occur although in some cases.
Other Causes
Apart from what we have mentioned there are some diseases and illnesses that can lead to these symptoms. These involve having respiratory syncytial virus, whooping cough, narcotic abuse, and nasal polyps.

Watery Eye and Runny Nose on one Side of Face

The symptoms for these problems are sometime worrisome. Eye is in communication with nasal cavity through nasolacrimal duct. Runny nose suggests that there is either collection of fluid at the sinuses which drains when you lie down or you are allergic to something – maybe when you come in contact prior or during going to bed.
In case you are a victim of these symptoms on one side, few investigations like CT for brain and sinuses to see for the severity of inflammation or blood tests if any is required. Till then try to see if you can identify triggers, have balanced diet and adequate fluid, avoid alcohol and smoking, have food rich in vitamin C so as to avoid repeated allergies or infection that will cause you to have watery eyes runny nose on one side or even both sides of the eyes and nose.
Sinuses are air filled bony cavities around the face that are lined by mucosa. They may get inflamed or infected leading to collection of fluid i.e. secretion from the mucosa which generally gets drained from the openings in the nasal cavity. A CT scan for Para-nasal sinuses will provide more answers to your condition.
Cluster headache which may be one of the symptoms you experience is a primary neurovascular primary headache disorder characterized by severe strictly unilateral, typically retro-orbital or periorbital. They are of short duration. Pain is accompanied by ipsilateral lacrimation, conjunctival injection, rhinorrhea, eyelid edema, ptosis, and mitosis. Alcohol, smoking or any other triggers may cause start of pain.

How to Stop Runny Nose and Watery Eyes Fast

A runny nose and watery eyes usually mean that excessive mucus is being produced by your nasal passages. Fortunately, there are home remedies you can consider that will attack the symptoms of watery eyes runny nose, congestion in the nose, cough, and sneezing. As much as you are look for help to handle your problem, you should be very careful not to worsen the situation.
Take a steam bath
Wherever you are facing watery eyes runny nose situation, try to take a steam bath. This is an effective method as it will soothe your congestion. You can also use another method – take a mug and fill it with hot water. Then add some Vicks Vapor rub or menthol in your water. Then cover your head with a big and thick towel. After that, inhale the steam. Surely this will help you a lot to get rid of watery eyes and runny nose fast.
Use Vicks vapor rub
This is a temporary method. Rub some Vicks over and underneath your nose. This will give you a sudden relief from the watery eyes runny nose. You can also use Vicks on your chest too.
Warm towel method
Take a towel and soak it in warm water then put this over your nose area. This helps to break down the mucus or sinuses. This is very useful for the people who suffer a lot from dust allergies.
Bedtime remedy
Take a big towel and roll it round. Then place the towel under your neck. This will help you to get rid of watery eyes and runny nose at the time of sleeping.
Blow your nose
Blowing your nose is a common solution for us all. There’s some question arises if this will make your congestion problem good or worse. Survey has been served regarding this matter and an astonishing thing came up. Blowing your nose can create heavier situation then it actual is. So, keep one thing in your mind to blow one side of nostril first and then the other. This will help you give complete relief without being making it worse.
Antihistamines & decongestants
If you are facing a long term runny nose then you can take the medication of antihistamines. But before using it try to consult with your doctor. You can use decongestants like nasal spray to fond quick relief. You can also make homemade decongestants.
Use of Heat
You can use steam in order to let the nose run clear. Steam heat can loosen up the mucus and can help flush out the irritants and infections causing the symptoms. It also helps keep your nasal cavities moist.
Use a facial steamer or even a dish of hot water, inhaling deeply to let the heat do its job. Do this twice a day for better relief of watery eyes and runny nose. You can also use a hot steam vaporizer in order to keep the air moist in the bedroom. This will loosen the mucus and help your nose drain. Make sure the room is aired out in the daytime to keep mold from growing in the room.
Use Saline Nasal Drop
You can use nasal sprays or drops made from salt water. This can relieve the nasal congestion and help get rid of the bacteria inside the nose. The mucus and irritants can be flushed out with the drops. You can make your own saline nasal drops by mixing ¼ tsp. of salt with 8 oz. of regular water.
Drop a few mixtures into your nose. Another choice is to use ¼ tsp. of baking soda along with the salt. After you use the dropper, blow your nose carefully to clear out the solution and mucus.
Avoid Allergens
Allergens in your living space, such as dust mites, pollen, mold, and pet dander can cause watery eyes runny nose and nasal congestion. You need to get rid of these things in your house as well as irritants that can cause symptoms such as fumes, strong perfumes and paint smells.
Medications
You can take antihistamines to block the symptoms. They will help clear up the sneezing, watery eyes, runny nose, and itchy eyes you see in allergies and colds. Antihistamines work by blocking histamine in the system and are available both by prescription and over the counter. There are antihistamines that can be sedating and those that will keep you awake.

Home Remedy for Watery Eyes and Runny Nose

Some people experience dry cough and stuffy nose when they suffer from cold, however some other people suffer from a runny, dripping nose. The eyes are watery – there is constant discharge of watery phlegm from the nose which is often discomforting. Constant sneezing makes matters worse. In such a situation, one can get relief if the constant stream of watery phlegm from the nose is stopped.
Home Remedies
There are lots of home remedies to curb these symptoms. This provides great relief to the person and they can move outdoors and sleep peacefully. No need for handkerchief all the time. The first thing to dry is obviously the vapor rub. It contains many natural and some synthetic ingredients that are excellent for cold induced symptoms.

For runny nose

Lady fingers or Okra
This is a vegetable that contains a sticky substance called mucilage. Wash the okra pods and take out the seeds and then eat the okra pods after boiling them. Also drink the water in which the okra pods were boiled to prevent any wastage of mucilage.
This mucilage is very soothing for the throat and it prevents the irritants from inflaming the throat. This prevents the much more troublesome sore throat condition. Moreover, it improves also digestion. This in turn helps with the runny nose condition.
Ginger
This is the most effective natural remedies for getting rid of runny nose. Chew each day a small size of crushed ginger with a little bit of salt. It has many potential to fight against the germs or bacteria which resides in our body because of cold, flu or runny nose. Regular eating of ginger will trigger your immune system and will also help you to feel boosted in your everyday activity.
Lime juice mixture
Take a deep size tablespoon. Now take some mustard oil in the spoon. Add the same amount of lime juice in it and a pinch of salt. Now place the spoon directly over the stove. When it is going to heat up the oil will splash a bit. As the solution contains two conflicting ingredients, do not fear if your mixture starts to pop a bit. After the mixture is hot enough then gallop 2 tsp. of that mixture.
Do not drink more of that solution. You can store the remaining or can make other batches the next day. If you drink this solution before going to bed this will give you a quick relief from runny nose and congested coughing situation.
Sour fruits
Take out the juice of lemon, lime, orange or pineapple and put this in warm water. Drink this sour juice. It should provide relief from runny nose and frequent sneezing.
Hot water after peppercorns
Chew some peppercorns in the mouth. It is going to feel spicy. Drink some hot water over it. It will make the runny nose runnier and make the body release phlegm at a high rate. A lot of phlegm is expelled and the nose and throat is relieved greatly. A similar remedy is to do a gargle with a pinch of cayenne pepper. It is a reverse kind of remedy, one that provides relief by aggravating the condition in the beginning.
Turmeric
When preparing food, add some turmeric into it. When the food starts cooking, turmeric vapors emerge along with other vapors of the food. They can be really helpful in stopping a runny nose. Also eat the food containing the turmeric. It is strongly anti-inflammatory and reduces the redness around the nose, inside the mucus membranes and near the eyes. This yellow spice is a miraculous food when it comes to lowering inflammation. However don’t drink this with milk in this condition, as milk can increase phlegm production.
Sniff Caraway Seeds
Get some caraway seeds and inhale their smell. They have a mild cooling odor which helps to calm watery eyes runny nose. This happens because caraways seeds are a natural antihistamine that curbs the body’s histamine based inflammatory response to allergen. The body still does its job, but not with too much external symptoms.
Thyme Steam
In a pot of boiling water put some dried thyme, about 2 tablespoon. Now, it turns into a big pot of thyme tea. Inhale the vapors from this tea. It has a similar effect as caraway seeds and stops a runny nose.

For Watery Eyes

Cucumber
The easiest and the best remedy for excessively watery eyes is the cool cucumber. Apply cucumber slices over the eyes to reduce the watery eyes and redness. Cool cucumber is great for the eyes. It also takes care of dark circles under eyes and puffiness. Keep the cucumber for 5 minutes every hour till the eyes become normal.
Tea Bags
Take 2 used black tea bags. Cool them in the refrigerator. Then apply them on the eyes. It reduces inflammation; swelling and thus the inflamed tear glands are relieved. They stop releasing so many tears.
Cold Milk
put it to use for getting relief from excessively watery eyes. Put the milk in a finely knit cloth and tie a knot at the top. Now place two such handkerchiefs, one on each eye. Milk is really soothing for the eyes.
Besides these remedies, get adequate sleep and wash the eyes with a good eye drop. Keep them as clean as possible. Try not to rub the eyes. It really promotes the watering.

Itchy Nose and Sneezing Home Remedy

Sneezing is an indication that the body is trying to eliminate the irritant or allergen. However, if you have to sneeze like every few seconds, then it becomes a problem. Moreover, if it happens in public, then it becomes a peculiar situation. The more you think about controlling the sneeze, the more you may want to do it.
Using these remedies, you can stop sneezing and give some rest to the nose, throat and chest.
Peppermint Inhaler

Get an empty inhaler. Add about 1/2 tablespoon of dried peppermint. Use this inhaler and breathe deeply with each nostril for 5 seconds. It immediately stops sneezing in most people. One can also sniff peppermint essential oil. The mint family contains menthol and many other aromatic, cooling compounds that reduce inflammation in the nasal mucus membranes.
Chamomile Tea
Prepare herbal tea with 1 tablespoon of chamomile in about 250 ml water. Drink this tea when cool. Chamomile is powerful anti-histamine and it helps to curb all the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Other herbal teas that one can use are ginger, nettle, parsley seed and fennel.
More references

  1. Watery eyes and runny nose: http://www.newhealthadvisor.com/Watery-Eyes-Runny-Nose.html
  2. A difference between allergy and cold: http://www.webmd.com/allergies/cold-or-allergy#1
  3. Allergic rhinitis: http://www.healthline.com/health/allergic-rhinitis#Overview1
  4. Watery eyes and runny nose only one side: http://www.justanswer.com/medical/4516g-watery-eye-runny-nose-one-side-when-lying-down.html

Bumps on Eyeball: White Pimple, Clear Bubble, Little, Pictures, Causes, Treatment

There are two main types of bumps that can appear on the eyeball. The first is known as pingueculum and it represents a small bump that appear on the white part of the eye (most commonly on the side that is closest to the nose), being clear or yellow in color. The second type is known as pterygium, which is also a small bump that can appear on the white part of the eyes, having however tiny blood vessels in its formation. The pterygium can extend as far as the cornea, as it grows in size.

Why do I have a Bump on my Eyeball?

Usually, the bumps on eyeball are disturbing for aesthetic reasons, although for some people, it is an important health issue, as it hinders their vision. It is important to understand that the majority of these bumps are never serious. They do not require treatment and they often go away on their own. In the situation that they lead to different symptoms, you should seek out medical treatment.
Symptoms of bump on eyeball
Symptoms of bumps on the eyeball may vary depending on the causes. Individuals react or respond to different causes of this condition depending on one’s immune system and natural habitat. These symptoms should always be noted and seek medical advice to avoid the permanent loose of vision in some cases.

  • A painful feeling of the eye
  • Itchy eyeball that feels irritated all the time
  • A burning or stinging sensation on the affected eye
  • Blurry vision or impaired vision may be experienced
  • Emergence of visible several tiny blood vessels on the conjunctiva
  • The eye may feel irritated like it has a foreign body in it all the time
  • Bloodshot or redness of the eye ball due to the visible blood vessels
  • A swollen or inflamed bump on the eyeball
  • Sore eyes that feel itchy and may be watery in some cases
  • Little bump on eyeball ma have lots of Red veins around it
  • In some cases, white bump on eye ball comes and goes and should be kept in check
  • The eye may tend to be unusually sensitive to light
  • In some cases, eye discharge may be experienced depending on the cause
  • Redness of the eye conjunctiva

Bumps on Eyeball Causes

Areas of the eyeball that may develop a bump, pimple or spot are; next to iris, Conjunctivas, Sclera or A growth on the eyeball when ignored may spread and cover the outer clear layer of the eye that is also known as the cornea. This may easily impair someone’s site or vision.
However, it is not well known exactly what causes the conditions commonly attributed to bumps on eyeball but scientists and doctors have linked some of the below factors to the causes of white bumps on the eyeball. These may include the following:
Pterygium
This could be the culprit for that perceived white bumps on eyeball. Also referred to as the surfer’s eye for its tendency to affect surfers, pterygium is a common eye problem that affect people who spend lots of time outdoors.
According to some researches revealed, the condition is mostly perceived as an area of raised white bumps with blood vessels. This is sometimes accompanied by itching, a burning sensation, and feeling as though you have foreign bodies in the eye, and in more severe cases, blurred vision.
Surfer’s eye occurs when a benign growth forms on the conjunctiva (the clear thin mucous membrane covering the white part the eye called sclera). The pimple is usually triangular-shaped and tends to grow from the nasal side of the sclera, sometimes extending all the way to the cornea.
The bumps on eyeball is usually slightly raised and contains visible blood vessels and although rarely, the bump can continue to grow as to eventually cover the pupil of the eye. When that happens, vision may be affected. This condition can either affect one or both of your eyes. When both eyes are affected, the condition is normally referred to as bilateral pterygium.

Risk of developing pterygium

The exact cause of this condition is not known, but most experts believe that;

  • Too much exposure to ultraviolet rays heightens the risk of developing this condition.
  • Dry skin and environmental irritants such as wind, dust, smoke and pollen are also believed to be risk factors.
  • The condition occurs more often in people who spend too much time outdoors such as farmers, fishermen, welders etc.
  • People who live near the equator are especially prone to pterygium since the sun strikes the earth there at almost 90 degrees leading to higher intensity UV radiation.
  • According research findings, pterygium tends to occur more in people aged between 20 and 40 years and appears to affect men more commonly that women. The Health Line website also lists light eyes and light skin as risk factor for the condition.

Pingueculum or pinguecula
It is characterized by a small raised white bump that may be clearly visible in severe cases. In most cases it is not painful but it looks like a white deposit on the cornea and is visible.
Pterygium is easily confused with pingueculum which is also non-cancerous growth of the conjunctiva. As a matter of fact, pingueculum is often a precursor for pterygium, but unlike pterygium, pingueculum is notable for the yellow color of the bump.
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation
Excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation has been linked to bumps on eyeball too. It is thought that this causes damage to the transparent collagen fibers in the conjunctiva (the clear membrane that covers the white of the eye – sclera), triggering their calcification or a change in color. The damaged fibers are what then manifests as a bump.
Environmental irritants
Other environmental irritants such as sand, dust and wind are also thought to be factors in the formation of eyeball bumps. People who are more exposed to these elements are more likely to develop eyeball pimples. These include workers who spend most of their time outdoors. People who engage in outdoor activities like golfing, gardening etc. may also be at higher risk.
Corneal ulcer
Cornea is the tissue layer that covers the front part of the eyeball. It is normally covered with tears and through the cornea, light enters to the eye. An infection may cause an open sore on the cornea and this result into corneal ulcer, which may be seen as a white spot on the cornea is a major sign of it.
Injury on the eye
An injury or trauma inflicted directly on the eyeball may cause a bump on eye ball that may be white or bloodshot. Caries like welding are commonly known to cause bump on the eyeball especially if one does not like wearing protective glasses.
Surfing
Pterygium as we have discussed it above is also known as the surfer’s eye. This is due to the fact that most doctors have noted that many surfers are prone to having bump on their eyeball.
Contacts
Wearing contact lenses for too long can cause infections that may results into spots on the eye eyeball or the cornea. Contacts should be kept clean and be replaced frequently to avoid any eye erosions or injuries. It has also been noted that acanthmoeba keratitis is common among contact users.
Sun
Prolonged exposure to sunlight may cause dry eyes. Irritation and sore on the eyes due to dry cornea may result into eye infections that may cause bumps on the eyeball.
Eye floaters
They are also a major concern when talking about white bumps on eyeball. According to research finding, eye floaters are tiny spots or flecks (cobweb-like) that drift aimlessly around the field of your vision. These appear when tiny pieces of eye’s gel like vitreous detach from the inner part of the eye.
Eye floaters are basically characterized by grey or black dots on eyeball and it is best to have them checked by a doctor.

White Pimple on Eyeball

White bump on eyeball may occur in children or adults depending on the causes. In some cases, it may be accompanied by a lump or growth on eyeball that may cover the cornea.
Bumps on the white part of the eye might be so small only a cosmetic annoyance or they can be so large that they hinder your vision. Most bumps are harmless and will grow and shrink over time, but sometimes these bumps signal a more serious medical condition.
The white part of your eye (sclera) has tiny pink blood vessels running across it, but it does not generally have bumps on it. If you see small, light-yellow colored bumps, you’re most likely seeing pinguecula. These pinguecula bumps may look like pimples, and most often appear on the nasal side of the eye. However, they can appear anywhere on the sclera.
Pinguecula can lead to pterygia, which are wedge-shaped or wing-shaped growths of benign fibrous tissue with blood vessels, typically located on the surface of the sclera. Pterygia may cause vision problems. Pinguecula is one of many symptoms of type 1 Gaucher’s disease, which is caused by excessive levels of harmful fatty substances in your liver, spleen, lungs, bone marrow or your brain.
Gaucher’s disease may cause organ enlargement and bone pain. If you experience fatigue, bruising, nosebleeds, bone pain or fractures with the bumps on your eye, you should contact your doctor; because these are signs of type 1 Gaucher’s disease.

Clear Bumps on Eyeball

The eye is a vital organ. Apart from the fact that it is the organ that helps us visualize things, it is also prominently placed on our faces. This makes it quite conspicuous such that, anything on it becomes visible to other people. As a result, something such as a clear bubble on eye can cause anguish on its bearer.
Clear bumps on eyeball simply are pimple which is filled by eye fluid. After an injury or trauma occurs to an eye, you may realize a fluid filled sack forming on the ball. Here, we explore what the causes of bubble in eye and under eye could be including gas and clear bubble.
An eye bubble tends to be a growth which appears on the cornea. The causes of bubble on eye are not known but they tend to increase with age. They are very common in persons who spend huge amounts of time outdoors without wearing eye sun protection.
The small clear bump on eyeball is normally tiny and painless. They manifest in the form of small clumps of tiny clear lesions. They can cause you temporary vision changes and occur anywhere on the eye, the cornea included.
Large clear bump on the inside eye
With larger eye bumps, there may be a gritty feeling that comes with inflammation, a sore feeling and redness. These may be accompanied with a dryness of the eyes. With the pinguecula, you could also experience tiny yellow bumps. These may appear like pimples appearing mostly on the eye’s nasal side. This means that they are mostly found on the inner parts of either the left or right eye. They can however appear anywhere on sclera of the eye.
To relieve discomfort in mild cases, eye drops can be used. When the condition is moderate, medicated drops can be used. In case it takes too long to heal, surgical excision of the bumps on eyeball may be necessary although this only happens in rare cases where healing has been delayed and vision has been extensively affected.

Bump on Eyeball Pictures

Having some pictures showing a bump on the eyeball with which to compare your problem is below picture courtesy. They show a patient suffering from pterygium. Notice how the growth has spread from the area of the eyeball that is closest to the nose all the way to the cornea something you would delight in. On that note, here are some of the pictures that will help you know your condition.

Little White Bump on Eyeball lots of Red Veins around it

A little white bump that normally appears on the eye ball is a pinguecula. It is a very common type of conjunctival degeneration which looks like a raised yellow/white deposit on the white of your eye nearest the nose.it is not usually painful, but it can be uncomfortable. If so, it’s best to use lubricating eye drops to help, and possibly antihistamine eye drops as the allergy may cause more irritation.
Pinguecula rarely need any treatment but can be removed or helped with steroid eye drops, which you need to see an eye specialist. If it’s painful, you have an eye infection like conjunctivitis or the pinguecula itself may be infected and need medication.

Bump on Eyeball under Eyelid

Blisters or bumps on eyeball that forms on the eyelid signifies allergic conjunctivitis, a condition in which the eyes react to irritants such as pollen, dust and dander, according to the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. The condition is not contagious but can cause significant discomfort.
Allergic conjunctivitis can also occur when the eyes are exposed to strong chemicals such as dyes and fragrances. Symptoms can also develop in individuals with sensitivities to eye drops or contact lens solution. Additional symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis include watering eyes, itching eyes and eye puffiness. The eyes may also burn and appear inflamed.

Bumps on Eyeball Treatment

The treatment is required only for the bumps on the eyeballs that are causing symptoms. Otherwise, you have no reason to get treated, as this is not a dangerous condition. In general, both the irritation and the redness can be reduced by using artificial tears. They are available in any pharmacy and they can be bought without a prescription.
The doctor might also recommend anti-inflammatory medication, in order to provide the necessary pain relief and reduce the inflammation. Corticosteroids are administered only as a short-treatment solution, as they can have negative effects over one’s health. Vasoconstrictor drops might also be recommended for occasional usage.
If you are experiencing vision problems due to the growth invading the cornea, you may require surgical intervention for its removal. It is also possible that the bump re-appears after the surgical intervention, requiring a second surgery. In general, the surgical intervention is recommended in the following cases: when other non-invasive measures have failed, if the patient is at risk of losing his/her eyesight and if there is a cosmetic concern about the appearance of the eyes.

Remedies and treatment of white bump on eyeball

It is strongly recommended that you avoid using home remedies before consulting a qualified doctor due to the delicate nature of the eyes. All forms of m1edication should be prescribed by a qualified doctor after a proper diagnosis.
Sunglasses
An optician should be consulted in order to get the right sunglasses to help in avoiding further irritation while treating or nursing a bump on eyelid. This will also help in keeping dust and foreign materials from entering the already delicate eye.
Contact lenses
If you have to use contacts, make sure they are sterilized to avoid any further infections. Avoid using contacts overnight by simply removing them before bed. In case you are using disposable contacts, never extend the stated period as this may only lead to further complications.
Treating corneal ulcer
Eye doctor prescribe antibacterial, antifungal, or antiviral eye medication. If the infection is bad, your doctor may put you on antibacterial eye drops while they test the ulcer scrapings to find out the cause of the infection. You may also use corticosteroid eye drops where the eye is inflamed and swollen
Treatment of Pterygium
Now that you know that Pterygium could be the culprit for that pesky white bump on eyeball, what treatment and self-care measures can you undertake to get rid of the problem?
Although treatment is usually not necessary except for cases that cause you significant discomfort or interfere with your vision, the WebMD website recommends having an ophthalmologist check your eyes if you have any symptoms of the pterygium.
If the condition is causing you irritation and/or redness, or blurring your vision, your doctor may administer some of the following treatment options:

  • Lubricating eye drops
  • Vasoconstrictor eye drops
  • Corticosteroid eye drops – Applied over short time span to reduce inflammation
  • Surgical removal of the pterygium bump

Treatment of pingueculum
As with pingueculum, treatment of pingueculum may involve a prescription of lubricating and corticosteroid eye drops to relieve the inflammation and reduce dryness and redness. Surgical removal may also be considered for cases that interfere with your vision. Your best course of action is to see your doctor or an ophthalmologist.
Vitamins and supplements
These are part of nutritional diets that may be prescribed by a doctor to help in fast healing. In cases of eye floaters, vitamin and supplements treatment is known to have a positive healing effect and reduce the visibility of the eye floaters significantly.
Vitamin A, Vitamin E, food rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Bilberry extract, and muscle meat which is rich in taurine are some of the essential vitamins that will help clear and dissolve eye floaters.
While treating or nursing white bump on eyeball, avoid the following;
Most doctors and opticians will advise against doing any of the following to facilitate a smooth healing process or to keep the infection or condition from spreading.

  • Stop or avoid using contact lenses until you are totally healed
  • Avoid using make ups on the eye
  • Using any other forms of medication
  • Avoid any irritants on the eyes or touching the eyes with dirty hands
  • Keep away from activities like in the cases of practicing how to make your eyes red

Prevention

If you are working outdoors, it might be for the best to protect your eyes with sunglasses or even use special goggles. The sunglasses have to be worn even when it is cloudy outside, as you need protection against the ultraviolet rays. You may choose sunglasses that have a high SPF and also wear them during driving, as the reflection of the sun through the windshield can be quite damaging.
Wearing a protective hat, with a wide brim, is also a good idea, in order to protect you from the sun or wind. Artificial tears are also recommended as a preventative measure – they can maintain the protective film on the eye conjunctiva, reducing the changes of irritating or toxic substances penetrating into the eye.
More references

  1. Bump on eyeball: http://healthh.com/bump-on-eyeball/
  2. Bumps on the white part of the eye: http://www.livestrong.com/article/316251-bumps-on-the-white-part-of-the-eye/
  3. What causes a bubble to form on the white part of the eye: https://www.reference.com/health/causes-bubble-form-white-eye-5879ac868c93059e#

Black Spots in Vision not Floaters, Seeing and Dizzy, Sudden, Little, Little, Dot, Causes, Treatment

A big number of people see floaters or black spots in their vision. If you have had eye floaters for some time, you don’t have to get yourself worrying. But if you encounter a sudden increase in floaters, or begin to see flashes in your vision, you should see an eye specialist straight away. They may stand out when you look at something bright, like white paper or a blue sky. They might annoy you, but they should not interfere with your sight.
If you have large black spots in vision, they can cast a slight shadow over your sight. But this tends to happen only in certain types of light. You can learn to live with floaters and ignore them. You may notice them less as time passes. Only rarely do they get bad enough to require treatment.

What Are the Symptoms of eye floaters?

Black spots on vision earn their name as floaters from moving around in someone’s eye. They tend to dart away when you try to focus on them. They come in many different shapes:

  • Black or gray dots
  • Squiggly lines
  • Threadlike strands, which can be knobby and almost see-through
  • Cobwebs
  • Rings

Once you get them, they usually don’t go away. But they might get better over time.
What causes black spots on vision?
Most floaters are small flecks of a protein called collagen. They’re part of a gel-like substance in the back of the eye called the vitreous. As you age, the protein fibers that make up the vitreous shrink down to little shreds that clump together. The shadows they cast on your retina are floaters. If you see a flash, it’s because the vitreous has pulled away from the retina. If that happens, see your doctor.
These changes can happen at any age, but usually occur between 50 and 75. You are more likely to have black spots on vision if you’re shortsighted or have had cataract surgery. Eye floaters may be caused by:
Age-related eye changes.
Eye floaters most commonly occur as a result of age-related changes in the vitreous, the jelly-like substance that fills your eyeballs and helps maintain their round shape. Over time, the vitreous partially liquefies by a process that causes it to pull away from the eyeball’s interior surface. As the vitreous shrinks and sags, it clumps and gets stringy. Bits of this debris block some of the light passing through the eye, casting tiny black spots on vision or your retina.
An inflammation that occur inside the eye
Posterior uveitis is an inflammation in the layers of the uvea in the back of the eye. Posterior uveitis, which can cause eye floaters, may be caused by infection or inflammatory diseases, among other causes.
Bleeding in the eye
Bleeding into the vitreous can have many causes, including injury and blood vessel problems.
Torn retina
Retinal tears can occur when a sagging vitreous tugs on the retina with enough force to tear it. Without treatment, retinal tear may lead to retinal detachment — an accumulation of fluid behind the retina that causes it to separate from the back of your eye. Untreated retinal detachment may cause permanent vision loss.

Black Spots in Vision not Floaters

It is most probably not your imagination; you are probably experiencing it. Vitreous black spots in vision are usually perceived as floaters. The vitreous is the clear liquid that fills the eye. It is jelly-like, almost like clear gelatin.
The Normal Eye
The human eye is like a hollow globe filled with fluid. Behind the lens, and filling all the posterior portion of the eye, is the Vitreous Humor. It is normally a transparent viscous liquid, similar to egg white in consistency. A thin membrane that is attached to the retina contains the vitreous humor.
Before the picture is focused sharply on the retina, the light passes through the clear vitreous fluid of the eye, just as the light would pass through the air in a camera. The vitreous must always be crystal clear if the eye is to provide crystal clear vision. Any spots in the vitreous will appear as black spots on vision to the viewer.
Flashes
When the vitreous fluid inside the eye moves, the vitreous membrane may pull on the retina, causing a flashing sensation, although in fact there is not such light inside the eye. A similar sensation sometimes happens when you hit your eye and see stars. Flashes can appear once or from time to time over several weeks.
They can be associated with a great number of new floaters and even with partial loss of the visual field. These symptoms may be associated with a retinal detachment. Sometimes there are no floaters, only flashes. Sometimes a retinal tear gives no warning at all. It is not always possible for the patient to assess the significance.
What to do about Vitreous black spots on vision or Flashes?
Without an exam done by your eye care specialist, you cannot know if your flashes are serious or if they represent any danger to your eye. A significant change in your flashes should alert you to the fact that there has been a change inside your eye. It is wise to have these changes evaluated quickly to safeguard your eyesight.
An early diagnosis of a retinal tear can result in a five minute, painless laser treatment with excellent probability of success. Delay in diagnosis can result in the need for major eye surgery in the operating room with lesser probabilities for success. This eye exam usually includes a detailed observation of the retina and vitreous humor. Drops that dilate the pupil are necessary in the examination the peripheral retina.
Other Type of Flashes
Flashes that look like a jagged line or heat waves and last from 10 to 20 minutes, in both eyes, are often due to migraine headaches caused by a spasm of the cerebral blood vessels. If they are followed by a headache, they are called cephalic migraines. However, these jagged lines or heat waves can happen without the headache and they are called ophthalmic migraines.
When to See the Doctor
If you only have a few eye floaters that don’t change over time, don’t sweat it. Go to the doctor ASAP if you notice:

  • A sudden increase in the number of floaters
  • Flashes of light
  • A loss of side vision
  • Changes that come on quickly and get worse over time
  • Floaters after eye surgery or eye trauma
  • Eye pains

Choose a doctor who has experience with retina problems. If you don’t get help right away, you could lose your sight.

Sudden Black Spots in Vision

A sudden burst of floaters can be a warning sign that a tear is starting to develop in the retina, the light-sensitive membrane in the back of the eye. An early-stage retinal tear can be treated by an eye doctor with laser surgery that creates a weld around the edges of the tear and usually keeps the retina from detaching.
Some researchers say there are a variety of risk factors for retinal detachments, including being extremely nearsighted, having a family history of the problem and aging. (It also affects more men than women, as they report.)
Many spontaneous tears occur in boomers who develop posterior vitreous separation. This degenerative condition occurs in 30 percent of people older than 50, according to William L. Rich III, an ophthalmologist based in Falls Church.
Most people think retinal detachments come from trauma, such as being hit by an air bag in an auto accident or getting hit with a racquetball or tennis ball. In fact, most happen while you’re walking down the street or even sleeping. As we age, the vitreous jelly, which holds the retina in place, begins to liquefy. When the vitreous gets less gel-like, it can detach from the back of the eye. As the vitreous starts to detach, it may pull on the retina and cause a tear. The dark shadow I had dismissed Thursday was my retina starting to tear, the liquefied vitreous gel leaking through.

Seeing Black Spots and Dizzy

There are numerous conditions associated with dizziness, floating spots or strings in vision, headache and jerking eye movements. In this discussion, we will provide you with more detailed information on these medical conditions that are commonly associated with these black spots on vision and help provide a better understanding of causes and treatment of these related conditions.

  • Middle ear infection – A middle ear infection puts pressure on the eardrum, causing pain and, sometimes, hearing loss.
  • Labyrinthis – this is an infection and swelling in the inner ear and it may cause vertigo or hearing loss. It is also associated with black spots on vision.
  • Benign eye floaters – these kinds of floaters are tiny floating specks or cobwebs that are usually seen in your vision.
  • Diabetes type 2 – Diabetes can make you feel hungry, tired, or thirsty; you may urinate more than normal and have blurry vision. To add on that we have Tension headaches, caused by muscle tension, are marked by pain, pressure and tightness around the head, medication side effects include nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, weakness, dizziness, seizures, and more.

Diabetes can make you feel hungry, tired, or thirsty; you may urinate more than normal and have blurry vision. Also, Heat exhaustion causes intense thirst, heavy sweating, pale, cool, and moist skin, muscle cramps, and more. High blood pressure, often asymptomatic, can cause headaches, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, and anxiety. An insulin reaction is the result of low blood sugar and causes anxiety, hunger, shaking, dizziness, and more.
Vitreous Floaters
Generally, vitreous floaters are of little importance and are part of the aging process. Romans used to call these floaters muscae volitantes, or flying flies. Many patients perceive these as annoyances that come and go. Floaters can go away when gravity pulls them down below the line of sight. They may come back if something shakes the fluids of the eye, raising them back into the field of vision.
Almost everyone will see floaters at one time or another. Black spots in vision sometimes interfere with vision and they can be quite annoying. If a floater appears directly in front of your line of vision, the best thing you can do is to move the eye. This causes the internal liquids to move making the floater move out of your line of sight.
As we age, the vitreous gel may liquefy. Eventually this thinned out gel can collapse pulling the membrane that surrounds it away from the retina. This can be called either a vitreous separation or vitreous detachment. These terms are used interchangeably and should not be confused with a retinal detachment, which is much more serious. Frequently, the collapsed vitreous gel will have many compressed strands and cells in it.
The patient may see this as floaters, a web or a veil in front of his eyes. This may persist until it disintegrates or drops below the line of sight. These are especially common in myopic (nearsighted) people, after eye trauma or after surgery. This, in itself is not dangerous. Other less common causes of floaters are inflammation inside the eye or whitish deposits formed in the vitreous humor (known as Asteroid Hyalosis). Patients usually learn to tolerate these spots.
Black spots in vision can have varying degrees of significance, depending on what causes them, most floaters are harmless. However, there are more significant causes for floaters. Sometimes, the vitreous membrane pulls and creates a tear in the retina. Unless this tear is closed, fluid can get through this hole in the retina and cause a retinal detachment. Often the patient sees a shower of black spots in vision.
There may be thousands of these black flashes in your vision, representing blood cells liberated from a break in a retinal blood vessel caused by the retinal tear. There may be so many floaters that it appears as though a bag of pepper has broken or that a blizzard of black snow has occurred. Severe flashes of light may occur.

Black Spot in Vision one Eye

Floaters appear as black spots or something that looks like a hair or small pieces of cobweb. These can be semi-transparent or dark and appear to float in front of your vision on one side of the eye. If you have had these for years, your eye and your brain learn to ignore them. Sometimes the number of floaters increases as you get older. Occasionally an increase in floaters can be a sign of problems inside the eye.
Because they float in the jelly of your eye, you will find that if you move your eye to try to look at a floater it will move away in the direction you move your eye. You might only see the floater if you are staring at a light coloured surface or at the sky during the day.
Some people find that floaters can be a nuisance, but most people become used to them. They rarely cause problems with your vision.

Why do black spots in vision occur in one eye?

Some people are born with floaters as some research have revealed. Other floaters occur as you get older when the gel in the eye, the vitreous humour, naturally shrinks. The gel separates watery fluid and wavy collagen fibrils. The fibrils are seen as line-shaped black spots in the vision. Sometimes the gel shrinks enough to collapse away from the light sensitive lining at the back of your eye, which is called the retina. Once the gel has collapsed, some people see a large ring-shaped floater.
The collapse of vitreous gel can pull on your retina. If this happens you would see this as flashes of light which are also referred to as flashes page.
Floaters can also be as a result of some eye diseases that cause inflammation. This is not very common.
People at risk may include:

  • Short-sighted people
  • People that have had an eye operation such as cataract surgery
  • People that have had laser treatment after cataract surgery

What should I do if I have floaters in one eye?
Most of the time floaters are harmless to your health. Sometimes they may be annoying, but treatment is not advised to get rid of them as they can go away on their own. Furthermore, the mind will ignore the condition hence making it not realized or is forgotten.
Occasionally a sudden increase in black spots in vision of one of your eye, either one or more large ones or a shower of tiny ones, may be a sign of a more serious eye disease such as retinal detachment which should not be ignored at all. If that occurs you should consult your optometrist who will conduct some examinations to ascertain the condition and corrective treatment thereafter.

Black Spots in Vision Treatment

In most cases, floaters don’t cause significant problems and don’t require treatment.
Eye drops or similar types of medication are usually not effective and they may not make black spots in vision to disappear. After a while, your brain may learn to ignore floaters and you may come to notice that they don’t bother you anymore.
Monitoring your condition
If you have black spots in vision, your optician may ask you to return for a follow-up appointment two to six months after your symptoms begin, to check that your retina is in good condition. The retina is the light-sensitive layer of cells that line the inside of the back of your eye.
If your vision is unaffected and your floaters aren’t getting any worse, you may be advised to have an eye appointment every one to two years. However, if your symptoms worsen at any time, you should seek immediate advice from either your GP or optician.
Vitrectomy
A vitrectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the vitreous humour in your eye, along with any floating debris, and replace it with a saline (salty) solution.
A vitrectomy may be recommended as a possible treatment option if you have floaters that don’t improve over time, or if they significantly affect your vision. However, vitrectomies are rarely carried out due to risks associated with eye surgery, and the procedure may not be available on the NHS.
Before having a vitrectomy, your eye will be numbed with a local anesthetic. During the procedure, the vitreous humour will be removed from the vitreous body of your eye and replaced with saline solution.
As the vitreous humour is mostly made up of water, you won’t notice any difference to your vision after having a vitrectomy. However, possible complications may include:

  • retinal tears
  • retinal detachment
  • Cataracts which is also characterized by cloudy patches in the lens of the eye.

Laser treatment for eye floaters

Some clinics now offer treatment where a laser is aimed at black spots in vision or floaters to break them up or move them towards the edge of your field of vision. It is usually thought this may be a simpler and safer alternative to vitrectomy for persistent floaters. However, there has not been much in-depth research into the treatment, and its safety and effectiveness is still not yet been guaranteed to be 100 percent.
The treatment is rarely used in the UK and is not widely available. It is also very unlikely to be funded on the NHS, so you will usually have to pay for it privately in case you need it. If you want to try private laser treatment, make sure you know the risks and uncertainties before going ahead.
More references

  1. Eye floaters causes and treatment: http://www.webmd.com/eye-health/benign-eye-floaters#1
  2. Black spot in vision causes: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/eye-floaters/basics/causes/con-20033061
  3. Floaters treatment: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Floaters/Pages/Treatment.aspx
  4. Eye floaters and flashes: http://www.eyeinstitute.co.nz/the-eye/eye-problems-and-symptoms/eye-floaters-and-flashes.htm

Pimple on Labia: Vagina Lips, after Shaving, Itchy, Treatment

An insight into pimple on labia, vagina lips, after shaving, itchy, minora, majora, popped, pregnancy, causes, treat, pictures

Pimple on Labia Causes

While casually washing the vagina, you might notice a pimple on labia which can be an instant cause of worry for you. Thoughts of infections, sexually transmitted diseases or even something more sinister can scare you. But, you need to remember that the pimple in labia area are a common occurrence and in most of the cases there is nothing much to worry about.
Several reasons might lie behind the lump on the vaginal area. Some of the lumps regress by themselves while others need more complex treatment modalities. Here’s a brief overview:

  1. Cysts

Cysts are one of the most common forms of the vaginal pimple on labia. They do develop as bumps on vulva or even the vaginal region because of the blocked skin glands. If they are large enough to lead to an intense discomfort, then the cysts might be incised and then drained out by a doctor. Never squeeze the cyst by yourself as this can lead to bacterial infection in the area. Two common types of vaginal cysts are:

  • Skene’s duct cysts happen around the urethral opening and you can get rid of them by warm compression or even in complex cases, seek the assistance of a doctor.
  • Bartholin cysts might occur on either side of the labia majora on vulva. These particular cysts can grow up to the size of a walnut and then produce painful symptoms and the treatment is the same as mentioned above.
  1. Blocked Hair Follicles

Also referred to as folliculitis, this is very much common in genital region of both men and women and can happen inside the vulva of female. They are usually an infection and need administration of antibiotics or even incision and draining if they do not resolve by themselves.

  1. Clogged Sweet Glands

Clogged sweat glands might as well produce a pimple on labia. Hidradenitis suppurativa is a painful condition that arises out of clogged sweat glands and then leaves behind hard scars. The condition can be treated with the assistance of antibiotics and steroids.

  1. Genital Herpes

This is a viral STD which develops as a sore spot and thus matures to a blister or even a group of blisters causing an open ulcer. The condition is usually accompanied with itchy, burning as well as the painful symptoms and can thus be treated using antiviral medications.

  1. Genital Warts

Infection by human papilloma virus subtypes 6 and 11 can lead to genital warts. This results in cauliflower-like, rough infectious bumps in genital areas. Specialized medications might assist in treating of the disease.

  1. Molluscum Contagious

This is a painless infection that produces fleshy, pearl colored bumps in vaginal area which normally regresses on their own.

  1. Skin Tags

These are the outgrowths of skin which can happen anywhere on body which includes the vaginal area. Areas of the body that are subjected to rubbing against another part of the body or even bound by tight clothing is likely to develop these tags. Wearing of the tight jeans for long term can also render soft vaginal skin susceptible.
It is crucial to get the skin tags assessed for the cancerous or even infectious growth. Skin tags can be removed by laser surgery or even freezing in liquid nitrogen with the assistance of a doctor. Home remedies also involve application of apple cider vinegar regularly at least twice a day until the tag falls off.

Pimple on Labia Minora

Lesions on and around the vagina are not a serious health issue. In most of the cases they lead to mild discomfort and are not cosmetically good. But, some conditions are possibly life threatening if they are left untreated. Some of the conditions are also transmittable to other people.

Skin Conditions

Acne and contact dermatitis are the conditions that can leads to pimples on outside and also near the outside of the vagina. Acne is caused by overactive oil glands and abnormal skin shedding; in women, hormones play a crucial role.
Pimple on labia can develop on a woman’s skin a few days before period and during pregnancy; both are the times when hormonal changes happen in a woman’s body. These might be treated with topical agents or even hormonal medications.
Dermatitis is brought about by an adverse reaction to products like skin creams or hair-removal creams. According to doctors, contact dermatitis is able to be treated by removing the irritant, or by use of antihistamines or corticosteroids.

Yeast

Yeast infection may also be a reason of pimples and lesions on skin. Yeast, like candida albicans, causes skin irritation, which can make you to develop small sores and also the pimples. This condition also leads to itching of vaginal area. This condition is able to infect the sexual partner and also spread to several other parts of the body. Treat the condition by use of antifungal medications and a specialized anti-candida diet.

Viral

According to the doctors, herpes is a one of the most common viral conditions. It can lead to pimple-like lesions on or around the outside parts of the vagina. It is usually infectious; the first infection leads to fever, muscle pain and headache.
These symptoms are usually followed by the outbreak of painful pimple on labia. Herpes in genital area is likely brought about by the herpes simplex 2 virus. This infection is treated using antiviral medications.
Warts are an infectious condition that can lead to small bumps around the vagina. This condition is usually infectious and can spread to several other parts of the body. They are treated by use of topical agents, freezing therapy or even surgically.

Bacterial

Bacterial disease like syphilis, chancroid and also acne can lead to pimples around the vagina. Syphilis and chancroid lead to painful pimple-like lumps on or around a woman’s genitalia. Both of the conditions are infectious and leads to similar shaped bumps on the area where infection penetrates the body.
Bumps brought about by syphilis are painful, but, while those brought about by chancroid are not. Both of the conditions are treated using antibiotic medication. Bacteria-related acne is brought about by an excess or imbalance of bacteria on skin. This can be treated using topical or even oral antibiotics.

Complications

Many of the conditions can lead to complications. Acne can lead to deep painful pimple on labia, which may end up leading to scars. Herpes are able to spread to several other parts of the body, leading to blindness. In rare occasions, it can cause meningitis and death.
Syphilis, if it is left untreated, can lead to an array of conditions as the disease progresses and can be fatal. According to the doctors, syphilis may also infect the unborn child, leading to serious health problems. If you have pimples on or near the vagina consult with the physician.

Pimple on Labia Majora

The vulva is one of the lumpiest and also bumpiest parts of the body, and the normal lumps and also the bumps tend to increase in both number and or size with the age.
Lots of cysts are brought about by sweat glands which have been blocked: the sweat then can’t escape and also a cyst forms. These tend to occur along lines of friction, especially where trousers rub. Don’t pick or squeeze these cysts: you can easily cause an abscess.

Fordyce spots

These are small white or even the yellow lumps, 1-3mm in diameter on labia minora. Pimple on labia arise painless. They are enlarged sebaceous glands, completely harmless. They normally become easily seen at puberty and with pregnancy and also hormone treatment.
They can happen on the penis in men also, but are not transmitted from person to another. You can find them in the lining of mouth. They are a normal variant, and it is not known as to why they are more prominent in some people than others.

Vestibular papillomatosis

This is a condition where the surface of vestibule (entrance of vagina) and inner labia minora becomes a bit thicker and also folded, under the hormone stimulation following puberty. This then gives a very fine, frond-like, slightly warty look to skin, so it can be mistaken for the warts. It is very much common in pregnancy. This is normal for some other people though and doesn’t require or respond to treatment.

Angiokeratomas

These are tiny clusters of the dilated blood vessels having a scaly top, it is seen after puberty on the labia majora. They tend to be more numerous amongst the older age. They are bright red initially but may become darker, almost very black.
Very occasionally they might bleed slightly if knocked. Other than that they don’t lead to symptoms and are harmless. If they are leading to problems they can easily be removed in the doctor’s office.

Hymenal remnants

It is common to have the irregular protrusions around the area of the hymen, which is the outer ring of the vagina. Minor surgery are able to get rid of any pimple on labia that are annoying.

Seborrhoeic keratoses

These are harmless warty lesions that are found all over the skin in increasing numbers of people as they age. They are found on labia majora in women from thirties onwards. They are normally dark in colour about 2-5mm in diameter or larger.
They might be solitary or even multiple. They can lead to alarm because of colour, confused with the melanomas. They are not anything to worry about with no potential to be cancerous.

Cysts of the labia majora

‘Sebaceous’ or even the epidermoid cysts are common on the labia majora in the older women. They appear as raised white or even the yellow lumps, about 2-5mm in diameter. Sometimes they get infected, and are sore or red. Usually they don’t require to be removed.

Pimple on Labia Minora Popped

The small hard white head pimples that a person has on the labia minora is because of clogging up of the sebaceous glands that causes formation of small lumps. It can occur because of: Moistness getting collected there, presence of several oil secreting glands and friction rub.
The increase in size of one of those is because of the collection of secretions that are inside it. Since it is not painful infection is not likely. Such pimple on labia go away on its own. Since, it is symptomless, there is nothing to worry. Squeezing or scratching; shaving; wearing non-cotton undergarments are able to aggravate these and may lead to an infection.
If the pimple is very painful, it can tense because of the pus that is collected inside. To ease the tension, try to apply warm compress over it so as to soften the overlying skin. Slowly, the pimple would start to drain. As such it is benign and also a harmless swelling. In case that you are concerned regarding the size that you can get it surgically removed after consulting the gynecologist.

Labia Minora Pimple Cyst

The two Bartholin’s glands are usually located at the entrance to a vagina, one on each side. They are small and might not be seen or even be felt when they are normal. Their function is to secrete fluid onto the mucosal surface of the labia-the liplike skin that is surrounding the vagina.
Problems with the Bartholin’s glands include the cysts, which are painless enlargements of gland, and abscesses, which are infections of gland. Typically only one of the two glands is sually affected.
A Bartholin’s cyst usually develops when the duct that is exiting the Bartholin’s gland becomes blocked. The fluid that is produced by the gland then accumulates, leading to the gland to swell and form a cyst. An abscess happens when a cyst is infected.
Bartholin’s abscesses can be brought about by any of a number of bacteria. These include bacterial organisms that leads to sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia and gonorrhea and also the bacteria that is normally found in intestinal tract, like Escherichia coli. It is common for the abscesses to involve more than a single type of organism.

  • A Bartholin’s cyst leads to swelling of pimple on labia on one side, near the entrance to vagina. A cyst is usually not painful, and significant pain indicates that an abscess has already developed. But, large cysts might be painful simply by virtue of their size.
  • A Bartholin’s abscess leads to significant pain in addition to a swelling. The swollen area is very tender and the skin reddened. Walking and also sitting might be quite painful. Women who have Bartholin’s abscesses do not have fever. Vaginal discharge might be present, especially if the infection is brought about by a sexually transmitted organism.

Pimple on Labia during Pregnancy

Human papilloma virus
Often no symptoms  are seen
Cauliflower shaped, moist, pink, or even flesh-colored swellings, normally in the genital area
oral, vaginal or even the anal intercourse
To get rid of the warts: application of the chemical solution, or surgical removal but may go away on its own. Outbreaks can be treated so as to lessen symptoms. The virus does stay in body and an outbreak can happen at any time. High-risk types of HPV – cancer of cervix, vagina, anus, or penis
Every research points to the direction of HPV. Maybe it is possible for a person to retest or even do a Pap smear.

How to Get Rid of Pimple on Labia

The hair of the pubic region makes the area to be much prone to acne-type lesions known as folliculitis. The spots are, an inflammation of hair follicles, and they appear as red bumps, sometimes with pus that is inside them.
Itchiness and also tenderness are very much common. The condition has several potential causes, which includes friction, bacteria, fungi and also yeasts. Folliculitis pimples in pubic area are treatable and might generally be cleared, but the condition frequently recurs, thus making repeat treatment necessary.

Step 1

Wash the area at least twice a day. Pubic pimple on labia normally stems from microorganisms, like bacteria or fungi, growing in the area. You may use antibacterial soap or even the body wash or even try an over-the-counter antibiotic ointment.

Step 2

Keep dry. Moisture, like from sweat, enhances the growth of germs that contribute to folliculitis. You may want to use a blow dryer three times per day, according to dermatologist.

Step 3

Take a break from hair removal, if that is part of the grooming routine. Then this will let the irritation die down. Shaving can cause pimples in the pubic area. Give the area six weeks of rest, doctors suggests. When you do go back to shaving, then following up with a soothing aftershave preparation can be much beneficial, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Step 4

Use compresses so as to relieve discomfort during healing. A warm washcloth that is moist with water may serve the purpose if it is used many times a day, according to the doctors. Also worth a try is a warm compress that is made with white vinegar.

Step 5

Wear clean, loose-fitting clothing. Tight clothing is able to irritate hair follicles. The doctors recommends washing clothing in hot, soapy water after wearing. This removes microorganisms, dead skin cells and also the sweat.

Warnings
  • Some of the cases of folliculitis are usually contagious, so direct skin contact with the affected area should be avoided until the condition has completely cleared up.
  • Diabetes, obesity and also compromised immune systems can cause folliculitis in the pubic area and also other areas.

Itchy Throat Causes: and Ears, Dry Cough, Cold, at Night, Scratchy, Home Remedies, Get Rid

An itchy throat is the main sign of allergies, allergic reaction, or early illness. Inhaled irritants can aggravate your throat, causing it to feel scratchy and uncomfortable. Allergies are one of the most common itchy throat causes. An allergic reaction occurs when a substance called an allergen triggers an immune system response in your body.
Allergies can range from mild to severe. An itchy throat can indicate a milder, yet uncomfortable, allergic reaction. Inhaling pollutants such as can also lead to an itchy throat. Infections, such as a common cold or strep throat, can start as an itchy throat before progressing to soreness and pain.

What are the symptoms of an itchy throat?

An itchy throat may feel:

  • itchy
  • swollen
  • scratchy

An itchy throat feels uncomfortable, and it can feel as if you need to clear your throat frequently. It’s important to distinguish between the symptoms of an itchy throat and similar symptoms that may indicate other conditions. For example, an itchy throat does not feel rough or raw, or make you feel as if you can’t breathe.

Why do I have a Scratchy Throat?

A sore or itchy throat and cough are two of the most common symptoms that bring people to a doctor. These itchy throat causes occur together, as irritation that causes your throat to be sore can also trigger a cough.
A wide range of conditions can lead to cough and throat irritation, but the duration of these symptoms and the presence of other accompanying symptoms can help determine the underlying problem. A local infection is most common, but other possibilities include allergies, environmental irritants and certain long-term conditions.

Itchy Throat Causes

The inner walls of the throat are covered with mucosal membrane containing nerves, which may be easily irritated by polluted air, food, inflammatory or allergic reaction.
Mucosal glands secrete mucus, which covers the throat walls, thus protecting them and allowing smooth passage of the air and food. When these glands do not secrete enough mucus, for example, due to dehydration, medications or dry air, throat nerves become itchy.
Allergies
These are one of the most common itchy throat causes and causes of cough. Inhalation of allergy-provoking substances such as pollen, mold spores or pet dander can trigger an immune response and cause your throat to feel itchy. Allergies also commonly inflame the lining of the nose and sinuses. Symptoms of this inflammation include a runny nose, nasal congestion and postnasal drip, which can irritate the throat and cause coughing.
An itchy throat and cough caused by allergies are often accompanied by itchy, watery eyes and runny nose but not by fever. All of these allergy symptoms can often be relieved with over-the-counter antihistamine drugs. If your symptoms have lasted longer than 7 to 10 days, it is more likely to be allergies than a cold. Allergy symptoms typically come on suddenly and are often seasonal.
Infections
Infections of the upper respiratory system frequently also are itchy throat causes. The common cold is often the culprit, it causes a runny nose and postnasal drip that irritates the throat and triggers a hacking cough. The symptoms of a typical cold peak in around 3 days and then gradually disappear within a week or so. Bacterial sinus infections have same symptoms, but they last longer and may be accompanied by fever and facial pressure or headache.
Throat infection can directly cause itchy throat, leading to discomfort and a dry cough as well. Most throat infections are viral, but the bacterial infection called strep throat is also a culprit. Acute bronchitis, which is an infection of the lungs, causes a persistent, hacking cough that can make the throat feel scratchy.
Irritants
Exposures to inhaled irritants are itchy throat causes too. A big number of airborne particulates and fumes can irritate the throat. Tobacco smoke, including secondhand smoke, is a common example. Other irritants include factory emissions, traffic fumes, chlorine or other cleaning solutions. Inhaling these types of chemical irritants can inflame the lining of the throat and result in discomfort and itchiness.
Dry Throat
Dry throat often appears together with dry eyes, mouth and skin. Common causes are cold windy weather, sick building disease from excessive indoor heating or air condition, stuffed nose and breathing through mouth, acute or chronic throat inflammation, dehydration, Caffeine in coffee, sodas and energy drinks and alcohol. They are all itchy throat causes.
Loud speaking or Singing; Prolonged speaking, singing or yelling may leave you with sore itchy throat that may need few days to resolve. Abovementioned measures should be considered; pain killers are rarely needed.
Foreign Body
A piece of fish bone or a seed may stick in the pocket above the epiglottis, or a sharp piece of glass may be stabbed in the throat wall. Foreign body should be tried to cough out, or swallowed with the help of gargling water. Painkillers may be used to relieve pain from the itchy throat.
Psychological Causes
Repeating dry cough without apparent reason is an obvious sign of psychologically induced cough. The coughing person feels the need to attract attention. This act only is enough to cause itchy throat.
Itchy Throat due to Disorders of Near Organs
Sinusitis symptoms are blocked nose and pain in Para-nasal sinuses. Characteristic symptom in chest cold is pain under the breastbone during coughing.
Acute bronchitis may develop as a complication of a chest cold or flu and also is among itchy throat causes. Chronic bronchitis is common in smokers. In both cases, coughing results in dry itchy throat.
Bacterial pneumonia is severe infection of the lungs. Increased frequency of breathing and heartbeat, malaise, chest pain, productive cough and sweating are main symptoms. Treatment is with rest, antibiotics and fluid replacement. Treated pneumonia should resolve within a week.
Atypical pneumonia is caused by viruses or other microbes, such as Mycoplasma pneumonie or Chlamidia psittaci. Insidious onset, low grade fever, dry cough, vague chest pains, and prolonged course are main symptoms. Treatment is with avoiding hard work, and treating the cause.
Tuberculosis, lung parasites, like Echinococcus, or any other lung disease with cough may cause itchy throat.
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease, marked by excessive secretion of saliva, sweat and dense bronchial and gastrointestinal secretions. Repeating lung infections and constant productive cough are characteristic. Many children die before adulthood. Treatment includes clearing of airways and fighting with infections.
In pericarditis, inflammation of the heart sac, this may press upon the nerves that innervate the throat and thus irritate it. The same may happen in aneurysm or dissection of the thoracic aorta.
Throat Itch in Systemic Diseases; Throat may be affected in systemic connective tissue diseases, like Sjögren’s syndrome, systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, SLE or vacuities which all are itchy throat causes.
Tumors – Tumors in the pharynx or larynx may cause itchy throat. Small benign tumors are common in singers or other people who speak loudly a lot. Malign tumors are common in adult smokers after 50 years of age. Treatment is by surgical removal of a tumor.
Lymphomas, metastases in neck lymph nodes, or cancers in the neck and chest may also trigger cough.
Disorders in the Neck
Enlarged thyroid or lymph nodes, abscess, tumor, dislodged tissues after an injury, or fibrous tissue after a surgery may press upon the throat from outside and are itchy throat causes as well.
GERD
In gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), acid from the stomach comes up into the throat and irritates it, causing itching and burning feeling known as heartburn.
Treating of hyper-acidity with anti-acid drugs, or proton pump inhibitors is essential. Eventual underlying infection of the stomach with bacterium has to be considered.
Vomiting
After vomiting, the throat may itch due to irritation by gastric acid. If vomited content is inhaled, it may cause inflammation of the larynx and lungs.

Itchy Throat and Ears at Night

Itchy throat, ears or eyes are quite common symptoms that most people would experience some time in their life. In most cases, these might indicate allergies of some sort. Usually similar symptoms will strike the nose also because the respiratory system is the front line of defense for the body and, when it gets exposed to potential invaders, it will react with defenses of inflammation more often at night.
There can be other causes for these symptoms, however. Inflammation and itching can accompany exposure to seriously harmful chemicals. Bacteria, fungi, and viruses may cause symptoms too. People with allergies are more sensitive to all reactive chemicals and pathogens.
How to Deal with Itchy Throat and Ears
The treatments for itchiness of throat, ears and noses depend on the underlying causes. If your symptoms are due to common cold, it may go away several days without any treatments. However, if allergy is the case, then measures should be taken to help the condition.

  • Allergy medications: Your physician may advise the use of medications for treating allergies of the respiratory system. Typical prescriptions include antihistamines, corticosteroids, decongestants, and medications which inhibit leukotrienes.
  • Treating underlying causes: Other inflammatory issues can contribute to symptoms of rhinitis. Eczema and asthma will worsen nasal allergies. Inflammation tends to be generalized in the body, so other diseases could be making your symptoms worse.
  • Immunotherapy (allergy shots): Your physician will, by injection, expose you to small amounts of the substance to which you are allergic to and gradually desensitize you to the allergen. This therapy is highly effective and practical, especially for allergies to dander from cats, dogs or other pets and pollen allergies.
  • Sinus rinsing: Rinsing out the sinuses with a distilled, sterile solution can be an effective home treatment. You can get a Neti pot, which is widely available in health food stores and pharmacies, or use a squeeze bottle. But either way, make sure to use distilled or thoroughly filtered water and clean any nasal irrigation device you choose to use.
  • Stay away from allergens: It might be impossible to avoid allergens completely, but the symptoms of itchy throat and ears can be greatly reduced if you stay away from the allergens in the table below.

Why is my Throat Itchy and Making me cough?

An itch in the throat may seem to be a small problem, but it can be extremely irritating when it becomes very frequent. You may feel like scratching your throat because it tickles and itches from inside but no matter how many times you swallow or how much you scratch from the outside, the itch and the discomfort do not seem to pass.
An itchy throat causes become worse even with cough. No matter what you do, getting rid of such an itch can be very difficult as also very frustrating. If the tickling in the throat becomes prickly, it is most usually because of dryness in the throat. Although it is a little annoying, it can be got rid of by keeping the throat moist.
An itchy throat and cough can both be addressed by using the same remedies. Since itchy throat with cough are caused by dryness in the throat, keeping the throat moist can work well for both of them. For a tickle in the throat along with coughing at night, drink a cup of warm ginger tea slowly before you go to bed. Ginger can soothe the throat and can also help with the tickling in the throat and the cough. When you drink this tea, you can be sure of a good night’s sleep.
Lastly, as mentioned earlier, a tickle in throat with cough and allergies warrant a visit to the doctor. In such a case, do not try to self-treat. Instead, go to a doctor to get a full check-up done.

How do you get rid of Scratchy Throat?

A scratchy throat can be a royal pain in the throat. Like blinking, we never notice how much we swallow until we start paying attention to it, and when it hurts. It is kind of difficult not to pay attention. But before you go getting down about how long you’re going to have to suffer with it, consider taking some action-relief may be close than you think.
Throat Lozenge
Most throat lozenges have methanol, an element that’s able to quietly numb your burning throat. Throat lozenges can offer short-term relief from the itchiness and scratchiness. If you’re experiencing a scratchy throat and cough, consider using cough drops and candies. They keep the throat lubricated by raising your saliva production. However, cough drops and candies do not offer a long lasting relief and you may require relief again soon after using them.
OTC Pain Killer
The Center for Disease Control points reveals that, viruses are to blame for the majority of sore throat cases. Antibiotics cannot treat viral infections, rather, the virus runs its full course in you and that’s why over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers are important. OTCs like Aleve and Advil can help minimize the soreness and irritation in your esophagus.
Keep Your Body Hydrated
Keeping your body hydrated is crucial when you want to get rid of itchy throat causes. In fact, keeping your throat hydrated is the main goal of most scratchy throat remedies. Dehydration makes your body produce less mucous and saliva than is sufficient to sustain ample natural lubrication to your throat. This worsens the swelling and irritation.
Having a sore throat should prompt you to taking more fluids in order to relieve the prickle. Dehydration causes an already painful situation to be more problematic. Water is great, and so is a warm soup and warm tea.
Switch on the Humidifier
Staying in a dry environment is one of the most common itchy throat causes, particularly when it’s stinging. Turning on the humidifier will add moisture to your room, making the air bearable to the soft throat membranes that need the moistness to remain healthy and make you feel better.

Dry Cough Itchy Throat Home Remedies

You’ve probably had to deal with a dry itchy throat causes at one point in your life. Itchy throats aren’t normally a telltale symptom of a severe condition, more so when it is a combination of scratchy throat and cough. Having a scratching and burning throat can be utterly depressing. Here are ten effective ways to get rid of a scratch throat without immediately rushing to your physician
Gargle Warm Salt Water
When our throats hurt, regardless of what causes it, it’s because the cells in the mucous membranes have become swollen and inflamed. By gargling with salt water you decrease the swelling, as salts primary function is to draw out water, which in turn shrinks the swollen cell and eases the pain. It also helps wash away the excess mucous and allows your stuffy nose to drain properly.
Honey and lemon
Typically a Hot Toddy helps a sore throat -particularly one accompanied by a cold- for 2 reasons. The honey and lemon soothes your throat, while the alcohol helps you sleep. I personally leave the alcohol out of mine as my mother did when she made her version for me growing up. Whether or not you use it is up to you, but keep in mind that steering clear of alcohol when you’re under the weather is usually best.
Mix up an ACV drink
Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is probably right up there with garlic but some people swear by it. Its high levels of acidity can kill bacteria quite efficiently, and when mixed with honey it can soothe the soreness in your throat as well.
If you don’t want to swallow it (and it does have a strong taste) try 2 tablespoons of ACV and mix with ½ cup warm water. Gargle once a day.
Suck on Garlic
Garlic is a natural remedy that can kick a sore throat right in its painfully swollen. The reason lies in the garlic’s allicin, a compound that can kill the bacterium that causes strep and fight the germs causing pain and irritation.
Place 1 piece of garlic in your cheek and suck it like a cough drop. Occasionally crush your teeth against it to release the allicin- there’s no need to actually bite it. Try this once daily.
Honey

Enjoying a drop of honey is another remedy for a dry scratchy throat. Taking warm tea that’s honeyed is another way of soothing itchy throat causes. Additionally tea offers another benefit of hydrating your body, which goes a long way to treating an itchy throat. Brew up some tea, your throat needs it.
You can never go wrong with honey when you’re suffering from scratchy throat and cough or other sickness. Research has it that honey is a highly effective cough suppressant and it’s comparable to prescription cough medications.
Steam Shower
A humidifier is not the only thing that can give you moistened air. Giving yourself a steam shower and taking deep breaths of the steam can cool off the swelling membranes, and lessen the scratchiness of your sore throat.
Get Enough Rest
Getting up early and staying up late into the night in order to fulfill the day’s obligations can deny your body precious time to recover. You certainly don’t want that itchy throat to develop into a full-blown flu, right? Then give your body ample time to rest. Apart from taking plenty fluids and eating healthy, also consider staying indoors in the night rather than going out.
Know When to See Your Physician
When you experience serious pain as you swallow, or you start nauseating, or you start to vomit, or if the sore throat progresses into a high fever, then it would be prudent that you pay a visit to your doctor. The dry scratchy throat could be a symptom of a serious condition.
More references

  1. Causes of an itchy throat: http://www.healthline.com/symptom/throat-irritation
  2. Causes of itching throat and cough: http://www.livestrong.com/article/131278-causes-itching-throat-cough/
  3. Itchy throat and ears causes: http://www.newhealthadvisor.com/itchy-throat-and-ears.html

Dry Throat at Night: Causes, Scratchy, Difficult Swallowing, Cure, Home Remedies

Dry throat is described as a rough, scratchy, sometimes itchy feeling in the throat. The most common cause of dry throat at night is drying out of the mucus membranes, often as a result of exercise, sleeping with your mouth open, breathing through your mouth, living in a dry environment, or simply not drinking enough fluids.

Dry Throat at Night Causes

Dry throat can as well be caused by tobacco or marijuana use, voice strain, vomiting, excessive coughing, throat inflammation, allergies, and, in rare cases, cancers of the throat and esophagus.
You have to look for prompt medical care if you have white patches on your tonsils, a persistent or mucus-producing cough, white patches and redness on your tongue or in your mouth that will not go away, fever, or if you have a feeling of something stuck in the throat that will not go away.
Dry throat at night may accompany other symptoms affecting the respiratory system including:

  • Cough
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Hoarse voice
  • Pus or white patches covering the tonsils or throat
  • Sore throat

Digestive system symptoms that occur along with dry throat

Dry throat may accompany symptoms related to the digestive system including:

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Heartburn
  • Vomiting

Other symptoms that may occur along with dry throat
Dry throat may accompany symptoms related to other body systems such as the immune system or circulatory system including: Body aches, Blurred or double vision, Difficulty swallowing, Enlarged lymph nodes or structures in the throat, Fatigue, Fever and chills, Low blood pressure or hypotension, and Muscle weakness
In some cases, dry throat at night may occur with other symptoms that might indicate a serious condition that should be immediately evaluated by a healthcare provider. Have a cause for alarm if you, or someone you are with, have dry throat along with other serious symptoms including:

  • Fever
  • Pus or white patches covering the tonsils or throat

Dry Throat at Night Causes

Anyone can suffer from the complaint of dry throat that can be induced by weather changes or wind, but chronic dry throat is usually as a result of presence of a disease. Other symptoms that may accompany dry throat include cough, pain in the whole body, nasal drainage, loose stools, nausea, and vomiting and fever. Many home remedies are proved effective to treat dry throat or even over the counter treatments.
A temporary condition such as breathing dry air, dehydration or mouth breathing due to a stuffy nose is often to blame for occasional throat dryness. A persistently dry throat, however, may indicate a case that is more serious. A variety of conditions and situations can cause a dry throat, some more serious than others. Although it may seem like a relatively minor problem, it’s important to see your doctor if you experience a dry throat frequently or persistently.
The causes for dry throat are as follows:
Air Quality
The lining of the nose and throat contain mucus-secreting cells that keep the tissue moist. If you’re breathing unusually dry air, however, lack of moisture could lead to a dry, irritated throat. This situation is common in arid areas. Heated indoor air in the wintertime can cause a similar effect. Exercising in dry air is particularly likely to cause throat dryness as you’re breathing rapidly, often through your mouth.
Smoking and vaping
the two as well can also dry the throat. Breathing hot smoke from a cigarette, cigar, pipe or another smoking device has a drying effect on the throat. Vaping does not involve heated smoke, but the chemicals in the vapor can also be drying to the throat. Other chemical fumes and pollutants might also leave you with a dry, irritated throat.
Mouth Breathing
Air is normally inhaled through the nose and passes through the throat before entering the lungs. This pathway enables warming, sifting and humidification of the air. Mouth breathing bypasses the nose, which can lead to cooler, drier air reaching the throat and lungs, potentially causing a dry throat at night, along with other unpleasant problems such as bad breath and tooth decay.
Mouth breathing is most often due to stuffy nose. Common culprits include; head cold, sinusitis, nasal allergies, and growths in the nose, such as nasal polyps, deviated or thick nasal septum, and enlarged tonsils.
Dehydration
A dry mouth and throat are predictable symptoms of even mild dehydration, which is defined as a 1 to 5 percent deficit in body water. You might notice difficulty swallowing due to this dryness, along with throat irritation. A mild dehydration is very common especially among young children and seniors during the hot summer months. Drinking too much alcohol can also lead to next-day dehydration and throat dryness.
Medical Treatment Side Effects
Medication side effects represent another commonly overlooked cause of dry throat at night. Radiation treatment for head and neck cancer also frequently causes chronic dryness of the mouth or throat. More than 400 drugs are known to potentially cause a dry mouth and throat.
Food/ Drink Intake
Everything you ingest has to travel through the throat. Hence, while looking at the causes of dry throat, it is important to examine what a person is eating or drinking. Dry throat is often associated with the consumption of diuretic substances such as caffeine and alcohol. These substances cause the body to lose increased amounts of water by increasing urination hence dry throat.
Irritation
Irritation is also a very common cause of dry throat. Exposure to dry air can irritate the mucous membrane of the throat and causes loss of water. Irritation can also be caused by exposure to tobacco smoke, dust and other types of air pollutants. Those who develop dry throat due to irritation, the problem are worse in the morning.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Dry throat may also indicate the presence of an underlying illness such as obstructive sleep apnea, which is a type of sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing due to physical obstruction in the airways and also symptoms of snoring and fatigue.
Tonsils Problems
Problems in tonsils such as infections, tumors, abscesses or cancer may create swelling of the tonsils preventing the passage of saliva to the throat, hence leading to dryness in throat.
More Serious Medical Conditions
Dry throat may also occur due to various other illnesses such as allergies, hay fever, and laryngitis. A person suffering from hay fever or allergies also notices other symptoms of sneezing, runny nose and post nasal drip. Similarly, a person suffering from laryngitis has presence of dry cough, hoarseness and pain in throat apart from dry throat at night. Dry throat may also occur as a result of cancer of the salivary glands.
Caution
Some extra water or a humidifier is sometimes all you need to relieve a dry throat. However, there are potentially serious causes and consequences of persistent or frequent throat dryness. The best course of action is a visit to your doctor to get an accurate examination and appropriate treatment.
Seek immediate medical attention if you or a loved one may be suffering from severe dehydration. Signs and symptoms include dizziness, fainting, lack of sweating, confusion and a rapid heart rate.

Dry Scratchy Throat

Did you know that simple ingredients from the kitchen can help get relief from dry scratchy throat? Here are helpful remedies to treat the throat and various causes behind this symptom. Dry-scratchy throat in itself is a symptom; however, a person might experience other symptoms as well, such as, cough, extreme itching in the throat, throat pain, swollen tonsils, difficulty in swallowing, and hoarse voice
Why dry scratchy voice?
Strain: One common reason for sore throat is straining of the voice box. Talking loudly in a noisy bar or cheering during a sporting event for long can strain your throat. This mostly tends to result in scratchy, dry throat at night along with a hoarse voice.
Cold and Flu Infections: One of the common symptoms of viral infection like cold and flu is sore throat. Apart from this symptom other common symptoms, include nasal congestion, coughing, sneezing, fatigue, etc.
Post-nasal Drip: PND occurs when there is excessive mucus production. This mucus builds up at the back of the throat and nose. This is not a medical condition but rather a symptom pointing towards other conditions like sinusitis, GERD, or other infections.
Unhealthy Habits: Smoking is another common cause that can lead to dry, itchy throat. Also, eating hot and spicy food and eating cold food can result in this condition. Hence, making lifestyle changes can help to get rid of this condition.
Strep Throat: This is a bacterial infection. Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria are responsible for this infection. Apart from a sore throat, other signs and symptoms of this condition include dry throat at night, throat ache, fever, headache, difficulty to swallow, fatigue, etc.
GERD: Gastro esophageal reflux disease or GERD is a digestive system disorder. There is a backward flow of stomach acids and occasionally bile towards the food pipe. This causes irritation in the lining of the food pipe, which results in scratchy throat problem.
Habitual cough: mostly observed in children is dry cough that can irritate the throat. Also, dry air is a common culprit of dry-itchy throat.

Dry Throat at Night Difficult Swallowing

Throat dryness can be annoying, particularly if dryness makes swallowing uncomfortable. Identifying the cause of your dry throat will allow you to find an appropriate treatment to restore moisture and resolve underlying issues causing the problem.
Pharyngitis
Pharyngitis, commonly called sore throat, occurs when a viral or bacterial infection affects the throat. If you have a sore throat, your throat may hurt and feel dry. Pain may increase when you swallow or talk and you may find that it is difficult. Glands in your neck and jaw may feel sore and painful if you have a sore throat. You may notice pus or white patches on your tonsils, which may appear red.
Sjogren’s syndrome
Throat dryness can be a sign of Sjogren’s syndrome, a chronic disorder that affects the glands. Sjogren’s syndrome normally affects the glands that produce saliva and tears, although the bowel, lung and other organs can be affected. In addition to dry throat, you may also notice that your eyes feel dry or are red. Dryness in the mouth and throat can cause make swallowing chewing and speaking more difficult.
Lack of Humidity
Low humidity, a common problem during the winter months in cold climates, can contribute to throat dryness. Humidity in your home should range between 30 to 50 percent as researchers reveal. When humidity is too low, your skin and moist membranes become dry and itchy. Using a humidifier can help reduce the problem by increasing the moisture level in your home.
Dry Throat Cure
There are many home remedies that people use to treat that tickling feeling in the throat, such as drinking more fluids, humidifying the air or simply resting their throat. But addressing the underlying cause of the irritation may be the best solution to this problem.
Preventive Strategies

Dry or smoky air or other common irritants in the home or work environment can cause your throat to feel itchy or parched, and addressing or removing those irritants is often effective for symptom relief.
Smoke is a very common irritant, so it’s wise to stay away from smoky environments and to avoid smoking. Some people are bothered by pet dander, mold, pollen and dust mites, so keeping your house clean may help.
Finally, if your throat is dry and itchy due to long periods of talking or perhaps cheering during a football game, simple rest may be all your throat needs.
Cough Syrup: Cough syrups provide good relief from cough. There are many types of cough syrups available over-the-counter, you can select cough syrups which are sedative or non-sedative. There are also specific cough syrups available for children and adults. So, read the label properly on the bottle before buying the cough syrup. You can take 1-2 tablespoons of cough syrup, twice a day.
Antihistamines and Painkillers: This remedy is suitable only for adults, and is to be taken if you are suffering from allergies. Buy antihistamines OTC, and take 1 tablet twice in a day. You can also consider taking an OTC pain pill if the throat pain is unbearable.
Lozenges: You can buy some throat lozenges and suck on it for instant relief. There are different flavors of lozenges available. These can easily be carried in your pocket or purse.
Myrrh Gargle: Myrrh is antimicrobial, and soothes the mucus membranes. This remedy also helps to get rid of dry cough. Add ½ teaspoon of Myrrh to 2 cups of lukewarm water, and then gargle with this water and swallow it. Repeat this remedy 3-4 times in a day, till you get better.

When to See a Doctor

If you have an itchy, dry throat at night, there are several ways you can provide soothing relief at home. There are many potential causes of a dry, itchy throat, with most being an annoyance rather than a serious medical condition.
However, if your symptoms are frequent or longstanding, or if accompanied by fever, vomiting, difficulty swallowing or headache, it is probably time to see your doctor and try to figure out the root cause of your discomfort.

Dry Scratchy Throat Home Remedies

Gargling: Salt-water gargling is one of the most effective remedies, and is often suggested by doctors to cure a sore throat. To try this remedy, boil 2 glasses of water with 2 tablespoons of common table salt. Wait till the solution gets lukewarm, and use it for gargling and then spit out the solution. This remedy kills the bacteria in the throat and soothes the throat. You can use this remedy as many times in a day as you feel the need to, but use it at least twice a day.
Lemon-Honey Tea: To make lemon tea, boil 1 cup water for a minute, add 1 teaspoon of green tea to it, and cover it with a lid for a minute. Strain the tea in a cup; add juice of 1 lemon and a spoon of honey to it. Repeat this remedy at least twice a day. Honey will coat the throat and soothe it and reduce the scratchy sensation, and antioxidants in lemon and tea will give a boost to your immune system.
Chicken Soup: You can have clear chicken soup or flavor it with garlic, turmeric, and parsley. The steam from the soup will help clear the congestion and breathe better. Also, chicken soup broth has anti-inflammatory property, which helps soothe the dry and itchy throat.
Licorice: You can buy licorice root from an herbal store. Wash and clean the root. Boil a cup of water and infuse few pieces of the root for a minute. Drain the tea and slowly sip it. It will help to soothe the irritated throat.
Garlic: This scratchy sore throat remedy is not suitable for people who can’t digest hot food. To try this remedy, chew and swallow 2 cloves of garlic. If you find the taste of garlic too hot, take it with a teaspoon of honey. Garlic is antibacterial and will help to cure the throat infection.
Humidifiers
The indoor humidity is often low during cool months due to use of heaters. This can lead to drying and irritation of the throat. Using a humidifier to add moisture to the air may relieve a dry throat, especially during sleep. Both cool and warm mist vaporizers soothe and moisturize a dry throat.
Try Herbal Tea
You can also try herbal tea to soothe your dry, scratchy throat as the ingredients present in herbal tea such as chamomile, sage; licorice root and eucalyptus have throat-soothing properties. Another pungent but soothing tea is prepared by simmering scallions and chives in hot water.
Have Hot Drinks
You can relieve dry, scratchy throat by drinking hot liquids such as a cup of green tea or chamomile tea. Both of these teas are excellent to soothe the dryness and irritation in your throat. If your dry throat is also accompanied by cough, addition of a small amount of honey and lemon juice in your tea gives excellent results.
Drink Apple Cider Vinegar Mixture
Gargling is the best way to soothe a dry, itchy throat. You can mix a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with a glass of water and gargle it in your throat. This solution will help kill the bacteria that cause dryness in throat. To further boost the dryness relieving power of this mixture, add honey and sage to it.
 Stay Hydrated

Staying hydrated is also a good approach to tackle the problem of a dry throat at night. Water acts as a lubricant and moisturizes the dry air passages. You should drink at least 8 glasses of water every day. You can also suck hard candies and eat popsicles to soothe the irritation and moisten the throat.
Practice Breathing Techniques
Dry throat may frequently develop in persons who breathe through their mouth during sleep. Practicing proper breathing techniques after consulting a sleep expert is important in relieving the symptoms of dry throat in such individuals.
Avoid Caffeine and Irritation Source
To prevent dry throat at night you should avoid beverages that contain caffeine as it can cause dehydration and further aggravate the condition. Moreover, exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke, pollutants and chemicals may be risky.
Warnings
See your doctor if you have a fever, cough up blood or if you notice any lumps in neck. Other symptoms that should prompt a trip to your doctor include difficulty swallowing or breathing, whistling or wheezing when you breathe, or hoarseness lasting more than 2 weeks.
More references

  1. Dry throat: http://www.newhealthguide.org/Dry-Throat.html
  2. Causes of dry throat at night: http://www.livestrong.com/article/25383-causes-dry-throat/

White Bumps on Scrotum Causes: Itchy, Symptoms, Treatmet

There are several things that can lead to bumps on scrotum and also the penis, some of which are very normal while others of which might be dangerous.
The only way to be sure is by visiting the doctor; primary care physician are also used to answering these kinds of questions and might be able to provide reassurance or even recommend further treatment.
Without seeing the bumps your testicles, then it’s a little hard to tell, but one possibility is that the bumps are the hair follicles or even the sweat glands. This tend to protrude more when the scrotum is very tight or on the erect penis.
These are not something to worry about and need no treatment. Follicles may become inflamed, often because of shaving, which may make them redder and might sometimes lead to small abscesses to develop. Warts can lead to larger bumps , and herpes can lead to painful small blisters.
Sexually transmitted diseases more typically leads to lesions on penis than on scrotum, but it is easy to get checked for them and is crucial to rule this out. Other causes of the painless bumps include a condition known as the Angiokeratomas of Fordyce, which are dome-shaped bumps on scrotum which arise from blood vessels.
In of themselves the lesions are not dangerous, but might be part of a larger syndrome which should be identified. It is able to feel awkward to discuss the question with the doctor, but these kinds of questions are common and the best way to know whether the bumps described are normal is to show them to the physician.

Why do I have White Bumps on Testicles

Bumps on your testicles could be due to the following:
Folliculitis
Rarely one of the hair follicles might become inflamed, sometimes when a person tries to pluck or even shave the hair, causing folliculitis. The follicle can also get infected with bacteria known as staphylococcus aureus.
It appears as the white-headed pimple around the hair follicle that might be itchy. It can later turn red and painful.
It may disappear on its own using proper hygiene, but sometimes need medical treatment. Warm compress, few times a day, can provide some relief. If it doesn’t improve the supportive measures or even get worse, then an antibiotic treatment might be required.
Fordyce Spots
These are visible oil-secreting sebaceous glands which are found in large percentage of the population. These are considered to be the normal structural variant rather than the disease. Sebaceous glands secrete oily substance known as the sebum that keeps the skin smooth and also lubricated.
Fordyce spots appear as small, red or even the white bumps on scrotal skin that are usually painless. They are considered benign and need no treatment.
Sebaceous Cysts
A painless lump over scrotal skin is likely to be sebaceous cyst. It is also known as the epidermal cyst. These particular cysts are very much common in younger age group.
Skin which bears hair is normally kept soft by the oil secreted by sebaceous glands. These glands open into hair follicles.
When the ducts that are draining the glands gets blocked, then they become distended by their own secretions. Eventually, enough amount of sebum accumulates so as to form a smooth, firm nodule in skin. This particular painless cystic swelling is known as the sebaceous cyst.
Features
Such a swelling is discrete from the underlying testicular tissue, thus it’s not attached to the underlying surface. It is also present on skin surface over the scrotum. It is freely movable, smooth and also soft to firm in the consistency.
Sebaceous cysts are usually painless unless they are infected.

What Causes Bumps on Scrotum

A testicular lump is an abnormal mass which can form in the testicles. The testicles, or testes, are egg-shaped male reproductive organs which hangs below the penis in a sac known as the scrotum. Their primary function is production of sperm and a hormone known as the testosterone.
A testicular mass, or is a fairly common condition which can have several different causes. Testicular lumps can happen in men, teenage boys, or even in younger children. They can be located in one or both of the testicles. Testicular lumps are signs of problems with the testicles. They may be brought about by an injury, but they can also indicate a very serious underlying medical problem.
Not all bumps on scrotum indicate the presence of testicular cancer. Most of the lumps are brought about by benign, or even noncancerous, conditions. These normally require no treatment. Still, the doctor should examine changes in the testicles, especially lumps or even the swelling.
There are no studies which show benefits or even harms to clinical or personal testicular exams. Whether or not men should do monthly testicle self-examinations is still a controversial issue. But, if you happen to notice anything that is unusual, make an appointment with the doctor for a testicular exam. They are able to treat you early for potential problems.
There are several possible causes of the testicular lumps, which includes injury, birth defects, infection and several other factors.

Varicocele

This type of testicular lump is a common type. It happens in about one in every eight men, according to studies. Enlarged veins in testicles leads to varicocele bumps on scrotum. They then become more noticeable after puberty, which is when the blood flow increases in the fully developed testicles.

Hydrocele

A buildup of fluid in the testicles leads to a hydrocele. The studies estimate that this type of testicular lump happens in one to two out of every 120 newborn males. Premature babies have a higher risk of developing a condition.

Epididymal cyst

An epididymal cyst happens when the long, coiled tube that is behind the testicles known as the epididymis is filled with fluid and can’t drain. If it has sperm, it’s known as a spermatocele. This form of testicular lump is common. It most often resolves on its own.

Testicular torsion

Testicular torsion happens when the testicles are twisted, typically because of an injury or accident. This condition most often happens in boys between the ages of 13 and 17 years old, but it is able to affect men of all ages. This is a medical emergency which requires urgent investigation and also possible treatment.

Epididymitis and orchitis

Your epididymis is the structure that is above the testicle which stores sperm. Epididymitis is an inflammation of epididymis. A bacterial infection normally causes it. This includes sexually transmitted infections, like gonorrhea or chlamydia.
An infection also leads to orchitis, which is an inflammation of testicle. Bacteria or mumps virus can cause an infection.

Hernia

A hernia happens when part of the bowel pokes through the groin. This can lead to the scrotum to be enlarged.

Testicular cancer

Some of the lumps indicate growth of the testicular cancer. Only a doctor is able to determine if a lump is cancerous. Testicular cancer isn’t common overall, but it’s the  common type of cancer among American men between the ages of 16 and 35.

Why you have Red Spots on Testicles

A red rash on testicles skin can be brought about by a number of reasons. In most of the cases, the cause is a fungal infection or even the heat rash. Heat rash, for instance, is a common cause in babies than in adults. Adults who are overweight are able to suffer from a rash on scrotum and inner thighs.

  1. Jock itch or fungal infection/yeast rash

Jock itch is common bumps on scrotum. Roughly half of jock itch is because of fungus. The others are caused by the moisture, and also the overgrowth of bacteria. Symptoms of jock itch are:

  • Pink or red rash that is found in groin folds,
  • Itching,
  • Pain

Jock itch affects basically the males, although it can also be seen in females. It is also common in older adults and also the athletes who are prone to the fungal infections. It is normally seen in the healthy people as well.
Male fungal infection is easily curable in most of cases and mostly resolves on its own without any given treatment provided that good hygiene is well maintained.

  • Jock itch is normally treated by use of the antifungal creams.
  • Resistant jock itch might require antifungal pills so as to clear.
  • Jock itch is normally prevented by good skin hygiene.
  1. Sweat and rash on testicles

It’s because of the superficial fungal infection called the dermatophytes, which is caused by the Tinea Cruris. It is also known as the ringworm, which is a misnomer as the causative agent is not a worm, but otherwise a fungus.
It is related to heavy sweating and also rubbing of inner thighs with the scrotum that is in groin body area. That is the reason that is common during the conditions of the excessive heat and also the moisture. This usually cause the rash on scrotum.

  1. Heat rash

Heat rashes, also called the prickly heat rash, are able to occur in hot and humid conditions. Because the temperature is much hotter than normal, the skin then sweats a lot in an attempt to cool off. But, because of the fact that it is humid then the sweat doesn’t disappear from skin and the epidermis is soaked, and the openings for sweat glands clogs off.
This leads to a buildup of sweat below skin. Most often the heat rashes appears in the covered areas: under the arms or between the legs that is behind the scrotum. If an individual has been squatting down for a period of time, then he can be able to find it also behind the knees.
Bumps on scrotum appears like a reddened part of skin that is composed of minute red dots. The skin area stings or itches and an individual can be able to see the small pimples or the blistery bumps, depending on how much sweat is under the skin. Smaller children are more prone to the heat rashes, but it can happen in adults.
The first step that can be done to handle the condition is by getting into a cooler, dry environment so as to slow down the sweating and also give the skin a higher chance to catch up in doing away with the excess sweat. A cool shower can assist cool the body off. After taking a bath, thoroughly dry off and then let the skin dry itself off before dressing.

  1. Razor bumps after shaving

Small, irritated red bumps that normally pop up due to the trapped bacteria or the large amount of ingrown hairs. Razor bumps on scrotum can happen and thus cause rash on scrotum and the surrounding area after shaving.

  1. Herpes/HPV/STD

An individual can indicate many symptoms within a few days after contracting genital herpes, or it might also take weeks, or even longer. Some other people might have a severe outbreak within few days after contracting infection while many other people might have a first outbreak that is so mild that they do not even notice it.
Due to the possibilities, it can be difficult for the people to understand when they might have contracted the virus.

  1. Cancer

Testicular cancer occurs when the cells are malignant in either one or both testicles. White males, especially those from Scandinavia are susceptible to developing of the disease compared to all other men from other parts of the world.

  1. Dry skin

You can get itchy bumps on your pubes due to dry skin that occurs naturally or might have been caused by a condition.

  1. Thigh chafing from cycling and running

Chafing, brought about by the sweaty skin which is rubbing against the skin, is a common problem for both the men and also the women sportsters. The skin that is found around the groin and also the nipples gets friction and is much prone to irritation.
The talcum powder is a method that is used to keep the skin dry for light physical activity. Cornstarch and also the potato starch are also other options. For the heavier workouts that do not allow an individual to stay very dry, the suggestions below can assist to reduce being rubbed raw:

  • Drink Up. Being hydrated before, during, or after the vigorous workouts can allow the body to sweat freely making the salts that comes from perspiration not to evaporate into the crusty crystals which might irritate skin.
  • Lube Up. Dry skin rubbing against itself for longer periods might get sore or hurt whether a person is working out or any other exercise. Lubricants usually increases the frictionless glide. For example, most of the runners swear by a petroleum jelly as it cannot sweat off because it is non-water based
  1. Chlorine water (after swimming)

Allergic bumps on scrotum are able to occur due to swimming pool water. Sometimes the swimming pool water can cause an itch even if it has the chlorine element. It can as well be an infection that is transmitted through contact.
Meanwhile a person might use a cool soothing lotion like aloe vera lotion which is found as over the counter.

  1. Fordyce spots rash on scrotum not itchy

Fordyce spots on penis shaft, the foreskin or even the bumps on scrotum in some cases can be the raised bumps which is found on skin that are not painful, but they are unsightly is not good.
In most of the cases there are many misconceptions about fordyce spots with penile papules or the Sexually transmitted diseases. The symptoms are;

  1. Pale and much raised red bumps which might also be yellow or white.
  2. In some other people, the raised bumps on the penis will just have the same color as skin that is around them.
  3. Raised bumps which is found on scrotum that are much visible when the scrotum is clean shaved. Do not try to confuse the spots with bumps that are found on balls after shaving.
  4. Pimple like red inflammations of spots that can be several and unevenly distributed in several groups
  5. Granules that can be so clear and sometimes they might be fluid filled
  1. Folliculitis

This is an inflammation which affects the hair follicles which is indicated as a cosmetic condition.
The condition normally is self-limiting and resolves within about a week. But if infected, then the condition might spread to nearby follicles.

When Bumps on Scrotum are Itchy

Fungal groin infection is a fungal skin infection which affects the groin. Some types of fungal germs are found on the human skin. They normally do no harm. However, if conditions are much favorable then they can affect the skin, multiply and then cause an infection. The conditions that the fungi like are warm and also airless areas of the skin that is also moist like the groin.
Usually, the groin is itchy and also irritable, mainly increase that is between the top of the leg and also the genitals. It is common in men and also the scrotum might also get very itchy. A red rash can then develop in groin area, normally with a definite edge. Both the groins are normally affected. The rash on scrotum then spreads a short way downwards of inside part of both thighs.
Sometimes the bumps on scrotum can spread quickly to skin on the many other parts of the body. Fungal infections do not go deeper in the skin than the skin into the body and are not serious.

Bumps on Scrotum due to STD

Genital herpes symptoms
Highly contagious, genital herpes is brought about by a type of herpes simplex virus (HSV) which enters the body through small breaks in skin or even the mucous membranes. Most of the people having HSV never know they have it, as they have no symptoms or the symptoms are so mild they go unnoticed.
When signs and symptoms are noticeable, the first episode is the worst. Some other people never have a second episode. Others can have recurrent episodes for several decades.
When present, genital herpes symptoms may include:

  • Small red bumps, blisters or open sores in the genital, anal and also the nearby areas
  • Pain around the genital area, buttocks and inner thighs

How to Treat Bumps on Scrotum

Most of the men can develop an itching in such regions as the groin, and before it is known, the men will be trying to found out the best way that can be used to treat the bumps on scrotum. The particular methods that are then applied to treatment of the scrotal rash vary, but the main cause is a fungus, and most of the cases may be healed in a similar fashion.
There are a few other cases where any trial to treat rash on the scrotum might be a little bit be much complex if the cause is something that is unusual.

  1. The initial approach that is applied in treatment of the bumps on scrotum is through use of an anti-fungal cream. There are many of such which can be found over the counter, and they can clear up the typical case of rash with much simplicity.
  2. Sometimes an anti-fungal cream can fail, and therefore an individual may be required to visit a doctor and get an oral treatment for fungal infections. These are able to handle a lot of the serious cases of bumps on scrotum.
  3. To avoid future rash on scrotum infections, it might be very vital to watch out for the hygiene. Most of the men who develop the rash on scrotum have lifestyles that cause them to produce a large amount of sweat than the normal, and therefore they generally don’t wash as much as they probably are required.

This combination can will allow for the fungi to thrive on their skin down around the areas of groin. Changing the conditions may be one of the crucial aspects to try to treat bumps on scrotum.